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The doctrine of infallibility is that the pope cannot abuse his power when declaring and defining a dogma. In other words, infallible means that he will not teach heresy when speaking ex-cathedra. Catholic believe that Holy Spirit will protect him from erring when doing so. ...Catholics were required to wear a colander on their heads at all times... ...


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The Catholic Church's defense, if there is any that is required, comes from the Sacred Deposit of faith = Sacred Scripture + Holy Tradition. One would look at what the Church has taught, consistent with the deposit of faith, throughout the ages. One such teaching is from Pope Leo XIII in Providentissimus Deus the Encyclical on the Study of Holy Scripture ...


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First of all, it is important to understand the very strict conditions under which a Pope declares things ex cathedra. To begin with, he can only make such a declaration about doctrine. Here is how the Catechism of the Catholic Church describes Papal infallibility: 891 "The Roman Pontiff, head of the college of bishops, enjoys this infallibility in ...



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