9
votes
2answers
136 views

Is the Virgin Mary ever referred to as “the Holy Table” (ἡ ἁγία ἡ τράπεζα)?

I'm still in the process of translating a work of John of Damascus concerning the Eucharist and the body of Christ, entitled Περὶ τοῦ ἀχράντου σώματος, οὗ μεταλαμβάνομεν. In section 4, he writes, ...
7
votes
2answers
121 views

Why is the Eucharist referred to as «ἀναίμακτον θυσίαν» in consideration of “transubstantiation”?

If indeed transubstantiation occurs, and the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus Christ, why does John of Damascus1 (as an example) refer to the Eucharist as «ἀναίμακτον θυσίαν», "a ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did Martin Luther change his surname from ‘Luder’ to ‘Luther' very early in his career?

I was surprised to find out ‘Luther’ is not Martin Luther’s original surname but ‘Luder’ is. The Greek word έλεύθερος that was the origin of his Latin name was Eleutherius. You can see ‘uder’ does not ...
3
votes
2answers
498 views

Why Christian Translator Translate Rhea as Neighbor?

Why do Bible translator translate rhea into neighbor in "Love thy neighbor"? The Jews told me that rhea really means comrades. So why is it translated as neighbor? In Indonesia, it's translated as ...
3
votes
1answer
364 views

Does God predetermine all things according to His prescience?

In "An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith" (ἔκδοσις ἀκριβὴς τῆς ὀρθοδόξου πίστεως) John of Damascus wrote, Χρὴ γινώσκειν, ὡς πάντα μὲν προγινώσκει ὁ θεός, οὐ πάντα δὲ προορίζει· προγινώσκει ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the word 'testament' in the titles OT and NT imply the death of the testator in both covenants?

A will or testament is a legal declaration by which a person, the testator, names one or more persons to manage his estate and provides for the transfer of his property at death. This property an ...
1
vote
2answers
405 views

What verses from the Bible claim that Jesus has justified and redeemed man by his sacrifice on a cross?

What verses from the Bible claim that Jesus has justified and redeemed man by his sacrifice on a cross?
5
votes
1answer
183 views

How does the loss of Wesleyan perfectionism differ from Catholic distinctions between mortal and venial sins?

Wesleyan perfectionism is often compared to a Calvinist view of sanctification but this question is different. It is designed for someone familiar with Wesleyan theology to provide an explanation that ...
8
votes
3answers
218 views

Fellowship with God

I came across an interesting quote in Lutzer, Erwin W. (2003-02-01). Cries From The Cross: A Journey into the Heart of Jesus (p. 20). Moody Publishers. Kindle Edition. Jesus’ suffering was ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the argument against the imposition of clerical celibacy as practiced in the Roman Catholic Church?

The Roman Catholic Church requires its priests to practice celibacy. This has not always been the case, though. In fact, it was not instituted until the 11th century. Protestant churches have no ...
4
votes
1answer
265 views

Why do we explicitly need to ask for help through prayer? [duplicate]

Since God is omniscient not only does he know all of our hardships but he also knows that we want him to help us through said hardships. Why do we explicitly ask for help through prayer?
-2
votes
1answer
188 views

Was Mary a Virgin? [duplicate]

The biblical passages mentioning that mary was a virgin seem to be add after the fact, and possibly based off a mistranslation. What evidence is there that Mary, the alleged mother of Jesus, was a ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Where did the hierarchical designations of priest, cardinal, bishop, and pope come from in the Catholic church?

Protestantism typically recognizes offices that include pastors, elders, and deacons. Another common belief is the priesthood of all believers, and thus there is no such designation for a particular ...
20
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is Rome the holy city?

Why did Rome become the seat of the Pope and the central location for the Church? I would think that Jerusalem would be the first choice. There are also a number of other cities that I would ...
9
votes
1answer
644 views

What is the basis for the claim that the entire New Testament can be reconstructed apart from original and copied manuscripts?

Bit of a mouthy title, but I remember reading a few years ago that the entire New Testament (perhaps with the exception of very few verses) and most of the Old Testament could be reconstructed from ...
10
votes
4answers
228 views

Why did the conclave elect Pope Stephen I, when he died prior to taking office?

According to Wikipedia, Pope Stephen I was elected to the papacy in March of 752 A.D., but died a few days later, prior to being installed. As I understand it, Catholic teaching indicates that God's ...
11
votes
1answer
989 views

Is “Angel Therapy” compatible with the Bible?

I'm not sure how best to ask this question without it being too broad, considering how vast "Christianity" is. But the gist of my question is: Is "Angel Therapy" compatible with the Bible? Perhaps ...
2
votes
3answers
760 views

What is the difference between Protestantism vs Protestants?

According to me Protestants are the one who doesn't pray to Mary. I also came across the Protestantism which speaks about the 95 Theses which Martin Luther started against indulgence. I don't see ...
6
votes
1answer
417 views

How to identify a Catholic 'order' from initials that follow a nun or priest's name?

I am regularly cataloguing publications written by (or about) sisters and priests. I am unfamiliar with all of the different Catholic orders. Is there an online list or reference that identifies what ...
5
votes
1answer
361 views

What would happen if a priest venerated Santa Muerte in an RCC church?

In Mexico, the mix of native and Catholic religions has produced an interesting figure called Santa Muerte or literally, "Saint Death." In many ways, the icons, statues, and venerations ascribed to ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Is Mary or other saints in heaven?

The Assumption of Mary states that after she died on Earth she went to Heaven. Is there any Biblical support whether she, or any other man after Jesus' revival went to heaven?
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Why did God create the great flood? [closed]

Why did God create the great flood to wipe the entire human race including unborn children and babies that are probably innocent, and also other species that are innocent? He can re-create the whole ...
3
votes
1answer
328 views

What arguments do scholars present for historicity of the fall?

What arguments and writings have been used to defend the Genesis account of the fall as a historical event? Is there evidence apart from the writings in Genesis that man was at one time not fallen?
5
votes
3answers
262 views

What exactly is the biblical reference to a serpent?

It seems that most places in the bible where serpents are referred to they are a reference to Satan/the devil. Yet in Mathew 10:16 Christ says, "Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of ...
8
votes
2answers
689 views

What is the origin of the story of the penitent thief as a young boy?

During the Easter sermon our priest told a small story. It goes somewhat like this: 'When Joseph, Mary and baby Jesus fled to Egypt, on the way there was a little boy who was given the task of ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Why worship saints / Mary / Angels?

When John falls down in his knees to worship the angel, the angel tells him immediately to stop because he is just a worshiper like him, so all the glory is for the Lord. It is I, John, who heard ...
5
votes
4answers
36k views

Did God create other people besides Adam and Eve? [closed]

After Cain killed Abel, he was cast away and said "whoever finds me will kill me", there he took a wife. I think this indicates there were other people on the face of the earth created by God, but ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

To which Saints may a Catholic pray, and when can this begin?

The Catholic Church teaches, as I understand it, that a person may pray to a Saint, and this Saint will then intercede along with that person to God concerning the request (or something like that). ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

What theological statement would be made if the Creeds preceded the homily?

In both the Anglican and Catholic Mass, the Liturgy of the Word (aka reading the lessons), begins with Scripture, includes a Homily, and then concludes with the recitation of one of the Creeds. ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do Protestants not refer to Mary by the title “Mother of God”?

I have heard the title "Mother of God" in connection with the so-called "Hail Mary" prayer that is recited by Catholics. However, I have never heard this term used in any Protestant setting. (I'm ...
5
votes
5answers
824 views

Did God ever talk about his other creations? [duplicate]

I have always been a lover of all things "Science", space, other life forms, etc. I excelled in Science in School but a few years ago I started questioning things and now believe that "Science" and ...
4
votes
2answers
249 views

Did Jesus' hypostatic union limit Christ's consciousness?

Just half an hour ago, I watched an amazing video that had a visualization of a baby's development from conception to birth. Afterwards, as I went about satisfying bodily needs (like food), I had one ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

What was the first Spiritual Gifts Inventory book published or who was the first to use the method?

Today there is a plethora of books using questionnaires or similar tools in order to identify what spiritual gifts a person might have. I am wondering who was the first using this methodology and/or ...
2
votes
4answers
276 views

When was the title of “Mother of God” first ascribed to Mary?

I understand that the phrase "Mother of God" appears in the prayer commonly referred to as the "Hail Mary" prayer. I'm wondering, though, what the origin is of the phrase "Mother of God". Did it ...
7
votes
1answer
682 views

Are there Old Testament references to the length of Jesus earthly ministry?

The Old Testament references Jesus death and resurrection. I've always wondered why did Jesus have only 3 years of time (or 3 1/2 ) as a preacher and teacher. I suppose you could say the time was ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

What are the avenues to developing a true strong faith and relationship with God?

I'm a fan of and work in the popular Christian music scene. Not being religious, I still do appreciate the goodness, comfort and encouragement of the faith based music. The question that arises is, ...
4
votes
1answer
261 views

What is the significance of Judas's name?

The Old Testament has a question hanging over it: "Who will inherit the promises to Abraham?". Isaac is chosen over Ishmael, Jacob over Esau and (though in one sense all the sons of Jacob inherit) ...
7
votes
2answers
200 views

By what authority does the old Catholic Encyclopedia call itself Catholic?

This may seem like a dumb question, but I think it could be useful to people who look at links on the internet to the old Catholic Encyclopedia (which is heavily referenced on wikipedia for ...
7
votes
1answer
112 views

According to Catholic law and rules, is postponing of the Rite of Acceptance OK?

This is a follow-up question for Are those instructed before baptism considered catechumens before entering the catechumenate formally? In Czech Republic the pre-baptismal formation is often called ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Why is dividing 'event' versus 'process' driven views of justification important to separate Catholic and Protestant theology?

In studying Roman Catholic theology it took me so so long before it dawned on me that justification is not viewed as an event as it is in Protestant theology. Why is this single concept so critical in ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Are those instructed before baptism considered catechumens before entering the catechumenate formally?

This question and its answer reminded me a question I wondered about a long time ago: the ritual of entering catechumenate usually takes place some time during the process of pre-baptismal catecheses ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Does traditional Calvinistic monergism include limited synergism in the doctrine of justification?

I found an article Regeneration precedes faith by R.C. Sproul that could imply there is no synergism at all in justification. In other words no part of the human will involved in believing? It is ...
5
votes
6answers
4k views

Why did the council of Laodicea condemn “Judaizing” Sabbath rest?

The council of Laodicea states in cannon 29: Christians must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honouring the Lord's Day; and, if they can, resting then as ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Is a bishop in Roman Catholic tradition equal in authority with the apostles?

According to an answer to this question When did Peter become the first Pope, according to Roman Catholic doctrine?, the Pope is the bishop of Rome. So this made me wonder - since Peter was ordained ...
8
votes
2answers
222 views

What is the evidence for the claim that Young Earth Creationism was the mainstream viewpoint in ancient times?

In my previous question, I asked about the origins of the modern Young Earth Creationism movement, especially in America. Originally, the question asked when the YEC belief (mainly with regards to a ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Is Latin considered a more holy language in the Catholic church?

I've heard that many Roman Catholic churches still hold Mass services and particularly ceremonies (e.g. weddings) in Latin. Is this true, and if so why is Latin considered to be a better language than ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

When did Peter become the first Pope, according to Roman Catholic doctrine?

Roman Catholic doctrine teaches that the apostle Peter was the first Pope. Exactly when did this occur? I can imagine a few different options When Jesus addressed Peter in Matthew: I also ...
6
votes
1answer
681 views

When and why did the modern Young Earth Creationism movement gain such a large following?

Flimzy, in his answer here points out that Historically, Jewish and Christian scholars have not considered the creation account to mean a 6 literal day creation. The earliest scholars to even ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the origin and basis for the Catholic teaching regarding Mary's vow of celibacy prior to her betrothal?

In the answers to this question it is asserted that Mary had taken a vow of celibacy prior to her betrothal to Joseph. Thus, Joseph already knew that he and Mary would never have marital relations ...
0
votes
1answer
225 views

What evidence do we have that the book of Enoch was translated correctly?

How do we know that the book of Enoch was translated correctly, are any of the original writings still intact? Or were the supposed "originals" found already translated? I ask this because some ...

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