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Apostolic succession and Papal succession are not one and the same. Is the nature of apostolic succession meant to be an unbroken succession of valid popes? No. Rather the nature of apostolic succession is meant to be an unbroken succession of valid bishops. Not just the pope, but all Catholic bishops have unbroken apostolic succession. In other words, ...


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Christ gave the power of "binding and loosing" to Peter alone with this saying; however, a little while later He also told all the apostles: Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (Matthew 18:18) Similarly, Paul states that All this is from God, who has ...


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Instances of popes being involuntarily deposed by conquering sovereigns and replaced with one sympathetic to that conqueror. A specific example is need to answer this question. See below. Instances of contention over the papacy by two or even three popes simultaneously, accompanied by multiple colleges of cardinals and bishoprics. Ah, the Great ...



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