2
votes
4answers
268 views

When was the title of “Mother of God” first ascribed to Mary?

I understand that the phrase "Mother of God" appears in the prayer commonly referred to as the "Hail Mary" prayer. I'm wondering, though, what the origin is of the phrase "Mother of God". Did it ...
7
votes
1answer
669 views

Are there Old Testament references to the length of Jesus earthly ministry?

The Old Testament references Jesus death and resurrection. I've always wondered why did Jesus have only 3 years of time (or 3 1/2 ) as a preacher and teacher. I suppose you could say the time was ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

What are the avenues to developing a true strong faith and relationship with God?

I'm a fan of and work in the popular Christian music scene. Not being religious, I still do appreciate the goodness, comfort and encouragement of the faith based music. The question that arises is, ...
4
votes
1answer
255 views

What is the significance of Judas's name?

The Old Testament has a question hanging over it: "Who will inherit the promises to Abraham?". Isaac is chosen over Ishmael, Jacob over Esau and (though in one sense all the sons of Jacob inherit) ...
7
votes
2answers
197 views

By what authority does the old Catholic Encyclopedia call itself Catholic?

This may seem like a dumb question, but I think it could be useful to people who look at links on the internet to the old Catholic Encyclopedia (which is heavily referenced on wikipedia for ...
7
votes
1answer
110 views

According to Catholic law and rules, is postponing of the Rite of Acceptance OK?

This is a follow-up question for Are those instructed before baptism considered catechumens before entering the catechumenate formally? In Czech Republic the pre-baptismal formation is often called ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Why is dividing 'event' versus 'process' driven views of justification important to separate Catholic and Protestant theology?

In studying Roman Catholic theology it took me so so long before it dawned on me that justification is not viewed as an event as it is in Protestant theology. Why is this single concept so critical in ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Are those instructed before baptism considered catechumens before entering the catechumenate formally?

This question and its answer reminded me a question I wondered about a long time ago: the ritual of entering catechumenate usually takes place some time during the process of pre-baptismal catecheses ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Does traditional Calvinistic monergism include limited synergism in the doctrine of justification?

I found an article Regeneration precedes faith by R.C. Sproul that could imply there is no synergism at all in justification. In other words no part of the human will involved in believing? It is ...
5
votes
6answers
4k views

Why did the council of Laodicea condemn “Judaizing” Sabbath rest?

The council of Laodicea states in cannon 29: Christians must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honouring the Lord's Day; and, if they can, resting then as ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Is a bishop in Roman Catholic tradition equal in authority with the apostles?

According to an answer to this question When did Peter become the first Pope, according to Roman Catholic doctrine?, the Pope is the bishop of Rome. So this made me wonder - since Peter was ordained ...
8
votes
2answers
217 views

What is the evidence for the claim that Young Earth Creationism was the mainstream viewpoint in ancient times?

In my previous question, I asked about the origins of the modern Young Earth Creationism movement, especially in America. Originally, the question asked when the YEC belief (mainly with regards to a ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Is Latin considered a more holy language in the Catholic church?

I've heard that many Roman Catholic churches still hold Mass services and particularly ceremonies (e.g. weddings) in Latin. Is this true, and if so why is Latin considered to be a better language than ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

When did Peter become the first Pope, according to Roman Catholic doctrine?

Roman Catholic doctrine teaches that the apostle Peter was the first Pope. Exactly when did this occur? I can imagine a few different options When Jesus addressed Peter in Matthew: I also ...
6
votes
1answer
659 views

When and why did the modern Young Earth Creationism movement gain such a large following?

Flimzy, in his answer here points out that Historically, Jewish and Christian scholars have not considered the creation account to mean a 6 literal day creation. The earliest scholars to even ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

What is the origin and basis for the Catholic teaching regarding Mary's vow of celibacy prior to her betrothal?

In the answers to this question it is asserted that Mary had taken a vow of celibacy prior to her betrothal to Joseph. Thus, Joseph already knew that he and Mary would never have marital relations ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

What evidence do we have that the book of Enoch was translated correctly?

How do we know that the book of Enoch was translated correctly, are any of the original writings still intact? Or were the supposed "originals" found already translated? I ask this because some ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

According to the Catholic Church, what happens to a person who is in the process of learning about Catholicism, if that person dies?

Suppose a person is learning about the teachings of the Catholicism, and dies before that person has reached a conclusion whether he or she would like to join the Church. According to the teachings of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What does it mean for God to be a person?

What does it mean when Christians say that God is a person? (Representative example here.) Does this mean that Christians believe that God is human? My experience is with Judaism (in Judaism, God is ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

When did Mary and Joseph learn that they were never supposed to have marital relations, according to Roman Catholic doctrine?

Roman Catholic doctrine teaches that Mary remained a virgin her entire life, even after marrying Joseph. It would seem that Joseph and Mary, at their betrothal, had likely expected to have, and ...
7
votes
2answers
515 views

Are there any traditions regarding the non-disciple casting out demons in Jesus' name?

Luke 9:49-50 (NLT) 49 John said to Jesus, “Master, we saw someone using your name to cast out demons, but we told him to stop because he isn’t in our group.” 50 But Jesus said, “Don’t ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

What are the differences between hamartiology from a Nazarene to a Calvinist perspective?

Coming from a Nazarene tradition, influenced by Wesley and the Holiness Movement, my reflections upon sin are based upon the Nazarene manual's definitions (See 5.1,5.3) summarized as 5.1. Original ...
10
votes
2answers
617 views

How does Christ's hypostatic union affect the temporal nature of the Trinity?

The term hypostatic union is a concise way to say that Jesus was fully God and fully Man at the same time (glossing over the details). There are a number of opinions on the precise details of this ...
4
votes
4answers
11k views

What is the difference between Lust and Love in the heart?

How does one know the difference between Lust and Love? For example (Hypothetically speaking, of course):•if someone has sex before marriage but they have true love only God knows if it's sin or not. ...
5
votes
3answers
289 views

Does God care about countries?

I hear "God Bless America" often. It has puzzled me for many years because it doesn't makes sense to me that God cares about man-made borders or political systems. The only land I've heard referred ...
8
votes
4answers
538 views

Why do people die but angels do not, but both have sinned?

In City of God, Book XIII, Ch. 1, Augustine wrote, Having disposed of the very difficult questions concerning the origin of our world and the beginning of the human race, the natural order ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

What is Deuteronomy 15 saying about the poor?

Deuteronomy 15 is giving laws and rules relating to the treatment of the poor in communities. Verse 4 says: However, there will be no poor among you, since the Lord will surely bless you in the ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Why was the significance of Jesus' upcoming betrayal hidden from His disciples?

Luke 9:43b-45 (NLT) Jesus Again Predicts His Death While everyone was marveling at everything he was doing, Jesus said to his disciples, 44 “Listen to me and remember what I say. ...
4
votes
2answers
264 views

What do we mean by person?

In general, and as it applies to The Trinity, what do we mean by person. Assuming that we say a person is "a rational being" or "an individual substance" of some sort, what attributes or qualities ...
9
votes
3answers
570 views

Did Mary know she was sinless, according to Roman Catholic teaching?

The Roman Catholic Church teaches the Immaculate Conception that asserts Mary was conceived without sin and remained sinless for her entire life. Assuming this to be true, did Mary know that she ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

How did the disciples of John the Baptist pray?

Luke 11:1 (NIV) One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When he finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples.” Since John the ...
6
votes
2answers
515 views

How much did Moses and Elijah know about Jesus' Imminent Death?

Luke 9:31 (NLT 1996) [Moses and Elijah] were glorious to see. And they were speaking of how [Jesus] was about to fulfill God's plan by dying in Jerusalem. Shortly before, Jesus had told his ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

How do Christians justify God's apparent neglect of those who cannot help themselves? [duplicate]

This is something that always confused me. Take as a simple example, one among many, children in Africa. The ones we've all seen pictures of. The ones that starve to death or are shot before they're ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How should Selah be read?

Many of the Psalms feature the word "selah" which as I understand is a musical or liturgical term. When the Psalms are read aloud, how should selah be uttered? I've heard it both said aloud, or left ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
8
votes
2answers
493 views

When was the Bible formally declared to be inerrant and/or infallible?

Fundamentally*, an inerrant Bible is one without errors and an infallible Bible is one that cannot have errors, as David Stratton pointed out in his answer. As for the Roman Catholic Church, all of ...
13
votes
1answer
292 views

What doctrinal changes did the Westminster Confession bring to the Church of Scotland?

After the reforms of the 16th century, the Scots Confession served as the primary confession for the Church of Scotland for just over 80 years. In 1648 it was replaced by the The Humble Advice of the ...
7
votes
1answer
151 views

On what basis did Mary Queen of Scots first reject the Scots Confession?

The history of the Scots Confession seems to have some amusing interludes. Having been drafted in just 4 days by 5 guys all named John, it went on to serve as the primary confession of the Church of ...
5
votes
2answers
394 views

Why Jesus taught differently on “sin and treating sinners” as compared to Old Testament?

In the book of Joshua, just before attack on Jericho, Joshua told his men not to take any riches for themselves which was meant for God. Joshua 6:18 . In spite of this Achan hides some of the riches ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

What is the Catholic biblical or canon basis saying some moral works without grace (transient or permanent) are good (or not have the nature of sin)?

I am trying to clarify the difference in my own mind between a traditional Catholic and traditional Protestant view of grace, specifically in terms of the 'works of unbelievers'. It seems hard to ...
3
votes
3answers
273 views

What is the Protestant biblical basis for those concluding that 'all moral works' without grace have no good in them (or have the nature of sin)?

I am trying to clarify the difference in my own mind between a traditional Catholic and traditional Protestant view of grace, specifically in terms of the 'works of unbelievers'. It seems hard to ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the basis of the view that Jesus was separated from the Father and Holy Spirit upon death?

From my limited understanding of this matter, some people believe that Jesus was in some sense separated from the Father. This has come up in the context of discussions of the indivisibility of the ...
13
votes
1answer
146 views

Has the impact of a practitioner's theological framework on pastoral counseling methodology been studied?

Do any existing pastoral counseling programs take into effect how the theological framework concerning the doctrine of free will affects the counselor's therapeutic approach? For instance, an ...
14
votes
9answers
6k views

Why did God choose Mary?

The Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of God, was conceived full of sanctifying grace and free of any stain of original sin. In Catholicism, this is called the Immaculate Conception. She was conceived ...
6
votes
2answers
324 views

Which groups of Christians hold signs about Jesus or Christianity in public, and why? [closed]

I often see people standing on the sides of the road holding signs that say things like "Trust Jesus". Is this something that Christian groups do regularly? Is it specific to a particular ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What difference does baptism make when it comes to marriage?

Here is a hypothetical example of what may be a very common situation. Bill and Martha have been seeing each other for four years. Both were raised in Catholic families, but were not baptized. They ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the role of the three persons of the Trinity in Creation?

In the Nicene-Constantinopolitan creed, the three persons of the Trinity each seem to have their own role in creating the world: The Father is "maker of heaven and earth, of all things visible and ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Did Jesus transform into spirit form after Resurrection

In the 40 days after the Resurrection and before his Ascension, Jesus appears and disappears to people, including his disciples. He also is not recognizable by some of his followers including Mary ...
8
votes
2answers
452 views

Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ?

My background is mostly in Evangelicalism and premillenialism. I am aware of other "Churches" (Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, cults, etc.) and other eschatological frameworks (amillenial, ...
7
votes
1answer
90 views

Do Catholics have an “Apocrypha” or just a “Bible”?

Pardon my ignorance here, but I am just wondering if the Apocrypha is labeled as such by Catholics? To clarify, a Protestant would refer to the 66 books of Protestant Scripture as "the Bible", and to ...

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