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9

I will attempt to answer this question from a natural-law perspective (to complement Geremia’s excellent Scriptural analysis). The Church’s current teaching on drugs As the O.P. points out, the Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC] states the following in number 2291 (which I repeat for the reader’s convenience): The use of drugs inflicts very grave ...


7

In the case of a disputed election, the decision is largely based on which pope is elected first, although this is not always the case. Eulalius was elected pope in 418, one day before Boniface I. However, through overconfidence, Eulalius flouted an imperial order and the emperor then recognised Boniface as the rightful pope, leaving Eulalius as antipope. So,...


6

All creatures are good because God created them (Gen. 1:31). It's their immoderate usage which can be evil. Holy Scripture distinguishes alcoholic drinks, medicines, and harmful drugs. Alcoholic Drinks The drinking of alcohol, in moderation, is mentioned positively in: Proverbs 31:6-7 6 give strong drink to them that be sad, and wine unto them, that ...


4

Does God desire that all men be Catholic? The answer to the O.P. is fundamentally “yes:” the Church teaches that it is the Catholic Church—that is, the universal Church—and hence that God calls all people to be members. Lumen Gentium [LG], Vatican II’s dogmatic constitution on the Church, puts it as follows: All men are called to belong to the new ...


3

The short answer is no. Not every saint is expected to have an incorruptible corpse. Although incorruptibility is recognized as supernatural, it is no longer counted as a miracle in the recognition of a saint (The Incorruptibles). Embalmed bodies were not recognized as incorruptibles. For example, although the body of Pope John XXIII remained in a ...


3

I think you're misunderstanding a few of the issues; so let's get some background out of the way. The First Vatican Council was an ecumenical council of bishops of the Catholic Church held at the Vatican in 1870. A number of important issues were discussed, and some Church doctrine was formalized; perhaps the most important of these issues was papal ...


3

Conditions for a valid pope male Catholic (not a heretic*) valid election *See Pope Paul IV's bull (encyclical) Cum ex apostolatus officio on how a heretical papal candidate would be invalidly elected. Who can judge the validity of a pope? Only a valid Pope is the supreme judge: Can. 1442 The Roman Pontiff is the supreme judge for the entire ...


3

The ubiquity doctrine is problematic to Catholics in that it does not acknowledge a "real" (substantial) change. Second, Lutherans reject Rome's identification of the bread and wine as the corporal body and blood of the Lord. At the Lord's Table, the bread remains bread; the wine remains wine. Luther, however, argued that there was a communication of ...


3

Although you are directing your question specifically towards Roman Catholics, I would point out that Eastern Orthodox also believe in transubstantiation as you define it, although different terms are sometimes used. So I will also comment on your question from an Eastern Orthodox perspective (to the best of my ability, God being my helper). In answer to ...


2

The Days of the Week First, note that according to the Jewish calendar that the "day" begins in the evening, so that the "day" of "Friday" would comprise Thursday night, Friday morning, and Friday afternoon; "Saturday" would comprise what we call Friday night, Saturday morning, and Saturday afternoon; and "Sunday" would comprise Saturday night, Sunday ...


2

Based on your comments, I understand that you are interested if any sort of ontological arguments have been made for the existence of God in a Trinity; and not whether "The Ontological Argument" - usually assumed to mean the medieval argument of Anselm of Canterbury for the existence of God - has been used to prove that God exists in a Trinity. Oxford ...


2

Yes, the Holy Father does bless rosaries and other items such as medals at the conclusion of Papal Audiences, the Sunday Angelus, and Papal Masses! The following is taken from The Pontifical North American College: At the conclusion of Papal Audiences, the Sunday Angelus, and Papal Masses, the Holy Father gives his Apostolic Blessing. This blessing is ...


2

Whether valid popes have been heretics It isn't necessarily true that Pope Honorius I was a heretic. St. Robert Cardinal Bellarmine, the great doctor of the papacy, defended several popes, including Pope Honorius I, against accusations of heresy in his work that is translated into English as Papal Error?: A Defense of Popes said to have Erred in Fatih (ch. ...


2

Pope Honorius I served from 625 to 638 when the Church was still undivided. At that time there was no doctrine within the Church of Papal infallibility and the Pope's place with respect to the other Patriarchs was understood to be first in honor, but he had no authority over any bishop outside the jurisdiction of the Roman See. These things were innovations ...


2

The origins of Roman Pontiffs carrying a Papal ferula or Papal Cross during certain ceremonies may in fact go back to a particular popular belief involving the Prince of the Apostles himself. According to legend St Peter gave his pastoral staff to St. Eucharius in order to raise the subdeacon Maternus from the dead! According to an ancient legend, he ...


2

The Catholic Church recognises the laws of the countries in which it is present. An information booklet issued by the Australian Catholic Marriage and Family Council for the Bishops Commission for Pastoral Life of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference - 'Getting Married in the Catholic Church: Frequently Asked Questions' - contains the following ...


2

Each and every one of the first Seven Ecumenical Councils are recognized as valid councils by the Catholic Church. No Roman Pontiff has ever decreed it otherwise. You will not find any Papal Bulls or any other decrees of condemnations on this point! In fact, any truly orthodox Catholic website will always list the first seven Ecumenical Councils in the list ...


2

According to the Old Testament, man was created by YHWH. Genesis 1:26 KJV And God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth." YHWH created Adam, the ...


2

Church law does not explicitly prohibit revealing that a given person has been to confession or not. Here are the relevant canons from the Code of Canon Law: Can. 983 §1. The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore it is absolutely forbidden for a confessor to betray in any way a penitent in words or in any manner and for any reason. §2. The ...


2

The ability to intercede on behalf of others is a gift given by God, and so He can give it to anyone He pleases. Here is how the Catechism of the Catholic Church describes prayer of intercession: Since Abraham, intercession—asking on behalf of another—has been characteristic of a heart attuned to God’s mercy. In the age of the Church, Christian ...


2

“Nature” and “Person” are theological concepts that date back as far as the great Trinitarian and Christological debates of the fourth and fifth centuries (enduring at least until the Second Council of Constantinople in 553. These concepts were discussed in Greek; in that language, the terms employed were φύσις (physis, nature) or οὐσία (ousia, essence or ...


1

Obstinacy can be forgiven, like all sin, but only once it ceases. According to Catholic teaching, the fundamental condition for receiving forgiveness is repentance founded on supernatural love for God, sometimes called perfect contrition. (When repentance is based on something less perfect, such as the fear of punishment, then it is called imperfect ...


1

Here goes my own answer. Definition of person Adopting the definition of person by Boethius: "an individual substance of a rational nature", St. Thomas Aquinas refines it by stating that: "the individual substance, which is included in the definition of a person, implies a complete substance subsisting of itself and separate from all else (substantia ...


1

Not only the Hebrews quote, but it is defined dogma in the Catholic Church that "immediately (mox) after death and, in the case of those in need of purification, after the purification" in purgatory, one faces his Particular Judgment (Benedict XII's Benedictus Deus). However, venial sins or temporal punishment for already-forgiven sins might still remain. ...


1

This is not really a question dealt with on an official basis by the Catholic Church, but it is fairly easy to answer. Pain is an example of evil, and evil, when one examines it fully, is not strictly speaking a “being;” rather, it is a privation or lack of being. This idea is summed up by St. Thomas Aquinas (not an “official” source of Catholic teaching, ...


1

Within the Orthodox Church, there is no formal, centralized process for determining whether or not an individual should be included in the list of the saints. A good description of what is "required" is on the Orthodox Church in America website: While the glorification of a saint may be initiated because of miracles, it is not an absolute necessity ...


1

God "expect[s] us to realize the truth of Christianity" through the Church that He founded, which is guided by the Spirit of Truth, the Holy Ghost.(cf. Cdl. Manning's Temporal Mission of the Holy Ghost) The reason Christ founded the Catholic Church is summarized in the Great Commission he gave to the Apostles (Mt. 28:19): Going therefore teach ye all ...


1

The Church's Theological Notes or Qualifications Listed below are the so-called theological notes and their associated censures from the table in Sixtus Cartechini, S.J.'s 1951 work De Valore Notarum Theologicarum (On the Value of the Theological Notes), which confessors have used when dealing with erudite penitents; it's also available in Italian ...


1

Your raise a lot of interesting points that are sources of great controversy between different Christian groups, but I'll try to focus on your question: What is an overview of the theological differences that led to distinct approaches to unwanted State innovation and overreach in the West and East? I don't think there really was much distinction ...


1

At the fall of the western Roman empire triggered by a Roman naval revolt in south east Spain opened the Mediterranean and it's north Africa bread basket to cutting by pirates caused famine in Rome, adding to plague, revolt in the army over devalued payment high taxes to support a large bureaucracy caused the fall of Rome in to smaller states, the population ...



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