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20

In the Old Testament, priests would appeal to God on behalf on sinful men through sacrifices. Jesus is the Great High Priest who 1) offered Himself as a sacrifice once for all and 2) who ever lives to intercede for us. The old priesthood order was of the line of Aaron, but in 70 A.D. in the destruction of Jerusalem, the ancestral records were destroyed, ...


16

Protestants believe in a concept called the "priesthood of all believers". Check out this wikipedia article for in-depth info. The basic belief is that each Christian has the authority to preach and teach, read and interpret the Bible, and confess their own sins directly to Jesus. We still have professional clergy, but without formal sacraments to ...


12

Catholic version Priest The biblical order of presbyters. One who conducts sacrifices Vicar, a priest who is the bishop's helper Dean (arch-priest) a priest who is designated by the bishop to oversee a number of parishes Monsignor, a title given by a Bishop to an exemplary priest. Pastor The priest who is in charge or a parish, he may have associate ...


11

An attempt at a generic Protestant version. Note that these are guidelines, and additional tradition-specific versions should be consulted! Clergy: Priest One who conducts the rituals that mediate between God and man. Pastor From a word meaning 'shepherd', one who 'watches over' a church, manages it, and tends to its members. Because of the shepherd ...


10

This article gives an overview of the history of celibacy in the clergy. Even the Catholic church would admit that celibacy was not enforced on clergy in New Testament times, but would point out that those who chose celibacy were held in high honour, even in that period. There is dispute over how early the rules of celibacy came to be enforced. The earliest ...


9

In the Catholic Church, laicization (sometimes called “defrocking”) of a priest is much more complicated and is imposed as a penalty much less frequently than, say, the removal of a minister in other denominations. That is because the Catholic Church has a properly sacramental understanding of the priesthood. According to Catholic teaching, once a man is ...


8

1 Timothy 3 spells out some requirements for being bishops (and deacons). For example, verse 6: Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. So it's evident that a bishop (or pastor, from episcopos, meaning "overseer") should be trained or experienced such that he is not "a novice" (from the Greek neophyton, ...


7

Do any Christian denominations have any policies to prevent nepotism? Short answer: Yes The modern Catholic Church does, as of June 22, 1692. Pope Innocent XII. Innocent XII gave nepotism a death blow by his celebrated Bull "Romanum decet Pontificem," 22 June 1692. However, it does not appear to have actually ended the practice. Romanum ...


7

The Catholic Church has the Pope as its head. The basic structure underneath the Pope consists of a number of bishops, each of whom is assisted by a number of priests. Priests, in turn, are assisted by deacons (who are ordained, just as priests are, but who cannot "advance in the rankings" as priests can). However, there are a number of variances from this, ...


6

The important thing to consider is that celibacy, or practicing non-marriage, was practiced far before Christianity. Druid priests, Aztec Priests, etc were told to have been mandated to be pure and have no marriage with women. I believe that the first written mandate that states that priests should be celibate was made around AD 300. The Council of Elvira ...


6

Some of the primary differences are due to the believed place of the clergy. In some churches being clergyman is considered a "vocation". If someone is called to be ordained they are ordained for life (barring exceptional circumstances). Even if they stop doing the job of a priest, they remain one. The denominations that practice this typically have a ...


6

Frank K. Flinn's Encyclopedia of Catholicism defines an antipope as "a person who lays claim to the office of bishop of Rome and tries to act as head of the Roman Catholic Church, in opposition to the person duly holding that ecclesiastical office in the eyes of the church as a whole." Flinn points out that there have been 39 antipopes in the history of the ...


6

First let me correct the assumption that the model you describe is normal for Christian pastors. It is in fact only a minority that follow this. The vast majority of Christian churches, including Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and Presbyterians follow an entirely different model. In this model they: Discern whether or not the person has a calling to ...


6

Baptists and many evangelicals reject the notion of a sacremental "priest" that is somehow in essence different than mere laity, but still ordain their ministers. A "priest" confers the idea that the person is specially endowed with the ability to stand between man and God. Those who subscribe to the idea of the "priesthood of all believers" do not believe ...


5

Quakers and Mormons have no paid staff in their local assemblies. In the national bodies, however, there is usually some renumeration or support, in order to retain staff. The truth is that very few would consider it wise to have a national organization without any accountability, which is what an all-volunteer lobby would be. Additionally, many more ...


5

Wikipedia has a good, though slightly sparse, article on the subject of Antipopes. An Antipope was someone who claimed the title of Pope in opposition to a current pope, typically setting up an alternative papacy. The two main groups of Antipopes were those set up by the Holy Roman Emperors during the 11th and 12th centuries, and those established by the ...


5

In addition, according to the instructions of God to the priesthood of the lineage of Aaron, their was a veil in the temple seperateing the "Holy of Holies" where only the priest was allowed to enter into the presence of God. As stated, he did this on behalf of others. Matthew 27: 51 tells us that immediately following Christ yielding His spirit to death ...


5

One can do no better than quote the General Instruction of the Roman Missal. As regards the color of sacred vestments, traditional usage should be observed, namely: a) The color white is used in the Offices and Masses during Easter Time and Christmas Time; on the Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity; and furthermore on celebrations of the Lord ...


4

An etymology-based perspective Here are some meanings for these roles based on the original meanings as used in the New Testament. Many denominations attempt to use these terms in the same way, such as the Brethren, Presbyterians and some Baptist churches. Pastor: a shepherd. Someone who looks after the 'flock' of God: his people. Pastors are listed in ...


4

Luther viewed Thomas Aquinas as one of his adversaries. He saw him as someone who interpreted the Bible according to Aristotle. There are many references against Thomas in Luther's writings. Here is an example when speaking against indulgences: They are far more foolish than the Pythagoreans who assert only those things which Pythagoras has said. These, ...


4

Christ gave St. Peter the "power of the keys" to bind or loose. Addressing the question of "Whether priests alone have the keys?," St. Thomas Aquinas writes: There are two kinds of key. One reaches to heaven itself directly, by remitting sin and thus removing the obstacles to the entrance into heaven; and this is called the key of "order." Priests ...


4

Here are a few potentially relevant angles to consider: Preparation David was a shepherd until he was anointed king at the age of 30. Jesus was a carpenter until it was His time to begin His ministry (at the age of 30). Examples such as these may indicate that God desires to bring us through times of preparation prior to entering into our calling. ...


3

Christ gave the power of "binding and loosing" to Peter alone with this saying; however, a little while later He also told all the apostles: Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (Matthew 18:18) Similarly, Paul states that All this is from God, who has ...


3

As an Augustinian monk himself who tried desparately not to leave the church, but rather only to reform it, I think this would be a hard claim for someone to make of Luther. That said, the "invisible church" or what we moderns would probably call "real Christians" is always a subjective term. I'm sure he thought many clergy weren't truly Christian, but I ...


3

The hierarchy of the Church The Church has a very “shallow” hierarchy that consists of the three ranks of ordained ministers: bishops, priests, and deacons. (See Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC], 1554.) Relationships of priests and deacons to their ordinaries Priests and deacons are always members either of a diocese or of a society such ...


2

See "Priestly celibacy in patristics and in the history of the Church" by Roman Cholij or Card. Stickler's The Case for Clerical Celibacy: its historical development and theological foundations. Priests have always been prohibited to marry, all the way back to Apostolic times, in both the Eastern or Western Church. Sometimes, though, married men have been ...


2

The Catholic faith celebrates 7 Sacraments. Most Protestant faiths celebrate 2, although they do not call them sacraments, but ordinances. Some Protestant faiths that celebrate a liturgical form of practice like the Catholic church also celebrate more than 2. Sacraments are outward signs that give inward holiness or grace to the soul. Sacraments are just ...


2

I would like to add a few other Biblical reasons Protestants in general will allow for married Pastors. Simon's mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they immediately told Jesus about her. -Mark 1:30. Simon Peter having a mother-in-law necessarily meant that he had a wife. If one of Jesus's own apostles had a wife, then right there is pretty good ...


2

This appears to be a Jewish tradition rather than any precept of God, since the only Biblical reference I can find is in Paul's letter to Timothy: 1st Timothy 2:11 through 15 KJV Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, ...



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