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23

You don't need to (as in should), but you can if you want to. Don't allow them any special authority if they're not in your Bible; use common sense. Apocryphal books and other writings of the time might be interesting in many ways, e.g. historically. There's an important distinction to be made between 1&2 Maccabees and the Gospel of Thomas. This ...


16

Wikipedia does a good job of summarizing the heresy, but I want to pull out some source material. Some of the sayings do attest to the synpotic Gospels, but there is a lot of heresy in there too: From the top, selected parts of The Gospel of Thomas: These are the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas recorded. 1. And he ...


10

Neither of your options is correct. Catholics typically refer to what Protestants call the Apocrypha (1-2 Macabees, Sirach, etc.) as deuterocanonical books, and they do include them in the Bible as inspired, God-given writings. They were in use in the church from before the NT times, and IIRC, it was Jerome that gave them the name "apocrypha" and the ...


10

The books known as "apocryphal" to Protestants are defined by Catholics as "Deuterocanonical" (a second canon). They come from the Septuagint, a Greek translation (with these additional books) of the Hebrew Tanakh. Later, around the 4th century, the Old Testament was translated by St. Jerome into Latin as part of the Vulgate. Besides the Catholic Church, ...


10

There's a few notions, but no doctrine, as the domain of doctrine in the Catholic Church is encompassed entirely by the New Testament insofar as it is the fulfillment of the entire Old Testament. But, here's a sampling off the top of my head: Tobit Archangel Rapahel in the heavenly host Respect for burying the dead as a corporal work of mercy ...


8

Not part of my definition of apocrypha, but reading Wisdom leaves you with a distinct feeling that that the messiah is coming and he's going to be very badly treated. I won't post all of Wisdom 2 here, but make sure if you read it, that you don't cut up the verses, these are bad people talking bad things about a righteous Man. For, not thinking ...


8

This question would not have even made sense to anyone prior to Copernicus, let alone to anyone who originally heard or received this image. When this story was first received, there would have been no other body for him to land on. The earth was the center of all, and the "wandering stars" aka other planets, were just lights in the sky. One of the most ...


7

As has been said already, you can read (and it can be interesting) the apocrypha. Just don't consider them as authoritative. I'd like to complete the other answers by stating a difference between the Old Testament apocrypha and the New Testament apocrypha. The Old Testament apocrypha, such as the Maccabees, are not included in the Jewish Canon (and thus ...


7

tl;dr> Patterson Brown, in particular, has argued the disunity within the Nag Hammadi Corpus. That's about the best you're going to get without defining a positive corpus, as opposed to the inverse of the canon. The problem with answering this question is that you are asking a question akin to "Are the books not on the NY Times Best-seller list as ...


6

Yes, there are several (Sirach and Enoch for example). In fact Jude quotes the book Enoch. Jude 1:14-15 14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, 15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds ...


5

Some historical background regarding the Canon of Scripture The books that non-Catholics (generally Protestants) call the Apocrypha are called by Catholics the Deuterocanonical books (from the Greek δεύτερος, second; and κανῶν, literally a straight rod or bar, hence a unit of measure, or, by extension, a list). They are called the “second” canon because, ...


5

I'm not sure which specific councils you're referring to, but for the sake of this answer I'll assume it's the first four ecumenical councils. The Apocryphal writings were not the primary focus of these councils; doctrinal concerns were (the Trinitarian and Christological heresies). Here is a brief summary of these councils: Nicaea I (325 CE): Summoned ...


4

In the Catholic tradition, there 3 types of biblical writings Canononical works Deuterocanonical works Apocrapha The OP states that there are several books "used in addition to the same Old Testament canon used by Protestants", but also calls these books Apocrapha which betrays the OP's Protestant tradition since the Catholic tradition regards these ...


3

Having been a Mennonite for all my adult life, and attending a Mennonite Brethren church for the last 8 years or so, I have never heard of The Shepherd of Hermas, or any of the other books you mentioned. However, Mennonites, and many other denominations, often use written resources in sermons, corporate worship (recitations, hymns, songs), etc, that are ...


3

The simple answer is that is was God’s permissive will to send the Devil to where He placed Adam and Eve in the garden. If Adam was on Mars then the Devil would have been sent there. So the answer is similar to ‘Why did God create the tree?’ ‘Why did God allow sin?’ ‘Why did God not turn the Devil into jelly-beans?’ ‘Why did God not prevent the temptation ...


3

Many of the Reformation confessions (statements of belief) mention an Apocrypha, but most do not explicitly give a list of non-canonical books. Two do however, which I have quoted below. Most of those non-canonical books are in the Catholic canon, but three are not: the Prayer of Manasseh and 3rd and 4th Esdras (sometimes confusingly called 1st and 2nd ...


3

The best answer comes Scripturally. Today, the painters of the Middle Ages have given us a picture of Jesus as a grand, handsome man. In fact, the Bible tells us the opposite - Jesus was very plain and normal looking. Let's look at some verses to support this. Emphasis added. Isaiah 53:2 (ESV) tells us the Messiah wouldn't be "beautiful" on the outside: ...


2

The definition of sin is to miss the mark. So then the question is would reading those apocryphal books be missing the mark? I think that depends on your intent. If one reads those books and places their faith in them, then, yes, that is missing the mark. If one reads those books in order to learn why some people believe in them so that one can have ...


2

This story is preserved in Menologion of the Holy Tradition, When Joseph, after returning from Egypt, began to divide his land among his children born of his first wife,1 he also wished to give a portion to the Lord Jesus Who was born supernaturally and without corruption of the all-pure Virgin Mary, and Who was then but a little child. But three of ...


2

There are various Gnostic Knowledge Gospels where Jesus wasn't crucified - I won't list them all but here are the most popular. Gnostic Apocalypse of Peter He whom you saw on the tree, glad and laughing, this is the living Jesus. But this one into whose hands and feet they drive the nails is his fleshly part, which is the substitute being put to ...


2

As a Presbyterian coming from a reformed tradition, we would see the canon of scripture defined by the Hebrew Bible which is received by the Jewish community as the books which represent the "rule of faith" for the community In addition, we accept the 27 Greek books called the New Testament as the books inspired by God to represent the unchanging teaching ...


1

There's the Gospels of Eve, Judas, Philip, Mary, Ebionites, Hebrews, Marcion, Mani, Apelles, Bartholomew... there's a huge list. To be "Apocrypha", a book need only be unaccepted into the official Bible. This, added to the propensity of early Christians (especially Gnostics) to write what were essentially fan-fics at the time, and you end up with numerous ...


1

The story presupposes that Joseph had sons, so we can probably exclude the Western church in our search for the source. Catholic tradition came to hold Jerome’s ‘cousins’ theory of Jesus’ relation to James and his siblings, none of them children of Joseph. The story further suggests that James was Joseph’s eldest son; as primogenitor he would have received ...


1

In Biblical cosmetology, "Heaven" is the sky, and "Earth" is the ground. Naturally, anything that falls from the sky is going to hit the ground.


1

In the Episcopal Church in the USA, excerpts from the Apocrypha are read in services. But the Apocrypha is not a source for doctrine. We pray for the dead, as do Catholics around the World. This idea is confirmed in Macabees, and it has always been part of the Church Liturgy since the beginning. In the examination for Holy Orders in the ACC it is required: ...


1

The current Jewish canon did not arise until after the time of Christ. The Old Testament apocrypha were in the Greek translation of the Bible known as the Septuagint, which is older than any existing version of the Bible except for books found relatively recently among the Dead Sea Scrolls. The standard Hebrew version of the Bible that exists is much newer ...



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