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Summary: Calvinists interpret these passages as referring to God's righteousness and justice — that he is a fair judge, consistently judging sin as wrong, whether committed by rich or poor, strong or weak, native or foreigner. They do not indicate that God's gracious gifts — wealth, strength, and even salvation — are distributed equally to all. Calvinists ...


4

Calvinists from Calvin to the present day have interpreted this verse as relating to man's assurance, not God's will. John Calvin specifically responds to those who say this verse implies that the "stability of our calling and election depends on good works," saying: [P]urity of life is not improperly called the evidence and proof of election, by ...


4

Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life? 1 Timothy 2:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. Paul is not describing a penalty on women in general because of something the first woman did. Paul is using Eve as an example of one of the the differences between men and ...


4

In the bible, dreams, prophecies and visions are almost always symbolic. The only way they can be understood is if the meaning of the symbols is explained. For example, when Pharaoh had his dream of the sheaves of wheat and the cows, he could not understand it until the interpretation was revealed to Joseph. Likewise King Nebuchadnezzar could not ...


3

Strictly speaking, this is not a theory, but a hypothesis. In scientific terminology, a theory is a well-substantiated, unifying explanation for a set of verified, proven hypotheses. A hypothesis is a suggested explanation for an observable phenomenon, and this is what JEDP is. The Documentary Hypothesis, as originally proposed by Wellhausen, is no longer ...


3

They are only available by grace, which is why Jesus asked us to purchase it from Him. The fact that it is free grace does not mean it does not require cooperation from us. If we take the parable of the man who sold all to purchase a field where he believed the treasure was, likewise we should do similarly spiritually - to forsaken our attachment to the ...


3

I think most commentators have understood "terror to good conduct" a little differently than you are understanding it. The phrase is φόβος τῷ ἀγαθῷ ἔργῳ (phobos tō agathō ergō) — literally, "fear [to] the good work". This is nonsensical English, so the ESV has used "terror", which works. I think the idea they intend convey, though, is made more ...


3

Richard Gaffin, who provided the cessationist perspective in Are Miraculous Gifts for Today?, says in his book Perspectives on Pentecost (pg. 114) that individual endowments of healing were "foundational gifts" which have "passed out of the life of the church." But he says more: At the same time, however, the sovereign will and power of God today to heal ...


2

The Old Testament and Hebrew linguistic background of this passage should be kept in mind. Recall: Matthew (or his source) was likely translating words that were spoken in Hebrew or Aramaic. Both Jesus and Matthew likely had a Semitic mother tongue. The Hebrew bible (both in its Hebrew and Greek forms) was frequently referenced explicitly by both, ...


2

It seems to me the opinions of mature Christians on the subject of strange visions is that they are called visions precisely because they are the perception of things of a spiritual nature. In order to describe them, the seer is forced to limit them using words. Therefore, trying to 'picture' any of them in your mind's eye is useless as it not only provides ...


2

The unfaithfulness of the Jews in no way hinders or nullifies God's promises to Abraham and his seed. "What I am saying is this: the Law, which came four hundred and thirty years later, does not invalidate a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise." (Galatians 3:17 NASB) Despite their unfaithfulness, God has confirmed and ...


1

These things are only symbolic of heavenly riches. A man may think that he is “rich, and has become wealthy, and has need of nothing,” but these earthly riches will do him no good when he stands before God. God knows that he is in fact "wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked." If he does not "seek first the kingdom of God" and his treasure is ...


1

There is only speculation as to who told moses what, and when. The bible doesn't say whether there was any contact between moses and his biological family after he was weaned and taken back to Pharoah's daughter (until he was joined by his brother Aaron and his sister Miriam in Egypt, when he went to face the Pharoah). He did know that the Israelite slaves ...


1

Order is often important in authority. The father is never under the authority of a son for instance. This is what Jesus used to confound the pharisees in Matt 22 41Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 42saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said to him, “The son of David.” 43He said ...


1

The Book of Hebrews speaks of Melchisedec 9 times (5:6,10; 6:20; 7:1,10,11,15,17,21) and in each case it is to inform us that Jesus is made a priest in the order of Melchisedec. The theology of Hebrews is strange, but no more so than in its portrayal of Jesus as a priest in the order of Melchisedec. The filioque clause that now forms part of the Nicene ...


1

Calvinists interpret these passages as both pronouncements against the sinful actions of the Pharisees as well as warnings to those who might follow them. But ultimately these actions cannot circumvent God's will: they will be judged for their attempts and sinful motivations, but God's irresistible grace, when offered, always overcomes resistance. Verse 13 ...


1

What did Jesus mean by 'take up your cross and follow me'? Matthew 16:22-25 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee. But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be ...


1

If we carefully consider the doublets of Chapter 25, we see that the immediate context (vv. 1-20) contains themes of judgment, court, and arbitration, all under the authority of a king. 1) It is the glory of God to conceal a matter; to search out a matter is the glory of kings. The final doublet of the chapter should stick out because it directly refers ...


1

What happened to the Book of the Law in the time of Josiah? Edward F. Campbell Jr. says in 'A Land Divided: Judah and Israel from the Death of Solomon to the Fall of Samaria', published in The Oxford History of the Biblical World, that virtually all scholars agree the Book of Deuteronomy, or at least a good part of it (chapters 5-26 and 28 are often ...



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