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Anonymous answered your question because these quotes are from early church fathers, describing their thoughts as to whether or not the apostles were baptized. I would like to add a few points, mainly to clarify the difference between Tertullian and Aquinas, but also to question the (common) premise that the New Testament doesn't record the baptism of the ...


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Henry Chadwick translates the relevant passage: A man enjoying a reputation for eloquence takes his position before a human judge with a crowd of men standing round and attacks his opponent with ferocious animosity. He is extremely vigilant in precautions against some error in language, but is indifferent to the possibility that the emotional force of ...


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The judgment of condemnation which takes place at the great White Throne judgment to which the apostle John refers in Revelation 20:11-15 and Revelation 21:27 is reserved for those people whose names are not written in the Lamb's book of life. In other words, during their lifetimes they had not passed from death to life. Consequently, according to Jesus' ...


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There will be no judgement as in condemnation for Christ followers. Romans 8:1 (NRSV) 8 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. There will be a judgment, as in an assessment, we will all give an account for what we have done. 2 Corinthians 5:10 (NRSV) 10 For all of us must appear before the judgment seat ...


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Prohibition on teaching Tertullian does indeed forbid Christians from pursuing the profession of a school teacher, in De Idololatria, Chapter 10: Undoubtedly Christians are not allowed to be schoolmasters or teachers since such men are involved in a variety of idolatrous practices. He saw the profession of his time and culture to be intimately ...


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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Christians will skip any kind of Judgment? We are told that those who believe in Jesus will not come into judgment for condemnation; John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is ...


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While it was neither "Messianic Judaism" as practiced today, nor was it a group that considered itself independent of the other Gentile congregations around the world, according to reliable tradition and suggested by records and DNA, some of my ancestors were possibly members of the original Church in Jerusalem. Though a Catholic Christian, I am of ...


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Well, I'll just translate a part belonging to ap.Cleopas, written in the Orthodox Encyclopaedia Cleopas [gr. Κλεόπας, Κλωπᾶς; lat. Cleophas] (I cen.), ap. of 70th (mem. 4 Jan - in Council; mem. byzant. 29 Oct. и 30 Jun - in Council). Most of hermeneuts of ancient Church didn't seek to determine the person of the hidden companion of Cl., but some authors ...


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There is no biblical evidence for any brother of Joseph, in fact Luke 24:18 introduces Cleopas as if the author knew nothing of any relationship between Jesus and Cleopas. John 19:25 refers to Cleophas, perhaps the same person, simply as the husband of a woman called Mary, who was also the sister of Mary, mother of Jesus. Richard Buckham (Gospel Women, page ...


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Can't say this is an answer but maybe more at food for thought. A few concepts that come to mind: The opening of the gospel to the gentile is in direct relationship to the rejection of the gospel by the Jews. The general rejection of the Jews to their Messiah opened the door for Gentiles to be saved. Romans 11:11-31 It begs the question of what the status ...


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Before we can make the determination concerning the “who & what” question; what needs to be established is the “why, where & how” facts from scripture. 2 Kings 17:3 (KJV) 3 “Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; …” name means fire worshiper 2 Kings 17:20-23 (KJV) 20 And the LORD rejected …….. 21 For he rent Israel from the house of ...


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From the opening of Ignatius' Letter to the Smyrneans: I glorify Jesus Christ, the God who made you so wise, for I observed that you are established in an unshakable faith, having been nailed, as it were, to the cross of the Lord Jesus Christ in both body and spirit and firmly established in love by the blood of Christ totally convinced with regard to ...


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The specific debate at the First Council of Nicaea (325) was whether Jesus Christ is like God but created by God at some early point in time, OR Jesus is God, uncreated and coeternal with the Father and the Holy Spirit. Arius was the chief proponent of the first view, so that became known as Arianism. The second view is what prevailed at the council and is ...


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Christianity distinguished itself from Rabbinic Judaism by maintaining a priesthood, an altar, and a sacrifice commemorating (i.e. making present) Jesus' sacrifice each time the Divine Liturgy was celebrated. (See the prayers in the Divine Liturgy of St. James, of St. John Chrysostom, and of St. Basil). After the Temple was destroyed, Judaism kept none of ...


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This question is complicated, of course, by the fact that we must work with translations of the original texts in order to find this wording. However, at least three second-century authors use this phrasing when translated into English: Justin Martyr, Athenagoras of Athens, and Clement of Alexandria. Justin Martyr (100–165) writes, in Dialogue with ...


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In many accounts of martyrs during the first three centuries, Roman citizens were sometimes required to offer incense to the Roman emperor, and thus acknowlege the emperor's godhood. When Christians refused, they were persecuted and often executed. A well known example is found in The Martyrdom of Polycarp, 8:2 (written in the 2nd century): And he was ...



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