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31

Islam isn't, nor has it been considered a Christian sect, either by Muslims, or by Christians. An article here argues that Islam is a Christian Heresy: Belloc states "It began as a heresy, not as a new religion....It was a perversion of the Christian religion...an adaptation and a misuse of the Christian thing." But there is a distinction to be ...


18

Technically, the first ecclesiastical authority to say that heretics should be persecuted was Pope Gregory IX in 1229. The first Church Father to say that heretics should be compelled to recant would be Augustine around 400 AD. The first heretic actually put to death (385AD) was killed by the Emperor - and the Pope was very annoyed at the development. It ...


16

Wikipedia does a good job of summarizing the heresy, but I want to pull out some source material. Some of the sayings do attest to the synpotic Gospels, but there is a lot of heresy in there too: From the top, selected parts of The Gospel of Thomas: These are the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas recorded. 1. And he ...


14

By and large, Protestants follow Chalcedonian formulations in regards to Chalcedonian heresies. Protestants by and large subscribe to hypostatic union, although our theories of communion vary widely from memorialism to consubstantiation. If you think in terms of the importance of these issues, however, the more "important" the doctrine (i.e. the nature of ...


12

A famous quote from Christian history is: In Essentials Unity, In Non-Essentials Liberty, In All Things Charity In Essentials Unity The Apostle Paul talks about "another gospel" that was being preached to the Galatians, and he uses very strong words regarding those who bring such a gospel: 6 I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who ...


12

Update: The short answer: No; it seems that partialism is not a "real," historically defined heresy. Explanation: Before writing this post, I checked the applicable titles from among my usual textual sources -- a variety of historic theological works that are now in the public domain and available online. When that yielded no references to "partialism," I ...


12

There is no biblical precedent for formal disassociation with the church, other than excommunication. Excommunication is a church censure for some gross act for which as Paul says, one must be "handed over to Satan," with the idea that the offender will repent and (hopefully) be reinstated. 1 Corinthians 5 goes into this. One might be excommunicated for ...


12

CARM has said a few things about Joyce Meyer and has called some of her teachings heresy. [CARM was] glad to see an affirmation [in Meyer's teachings] of the Trinity, that man is a sinner, that without Jesus we can have no relationship with God, that salvation is a free gift, and eternal hell of conscious damnation. Some things Meyer has said that CARM ...


11

That's interesting! Catholics tend to avoid using heretical names. In fact, I believe that it's in canon law that baptismal names cannot be the names of heretics, and that it is the priest's duty to prevent such a name from being used. So it is very strange that any pope would the name of a known heretic. So why do we have two popes with the name of a ...


11

The fundamental assertion of Open Theism is a fairly simple proposition - it posits that God experiences time in a fashion not unlike that of mere mortals. Unlike the more mainstream understanding of God's relationship to time - namely that God does not exist in time, nor is He constrained by it, in Open Theism, God, like man, is unaware of what the future ...


11

There is no verse in the New Testament stating that we need to punish "heretics". Quite the contrary. In James 4:12 (NIV) it says: There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you--who are you to judge your neighbor? Matthew 5:43-48 (NIV): "You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your ...


11

Some background regarding Arianism To answer the question, it is important to understand that Arianism is a Trinitarian heresy that denies the divinity of the Second Person of the Trinity. Specifically, Arius held that the Son, or the Word, was created out of nothing, and that there was a time when He did not exist. The Son was, therefore, the ...


10

Gnosticism was a movement that sprung up as an attempt to fill a major knowledge vacuum in the Scriptural record. The Gospels record that even the Apostles, Jesus's highest and most trusted disciples, were spiritually weak and deemed by the Lord as unready for the true doctrines of the Kingdom. For example, witness Peter, who boasted of his fearlessness ...


10

This is not completely hypothetical. In the mid-300s, Pope Liberius may have signed a statement supporting what later became known as Arian heresy. That he did so in exile and possibly under torture is mitigation, and the story is complex, but it is a more concrete version of this question. In any event, there was clear pressure from the Emperor that came ...


8

Yes there are a few, at least. I used this list of heresies. However, it seems that some aren't extremely old. Tritheism, for example seems to have originated in the 10th century. After the Reformation, Arianism began popping back up. Jehovah's Witnesses even practice a form of it. (Although the disagree with Arius' views in many respects, they ...


8

Rob Bell is identified with a Emergent Church despite not self identify as a member of the emergent movement. However, he tends to advocate many of the ideas of that group. Case in point, Love Wins, which came out last year, was hugely controversial, since it was putting forward a view on the nature of hell which is not held by many evangelical Christians. ...


8

As far as the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England are concerned, it certainly is Canon Law. 900 §1. The minister who is able to confect the sacrament of the Eucharist in the person of Christ is a validly ordained priest alone. 907 In the eucharistic celebration deacons and lay persons are not permitted to offer prayers, especially the ...


8

I understand by your question and follow up comment, you are really asking, 'Why did Luther reject the traditional sacraments of the Catholic church, which in turn was one of the reasons why the Catholic church branded him as a heretic?' The answer is complex as the rejection of traditional views of the sacraments was not central to what Luther saw as his ...


7

There are two different ways to look at this question. On the one hand, outside of the Church there is no salvation (known in Latin as "extra ecclesiam nulla salus", that is an opinion that has been ratified through Council and Creed and it is still true). On the other hand the teachings related to "Baptism of desire/Baptism of blood" muddies the waters ...


7

According to this article (and I'm not expert enough to verify the reliability) the answer seems to be "not any more." A Summary and Some Resources The doctrine of universal salvation (also known as Apokatastasis or Apocatastasis) has usually been considered through the centuries to be heterodox but has become orthodox. It was maintained by the ...


7

It sounds like a heretical understanding sometimes called Partialism, which suggested that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are parts of the one God. Partialism contrasts the The Athanasian Creed. Namely: And the Catholic Faith is this, that we worship one God in Trinity and Trinity in Unity. Neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the ...


7

There's a scholarly article on the Inquisitions at a rather surprising website. It says... (From Deuteronomy 13 NIV) "If a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you... and he says, 'Let us follow other gods'... That prophet or dreamer must be put to death... You must purge the evil from among you. If your very own brother, or your ...


7

The primary difference between the Eastern Orthodox churches and the Catholic Church is the refusal of the former to acknowledge the primacy of the Pope. This is a discussion that dates back well over a thousand years. There are some groups of former national Orthodox churches (the Ruthenian church for example) which have in the last several centuries chosen ...


6

She was burned by the English clergy who denied her appeal to the Pope near the end of the Hundred Years War and she was cleared of all charges only 30 years after her death (even though it took almost 500 years to canonize her). And yeah, there's been extensive research and analysis of what happened. The trial and the aftermath is all amazingly well ...


6

It's difficult to give a definitive answer because of the ambiguity of words like "heretic" and "persecute". I presume that if Mr X says to Mr Y, "No, I disagree with you", that's not persecution. If he has him tortured and killed over the disagreement, that pretty clearly is persecution. But there's a wide range in the middle. If X tells people that Y is a ...


6

Heresy (αἵρεσις) means "choice," and "a heretic is one who chooses what he wants according to his own ideas and opinions, selecting certain parts of the Christian Tradition while rejecting others" (OCA). Some additional insight from this article: By his actions, a heretic not only destroys the fullness of the Christian truth but also divides the life ...


6

As far as we know, he did not use this analogy. It does not appear in the extant writings attributed to him, nor in early hagiographies. There are several places in these documents where a shamrock metaphor wouldn't go completely amiss, and yet it doesn't seem to appear anywhere. In the Confession attributed to Patrick, he talks a lot about how he is a ...


6

Full followers of Catharism were known as 'Perfects'. They would commit to a specific ascetic lifestyle, and would on their death ascend to heaven. Other lesser followers of Catharism would be reincarnated to get another chance. Unfortunately to be a Perfect, you need to be inducted by another Perfect. Since there are no more Perfects, no-one can become ...



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