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The Didascalia Apostolorum, dated to AD 230, prescribe activities during Holy Week, including a fast on Friday: Therefore you shall fast in the days of the Pascha from the tenth, which is the second day of the week; and you shall sustain yourselves with bread and salt and water only, at the ninth hour, until the fifth day of the week. But on the Friday ...


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I believe that the first instance of Good Friday (called Great and Holy Friday in the Orthodox Church) being recorded was in the diary of a Spanish nun named Egeria, written sometime between 381 and 385 AD, as summarized by Benedictine monk Dom Gregory Dix: It begins on Passion Sunday with a procession to Bethany where the gospel of the raising of ...


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The bottom line of my answer is that John is factually accurate and that he intentionally deviated from the Synoptics for the purpose of noting important theological meaning, not for the sake of dating accuracy itself. There are two possible chronologies, which I will call C14 and C15. C14: Crucifixion on 14 Nisan. It implies, with Nisan dates reckoned as ...



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