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12

Because he wants to, and certainly not because of anything they've done or will do. One of the central tenants of this concept for Calvinists is that it's not what you do (or have done, or even will do) that merits you salvation. It is wholly and completely the grace of God, not just that you were chosen, but that you were then called, and then compelled to ...


9

Calvinists indeed believe they can only make educated guesses about others; if someone you thought was saved falls away, the conclusion is they were never actually saved. But Calvinism teaches that "infallible assurance of faith" is available to believers about themselves. The Grounds of Assurance The Westminster Confession of Faith says in chapter 18: ...


7

I see three questions beneath your one question, and I will handle them each separately. Are Calvinists allowed to disagree with Calvin? First of all, they get their name from him because they are believed to be in accord with him on most/all doctrine, not because they get their doctrine from him, although he is of course a highly esteemed and respected ...


6

No, and that is because determinism and predestination are two different things. I haven't watched the video, but imagine it has to do with quantum physics showing true randomness (as opposed to some hidden variables that we just can't observe). That means there is no determinism in the strict sense. The idea of determinism is that there is a fixed state ...


5

Whether or not you'll find a theology that rejects everything in Calvinism and Arminianism is going to depend on how broadly you define those terms (as Calvinism can also encompass such issues as infant baptism, eschatology, and the relation of the OT civil law and modern day governance). But the closest you'll find (at least in matters of salvation) is ...


5

Arminius on the Church Fathers, and Orthodox Doctrine Jacob Arminius did in fact believe that his doctrines were in line with the ancient church fathers. In Arminius' Dissertation Of The Seventh Chapter of Romans, we find the following quotation: If, lastly, I shall prove that the other opinion [regeneration] as it is in these days explained by most ...


4

The note for John 5:29 in the John MacArthur NASB Study Bible (MacArthur is Calvinist) says: Jesus was not teaching for justification by works (see 6:29). In the context, the "good" is believing on the Son so as to receive a new nature that produces good works (3:21; Jas 2:14-20), while the "evil" done is to reject the Son (the unsaved) and hate the ...


4

Baptists have historically combined the two perspectives as described in this answer. While the terms "General" and "Particular" Baptists don't have as wide a currency as they once did, they speak to the strains, as I described here: Eventually, there were two main camps of Baptists - "General" Baptists who believed in General atonement, i.e. anyone who ...


4

There are a few that attempt to do so. Both Calvinists and Arminians would say that any such attempt is internally inconsistent. I don't know of any "universally acknowledged system" of theology that does so, except perhaps for Amyraldism, which denies limited atonement but affirms the other four points of Calvinism. (Any Protestant denying a point of ...


4

I regard "protestant" or "Calvinistic" as equivalent qualifiers of "work ethic". The many exponents of christian work ethic have included Benjamin Franklin (an agnostic who viewed Christian ethics favourably) and particularly the French theologian John Calvin 1509 - 1564 who based their thought on verses such as: 1 Timothy 5:18 For the scripture saith, Thou ...


3

From wikipedia (great source, I know): Predestination Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God. Predeterminism Predeterminism is the idea that all events are determined in advance. Predeterminism is the philosophy that all events of history, past, present and future, have been already decided or ...


3

Lots of problems with this: Firstly, he has an interpretation of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle that is either totally wrong, or horribly misleading. The Uncertainty Principle merely states that by our act of measuring the particles, we influence the particles so that there is no way to know for certain what state the particle was in before it was ...


3

You perception of what limited atonement means is incorrect, therefore, your analogy is flawed. Limited atonement is not a declaration that the atonement is not enough to cover the world. On the contrary, Christ's death is infinitely sufficient. Limited atonement is a declaration that the world will only receive atonement in limited number (i.e. the elect). ...


2

The reformed view would believe both those types of verses you have quoted but would add a third type to ensure the whole picture in presented: "For many are called, but few are chosen." (ESV Matt 22:14) So what we have are three things: God offers the gospel to all Only some respond Those who do respond are 'the elect' God is sovereign in his ...


2

A typical reformed response on this statement would be like that found in Matthew 22:14 “For many are invited, but few are chosen.” A typical reformed expositor writes: The gospel call goes forth far and wide. It reaches ever so many. Most of them are like the man in the parable: they hear but do not heed. In comparison with those many that are lost ...


2

To my understanding, covenant theology is a lens through which to interpret scripture and understand it. It appears from the answer below that this way of interpreting and understanding scripture encompasses the traditionally understood purpose behind Jesus' death with the institution of the New Covenant [NT]. What is Covenant Theology in Reformed ...


2

What was predestination according to Calvin? Predestination According to Calvin According to John Calvin, predestination is God’s unchangeable decree from before the creation of the world that he would freely save some people (the elect), foreordaining them to eternal life, while the others (the reprobate) would be “barred from access to” ...


2

Isn't the point of Christ that we were formerly unable through our goodness (lack of it) to initiate a relation with God, so that Christ's role was to initiate this relation, to create this mediation? And once that is in effect, we have the choice to accept this relation or reject it? Isn't the point of Christianity precisely that since we cannot merit ...


2

It depends on the Calvinist: [Christ] works all things according to the counsel of his will. [This] indicates that God not merely carries all of the universe’s objects and events to their appointed ends but that he actually brings about all things in accordance with his will. In other words, it isn’t just that God manages to turn the evil aspects of our ...


2

Great Question! I thank everyone for their patience with me. I think I've got it this time. Based solely on the words of Jacobus Arminius, It appears that he believed that he was in agreement with John Calvin, and greatly admired his work! The 19th century theologian John Scott concludes his 1832 publication, Calvin and the Swiss Reformation, with the ...


2

The concept of Irresistible grace is summed up this way: Although the general outward call of the gospel can be, and often is, rejected, the special inward call of the Spirit never fails to result in the conversion of those to whom it is made. This special call is not made to all sinners but is issued to the elect only! The Spirit is in no way dependent ...


2

From the theopedia article you refer to: Antinomianism ... is a pejorative term for the teaching that Christians are under no obligation to obey the laws of ethics or morality. Few, if any, would explicitly call themselves "antinomian," hence, it is usually a charge leveled by one group against an opposing group. (emphasis added) and: Calvinists ...


2

In hardline Calvinist theology passages like Romans 9 and Ephesians 1 are extremely important and helpful in this discussion. In Romans 9:11 we see that these things are done simply so that, "God's purpose of election might continue." (Romans 9:11 ESV) This however doesn't seem to help, for we know not what that purpose is still. So then we can take a ...


2

Limited Atonement Defined Limited atonement is defined in the Canons of Dort: The Second Main Point of Doctrine: Christ's Death and Human Redemption Through It Article 3: The Infinite Value of Christ’s Death This death of God’s Son is the only and entirely complete sacrifice and satisfaction for sins; it is of infinite value and worth, more ...


2

The Augustinian tradition, going back to the early anti-Pelagian writing On Nature and Grace, distinguishes between the human nature and the defect of original sin. We have a defective nature, therefore, and that is what we pass on to our children, but Christ is still consubstantial with us even though He was always without sin. Sin is not part of human ...


1

Five-pointer Calvinists know that they are saved.1 John 5:13 says we may know that we have eternal life because of the assurance that we have in the written word. 1 John 5:13(ESV) 13 I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God that you may know that you have eternal life. Furthermore, Calvinists believe that it is faith ...


1

Reformed Theology (Calvinism) does teach that God is absolutely in control over everything, which means predetermining every tiny detail. John Piper was asked the question 'Has God Predetermined Every Tiny Detail In the Universe, Including Sin?' (video and transcript), and he begun his answer with this: Yes. There's a great quote from Spurgeon ...


1

Exodus 22:18 famously says: Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. Without a doubt, this was the basis of the belief that witches should be put to death. The Calvinist Bible commentator Matthew Henry says about this verse ("our law" refers to the law of Britain and Wales): Witchcraft not only gives that honour to the devil which is due to God ...


1

There is no more teaching a "salvation by works" in this passage than in the epistle of James: in line with Jesus' teaching that you will know the righteous by the fruit they bring forth, those who are saved will bring forth good fruit - ie good works - and those who are not will bring forth bad fruit. Does this mean all works performed by someone saved are ...


1

When tend to think of God as merely a very powerful human who nevertheless operates within the rules of the universe we understand. He doesn't. God is outside the universe. He created it, every feature of it. He created time, he created causality and thus set the laws of logic. To ask, what was god doing when he created time is to ask, "What time was it ...



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