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Many of the Reformation confessions (statements of belief) mention an Apocrypha, but most do not explicitly give a list of non-canonical books. Two do however, which I have quoted below. Most of those non-canonical books are in the Catholic canon, but three are not: the Prayer of Manasseh and 3rd and 4th Esdras (sometimes confusingly called 1st and 2nd ...


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As far as I know, all Protestants adhere to the five solas, including sola scriptura, meaning that the Bible alone is the final and highest authority, the Bible being the 27 books of the New Testament and the 39 books of the Old Testament. Protestants consider this the final and complete revelation, so they wouldn't be adding any books to it. The Protestant ...


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This story is preserved in Menologion of the Holy Tradition, When Joseph, after returning from Egypt, began to divide his land among his children born of his first wife,1 he also wished to give a portion to the Lord Jesus Who was born supernaturally and without corruption of the all-pure Virgin Mary, and Who was then but a little child. But three of ...


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The story presupposes that Joseph had sons, so we can probably exclude the Western church in our search for the source. Catholic tradition came to hold Jerome’s ‘cousins’ theory of Jesus’ relation to James and his siblings, none of them children of Joseph. The story further suggests that James was Joseph’s eldest son; as primogenitor he would have received ...


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The best answer comes Scripturally. Today, the painters of the Middle Ages have given us a picture of Jesus as a grand, handsome man. In fact, the Bible tells us the opposite - Jesus was very plain and normal looking. Let's look at some verses to support this. Emphasis added. Isaiah 53:2 (ESV) tells us the Messiah wouldn't be "beautiful" on the outside: ...



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