18
votes
0answers
478 views

How does current Church of England polity compare with Richard Hooker's teaching?

Richard Hooker's Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity (1593) is a foundational document for the theology and ecclesiology of the Church of England. In it, he defends (among other things) the Anglican ...
9
votes
0answers
138 views

Have any ante-Nicene writings been discovered in the past 20 years?

Have an writings or fragments of ante-Nicene Church Fathers previously unknown (that is the actual words were not known, not necessarily that the name of the work was also previously unknown) to ...
7
votes
0answers
83 views

According to Unitarians, to whom does the word הָאָדוֹן refer in Mal. 3:1?

Regarding the word אֲדֹנִי (adoni) in Psa. 110:1 (actually prefixed with -ל, i.e. לַאדֹנִי), translated as "my lord," a self-professed Unitarian website states,1 Trinitarian commentators ...
7
votes
0answers
74 views

What is the difference between classical and revised dispensationalism?

I understand from Wikipedia and elsewhere that dispensationalism can be broken into three main categories: Classical (Scofield, Chafer) Traditional, revised, or normative (Ryrie, Walvoord) ...
7
votes
0answers
92 views

Did John Wesley reject the Athanasian Creed?

I've seen a few examples online of people claiming that John Wesley objected to the "hell" clauses of the Athanasian Creed, such as on the United Methodist Church website: United Methodists are ...
7
votes
0answers
52 views

According to Molinism, what is the meaning of a counterfactual of freedom?

If I understand correctly, Molinists consider it important that counterfactuals of freedom ("If person P experienced circumstances C, she would perform action A") are meaningful. In fact, if I ...
6
votes
0answers
50 views

Early Church Fathers and Numerology

I came across this quote by St.Augustine: “The good Christian should beware of mathematicians. The danger already exists that mathematicians have made a covenant with the devil to darken the ...
6
votes
0answers
106 views

How were women to serve the church according to the Apostolic Fathers?

Did the Apostolic Church Fathers write about the capacity in which women were to serve in the early church, or expand the capacity in which they served the church? In other words, what were they ...
6
votes
0answers
83 views

How do Catholics in Japan celebrate the Feast of the Discovery of the Hidden Christians?

Most people know that March 17 is the Feast of St Patrick! But in Japan, the faithful celebrate the Feast of the Discovery of the Hidden Christians or Karure Krishistans. In 1614, all Catholic ...
6
votes
0answers
53 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, how is an icon recognized as inspired?

In a discussion on imagery and icons, the Orthodox Study Bible says: Every image, or icon, of Christ has significant theological content. For it proclaims anew the Incarnation of God, who "became ...
6
votes
0answers
57 views

Why did the Presbyterian Church of Korea split in 1959?

The number of Presbyterian denominations in Korea is breathtaking: Wikipedia lists dozens of them. From what I can tell, most of these denominations originate in the Presbyterian Church of Korea, ...
6
votes
0answers
172 views

According to the wider hope/inclusive framework, why does the church still exist?

In the wider hope/inclusivist theological framework, very simply put, people who have not heard the Gospel are not necessarily lost and destined for hell. Given that understanding, why does the ...
6
votes
0answers
300 views

Comparing Leslie Weatherhead's views on the 'Will of God' and current Baptist Union of Great Britain thought on the same subject

I am reading Leslie Weatherhead's collection of sermons on 'The Will of God' from a book of the same title (ISBN: 9 780687 074822 published by Abingdon Press). He looks at God's will in three ways ...
5
votes
0answers
40 views

According to proponents of penal substitution, were the Levitical sacrifices also substitutionary in nature?

I am not a proponent of penal substitutionary atonement. While considering this question, I considered whether my position is incorrect, and the language of Isaiah 53 necessarily implies penal ...
5
votes
0answers
26 views

What is (or where can I find) a summary of David J Bartholomew's views on God and Chance?

I note that David J. Bartholomew has written extensively on a theological view of chance. What is a brief summary of the views he expresses on this topic in the following works or elsewhere: God of ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Did the early Church fathers see a distinction between Matthias' and Paul's apostleship appointment, considering Paul's peculiar verbiage choice?

When reading the appointment of Matthias, you come across very specific actions and precise language. Consider, of course: Acts 1:21-26 ESV 21 So one of the men who have accompanied us during all ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Who first came up with the phrase “an over-realized eschatology” and in what context?

The phrase "an over-realized eschatology" seems to get a run from time to time in theological discussions (example) or blog posts (example). Who first coined this phrase* and in what context were they ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

How do (non-Catholic) proponents of an intermediate state interpret 2 Corinthians 5:4-9?

(2 Corinthians 5:4-9 KJV) For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life. Now ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

What is process eschatology?

I'm looking for a concise bullet point breakdown :) And some things specific to Christian Process eschatology. I have lots of books and articles with lots of information but am looking for a small ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Is there a recognised soteriology that combines selective election for some and general election for everyone else?

Are there any Christian groups or denominations that hold a belief in selective election to salvation, in that some individuals are specifically and irresistibly called (Noah, Moses, 12 desciples, ...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

Did St.Thomas really throw water in the air (in India) and it remained airborne?

I was told this during childhood, that this is how St.Thomas converted certain Hindu Brahmins to Christianity. Also on Wikipedia: Historical legend records that when St. Thomas landed at ...
4
votes
0answers
202 views

Second Coming of Jesus Christ on Easter Sunday?

During the Easter Vigil, the Catholic Church will chant (sing) the traditional Easter Proclamation hymn of the Exsultet. The Exsultet expresses the Church's belief that this is the same night in ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

How do Oneness Pentecostals (and other Unitarian denominations) interpret Revelation 3:21?

New International Version To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne. New Living ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

Do any groups of Quakers still disapprove of the fine arts?

The family of the great painter Benjamin West belonged to a Society of Friends when West was a child, and according to his biography, in that environment his prodigious artistic talents were not ...
4
votes
0answers
149 views

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by ROC?

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by the Synodal Commission of Russian Orthodox Church on Canonization? Source: ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Why did the Western and Eastern churches react to their respective states so differently?

In Church History in Plain Language, Bruce Shelley points out a key distinction between Western and Eastern Christianity: how each has related to the State through history. Ambrose had hit upon ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Can a lay Catholic officiate a non-Catholic wedding?

According to the Catholic Church, can a lay Catholic obtain a "ministers' license" from the State to officiate a non-Catholic wedding recognized by the State? Examples of Lay Catholics Officiating ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

How does Reformed Theology consider passages that may imply that God is the “subject of sufferings”?

In A Dissertation Concerning the End for which God Created the World, John Edwards makes the following statement, Because it is evident, by both Scripture and reason, that God is infinitely, ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Origin of quote: “If you wish to speak or hear about God, renounce your own body…”

I've been reading Orthodox Dogmatic Theology by Protopresbyter Michael Pomazansky and encountered this quote attributed to St. Basil the Great: If you wish to speak or hear about God, renounce ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

How is the Feast of the Shipwreck of St Paul celebrated in the domestic church, that is, within the Catholic family in Malta?

The Catholic Archdiocese of Malta celebrates the Feast of the Shipwreck of St Paul on February 10 each year. I would like to know if the domestic church has any traditional ways of celebrating this ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Tridentine Latin Mass in Hebrew?

In 1957, Pope Pius XII gave permission to St James Vicariate for Hebrew Speaking Catholics in Israel to celebrate the traditional Tridentine Latin Mass of Pope Pius V in some part in Hebrew. Can ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Lutheranism: “Pastor” or “Priest”?

I have noticed that some Lutheran churches refer to their ministers as "priests" while others refer to their ministers as "pastors." When did some Lutheran churches cease using "priest" in favor of ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Looking for Nanjing Mandarin Colloquial version (南京官话译本) of the New Testament

The Nanking Mandarin Colloquial Version (南京官话译本) of the entire New Testament (新约全书) was, supposedly, released in 1860~1861. It was translated by Walter Henry Medhurst (麦都思) and Wang Tao (王韬) and ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Who coined the phrase “Bema Seat”?

I get that "Bema" is the Greek word translated "judgment seat" in the NT. But how did the term "Bema Seat" come to be used? It's a little redundant, like saying "PIN number", but catchy - I'd just ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

What theological differences exist between Baptist and Evangelical Free denominations?

What theological differences exist between Baptist churches and the Evangelical Free Church of America? Where Baptist viewpoints might differ, assume American Baptist Churches USA as the specific ...
3
votes
0answers
174 views

Do any christian groups think it is not sinful to commit suicide in order to donate organs? And What justification?

Here is my understanding of Christianity and the Bible's teaching on this question: Suicide is bad. Giving up your life to save someone is good. So, if you commit suicide but at the same time ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Byzantine Chant vs. Gregorian Chant: What are the differences in goals as far as attitude and concepts between these two chanting styles

I'm NOT interested here in the difference in musical structure and rules here, per-say, between the Byzantine and Gregorian chanting styles. What I'm more interested in is the difference between them ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Who is permitted to write a canon or an akathist hymn to a Saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and how is it done?

I would imagine it would be a wonderful and prayerful experience to dive into the life of a Saint and compose a Church liturgical hymn for him/her. Who is permitted to engage in such activities? ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

What are the differences in belief regarding Hesychasm between the Chalcedonian (Eastern) and Non-Chalcedonian (Oriental) Orthodox Churches?

I got into a discussion recently regarding the differences (or lack thereof) between the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches. I'm aware that the Oriental Churches are Miaphysites, while the ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that the Lord Jesus Christ does NOT presently possess blood in his incorruptible body?

Some Christians do not believe that the Lord Jesus Christ presently possesses blood in his incorruptible body. What is the biblical basis for such a belief? For example, the Christian Apologetics and ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

What arguments were made against William Carey's missions efforts?

I am aware that William Carey's efforts to form a missions society and travel overseas as a missionary were opposed by some of his Calvinist (or hyper-Calvinist) Baptist peers. I'm vaguely aware of ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

How many practicing Canon Lawyers are there in the USA, and the world?

To me, it seems Canon Lawyers are hard to come by. In fact, I've never met one and 19 out of 20 times I see the phrase "canon lawyer" it is usually in the form "I am not one". It seems becoming a ...
3
votes
0answers
324 views

Did the early church record other events of handing people over to Satan?

Did the early church record other events of handing people over to Satan? "So when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, hand this man over to ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

Is there consensus between Christian commentators about where Jesus stood when Satan tempted him to prove he was God's son by leaping from the temple?

After his baptism we read that Jesus went off into the wilderness fasting for 40 days and being tempted by the devil. Matthew 4:1-11 NIV: 1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Does Pope Francis recommend giving communion under both kinds to the laity?

I've heard that Pope Francis recommends giving the communion under both species (i.e. the bread and the wine) to the laity, but I can not find proof of this. Is it true and could somebody provide ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Does the Catholic Church in Turkey celebrate the Feast of the Chair of St Peter at Antioch?

Prior to the changes to the General Roman Calendar in 1969, Catholics of the Roman Rite celebrated two Feasts of the Chair of St. Peter. The Feast of the Chair of St. Peter at Antioch was celebrated ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that destroying a grave or body is an act of desecration?

I was reading an old article published in Christian Today on July 17, 2014, in which Brownie Marie reported that ISIS desecrated the tomb of Jonah, and were burning churches. The only thing I could ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Who adheres to dual-covenant theology?

Another question has asked about the Biblical basis for dual-covenant theology, but I'm interested in who holds it. Wikipedia indicates that some "liberal" Christians do, but I'm looking for more ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

What is courting according to the Catholic interpretation of the Natural Law?

The Natural Moral Law is a good way for Christians to understand quite a bit about the nature and purpose of what they're doing and who they are and quite a few of the papal teachings in the last ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

What views are there about the necessity of Jesus' murder?

In a former question, I was told me that different denominations of Christianity hold many views about if/why it was necessary for Jesus to be murdered instead of dying of old age. I would now like ...

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