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20

I second the answer of @mason-wheeler that Acts 2:37-38 represents the basic Christian assumption that repentance and baptism, and indeed the entire Christian life that is "the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and breaking of bread, and prayers," is critical to salvation, and pursuit of salvation outside this life is perilous. Furthermore, resisting a ...


19

I would say that baptism is still highly "necessary", since Jesus Himself, in his final directions to His disciples, told them to: Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit (emphasis added) and the parallel: Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all ...


19

It is not the trinitarian language, it is the language with which Christ commanded his disciples to go and baptize: Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: (Matt 28:19) Trinitarianism interprets this to mean one God with three personages. The fulness of the gospel ...


18

Acts 2:39 For the promise is to you, and your children, and to all who are afar off... A lot of our argument comes from the inference that Baptism is to Circumcision as the Lord's Supper is to Passover. Colossians 2:11-12 In [Christ] also you were circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the flesh*, by the ...


18

Ritual cleansing was a common part of some Jewish sects around the turn of the era. One of the best examples of this (that I know of) comes from Khirbet Qumran (where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found)—where there were found several miqvot (sn. miqveh) used for a sort of "baptism." It is commonly held that the people living at Qumran were Essenes, and some ...


16

Etymology The English word "baptism" is a loanword derived from the Greek words βάπτισμα and βαπτισμός.1 Both of these Greek nouns are related to the Greek verb βαπτίζω, from which is derived the English verb "baptize," also a loanword. In A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, Ernest Klein wrote,2 The Hebrew Verb טָבַל and ...


15

There are a number of different cases with regard to accepting baptisms carried out in other denominations. Catholics Contrary to some perceptions, Catholics actually accept most baptisms carried out by other denominations. "if the proper matter and form be used and the one conferring the sacrament really "intends to perform what the Church performs" the ...


15

The practice is based on revelations given to the prophet Joseph Smith on the subject, explaining how it should be carried out. The practice of baptism for the dead is not based directly on 1 Corinthians 15:29, since the biblical verse only alludes to the practice but explains nothing about the details of how it should be performed, but Latter-Day Saints ...


15

The most usual passage cited is: 1 Samuel 1:11 (HCSB) 11 Making a vow, she pleaded, “LORD of Hosts, if You will take notice of Your servant’s affliction, remember and not forget me, and give Your servant a son, I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and his hair will never be cut.” 1 Samuel 1:23-28 (HCSB) 23 Her husband Elkanah ...


15

There is no precedent for infant baptism in Scripture Infant baptism simply is not found in the Bible. That isn't an argument that it can't be done, but it should be seen as an extrabiblical tradition. Baptism is commanded with salvation Jesus commanded the apostles as follows: Matthew 28:19 (NIV) 19  Therefore go and make disciples of all ...


15

Quick answer: Yes, nude baptism was practiced in Ancient times. From A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities p 160 ed W Smith & S Cheetam (1875) A comparison of all the evidence leads to the conclusion that the catechumens entered the font in a state of absolute nakedness. See particularly St Cyril, Hieros. Myst. Catech. ii ad init; St Ambrose, Serm. ...


15

In an emergency where there is danger of imminent death, anyone (yes, anyone) who has the appropriate intention can baptize, by using the Trinitarian baptismal formula. In all other cases, Catholics are instructed to contact their parish. (Note that this only concerns who can baptize: not all persons should be baptized. There are certain restrictions ...


14

Why do Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation? Those who see baptism as something additional to salvation might use the following verses; Luke 23:43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise. The thief on the cross was not baptized. 1 Corinthians 1:17 For Christ sent me not ...


14

From the PoV of the Roman Catholic church, baptism is a sacrament for the living. (For that matter, so are all 7 Sacraments). Once the body dies one is subject to judgment, which in the case of individuals is particular judgment. Put simply, we have our whole life to come to Jesus, to open ourselves to salvation, and to accept God's sanctifying Grace. To ...


14

It appears that the simple answer is that because the Salvation Army does not view baptism or communion as requirements of salvation, they are not practiced at all. This stance, however does not constitute disapproval of sacraments: The Salvation Army has never said it is wrong to use sacraments, nor does it deny that other Christians receive grace from ...


13

There are two main arguments against it. One is that it is fairly arbitrary to decide how far advanced in discipleship someone needs to be in order to be baptized. Whatever level you set, there will be some who never attain that level of discipleship - however normal Christian doctrine would say that those people are nonetheless true Christians and members ...


12

Let me state the views of those who believe baptism is not necessary for salvation. (It's not just Protestants by the way - Catholics teach that actual physical baptism is not absolutely necessary for salvation. There are several circumstances where substitutes for it are acceptable). "Born of water" might mean several things other than baptism. It might ...


11

I'm Catholic, but I think this is sort of normal Christian advice, let me know if it doesn't make sense (logically at least). Canon IX of the Seventh Session of Trent teaches that baptism leaves an indelible mark on the soul of the faithful that cannot be removed: If any one shall say that in the three sacraments, Baptism, to wit, Confirmation, and ...


11

The Good News is that the promised Messiah - God's annointed - has returned. The Kingdom of God was to be established. When Jesus begins to preach in Luke 4, he overtly references himself as the promised Messiah of Isaiah. 16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood ...


11

The ‘rite’ which the Baptism of John  used was not new at all, or limited to sects, but was, based on Old Testament teaching and mainstream rabbinic tradition, however, John used it in an entirely different way. The rite, in the way John used it, fully mirrored his preaching, one of repentance.   In the Old Testament those who had contracted Levitical ...


11

Canon law states: Canon 868 §1 For an infant to be baptised lawfully it is required: 1° that the parents, or at least one of them, or the person who lawfully holds their place, give their consent; 2° that there be a well-founded hope that the child will be brought up in the catholic religion. If such hope is truly lacking, the baptism is, ...


10

On the contrary. Salvation is a prerequisite for baptism. Have a look at Acts 10:44-48 NASB (emphasis added): While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message. All the circumcised believers who came with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the ...


10

I cannot provide a better answer then the answer provided by the LCMS (The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod). This is taken from the LCMS FAQ: Doctrinal Issues - Baptism. On the role of infant baptism: Q: How does faith play a role in infant Baptism? Is faith later taken care of when the child is confirmed? A: Lutherans believe that the Bible ...


10

There is a vast difference between an infant baptism and the baptism of a child. An infant is baptized as the result of someone else's belief, not their own. At age 5 1/2, I had a true understanding that Christ was the Son of God, lived, died and arose for me, and was asking for my repentance and a home in my life, my heart. That is when I accepted Him as ...


10

At least the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian churches do. A fairly comprehensive list is available on the wikipedia article. As to the why, at least from the Presbyterian perspective, children of saints are viewed as being born into a covenantal relationship in similar vein to the males of ancient Israel being required to be circumcised. Fuller ...


10

Speaking as an adherent of the belief that salvation is by faith alone, and not of works (lest any man should boast - Ephesians 2:8-10): Baptism is an external symbol of obedience. It doesn't gain you anything. It is an outward show and demonstration that symbolizes our death to our old selves, and resurrection into the new life as a Christian. ...


10

I think part of the problem with baptism discussions is that they are often mis-characterized as "adult" baptisms and "infant" baptisms, when really, the crux of disagreement is in the significance of the baptism rather than the age of its recipient. (baptism based on repentance vs. baptism as a covenental birthright) I know you clarify this in your ...


10

In order to be saved, one must follow the order of salvation that the scriptures set forward. Romans 10:14 tells us that the order is 1) preach, 2) hear, 3) believe, and 4) call upon the name of the Lord (baptism, Acts 22:16). Acts 2:38 tells us that repentance comes before baptism, and Romans 10:10 tells us that confession comes after belief. But let's ...



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