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Catholic version Priest The biblical order of presbyters. One who conducts sacrifices Vicar, a priest who is the bishop's helper Dean (arch-priest) a priest who is designated by the bishop to oversee a number of parishes Monsignor, a title given by a Bishop to an exemplary priest. Pastor The priest who is in charge or a parish, he may have associate ...


12

An attempt at a generic Protestant version. Note that these are guidelines, and additional tradition-specific versions should be consulted! Clergy: Priest One who conducts the rituals that mediate between God and man. Pastor From a word meaning 'shepherd', one who 'watches over' a church, manages it, and tends to its members. Because of the shepherd ...


9

This article gives an overview of the history of celibacy in the clergy. Even the Catholic church would admit that celibacy was not enforced on clergy in New Testament times, but would point out that those who chose celibacy were held in high honour, even in that period. There is dispute over how early the rules of celibacy came to be enforced. The earliest ...


7

Do any Christian denominations have any policies to prevent nepotism? Short answer: Yes The modern Catholic Church does, as of June 22, 1692. Pope Innocent XII. Innocent XII gave nepotism a death blow by his celebrated Bull "Romanum decet Pontificem," 22 June 1692. However, it does not appear to have actually ended the practice. Romanum ...


6

Baptists and many evangelicals reject the notion of a sacremental "priest" that is somehow in essence different than mere laity, but still ordain their ministers. A "priest" confers the idea that the person is specially endowed with the ability to stand between man and God. Those who subscribe to the idea of the "priesthood of all believers" do not believe ...


6

The important thing to consider is that celibacy, or practicing non-marriage, was practiced far before Christianity. Druid priests, Aztec Priests, etc were told to have been mandated to be pure and have no marriage with women. I believe that the first written mandate that states that priests should be celibate was made around AD 300. The Council of Elvira ...


6

Some of the primary differences are due to the believed place of the clergy. In some churches being clergyman is considered a "vocation". If someone is called to be ordained they are ordained for life (barring exceptional circumstances). Even if they stop doing the job of a priest, they remain one. The denominations that practice this typically have a ...


6

Frank K. Flinn's Encyclopedia of Catholicism defines an antipope as "a person who lays claim to the office of bishop of Rome and tries to act as head of the Roman Catholic Church, in opposition to the person duly holding that ecclesiastical office in the eyes of the church as a whole." Flinn points out that there have been 39 antipopes in the history of the ...


5

Wikipedia has a good, though slightly sparse, article on the subject of Antipopes. An Antipope was someone who claimed the title of Pope in opposition to a current pope, typically setting up an alternative papacy. The two main groups of Antipopes were those set up by the Holy Roman Emperors during the 11th and 12th centuries, and those established by the ...


5

Quakers and Mormons have no paid staff in their local assemblies. In the national bodies, however, there is usually some renumeration or support, in order to retain staff. The truth is that very few would consider it wise to have a national organization without any accountability, which is what an all-volunteer lobby would be. Additionally, many more ...


4

The Catholic Church has the Pope as its head. The basic structure underneath the Pope consists of a number of bishops, each of whom is assisted by a number of priests. Priests, in turn, are assisted by deacons (who are ordained, just as priests are, but who cannot "advance in the rankings" as priests can). However, there are a number of variances from this, ...


3

Luther viewed Thomas Aquinas as one of his adversaries. He saw him as someone who interpreted the Bible according to Aristotle. There are many references against Thomas in Luther's writings. Here is an example when speaking against indulgences: They are far more foolish than the Pythagoreans who assert only those things which Pythagoras has said. These, ...


3

As an Augustinian monk himself who tried desparately not to leave the church, but rather only to reform it, I think this would be a hard claim for someone to make of Luther. That said, the "invisible church" or what we moderns would probably call "real Christians" is always a subjective term. I'm sure he thought many clergy weren't truly Christian, but I ...


2

An etymology-based perspective Here are some meanings for these roles based on the original meanings as used in the New Testament. Many denominations attempt to use these terms in the same way, such as the Brethren, Presbyterians and some Baptist churches. Pastor: a shepherd. Someone who looks after the 'flock' of God: his people. Pastors are listed in ...


2

I would like to add a few other Biblical reasons Protestants in general will allow for married Pastors. Simon's mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they immediately told Jesus about her. -Mark 1:30. Simon Peter having a mother-in-law necessarily meant that he had a wife. If one of Jesus's own apostles had a wife, then right there is pretty good ...


2

The hierarchy of the Church The Church has a very “shallow” hierarchy that consists of the three ranks of ordained ministers: bishops, priests, and deacons. (See Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC], 1554.) Relationships of priests and deacons to their ordinaries Priests and deacons are always members either of a diocese or of a society such ...


2

Opening Generally I am averse to having competing posts. This answer is to add clarity to @MattGutting' answer because editing it would render it too long. This article Hierarchy | New Advent makes this very important distinction, that there is a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction1. The Council of Trent defined that ...


2

This appears to be a Jewish tradition rather than any precept of God, since the only Biblical reference I can find is in Paul's letter to Timothy: 1st Timothy 2:11 through 15 KJV Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, ...


2

Coming from a Plymouth Brethren background, I can speak to the experience of growing up in a church movement which eschewed ordaining ministers and employing them as fulltime servants within local churches. Wikipedia has a decent overview of the Plymouth Brethren, a movement which began in the late 1820s in Dublin, Ireland and quickly spread to Plymouth, ...


1

Women appear in ministry functions and even recognized roles in both the Old Testament and New Testament (source). I believe, that the earliest mandate for women in ministry is that given right at the beginning - the command given to co-steward the Earth (in conjunction with men): 26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And ...


1

Clerical Celibacy was not instituted in the eleven hundreds, it was established 800 years before by Emperor Constantine I at the Council of Nicaea in 325. Canon 3 The great Synod has stringently forbidden any bishop, presbyter, deacon, or any one of the clergy whatever, to have a subintroducta dwelling with him, except only a mother, or sister, or aunt, or ...


1

Protestants take the priestly celibacy as unbiblical or unnatural. They claim that every man must obey the biblical injunction to "be fruitful and multiply"(Gen. 1:28) and Paul command that "each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband"(1Cor. 7:2). They also argue that celibacy somehow causes illicit sexual behaviour or perversion or at ...


1

Anti in Greek can be found in Strong's Concordance as G473. anti an-tee' a primary particle; opposite, i.e. instead or because of (rarely in addition to):--for, in the room of. Often used in composition to denote contrast, requital, substitution, correspondence, etc. So antipope can mean someone opposite the real pope, someone instead of the real pope, ...


1

See "Priestly celibacy in patristics and in the history of the Church" by Roman Cholij or Card. Stickler's The Case for Clerical Celibacy: its historical development and theological foundations. Priests have always been prohibited to marry, all the way back to Apostolic times, in both the Eastern or Western Church. Sometimes, though, married men have been ...



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