5
votes
3answers
142 views

What happens to one's sins if the priest omits the words of the Absolution?

Say a penitent, in the Sacrament of Reconciliation, confesses his sins with heartfelt sorrow. Now suppose that priest omits deliberately to use the words of the formula (please see below especially ...
4
votes
3answers
255 views

What does R.C. Sproul mean by 'essence' of God?

R.C. Sproul discusses and defends the Trinity in this book, What is the Trinity? He explains that God is one essence, composed of three persons, and that the existence of three persons in one essence ...
6
votes
2answers
175 views

In Reformed Theology, what are seen as the implications of Traducianism versus Creationism (of the soul)?

Traducianism says that one's soul is derived from one's parents' souls, but creationism says that God creates a soul for each body. The Wikipedia articles are a start, but I'm especially interested ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

Is there any evidence that Paul was a descendant of Jonathan?

Paul being a descendant of Jonathan would have some appeal from a devotional perspective since Jesus' more direct saving of Paul could be viewed as fulfilling the covenant of friendship between David ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Does God punish Christians for disobedience?

Suppose that a person is faithful and counted among those in Christ, and the person is disobedient in some manner. What is the biblical basis that God punishes this Christian beyond the immediate ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Any instructions given by the church fathers on how to receive the gift of tongues?

1 Corinthians 14:39 (NIV) Therefore, my brothers and sisters, be eager to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. In the early church, the gift of tongues was a common gift which ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

What does the chaining and locking of Satan in the bottomless pit for the millennial reign accomplish?

In my study of the Revelation of Jesus Christ, I am puzzled by the chaining, and the locking of Satan in the Pit for the millennial reign of Christ. This question: (According to premillenial view, ...
0
votes
2answers
207 views

Do any sects permit consensual open marriages?

1 Corinthians 7:4 says: The wife does not have authority over her own body but yields it to her husband. In the same way, the husband does not have authority over his own body but yields it to his ...
12
votes
1answer
177 views

How do modalists understand the role of Jesus as mediator?

The Bible calls Jesus our mediator: Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. (Romans 8:34, ESV) For ...
11
votes
1answer
172 views

What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Do any Early Church Fathers ever argue that the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (Gen. 2:9) is the Law/ Torah?

Did any early Church fathers ever reason that the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (Gen. 2:9) either is or symbolizes the Torah/ Law?
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Athanasian Creed article 6, meaning of “the glory equal”

In the Athanasian Creed, article 6, we read: But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit is all one, the glory equal, the majesty coeternal. Does the wording of this ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

What do Chinese Catholics call their priests?

This Catholic article explains and defends the usage of the word, "Father," in reference to priests. Now, in the Chinese language, people have a tendency to use the same familial words for society at ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Did the early church record other events of handing people over to Satan?

Did the early church record other events of handing people over to Satan? "So when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, hand this man over to ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

How old were Joseph & Mary when they marrried?

A nun in my Catholic school taught us that Mary was 14 and Joseph was 17 and that this was not atypical for the day. Also that in Joseph's case his Marriage to Mary was his second. Would there be any ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Is the Holy Watcher of Daniel 4:23 of a Similar Class to those Found in Scroll of Enoch?

Daniel makes mention of a holy watcher, which is an interesting distinction from the usual references to angels. Is this of a similar class to the watchers found in the scroll of Enoch? Or is this ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Did God give Moses visions of History and the Tabernacle on Mount Sinai?

After Moses spent forty days and nights on the mountain, he gave the people the requirements God had told him to say to the Israelites: All Scripture is quoted from the King James translation unless ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Are there tenets of Rastafarianism that run counter to Baptist theology?

I am a Baptist and I have no desire to call myself a Rasta but I believe in some things they believe in such as living clean, peace, unity, etc. Is it wrong to identify with those things? Many say ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Did any other early church fathers besides Origen teach about the pre-existence of souls?

Origen taught about the pre-existence of our souls, which, among many other of his teachings, was later condemned as heresy. Did any other early church fathers teach this doctrine?
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Was David mainly upset about Uzzah's death…?

Was David mainly upset about Uzzah's death because of the amount of responsibility that came with being God's anointed and being responsible for the ark of the Covenant?
1
vote
1answer
37 views

What are the Presbyterian denominations in England?

Except the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales and the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster, both of which have a few congregations in England, I am not aware of any other Presbyterian ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

How do opponents of Decision Theology distinguish themselves from Universal Salvation?

There is a tradition, perhaps strongest in Lutheranism, that opposes what it calls "Decision Theology". Biblical support for opposing Decision Theology would come in passages like, "No one can say ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

If a child is a blessing from God in laestadianism, then what would a dead infant mean?

If a child is a blessing from God in laestadianism, then what would a dead infant (by means of spontaneous or induced abortion) mean? Perhaps, God wants the child to die? What does it mean for a child ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What Biblical evidence/evidence did CS Lewis base his idea of sehnsucht/Joy on?

That is, that we sense that there is some ineffable object to our desires and that this proves that there is something beyond this World and life (for it makes the enjoyment of those goods pale in ...
-1
votes
1answer
22 views

How are American non-denominational campus outreach lay ministries conducted?

How are American non-denominational campus outreach lay ministries conducted? I think the purpose is either to serve the greater community's needs as a form of community service or to convert people ...
-1
votes
1answer
117 views

Is there any way back from Hebrews 6:4-6:6

This could well apply to me. Is there any way back from this, it's like having the(or some) knowledge and experience of the spirit world but rejecting the actual call to Christ... You become a ...
-1
votes
1answer
100 views

What does “I who have been with you all this time you don't know me” mean?

The Book of John says that God is the Word in the beginning. How is Jesus Christ the son to the Word? Jesus, when he was with the Twelve Apostles, told his disciples that no one was going to the ...
-2
votes
1answer
26 views

What is the definition of being offensive according to bibile.?

It is written that pray for them, who hates you, and be good to everyone out there. so if someone is hurting me or Something unfair happening to me... should I reply back. or just be in myself. If I ...
10
votes
0answers
47 views

Which Psalms did Wesley leave out in Sunday Service of the Methodists? and why?

John Wesley published a modified Book of Common Prayer under the name Sunday Service of the Methodists, in which he says in the preface: I believe there is no Liturgy in the world, either in ...
9
votes
0answers
121 views

How does current Church of England polity compare with Richard Hooker's teaching?

Richard Hooker's Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity (1593) is a foundational document for the theology and ecclesiology of the Church of England. In it, he defends (among other things) the Anglican ...
6
votes
0answers
110 views

What is the origin and purpose of a new bishop being questioned by a layperson?

At the enthronement of Justin Welby as Archbishop of Canterbury on 21 March 2013, the following exchange took place as part of the ceremony. Evangeline Kanagasooriam is a layperson from the diocese, ...
4
votes
0answers
127 views

What is the Scriptural basis for Modalism?

We hear a lot at times about the godhead, so that got me wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Modalism?
3
votes
0answers
25 views

What is Alvin Plantinga's view on divine sovereignty and free will?

The main Wikipedia page on Molinism lists Plantinga as one of its (Molinism's) best known advocates. However, Plantinga, in a speech given at Azusa Pacific University, describes himself as "a ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

How well supported is the interpretation of Genesis 18 by Rublev's Icon of the Holy Trinity?

This was produced in the 15th century by Andrei Rublev's icon of the Trinity, a highly regarded Russian orthodox artist: It interprets the three men of Genesis 18 as being physical visitations of ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Why did the Apologists adopt Stoic Philosophy of the λόγος?

The Greek word λόγος is a prevalent concept in the first century Greco-Roman world. It has many meanings like divine principle, reason, word and revelation. All of these views regards the λόγος as ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Where is the story that James (the 'brother') shared one-half of his inheritance with Jesus?

The story is, I believe, apocryphal; but the "brothers of Jesus, sons of Joseph" rejected sharing their inheritance with Jesus and James, a follower of Jesus and leader of the early church (per Acts), ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Genesis's Order of Events: Is there Unanimous Consent Among the Fathers?

Is there unanimous consent* among the Fathers of the Church who interpreted Genesis that the order of events as described in Genesis actually occurred in the order Genesis describes them? I know yom ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. I will calculate the numbers and ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

On which parts in the gospels is Weatherhead's argument about Mary, mother of Jesus, founded?

I read that Leslie Dixon Weatherhead, an English Christian theologian, made every effort to present Mary as a very pure, sincere, immature, young maiden who simply had interpreted the Angel's ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Imposition of Ashes - where is it (and where it isn't) commonly practiced?

Since I have learnt of this practice, I thought that placing ashes on Ash Wednesday is practiced worldwide, at least within Roman Catholic Church. But now I have been on a Mass (from first Lent ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by ROC?

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by the Synodal Commission of Russian Orthodox Church on Canonization? Source: ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How do we know Saints, the Rightous and Holy Ones are alive and in heaven?

Why should Catholics ask the Saints and Mother Mary to take our prayers to God for us?How does the Catholic church know they can canonize "Saints". How do we know the angels and saints will intercede ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Do infant-baptizing Protestant denominations have any requirements on names?

Catholicism views infant baptism as the norm; a child born to a Catholic parent or parents is ordinarily to be baptized soon after birth: Parents are obliged to take care that infants are baptized ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Are the Local Churches (associated with Watchman Nee) Calvinist?

Are the Local Churches, based on the teachings of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee, Calvinist (Reformed Theology)?
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Tower of Babel dispersion after the Table of Nations?

Genesis 11 has the story of the Tower of Babel, which is the event which caused all the nations to be dispersed into the World. But the chapter before, Genesis 10, called the Table of Nations, ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

To a Wesleyan, what is marriage?

Really, this question can also be answered from other similar viewpoints to Wesleyan, such as Methodist or perhaps Lutheran. The closer to Wesleyan, the better. Anyway, just as the title asks: what ...
-2
votes
0answers
77 views

What happened to the 40 Jews who vowed not to eat or drink until they killed Paul?

In Acts 23, we learn of a conspiracy against Paul after he had been arrested in Jersualem: Acts 23:12-13, 16, 23-24, 31 ESV When it was day, the Jews made a plot and bound themselves by an oath ...

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