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12

I believe that this Bible verse confirms that Jesus took on the sins of mankind. John 1:29 ESV The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!


11

Isaiah 53:6 ESV All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one, to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all" John 3:16 ESV For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life 1 John 2:2 ESV And He Himself is the ...


8

I feel that it is clearly explained in the following verse. 2 Corinthians 5:21 NASB He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.


8

tl;dr> If Jesus isn't separated from the Father on the Cross, then the heresy of patripassianism is true, and more importantly, the notion that God does not change is not. 1. Scripture sets up cases that separate the Father from the Son Scripturally the idea that Jesus was separated from the Father is typically supported from when Jesus cries out in ...


8

It's both, not one or the other. It started in Gethsemane and was completed on Golgotha. http://www.lds.org/ensign/1985/05/the-purifying-power-of-gethsemane We do not know, we cannot tell, no mortal mind can conceive the full import of what Christ did in Gethsemane. We know he sweat great gouts of blood from every pore as he drained the dregs ...


8

I see three questions beneath your one question, and I will handle them each separately. Are Calvinists allowed to disagree with Calvin? First of all, they get their name from him because they are believed to be in accord with him on most/all doctrine, not because they get their doctrine from him, although he is of course a highly esteemed and respected ...


7

Reformed theologians who hold to penal substitutionary atonement emphasize a) the divine nature of Christ and the increased capacity for suffering that that implies and b) the intensity of God's wrath against him. Louis Berkhof, in his Systematic Theology (3.2.1.B), writes: [Christ's] capacity for suffering was commensurate with the ideal character of ...


6

Limited atonement brings with it the implication that not anyone can be saved by Christ - only those for whom he atoned. The language used in the Bible to describe salvation is inclusive. It is described as being presented to whosoever wills. In 1 Timothy, Paul claims that God desires all people to be saved. 1 Timothy 2:3-6 (ESV) 3  This is ...


6

There are several ideas about the atonement that can come under the heading of Christus Victor. Ultimately, the term could apply to any account of the atonement that accords with: The work of Christ is first and foremost a victory over the powers which hold mankind in bondage: sin, death and the devil. 1 One of the reasons why it is a bit hard to pin ...


5

Here I have not given any verses from Acts and epistles, for there are several explicit verses in Acts and epistles (especially Romans) clearly saying that Jesus died for our sins. All the verses below are from Gospels. The emphasis is mine so as to highlight the relevant sentences. Matt. 9:11-13 When the Pharisees saw this they said to his disciples, ...


5

I can only answer from the Western bias as I fail to comprehend the Eastern thought even when it is explained. Western thought properly includes propitiation and expiation it does not toss one out for the other or put them at competing sides. It does not exclude either. However the Eastern thought seems to be uncomfortable with the propitiation involved in ...


5

Limited Atonement Defined Limited atonement is defined in the Canons of Dort: The Second Main Point of Doctrine: Christ's Death and Human Redemption Through It Article 3: The Infinite Value of Christ’s Death This death of God’s Son is the only and entirely complete sacrifice and satisfaction for sins; it is of infinite value and worth, more ...


5

As you've said, being saved is a process more than an event. You can think of repentance as a continual process or something you do over and over again. The definition becomes blurry when you consider something you do over and over again as a process. Sometimes we look at repentance within the scope of a particular sin, and once we stop doing that thing, it ...


5

Nephi was not perfect in keeping the commandments. In fact, in 2 Nephi 4 he cries out: 17 Nevertheless, notwithstanding the great goodness of the Lord, in showing me his great and marvelous works, my heart exclaimeth: O wretched man that I am! Yea, my heart sorroweth because of my flesh; my soul grieveth because of mine iniquities. 18 I am ...


4

Christus Victor Christus Victor (CV) is, simply put, a understanding of soteriology where Christ paid to Satan a ransom to free man from Hell. In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, Aslan pays the queen the freedom of Edmund. Calvinist position The calvinist position states that Christ gave his life to safe those who would repent. Therefore his death ...


4

The Bible doesn't really say that Jesus' blood is sufficient for all, but it strongly suggests it. Jesus is the perfect lamb, and He give the power to become a son of God to " as many as received him." Surely the Lord God's blood is more than sufficient for the atonement of anyone He wishes to atone. However, in regards to the Blood's efficacy, this is a ...


4

Anselm's satisfaction theory of the atonement is developed in his book, Cur Deus Homo, and, as presented, is not "based on the Bible" like we might expect. Instead, Anselm relies heavily on logic, and largely avoids citing Scripture to make his case. However, he is forced to rely on it in a few places, and he also tangentially mentions it in others. For ...


4

According to the levitical priesthood a sacrifice had to be without defect Lev 22:20 Do not bring anything with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf. In this case any sacrifice offered to God has to be without defect. We humans are born into sin and no one lives a life without sin. Romans 3:23 tells us we have all sinned and ...


4

The following answer shall be largely influenced by my Roman Catholic faith, so be aware of such a fact while reading. With that said, here we gooooooooo!!! Penal Substitution And Its Failures The problem with the penal substitution theory is that it confuses many points that need distinction in order to understand the nature of Christ's sacrifice. For ...


3

Interesting. Yes. Salvation required the sacrifice of a perfect and immaculate victim. This means that it was required of Christ to do everything in accordance with God's will. There is of course no question that He could and did carry out this obligation. He was perfectly obedient. If He was not, He could not serve as an appropriate sacrifice. But then, ...


3

When God created man He was sinless, and would have remained so had he not disobeyed the one restriction God gave him. God also told him what he would face as a penalty should he disobey that command. Genesis 2:9, 16 & 17 KJV 9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of ...


3

Since you did not ask for the doctrinal position from any particular denomination, I will answer this question from a biblical perspective. The Bible does not explain how Christ's sacrifice was sufficient, but it does make clear that it was sufficient. For instance: Is 53:10-11 (NASB) But the Lord was pleasedTo crush Him, putting Him to grief;If He ...


3

I am not familiar with what modern Lutherans might believe, if any different from Luther, but I am very familiar with what Calvin and Luther thought. They thought the same in many ways but used different lenses. I do not see them at disagreement. They differed in emphasis and detail. Luther emphasized Christ dying for all (which Calvin also believed). ...


3

The question, as stated, presents an misunderstood view of the economy of salvation. And although it is ultimately a mystery, we can say a fair amount about sin and salvation that makes Christ's sacrifice more reasonable sounding, and the possibility of "self-salvation" far less reasonable sounding. In essence, God created humans to be like God, humans ...


3

Note: All Scripture is quoted from the King James version. The punishment for sin is not being sent to Hell; the punishment for sin is death. Genesis 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. That having been said there are some Denominations who ...


3

This is certainly a challenging question. I'll rely on the writings of two prominent reformed theologians, Louis Berkhof and Charles Hodge, who are strong supporters of this doctrine. It's important to note, for reasons that will become clear, that they defend their position in the face of arguments made by opponents who believe in a just God. Those who ...


3

This answer is given from the perspective of the "Swedenborgian" or "New Church" denominations that accept the Christian theology of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772). Swedenborg rejected penal substitution as completely false and contrary to the plain teachings of the Bible. The primary question is: How do opponents of Penal Substitution explain God's ...


2

There are two reasons why the sacrifice needed to be perfect. First, if the sacrifice was not perfect, the sacrifice would only be paying for his own sins. Second, the perfect life of the sacrifice satisfies the human side of the covenant, so by receiving the righteousness of the sacrifice, the saved person receives the fullness of the promises. (This is ...


2

This seems to be a misunderstanding of terms on your part. Remember first that our English translations often miss nuances in translation. Words carry different meanings. These phrases are generally understood to mean that Jesus paid the price for our sins. That can certainly connote the idea of a purchase in the normal sense, as in "I paid for my ...


2

When I face this issue I think sometimes it’s just about semantics. For example, of course only those who are saved, Christ died for, because as He knew all men from eternity. He knew who He was dying for, in terms of actually providing real forgiveness to. However, with the hyper Calvinistic view (which I think you are referring to for Calvin did believe ...



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