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To be Christian is to be a follower of Christ. Christ teaches that He is God, on many occasions: “The Word [Jesus] was God” and “the Word became flesh” (John 1:1, 14). Jesus says, "I and my Father are one." John 10:30 And of course, John 14:6-7 - Jesus said to him, “I AM the way, the truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except ...


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So, the short answer is that the Church suffers as a participation in the redemptive suffering of Christ. As the Church is Christ's body, that means that she must suffer as he suffered. So if he meant that the Church suffers as Christ the answer is "yes, and many agree". This provides us with some useful information, including the JPII quote: For, ...


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Good question. As it turns out, there isn't an official Catholic position. That is, the Catechism does not address the question of why temptation occurs. What follows is an argument combining the thinking of several different Catholic scholars. First, the definition of temptation is An attraction, either from outside oneself or from within, to act ...


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According to the Catholic Catechism, we must acknowledge that the books of Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error teach that truth which God, for the sake of our salvation, wished to see confided to the Sacred Scriptures. This statement is purposely ambiguous, as there is debate among Catholic theologians about what inerrancy entails. By ...


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What proportion of Christians worldwide identify as Christian for social/cultural reasons rather than religious conviction? It would be difficult to come up with a specific percentage. Those who call themselves Christian for financial or social advantage usually do so when Christianity is an ascendency. Like when Christianity was made official in the Roman ...


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The Catechism of the Catholic Church has a paragraph on each of pornography and prostitution. I've emphasised a couple of passages which indicate an opinion that neither should be legalised: 2354 Pornography consists in removing real or simulated sexual acts from the intimacy of the partners, in order to display them deliberately to third parties. It ...


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There is no clear and final Catholic doctrine on which vices should be punished by law and which should not, but a good guidance on this subject is given by St. Thomas Aquinas: [Virtuous conduct] is not possible to one who has not a virtuous habit, as is possible to one who has.  Thus the same is not possible to a child as to a full-grown man: for ...


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After doing some further research and thinking, the following is what I have found to be Aquinas's view, or at least how I interpret his theory of atonement to be. Christ took upon Himself a satisfactory punishment, or penance, for original sin by entering original sin's punishment of death (which is a loss of the fullness of life, or rather complete ...


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I believe that the imposition of ashes is universal within the Roman Catholic Church. The practice was "made official" in a 1091 decree of the Council of Benevento, which states: "on Ash Wednesday everyone, clergy and laity, men and women, will receive ashes"1 Before that, the practice was done in private, dating back many centuries, and probably in ...


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By "non-denominational", I take it you mean a civil marriage conducted by the State. Canon 1055 has §1. The matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life and which is ordered by its nature to the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring, has been raised by ...


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Sister Simone kindly responded to my email asking this question. She said: "If I just said Holy Spirit, it would slide over like water. Also to an interfaith audience who doesn't necessarily hold a Trinitarian faith it seemed more inclusive to me. I also know that God continues to create us at every moment so it isn't just the "image" of God but God who ...


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Not God the Father apparently, but perhaps Jesus. In Anatomy of the Vatican, page 20-21, Paul Hoffman says that in 1954, towards the end of his life, Pope Pius XII reported to some Jesuits that Jesus had appeared at his bedside during a recent illness and said to him that his time was not yet up. When the story found its way into the press, the Vatican had ...


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Pope Francis means that those with same-sex attraction who refuse to act on their impulses for the sake of the Kingdom should not be judged. Those with heterosexual attraction often judge a homosexual attracted person based on his or her feelings he/she cannot control, even if the person doesn't act on them. Pope Francis is saying that we shouldn't condemn ...


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As I stated in an answer to an entirely different question, the Catholic Church distinguishes between three types of beliefs which Catholics must hold. In 1998, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) issued a document stating and clarifying these types of beliefs, and noting the consequences for failing to assert them. Briefly, it notes that ...


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The Eastern Orthodox church and the Catholic church are two separate churches. The Eastern Orthodox church is not the same as the Eastern Rite Catholic churches, whose bishops are in union with the bishop of Rome. The Catholic church views the leadership and the sacraments as valid, since they derive from apostolic authority and the Eastern Orthodox church ...


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Gee, so many posts by people who have so little knowledge of this absolutely crucial matter (crucial for churches with sacramental theology --seven ecumenical councils, seven sacraments, visible church / hierarchy of bishops, priests and deacons). TO clarify for all: apostolic succession has nothing to do with unity with the Bishop of Rome / Holy Father the ...


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From a Catholic point of view, there is no problem with (a) a Roman Catholic attending an Orthodox Divine Liturgy and receiving communion or (b) an Orthodox attending a Roman Catholic mass and receiving communion. This is, however, restricted to circumstances when a Roman Catholic mass is unavailable. The Orthodox position is different; Roman Catholics ...


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From what I understood during a recent visit to Saint James Cathedral Basilica in Brooklyn, after having read the what was written by the pope saint John Paul II when the Cathedrale it received Basilica status (forgive my ignorance of proper terms)...it's certainly not to make the church more prestigeous, for 'pretiges' sake...but to corroborate an already ...


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Was Peter ever in Rome and did he die there? There is no doubt that Matthew's Gospel tells us that Jesus nominated Peter as the rock on which he would build his church. So, whatever city could claim Peter as its patron would have a huge advantage over other cities in the Christian world. Tradition has credited various of the apostles with remaining a a ...


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The Chicago Tribune has an article that proposes some theories on why the observation of the supernova went mostly unnoticed in Europe. The article mentions the significance of the date with respect to the Church: Another reason the lack of records of the supernova is so puzzling is that 12 days after it first appeared in the sky, the Christian church ...


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I recently read about a priest (Orthodox, however) who is refusing to perform civil marriages. That's fairly interesting, but it brings up a good conundrum about the purpose and meaning of civil marriage nowadays. It shouldn't be this way, but it is becoming just a piece of paper to go with your real sacramental marriage. As the commenters rightly said, ...


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The question is better answered by understanding why God created at all and CCC 293 tells us the God created all things not to increase his glory, but to show it forth and to communicate it, for God has no other reason for creating than his love and goodness. The next point CCC 294 continues that God made us to be his sons through Jesus Christ, according to ...


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First, many times I hear that word, and see the circumstances motivating its use, it seems me that a petition to the Almighty is probably suitable and appropriate! In other cases, it seems to me the three cardinal characteristics of mortal sin would come to bear here. The misuse of the name of the Almighty is certainly grave matter; but in some cases, it's ...


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The term "using God's name in vain" comes from the Ten Commandments, which were given to Moses in the Old Testament: "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain" (Exodus 20:7, KJV). The New International Version renders it as follows: "You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God" (Exodus 20:7, NIV). For there to be an ...


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The Last Supper, the institution of the Eucharist in the synoptic gospels, was the celebration of the seder feast at the commencement of the Jewish day of the Passover. Mark chapter 14 provides brief details of the preparation made for the feast, to be held in a large upper room that was already prepared for the occasion (Mark 14:14-15), and these details ...


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Attendance at a Protestant church, even on a regular basis, does not detract from a baptized Catholic's Catholic identity in the eyes of the Church, and they are still obligated to follow the laws of the Church and the directives of their bishop and pastor: Merely ecclesiastical laws bind those who have been baptized in the Catholic Church or received ...


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Maybe. If upon deciding to join the Protestant church, the Catholic followed canonical forms and procedures, and renounced Catholicism, then the answer would be "No". However, even if the Catholic joined a Protestant church, unless the Catholic renounced the Catholic church following the canonical forms and procedures, the Church considers that he or she ...


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No, because joining a Protestant church makes you a Protestant You may not know this, but... The sacraments of the New Testament were instituted by Christ the Lord and entrusted to the Church. As actions of Christ and the Church, they are signs and means which express and strengthen the faith, render worship to God, and effect the sanctification of ...


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Prohibited participation in sacred rites of non-Catholics (communicatio in sacris) is "to be punished with a just penalty," according to the 1983 Code of Canon Law (Can. 1365). The 1917 Code says: Can. 1258 §1. It is not licit for the faithful by any manner to assist actively or to have a part in the sacred [rites] of non-Catholics Thus, for a Catholic ...


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Pope Leo XIII's encyclical on marriage, Arcanum §23, gives a succinct answer to your question:23. Let no one, then, be deceived by the distinction which some civil jurists have so strongly insisted upon—the distinction, namely, by virtue of which they sever the matrimonial contract from the sacrament, with intent to hand over the contract to the power and ...


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Have you heard of the natural law? It is an rational ethical system based on the "ends" or purposes of human nature. We are against any government that rejects the natural law, as the natural law can be known by human reason alone, so any rational person should accept it. It is one thing for the secular state to reject religious law; it is another for the ...


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Catholics believe that one of the duties of the secular state is to uphold moral law. Secular authorities should make things that are bad (like theft, fraud and tax evasion) illegal. They believe that people benefit from following moral laws, even if they don't believe in the source of those laws (God). They also believe that this makes for a better society. ...


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Any argument based solely on reason can be argued against. This creates a couple of problems: We don't know all of the reasons why God commands what he does. Currently-available scientific and social evidence are not always enough to prove God's will. The real reason I as a Christian oppose homosexual actions, including homosexual marriage, is because I ...


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"Protestant" means a believer in sola fide and sola Scriptura. As such, not only is it possible for a Protestant to use natural law arguments, many have. Although most of the reformers were Divine Command theorists (Luther and Calvin, although Calvin is weird), not all were (natural law was influential among both the Catholic and Protestant American ...


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There are two sides to this issue. The first is whether the Catholics consider it appropriate to share communion with those who understand it differently. As a Christian, I want to avoid offending any fellow believer, so I think it would be important to ask if in doubt. The second point is your own conscience. If you feel that the ceremony or understanding ...


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The Hymnal Worship II, published in 1975 by GIA, and widely used in the Archdiocese of Chicago, includes an English translation of Luther's German paraphrase of Psalm 46 (Vulgate No. 45) in two versions at number 2 and number 3 in the hymnal. That is the earliest attributed publication in a "Catholic" hymnal of which I am aware. I did once see a small hymnal ...


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To add to the other answers given here, in the Catholic liturgy (Mass, Liturgy of the Hours), it is common to address the saints as “blessed.” It is not exactly a title, but a term of respect that recognizes their condition of beatitude in Heaven. For example, the Roman Canon (Eucharistic Prayer I) says two paragraphs before the epiclesis (the invocation of ...


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Because Protestants are fideists. Fr. Hardon, SJ, defines "fideism" in his Catholic dictionary as: A term applied to various theories that claim that faith is the only or ultimate source of all knowledge of God and spiritual things. The name was originally coined by followers of Kant (1724-1804) and Schleiermacher (1768 -1834), both of whom denied the ...


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Christianity is utterly incoherent without Original sin (Jesus saved us! From what?). Ancestral sin is Original sin. Ancestral sin is the sin of the ancestors, as the Original sin is a sin from our origins (it can also be understood as the origin of sin itself too though). Some Orthodox think that Catholics believe that all unbaptised humans are guilty of ...


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It can be helpful to consider a marriage at the moment of the exchange of consent—i.e., when it comes into existence—and distinguish that from the marriage as it endures through time. The divisions that you refer to all have to do with whether the necessary conditions are in place in order for the marriage to come into existence in the first place; that is, ...


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Like many words, "blessed" has several distinct (though related) meanings. One is as a title for people who have been beatified but not canonized (so it's between "venerable" and "saint"). Another refers to having received some unusual benefit, so that we might say someone was blessed with great intelligence, or with wealth, or with a loving family, etc. ...


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When reading the introduction of the Gospel of Luke, it seems very clear that he isn't really claiming to be inspired by God In Luke 1:1, the author says that he is writing down "those things which are most surely believed among us." At most, this is an affirmation that the Lukan community believes those things, with no claim that he was writing down ...


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Protestants are those who protest the Catholic Church In course of time the original connotation of "no toleration for Catholics" was lost sight of, and the term is now applied to, and accepted by, members of those Western Churches and sects which, in the sixteenth century, were set up by the Reformers in direct opposition to the Catholic Church. The ...


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Are the Marian Doctrines explicitly mentioned in the Bible? The answer is "no". It is worth remembering, however, that every Christian believes something not explicitly mentioned in the Bible. We are thus brought to the interrelated questions of authority and interpretation. In other words, we must ask: Who has the ultimate authority to interpret ...


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Instances of popes being involuntarily deposed by conquering sovereigns and replaced with one sympathetic to that conqueror. A specific example is need to answer this question. See below. Instances of contention over the papacy by two or even three popes simultaneously, accompanied by multiple colleges of cardinals and bishoprics. Ah, the Great ...


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The idea of God within can either be explained rightly, or really badly. In the right understanding, Grace is the Holy Spirit entering us and infusing Divinity within us, making us a temple of the Spirit. Santifying Grace is partaking in Divinity, and can be understood as God placing Himself within us, to makes us Holy, for only God is Holy, so we must ...


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The first encounter with faith that a Christian experience is the faithfulness of a husband to his wife, a wife to her husband, and a father and mother to their child. When you rip this apart, you make children have a hard time understanding what faith is. Think about it: Jesus even uses the term "Father" to describe the "maker of Heaven and earth, of all ...


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I propose the term Ancient-rite Christians for what you are seeking. This term does not appear to be in current usage and while it may be obvious for some people what it refers to, that presents problems that are perhaps simply best avoided by just continuing to use "Catholics and Orthodox".


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Orthodox Christian is the closest I can think of, but wouldnt necessarily include Catholics. Orthodox Christians differ from Protestants in a number of ways including Salvation. http://christianityinview.com/comparison.html


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Luke 1:42 (here NIV): 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 In a loud voice she exclaimed: "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear! If the title 'blessed virgin' has its origin here, the word 'blessed' means 'favoured' rather than 'on its way ...



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