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7

If God had created Christianity first, people would not have known their need for a Saviour. "What do we need to be saved from? So God first sets up a do-it-yourself religion; by which I mean that if the Jews followed all the laws they could save themselves earning their right to heaven. That didn't work. Worse, some people became more interested in the ...


6

It has more to do with the translators and languages than the bible itself. The word Testament is derived from Latin testamentum-a will. I understand you confuse it with the modern meaning of the word, but Blue Letter Bible tries to explain it as follows: The word "testament" is an old English word that means, "covenant." The Latin term testamentum was ...


5

I think it is as easy as you suspect. Hebrews does focus on the superiority of the New Covenant a little more from the ceremonial perspective than does some of the other Epistles, as this had more meaning to a Jewish audience. However this superiority of the blood of Christ, versus blood of bulls only has meaning as it satisfies the moral demands of the ...


5

It's not quite right to emphasize commandments. They are the Ten Words (dabar in Hebrew). They express so much more than mere commands. For example, this law that God establishes, these "commandments" and statutes and rules that He gives are founded on the fact that He has already saved His people. We see this in the giving of the law on Sinai. “I am ...


4

Yes, it is a bilateral covenant! This is the new covenant, Jeremiah 31:31-34 (NIV) : “The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my ...


3

Yes, the New Covenant is a bilateral covenant, and Dan the Man covers many of the salient points. I would also like to add a few points from the book of Hebrews, which gives a beautiful and in-depth description of how the New Covenant is so much better than the Old Covenant (Starting in Heb 7:11 and running through the end of chapter 10). But first, here's ...


3

My answer may not be extensive due to time restraints, but I think it's important to emphasize this main point. The old covenant (Jer. 31:32), which the Israelites entered into at Sinai (Exo. 24:7), cannot be eternal because it never promised eternal life to the Israelites. Instead of eternal life, God (the other party of the covenant) promised that the ...


2

Both the Gospels and the Epistles repeatedly establish the New Covenant as a non-legalistic relationship with God --a new relationship not founded in following specific rules. However, as Paul says, not everything that is allowed is beneficial. As a Christian, you need to be guided by your relationship with Christ and by a spirit of discernment to ...


2

You have asked a great question and in order to answer it we have to do some reexamining of the Covenants, and what actually each means and with whom they were made. So bear with me this going to be a bit long winded. First Let's take them in the order in which each was made and with whom. Genesis 17:7 KJV And I will establish my covenant between me ...


2

Many reformed theologians would begin a discussion on the topic of covenants with the way they understand the biblical covenants to be formulated. God uses language and objects we understand to relate His truth to us. Many Reformed theologians also believe that he used a covenantal structure called a suzreinty vassal treaty which was common among the ...


2

The Mosaic Law is best understood from its moral code as a renewed covenant of works first enjoined over Adam and the whole human race. However, it was so renewed with an inlaid ceremony, predicting the promise of a better covenant, according to grace in a future Messiah, that it did not contravene the previous covent of grace given to Abraham, according to ...


2

Answering from the Reformed perspective: There are essentially two covenants. The first covenant was with Adam, and is called the covenant of works. Adam was bound to obey the command not to eat of the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. If he obeyed, he would live. If he disobeyed, he would die. Adam disobeyed, and his sin, because of ...


1

God's covenant's are neither unilateral nor bilateral, but they are colateral, meaning that even though Jesus" has been made a propitiation for us and taken the anger of God on our behalf and is the mediator of the new covenant, The covenant itself, set up by God himself to reconcile his creation, man, male and female, back to himself, this covenant is made ...


1

From a sole fide or sola gratia perspective, the New Covenant is inherently unilateral. Probably the most famous verse on grace - Ephesians 2:8-9, states it explicitly: For by grace, you are saved through faith. It is not through any work of your own lest any man should boast. A bi-lateral covenant would entail work on the other party. Grace ...


1

The First Covenant is unilateral: When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces. On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram.... Genesis 15: 17-18a My understanding on this point comes from a sermon by Tullian Tchvidjian, but I have found similar explanation of contract ...


1

Mat 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Strong's Greek Word Testament G1242 διαθήκη diathēkē dee-ath-ay'-kay From G1303; properly a disposition, that is, (specifically) a contract (especially a devisory will): - covenant, testament. Thesaurus Devisor ...


1

Although we often find various covenants spoken of in scripture such as the covenant with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, etc. there are really only two covenants between God and man. The remaining covenants are merely modifications, progressions, or what might be called dispensations of the only two covenants. The first covenant is the covenant of works ...


1

It is certainly not unilateral. In a unilateral covenant, only one party must assent to the terms of the covenant in order for it to be ratified. For example, the covenant enacted in Gen. 15:12 is unilateral because Avraham was in a deep sleep when God alone passed between the split animal pieces (Gen. 15:17), signifying ratification of the covenant. Since ...


1

The Mosaic covenant is not a republication of the covenant of works. First, "republication" assumes a previous covenant of works, in the garden, and that is a matter of serious dispute. If there were no covenant of works in the garden, then the Mosaic Covenant could not be a republication. But for the sake of argument, I'll assume that the relationship ...


1

Before getting to the specific difference you asked for, I think it's necessary to understand the various ways in which the term is used - particularly the legal definition. In Reformed theology, the relationship between God and His people is often couched in legal terms, particularly in relation to Covenant Theology. In browsing all of the various ...


1

Wikipedia's article on Covenant theology says the following: Covenant of redemption is a covenant amongst the Godhead in which Christ was appointed to redeem mankind. Covenant of works is a covenant between God and Adam (representing all mankind) that obedience would bring life and disobedience would bring death. Covenant of grace "promises eternal life ...


1

The Bible is a pretty thick book when you come right down to it. Yet, so few spend any time researching 3/4's of it, while relying on the end to interpret the beginning. That is not how one should read any book. The plan of God is not written backwards. So the question is "Why did God give a 'New Covenant'"? Well, believe it or not, the answer flies in ...


1

You've actually got it inside out. There's a lot of evidence, both from biblical and extrabiblical sources, that the basic ideas of Christianity were around from the beginning. (See When did Christianity originate? for just a few examples.) The "new" covenant was the Law of Moses, which was given to the people of Israel--at the time a rowdy group of ...



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