26
votes
6answers
10k views

When does the Pope speak ex cathedra?

The Catholic Church considers the Pope infallible, but only in limited circumstances. The Pope is a human being like the rest of us, and capable of sinning. However, when the Pope speaks ex cathedra, ...
21
votes
5answers
52k views

What is the meaning and origin of bridal veils in Christian weddings?

Does the practice of brides wearing veils have its origin in either the Bible or Christian tradition? If so, where exactly did it originate and what is it supposed to symbolize?
2
votes
2answers
12 views

Why did the temple in Ezekiel have stairs leading up to the altar?

In exodus God expressly forbade going up the stairs to the altar. Exodus 20:26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon. So why does ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Is there consensus between Christian commentators about where Jesus stood when Satan tempted him to prove he was God's son by leaping from the temple?

After his baptism we read that Jesus went off into the wilderness fasting for 40 days and being tempted by the devil. Matthew 4:1-11 NIV: 1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Why did Augustine attempt to stop Christians from walking barefoot?

In The Confessions, Augustine relates the story of an ascetic named Alypius who "tamed his body" to such an extent that "he went barefoot on the icy soil of Italy" (IX.vi). Henry Chadwick notes: ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Has Catholic Church always taught that our corporeal nature necessary for humans to experience affection? (Catholic)

Has Catholic Church always taught that our corporeal nature is a necessary requirement for us to experience affection? or is the thought mainly coming from St. Thomas Aquinas? Thank you,
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Where can I find official documents of Buenos Aires' Eucharistic Miracle?

I want to study the Eucharistic Miracle that happened in Buenos Aires, 1996. Does someone know if there are some official documents of the Vatican, or another Catholic Church authority? I just find ...
9
votes
3answers
112 views

What is the Biblical basis for the “penal” in penal substitutionary atonement?

I have been looking at different models of the atonement and am currently looking at penal substitutionary atonement. While I can see the substitution, I'm struggling somewhat with the idea of Jesus ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

In Catholic understanding when there is more than one Pope, who decides which Pope is real and by what criteria?

I know at various periods of history cardinals were split submitting to multiple competing popes. However as they die, eventually only one Pope is considered the 'real' infallible Pope, and the others ...
3
votes
4answers
133 views

Are there any commentaries from Trinitarians that explain why the Holy Spirit doesn't have a throne/receive worship in Revelation?

For being a co-equal member of the Godhead, it would appear that the Holy Spirit is, for all intents and purposes, absent from the major points, events, and visions held in Revelation. For example, ...
7
votes
1answer
73 views

When a Pope, like Honorius I has heretical beliefs, who determines that those beliefs were not communicated to his church 'ex-cathedra'?

I know even Catholics understand that some Popes held personal heresies. For example Honorius I believed that Jesus had two natures 'but only one will' ( Monothelitism). I understand that a Pope may ...
2
votes
0answers
10 views

Was the transition from establishment to voluntary church support made with “little difficulty” in the US?

In A History of American Christianity, Chapter 16, Leonard Bacon writes: The transition from establishment to the voluntary system for the support of churches was made not without some difficulty, ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

What are the one or two largest Christian Zionist groups in the United States and what do they state are their core beliefs?

I am somewhat confused about what Christian Zionists exactly believe. Wikipedia – probably not the best source – defines Christian Zionism in broad terms as: a belief among some Christians that ...
9
votes
1answer
31 views

Do any church fathers directly connect “speaking in tongues” with anything other than existing human languages?

One of the arguments made by those who believe that the gift of speaking in tongues has ceased (cessationists) is that the "tongues" spoken of in both Acts and 1 Corinthians 12–14 are "real" human ...
6
votes
1answer
47 views

What are the claims of authenticity of these two sites of Jesus' burial, the Garden Tomb and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre?

There's been a lot of news recently about the renovation of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the opening of the tomb for the first time in a long time (200 years I believe). Growing up though I ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the basis of the LDS/Mormon prohibition of facial hair for men?

I have read in a few places the LDS Church has at least a general practice, if not an official teaching, that prohibits men from growing facial hair--at least for men in any position of leadership. ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Was it culturally acceptable for the sinful woman to enter the Pharisee's house to see Jesus?

This is an odd question I know and I'm not very hopeful I'll find a good answer. But has it ever stricken you odd that in Luke 7, the woman who comes to see Jesus just straight walks into the Pharisee'...
4
votes
3answers
254 views

What is the biblical argument against having a concubine?

It is generally accepted that "having a concubine" = "not socially accepted." However, Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines. Having concubines was mentioned in the Old Testament. I cannot find ...
9
votes
2answers
191 views

What scriptural arguments are there, if any, that there is hell but it is not eternal?

The Catholic Church teaches that there is hell and it is eternal [cf. The Hell There Is! | Catholic Answers]. What is the [common] scriptural basis, if any, for the Christian groups which teach that ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Do Jehovah's Witnesses maintain 'secret' teachings?

I have heard that within the JW faith, there are additional teachings that converts do not learn until after some time has passed since their inclusion into that group or the convert achieves some ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

When the Bible says “forever,” how can we tell it really means forever?

For instance, it is clear that God wanted the Sabbath laws to continue forever, based on these passages: Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath ...
79
votes
5answers
4k views

What is the biblical basis for the claim that abortion is immoral?

The Catholic church, as well as many other Christians, believes that abortion is inherently immoral, based on the belief that life begins at conception. What is the biblical basis for this position? ...
26
votes
7answers
2k views

What is the doctrine of the Trinity?

What is the doctrine of the Trinity as defined by Christianity? Obviously there are three entities involved: God the Father, Christ, and the Holy Spirit, but is there more to the definition?
6
votes
2answers
73 views

Why did the Western and Eastern churches react to their respective states so differently?

In Church History in Plain Language, Bruce Shelley points out a key distinction between Western and Eastern Christianity: how each has related to the State through history. Ambrose had hit upon ...
81
votes
9answers
6k views

What is the Biblical basis for the doctrine of the Trinity?

The word/term "trinity" is never used in the Bible. However, most Christians believe that God exists as three persons in one God-head. This question has two parts: What is the Biblical basis for ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Has there been a shift in Christian metaphysics from a unitary cosmos to a binary one?

It seems to me that before the Enlightenment, the predominant understanding of the structure of the universe was that the cosmos, while stratified, is unitary- that "the Heavens", which include the ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

According to proponents of transubstantiation, in what sense is Jesus present “where two or three are gathered”?

Matthew 18:20 is commonly referenced to refer to Christ's presence among his people: For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them. For advocates of the "spiritual ...
7
votes
1answer
87 views

In 1611, in the KJV, what did the words “ghost” and “spirit” mean?

According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, the first appearance of the word "ghost" was in 1606, five years before the Authorized Version was released in 1611. The word "ghost" appears in the KJV 109 ...
6
votes
9answers
14k views

Has the gospel been “preached to all nations”?

Concerning the end of the world and when this will happen Mark 13:10 says: And the gospel must first be preached to all nations. (NIV) Has the gospel been preached to all nations?
0
votes
0answers
14 views
-3
votes
0answers
23 views

The relationship [on hold]

Jesus and two thieves died three people and Barnabas was released how does that relate to the old testament when the high priest offered sacrifice and the escaped goat.
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Was the Scapegoat of Leviticus an allusion to Barabbas?

There are several similarities between the selection of the Scapegoat, and the selection of Jesus as our sacrifice. Leviticus 16:7 KJV And he shall take the two goats, and present them before ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

How does the Catholic church prioritize different sources of information in coming to doctrinal/theological conclusions, and how do they justify that?

How does the Catholic church prioritize different sources of information in coming to doctrinal/theological conclusions, and how do they justify that? If you use the Wesleyan Quadrilateral as a ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement theory handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of the penal substitution theory of atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well: 4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, ...
6
votes
2answers
152 views

Are Catholics required to accept every article of Aquinas's «Summa Theologica»?

Are all the articles of St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica to be accepted as the truth by every Catholic? Are there any criticisms of the Summa Theologica within the Catholic Church?
1
vote
1answer
87 views

What is the Catholic view of separation of church and state in terms of war and application of the death penalty? [on hold]

Note: This question was an honest search for a Catholic view not an accusation or attack. If I had written an attack it would be a 1000 times more severe and to a specific point. The defensive ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

In today's world, what drug use would be deemed pharmakeia, or sorcery, as it is listed in Galatians 5:20? [on hold]

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
8
votes
2answers
250 views

According to Catholicism, in the Eucharist, does the bread become Christ’s “spiritual body” or “natural body”?

According to Catholicism, in the act of transubstantiation which occurs during the Eucharist, when the bread becomes Christ’s body, and the wine becomes Christ’s blood, does the bread become the “...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Did Jonah die and rise from the dead?

I've heard from a friend a theory claiming Jonah died in the whale's belly and then he was raised from the dead to preach to the Ninevites. He told me it is based on those verses: "He said: “In my ...
9
votes
4answers
10k views

What does “Jesus did not commit himself unto them” (John 2:24) mean? [on hold]

I have trouble understanding what John 2:24 and John 2:25 mean. Does anyone know what it means for Jesus to not "commit himself unto them"? John 2:22-25 (KJV) 22 When therefore he was risen ...
6
votes
4answers
9k views

Where in Scripture is the Holy Spirit said to be speaking directly?

God the Son speaks in Luke 5:31-32: Jesus said to them in reply, “Those who are healthy do not need a physician, but the sick do. I have not come to call the righteous to repentance but sinners.” ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Jesus concealing his identity [on hold]

In Mark 8 and Matthew 16 after the feeding of the four thousand Peter declares Jesus as the messiah. Immediately after this Jesus tells his disciples not to reveal his identity. How does this ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Are there any authors that who believe Eph. 4:11 is not describing titles but general characteristics of how God created the church to work together?

Ephesians 4:11ff reads: And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to baptismal regeneration?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptismal regeneration? Did they generally subscribe to it or deny it? Related: What did the early church fathers ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Did St.Thomas really throw water in the air (in India) and it remained airborne?

I was told this during childhood, that this is how St.Thomas converted certain Hindu Brahmins to Christianity. Also on Wikipedia: Historical legend records that when St. Thomas landed at Palayur,...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

What is the difference between the Ebionites and Nazarenes?

The Ebionites and Nazarenes were Jewish–Christian sects during the Second Temple era. We know that the Ebionites believed Yeshu was born of a natural generation between Joseph and Mary; while some ...
4
votes
3answers
71 views

The order of Communion in Luke 22:17-20 versus Mark 14:22-25 and Matthew 26:26-29

In Matt. 26:26-29 and Mark 14:22-25, Jesus presents the bread before the wine in the performance of Communion. Matt. 26:26-29 26 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox interpret this verse from Psalm 69:3?

O God, be attentive unto helping me; O Lord, make haste to help me. Let them be shamed and confounded that seek after my soul. Let them be turned back and brought to shame that desire evils ...
6
votes
1answer
457 views

Why do Carmelite nuns change headwear?

In this movie regarding the life of St. Therese of Lisieux, the girl who wants to become a saint, there is a scene wherein she changes the color of her clothing and headdress after participating some ...

15 30 50 per page