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Evangelicals would say that there were faithful churches who kept the gospel before the reformation. I think there are two historical factors involved: Protestants recognise several movements of like-minded people before the reformation, such as the Lollards and Hussites. I think that Luther himself at one time admitted that his own beliefs essentially ...


6

Put simply, the Nicene Creed states a belief in "one holy, catholic, and apostolic church," and the concept of an apostolic church (i.e., one in the apostolic succession as the Roman Catholic Church defines it, in which each bishop is ordained in an unbroken line reaching back to the Apostles) is key to which churches are capital-C Churches according to the ...


6

This means that the Magisterium of the Church is used to specify to the People of God and to the world how, exactly, the Word is to be applied to our daily lives: The Roman Pontiff and the bishops are "authentic teachers, that is, teachers endowed with the authority of Christ, who preach the faith to the people entrusted to them, the faith to be believed ...


6

It simply means that Mary is blessed not only for bearing the flesh of Christ, but most of all because she heard the word of God and obeyed it. "Mary is more blessed in receiving the faith of Christ, than in conceiving the flesh of Christ. ... For his brothers, his relatives according to the flesh who did not believe in him, of what advantage is that ...


6

Some background: what Purgatory is, and what it is not Before answering the question, it is necessary to understand exactly what the Church means by “Purgatory.” The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) says the following: 1030. All who die in God's grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; ...


5

Omnipotence means that God can do anything. But "anything" does not include nonsensical strings of words, like "kill God" or "round square" or "a rock so heavy that God can't lift it". C.S. Lewis once explained this point by saying that nonsense does not make sense just because we say "God can" in front of it. After this accelerated tour from atheism to ...


5

The earliest reference I can find is Justin Martyr (c. 100 – 165 AD) who wrote in Dialog With Trypho: But when the Child was born in Bethlehem, since Joseph could not find a lodging in that village, he took up his quarters in a certain cave near the village; and while they were there Mary brought forth the Christ and placed Him in a manger. (1)


5

Amongst non-denominational evangelicals, a Christian is often regarded as being synonymous with someone who has been born again (regenerated) a la John 3:3 - Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.” - John 3:3 NIV They regard regeneration (or 'getting saved') as something that occurs if and ...


5

It's not even the fullest part of the suggested course at most churches. The fullest part of what is normally suggested is that one either picks the name of a saint or a virtue (e.g. Patience, Chastity, Hope, Faith, Courage, Wisdom, etc.). A common and very-much-encouraged divergence from this is to choose someone in your life (typically a dead relative) ...


4

If you are asking specifically about The Stations of The Cross as we know them today in the West, that is to say: the practice of placing symbolic artwork around a worship space depicting the events of Jesus' final hours and the practice of moving about from station to station in prayer, you can probably pin it on The Franciscans (and by extension St. ...


4

Denying someone a just wage is one of the sins crying to heaven for vengeance. However, the Church does not have a position on minimum wage because she abides by the principle of subsidiarity: what can be done at a local level (e.g., between employer and employee) should be sought first before moving up to a higher level like local, state, or federal ...


4

In the first place: the pronoun "they" in Romans 1:27 does not refer to the Romans reading the letter, nor necessarily to anyone they knew. It refers back to the group described in Romans 1:18 as those who suppress the truth by their wickedness These may or may not have been actual specific persons; the New American Bible (the standard Bible to be used ...


4

[Answering from the perspective of my Non-Denominational Evangelical Church] Evangelical Christians give a lot of emphasis on "Born Again Christian". As the Wikipedia article says, Evangelicals are Christians who believe in the centrality of the conversion or "born again" experience in receiving salvation, believe in the authority of the Bible as ...


4

The point of this passage is that the petitioner is asking for Mary, Theotokos, to pray to her Son, Jesus Christ, to assist them at that time, and at their death. It is hoped that her prayer and support will assist with the life of the petitioner, and assist them with grace to meet the Lord with final perseverance and strength. While the process of death ...


3

The Sanctus, in Latin or Greek form, has apparently been part of the Mass since at least the 5th century. Doing a quick bit of research doesn't clarify for me whether or not commas existed either when it was written or when it reached its final form (in Latin). I need, therefore, to simply go back to the Sanctus as it's printed in the Latin Roman Missal: ...


3

St. Thomas Aquinas holds that God can do anything except whatever implies a contradiction. Treating "Whether God is omnipotent?," he writes: [T]his phrase, "God can do all things," is rightly understood to mean that God can do all things that are possible; and for this reason He is said to be omnipotent. and [N]othing is opposed to the idea of ...


3

The Church teaches that the human propensity to sin is a result of original sin: Following St. Paul, the Church has always taught that the overwhelming misery which oppresses men and their inclination toward evil and death cannot be understood apart from their connection with Adam's sin and the fact that he has transmitted to us a sin with which we are ...


3

Roman Catholicism teaches that water baptism done in the name of the Trinity washes away all kinds of sins.This means that a baptized person is cleansed from all sins. There is 0% sin in the baptized person.They use the following Bible verses to support this teaching: Acts 22:16 (NIV) 16 And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized and ...


3

The wine was just wine, but it was very good wine. the steward called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and then the inferior wine after the guests have become drunk. But you have kept the good wine until now.” John 2:9-10 The wine no longer exists so it is not a relic. The wine was not sacramental, so it was ...


3

First, I strongly recommend you read this article, which addresses this common concern among young Catholics. Addressing your specific question: Of course we can answer these questions! Any time anyone is in need of help we are, in fact, called to provide that assistance if we are capable. This is a fundamental part of Christian charity. Furthermore, ...


2

The Pilgrim's Progress is a beautifully written book in the writing style known as allegory. On the surface it seems as though it is but an exciting adventure tale, but to those familiar with the Bible and Protestant theology, one recognizes immediately that there is far more to this story than appears on the surface, and it really serves the Christian as ...


2

Most saints, before entering heaven, will first go to purgatory according to the Catholic church. While in purgatory they are purified ("purged") until they may enter heaven. The Catechism of the Catholic Church says regarding purgatory: All who die in God's grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal ...


2

St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica question "Whether in the state of innocence there would have been generation by coition?" sheds some light on this. St. Thomas quotes a chapter of Gregory of Nyssa entitled "What we must answer to those who raise the question—'If procreation is after sin, how would souls have come into being if the first of mankind had ...


2

Reuters reported in December 2013 that a five-yearly report provided to Pope Francis by Dutch bishops visiting Rome has blamed a "drastic secularization" of society. A critical group of Dutch lay Catholics saw another important factor, the scandal of sexual abuse of minors by priests, which has afflicted many Catholic dioceses around the world, had also ...


2

According to the Catholic Church: This state of definitive self-exclusion from communion with God and the blessed is called "hell." - (CCC 1033) So hell is not really a physical location but more of a state of being. Thus, although you and your family might all end up in hell, you cannot "meet" them there. It would be like asking if you could meet ...


2

From Code of Canon Law Can. 865 §1., for one to be baptized, one must have been instructed sufficiently about the truths of faith. Can. 865 §1. For an adult to be baptized, the person must have manifested the intention to receive baptism, have been instructed sufficiently about the truths of the faith and Christian obligations, and have been ...


2

The Catholic Church does not allow re-marriage (see Mt 19:6, Mk 10:9, Rom 7:2). The important question therefore becomes, "Was the first 'marriage' a true marriage?" If it was a true marriage, then the Catholic is clearly not free to marry, for you cannot marry again so long as your spouse is alive. If it was not a true marriage, then the Catholic is free ...


2

Sometimes. Canon 1059 of the Code of Canon Law states: Even if only one party is Catholic, the marriage of Catholics is governed not only by divine law but also by canon law, without prejudice to the competence of civil authority concerning the merely civil effects of the same marriage. Therefore, the canons concerning marriage in the Catholic Church ...


2

RCIA candidates who receive the sacraments of Baptism and First Eucharist at the Easter Vigil Mass also receive Confirmation at that time: Today in all the rites, Latin and Eastern, the Christian initiation of adults begins with their entry into the catechumenate and reaches its culmination in a single celebration of the three sacraments of initiation: ...


1

Certainly in the case of Lanciano, the Euchartist did not continue as normal. According to Father Saunder's The Miracle of Lanciano This time, when the monk pronounced the words of consecration, the host was miraculously changed into flesh and the wine into blood. The monk was awestruck. Weeping joyously, he regained his composure. He called the ...



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