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26

I believe one reason is because of the Great Commission, in which it is written (Matt. 28:19), "Therefore, go and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit." Ontologically, the Son is begotten by the Father, and the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father, but the Father is neither begotten nor proceeding. Thus, ...


15

While this is easy enough to answer from a Reformed point of view, I'd like to start by pointing out that the felt need for extra-Biblical statements on matters of faith is not limited to Reformed circles or even Protestantism. In fact they are common to all traditions and sects in Christendom.1 Even your most run-of-the-mill non-denominational ...


12

The "prophet" Muhammad stated that the angel Gabriel visited him with revelation and he put great importance upon Gabriel. This is not true. Not if you are talking about the Koran, which never says this. This information comes from the Hadiths. If you were to base your understanding of Mohammed purely on his writings (i.e. the Koran) and not on the ...


9

I like this question because it forces us to read the Westminster Confession in its context, and not just as a settled statement of belief. In summary, the two confessions are in continuity, but the earlier Scots Confession was more permissive. Especially, it did not exclude the option of episcopal polity, or of royal power over the Church. The Westminster ...


7

In fact, Baptists do have a catchecism. As John Piper writes here: Written in 1677, "The Baptist Catechism" was patterned after the Heidelberg and Westminster catechisms to teach Reformed doctrine from a Baptist perspective. The problem isn't the existence, but rather how many Baptists are willing to "cede my author-ITAY" (imagine your best Cartman ...


7

An important note. This topic is surely filled with material that is horribly offensive. In the text below, I am trying to describe various beliefs which I do not personally hold, and to which my denomination (regrettably, only since 1986) no longer subscribes. One Antichrist or many? The cited passage from 1 John does indeed talk about many antichrists; ...


6

Let's start with the end of this sentence—the list of heresies. These can actually be classified under one or another of the descriptions you've highlighted. A greater or a less Arianism used the text of John 14:28, "The Father is greater than I", to argue that the Son of God was not truly God, but a lesser being who was begotten after God the ...


6

Answering If the Christian Revelation and the revelation of Islam are both from God, then there is a problem. (see below) "[I]t is proper to the devil to mix falsehood with truth[.]" - in Catena Aurea | St. John Chrysostom Compare the Islamic and [the beginning of] the Christian creeds: The Shahada [The Islamic creed]: ...


6

The 3 major creeds that every good Catholic knows about are The Apostles Creed The Nicene Creed (aka the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed) The Athanasian Creed There are definitely others, but if you want the 3 most oft repeated ones, you can see the rest of them here seems to me that wiki article is lacking a few creeds. Now, to find their meaning ...


6

I generally write from a reformed perspective, but I don't think there's anything in this post that other Christians (Oriental Orthodox and Church of the East aside) would disagree with. The doctrine was first formulated clearly by the Council of Chalcedon: One and the same Son, the Self-same Perfect in Godhead, the Self-same Perfect in Manhood; truly ...


5

The short answer is that The Bible itself claims to be God's authoritative Word, and as such, it is sufficient for teaching and preparing us to do God's will. (2 Timothy 3:16,17) Along with that, Scripture warn against following any "gospel" other than the one preached in the Bible, and that false doctrines/teachings would arise. (Galatians 1, 2 John ...


4

Although Caleb's answer is far better than this, I think you are asking something more philosophical that is hard to express.   First, I think the simple answer is that the Bible is not written as a system of theology, which a statemt of faith summarizes. It does not make precise general assertions with clearly defined logical deductions into a system of ...


4

It is not clear that Mary made the decision entirely by herself; at the time, she was in France with her husband King Francis II, and they were both young (in August of 1560, she was 17 and he was 16). Mary's regent, her mother Mary of Guise, had only just died, and their court was dominated by the "Guise faction". The official reply to Parliament was in the ...


3

There is no risk in saying that no well known person has ever tried to categorize all of the commands of the Old Testament into moral, ceremonial and civil categories. The reason is that although it is helpful to consider the Law among those divisions Christians have never felt it that important to do so. Christians do not even have a unanimous view on ...


3

am I opening up a theological can of worms in altering the order of the mass? Yes. It's not just the change you're talking about, but any change at all. The Mass is the way it is for a reason (tradition). Here's a part of tradition that makes the teaching of Scripture the foundation for the central Eucharistic Celebration. Jesus meets two disciples on ...


2

As David points out, the Qur'an itself doesn't testify that Muhammad received his revelation from Gabriel. In fact, when Muhammad first received his 'revelation', he believed he was possessed, and attempted to hurl himself off a cliff (Ibn Ishaq, p. 106). It wasn't until talking with his wife Khadija that she gave him the idea he wasn't possessed but was a ...


2

First, note that the 39 Articles are a creation of the English reformation of the Sixteenth century, having been put into their present form in 1563, and while they have the force of Law in the Church of England, they have a lesser authority in other political jurisdictions, and have been controversial since the beginning. There have been articles to which ...


1

These concepts are harmonized simply by the acknowledgement that they are, as you said, anthropomorphisms. What's left to harmonize?


1

The Original Nicene Creed ( A.D. 325) is opposed to Athanasian Creed in number of ways. The Athanasian Creed reads: We worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity, neither confounding the persons nor dividing the substance. For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit. So far, so good. This is ...


1

The official Orthodox answer to this question can be seen most clearly in the answers to two questions in the Revised Catechism: 094 What difference is there between the Persons of the Holy Trinity? God the Father is neither begotten nor proceeds from any other Person, he is the cause, source and principle. This is called the Monarchy of the Father. ...


1

Firstly, it must be stated that thousands of holy and learned souls have discussed and debated this controversial area of theology over the course of many centuries, and I for one do not pretend to be either holy or learned. My inadequacy in answering this question is cause for considerable hesitation. But, since this is such a provocative question...how ...


1

A particularly pertinent passage of scripture is found in 1 Peter 1:11 - in surrounding context: Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the ...


1

If I understand the question, it seems to be along the lines of "How can Jesus be the one who sends the Holy Spirit, when the Holy Spirit is sent in the Old Testament?" There's two threads that help answer this. The first is that Jesus is there in the Old Testament. The second is that the Holy Spirit was only given to a select few in the Old Testament, ...


1

It comes from vows and religious oaths. See this post on the Puritan Board for a discussion of the inclusion of creeds. In particular, this portion is of interest: WCF 21:5 "...are all parts of the ordinary religious worship of God (Mat_28:19; Act_2:42; 1Co_11:23-29): besides religious oaths (Deu_6:13 with Neh_10:29), vows Isa_19:21 with Eccl 5;4, ...


1

To be frank, I think this has far more to do with the role of the congregation vs. the role of the ministers. Much like the liturgy of the Eucharist, the Liturgy of the Word is a sacrifice, presented by the ministers on behalf of the people to which the people respond. Moving the creed to the center basically reverses this theological role. Not only is ...



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