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24

Islam isn't, nor has it been considered a Christian sect, either by Muslims, or by Christians. An article here argues that Islam is a Christian Heresy: Belloc states "It began as a heresy, not as a new religion....It was a perversion of the Christian religion...an adaptation and a misuse of the Christian thing." But there is a distinction to be ...


15

Technically, the first ecclesiastical authority to say that heretics should be persecuted was Pope Gregory IX in 1229. The first Church Father to say that heretics should be compelled to recant would be Augustine around 400 AD. The first heretic actually put to death (385AD) was killed by the Emperor - and the Pope was very annoyed at the development. It ...


14

Wikipedia does a good job of summarizing the heresy, but I want to pull out some source material. Some of the sayings do attest to the synpotic Gospels, but there is a lot of heresy in there too: From the top, selected parts of The Gospel of Thomas: These are the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas recorded. 1. And he ...


12

A famous quote from Christian history is: In Essentials Unity, In Non-Essentials Liberty, In All Things Charity In Essentials Unity The Apostle Paul talks about "another gospel" that was being preached to the Galatians, and he uses very strong words regarding those who bring such a gospel: 6 I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who ...


12

There is no biblical precedent for formal disassociation with the church, other than excommunication. Excommunication is a church censure for some gross act for which as Paul says, one must be "handed over to Satan," with the idea that the offender will repent and (hopefully) be reinstated. 1 Corinthians 5 goes into this. One might be excommunicated for ...


11

There is no verse in the New Testament stating that we need to punish "heretics". Quite the contrary. In James 4:12 (NIV) it says: There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you--who are you to judge your neighbor? Matthew 5:43-48 (NIV): "You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your ...


10

Gnosticism was a movement that sprung up as an attempt to fill a major knowledge vacuum in the Scriptural record. The Gospels record that even the Apostles, Jesus's highest and most trusted disciples, were spiritually weak and deemed by the Lord as unready for the true doctrines of the Kingdom. For example, witness Peter, who boasted of his fearlessness ...


10

By and large, Protestants follow Chalcedonian formulations in regards to Chalcedonian heresies. Protestants by and large subscribe to hypostatic union, although our theories of communion vary widely from memorialism to consubstantiation. If you think in terms of the importance of these issues, however, the more "important" the doctrine (i.e. the nature of ...


10

Update: The short answer: No; it seems that partialism is not a "real," historically defined heresy. Explanation: Before writing this post, I checked the applicable titles from among my usual textual sources -- a variety of historic theological works that are now in the public domain and available online. When that yielded no references to "partialism," I ...


8

As far as the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England are concerned, it certainly is Canon Law. 900 §1. The minister who is able to confect the sacrament of the Eucharist in the person of Christ is a validly ordained priest alone. 907 In the eucharistic celebration deacons and lay persons are not permitted to offer prayers, especially the ...


8

Yes there are a few, at least. I used this list of heresies. However, it seems that some aren't extremely old. Tritheism, for example seems to have originated in the 10th century. After the Reformation, Arianism began popping back up. Jehovah's Witnesses even practice a form of it. (Although the disagree with Arius' views in many respects, they ...


8

I understand by your question and follow up comment, you are really asking, 'Why did Luther reject the traditional sacraments of the Catholic church, which in turn was one of the reasons why the Catholic church branded him as a heretic?' The answer is complex as the rejection of traditional views of the sacraments was not central to what Luther saw as his ...


8

This is not completely hypothetical. In the mid-300s, Pope Liberius may have signed a statement supporting what later became known as Arian heresy. That he did so in exile and possibly under torture is mitigation, and the story is complex, but it is a more concrete version of this question. In any event, there was clear pressure from the Emperor that came ...


7

There are two different ways to look at this question. On the one hand, outside of the Church there is no salvation (known in Latin as "extra ecclesiam nulla salus", that is an opinion that has been ratified through Council and Creed and it is still true). On the other hand the teachings related to "Baptism of desire/Baptism of blood" muddies the waters ...


7

According to this article (and I'm not expert enough to verify the reliability) the answer seems to be "not any more." A Summary and Some Resources The doctrine of universal salvation (also known as Apokatastasis or Apocatastasis) has usually been considered through the centuries to be heterodox but has become orthodox. It was maintained by the ...


7

It sounds like a heretical understanding sometimes called Partialism, which suggested that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are parts of the one God. Partialism contrasts the The Athanasian Creed. Namely: And the Catholic Faith is this, that we worship one God in Trinity and Trinity in Unity. Neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the ...


7

Luther and the Church It must be said that Martin Luther was originally a servant of the Church, and prior to posting his 95 theses, he expressed loyalty (at least superficially) to the Pope. Despite his frequent battles with spiritual depression, Luther proved himself to be a very intelligent man, was ordained a priest, and became a doctor of theology. ...


6

She was burned by the English clergy who denied her appeal to the Pope near the end of the Hundred Years War and she was cleared of all charges only 30 years after her death (even though it took almost 500 years to canonize her). And yeah, there's been extensive research and analysis of what happened. The trial and the aftermath is all amazingly well ...


6

As far as we know, he did not use this analogy. It does not appear in the extant writings attributed to him, nor in early hagiographies. There are several places in these documents where a shamrock metaphor wouldn't go completely amiss, and yet it doesn't seem to appear anywhere. In the Confession attributed to Patrick, he talks a lot about how he is a ...


6

There's a scholarly article on the Inquisitions at a rather surprising website. It says... (From Deuteronomy 13 NIV) "If a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you... and he says, 'Let us follow other gods'... That prophet or dreamer must be put to death... You must purge the evil from among you. If your very own brother, or your ...


6

Heresy (αἵρεσις) means "choice," and "a heretic is one who chooses what he wants according to his own ideas and opinions, selecting certain parts of the Christian Tradition while rejecting others" (OCA). Some additional insight from this article: By his actions, a heretic not only destroys the fullness of the Christian truth but also divides the life ...


5

Docetism can best be thought of as one of the Christological heresies into which Manichaenism falls. Docetism is very specific Christological heresy. It is a Gnostic idea that Jesus was never born, nor was he ever matter. Gnostics believed that all matter was inherently evil, and therefore it was anathema to them that God could become matter. In order to ...


5

1 John is really the 'discernment' Epistle showing many ways that false teachers can be identified. The main thing is to look at the life and doctrine of a teacher to ensure they stick to the basic Christ centred ideas and life of love. The basic rules are: False teachers do not love Christians and they live in wickedness. Real Christians know how sinful ...


5

It's difficult to give a definitive answer because of the ambiguity of words like "heretic" and "persecute". I presume that if Mr X says to Mr Y, "No, I disagree with you", that's not persecution. If he has him tortured and killed over the disagreement, that pretty clearly is persecution. But there's a wide range in the middle. If X tells people that Y is a ...


5

I don't see why this should be complicated. Isaiah 43:11 I, even I, am YHVH, and there is no savior beside Me. Compare Isa. 45:21 and Hos. 13:4. Also, in Psalms 49, David wrote, 7 A man certainly shall not redeem his brother, nor give his ransom to God. 7 אָח לֹא־פָדֹה יִפְדֶּה אִישׁ לֹא־יִתֵּן לֵאלֹהִים כָּפְרוֹ 15 But God shall redeem ...


5

To answer this, one must first define what Arianism is. Any denomination which holds that Jesus Christ is a subordinate entity to God. He is not one with the Father. Christ is not truly divine but a created being can be considered as 'Arian'. In Arius's words, "there was [a time] when he (the Son) was not." Holy Arian Catholic and Apostolic Church in claims ...


5

To look at the various aspects of your question from a Catholic point of view... If one's entry into the church is solemnized by baptism... What does the Catholic Church teach about baptism? 1213 Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit (vitae spiritualis ianua), 4 and the door which givesaccessto ...


5

According to each of their own "statements of Faith" they actually do contradict each other in big issues. before I lay it out, however, here are my citations: Waldensian beliefs Lollard beliefs The first issue on which they contradict each other is purgatory. Waldensians say there is no purgatory. They say people will go either two ways “(the) good to ...


4

Islam has never been known to have been considered as a sect of Christianity. St John of Damascus neither considers Islam to be a sect nor a separate religion; rather he plainly refers to Islam as a Christian heresy in his writing “the heresy of the Ishmaelites”. His assessment would be most pertinent to consider, as St. John of Damascus is from ...


4

Once Apostolic succession is rejected, it seems difficult to justify setting requirements for administration. The Protestant view seems to vary from "it doesn't matter who is doing it"1 to "you must have a Master's of Divinity and be ordained"2 to present communion. Ordination is commonly required, or at least recommended. From what I can tell, this idea ...



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