3
votes
1answer
212 views

Is there consensus between Christian commentators about where Jesus stood when Satan tempted him to prove he was God's son by leaping from the temple?

After his baptism we read that Jesus went off into the wilderness fasting for 40 days and being tempted by the devil. Matthew 4:1-11 NIV: 1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
6
votes
1answer
43 views

Who first came up with the phrase “an over-realized eschatology” and in what context?

The phrase "an over-realized eschatology" seems to get a run from time to time in theological discussions (example) or blog posts (example). Who first coined this phrase* and in what context were they ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

1 Kings 18 Obadiah and Elijah

I am writing a short story based on 1 Kings 18, and I was wondering if the servant mention in verses 43 and onwards is Obadiah or not. In verse 9, Obadiah refers to himself as Elijah's servant. 9 ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Does Pope Francis recommend giving communion under both kinds to the laity?

I've heard that Pope Francis recommends giving the communion under both species (i.e. the bread and the wine) to the laity, but I can not find proof of this. Is it true and could somebody provide ...
-2
votes
2answers
68 views

How did the Emperor Constantine the Great impact christianity? [closed]

Need help for a school essay, any information you have is appreciated. His impact in the middle ages
8
votes
1answer
162 views

How were women to serve the church according to the Apostolic Fathers?

Did the Apostolic Church Fathers write about the capacity in which women were to serve in the early church, or expand the capacity in which they served the church? In other words, what were they ...
2
votes
0answers
131 views

Why did Jesus wash his disciples' feet? [closed]

What was the meaning of that? I have read about this in the bible on numerous occasions.
6
votes
3answers
119 views

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. (...
13
votes
1answer
353 views

Who first described Pentecost as a reversal of Babel?

In Spiritual Maturity, J. Oswald Sanders describes Pentecost as a reversal of Babel. An online search shows this to be a link made by others, and in a related thesis on the topic, Paul J. Pastor goes ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The sixth hour According to John's gospel [duplicate]

If John was using the Jewish time of day in John 4:4 and it is noon. 12pm. Then when John refers to Pilate in Jn 19:14 saying on the day of preparation about the sixth hour Behold your King was this ...
7
votes
1answer
753 views

How do indulgences remit temporal punishment?

"An indulgence is a remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Are blessed secular objects categorically lower than or different from traditional sacramentals like altars, priest vestments, etc.?

Every Thursday in the National Shrine of St. Jude Thaddeus Manila, students of various universities nearby go to Mass. After Mass, the priest comes out with his holy water and sprinkles it on the mass-...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Are Christians still persecuted in Afghanistan?

In the past there have been reports that Christians are persecuted in Afghanistan. Is this still true?
12
votes
3answers
783 views

If jealousy is sin, how can God be jealous?

Exodus 20:4–5 reads: for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me But jealousy is sin,...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Can all Catholic sacramentals be re-consecrated after being desecrated?

When a sacramental, for example, a chalice, an altar, or a church has been desecrated, can it be reconsecrated? If yes, does the desecrated item have to undergo a normal consecration process, or does ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

How should/must Catholics handle, transport, and use holy water?

Some shrines, like the Shrine of Padre Pio Chapel in Quezon City, distribute holy water in bottles for Catholics who want some. So far the only guideline I saw in getting holy water from a basin is ...
-2
votes
2answers
44 views

Is praying Rosary by listening as effective as reciting? [closed]

Is praying rosary just by listening to a recorded audio track as effective as praying by reciting? Does the Catholic Church urge to pray by reciting and prefer this method over just by listening or ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Is the receipt of the Sacrament of Confirmation a requirement before receiving the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony?

I'm contemplating of getting married. However, I haven't been confirmed yet. I need to know if it's actual Catholic law or if it's simply tradition to receive Confirmation before getting married. ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

What is an overview of arguments given by churches that allow women to plait their hair to support that practice? (1 Peter 3:1-6)

Consider this passage from 1 Peter 3, 1 Peter 3:1-6 KJV Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the ...
5
votes
2answers
74 views

Are monks allowed by Church law to set up a religious order for clergymen with a particular profession (ex. developers)?

Imagine that there is a Catholic monk, who is also a full-stack developer, who, after much thinking wants to set up a religious order for clergymen who code. We have heard of clergymen (monks, priests)...
9
votes
1answer
57 views

Did Pelagius believe in “faith alone”?

The doctrine of "faith alone," or sola fide, teaches that people are justified only by their faith in Christ, not by any works they do. It was emphasized during the Protestant Reformation, where it ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Does current Church doctrine/law allow the veneration of a saint's social media accounts?

Imagine a hypothetical scenario of a holy Catholic in our century. This person owns a Facebook account, a blog, and an Instagram account. After death and much deliberation by the Vatican, this person ...
10
votes
1answer
674 views

Are Catholic priests allowed by church law to provide professional counseling and referrals to penitents who come to them to confess?

Let us say we have a priest, who is a licensed psychiatrist as well. A devout Catholic confesses their sins to said priest. The Catholic person chats with the priest, and priest asks follow-up ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Can I say Jesus' arrival was through conception of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

I am writing an essay. I wrote an sentence like this, Jesus' arrival was prophesied and, moreover, was through the conception of the Holy Spirit. I am not sure whether it makes sense doctrinal sense ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Looking for a website with the 1984 NIV Bible version

All the Bible websites that I know of have updated their NIV Bibles to the 2011 version. I used to use biblestudytools.com to access the 1984 version, but it now looks like it also has been updated to ...
5
votes
3answers
104 views

How can Saint Thomas Christians who are Catholic have confidence that St. Thomas sailed to Muziris?

This question is addressed to Saint Thomas Christians that are Catholic. Since the Catholic church rejects the authenticity of both the Gospel of Thomas and the Acts of Thomas, how can anyone in the ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

What is the difference between an Apostle and an Evangelist according to Charismatic Christianity?

Consider the following passage from the letter to the Ephesians that lists a number of offices of ministry. Ephesians 4:11-14 And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

What is difference between God and Jesus Christ in Mark 10:17-19? [duplicate]

I have a question about some verses in Bible Mark 10:17-19 As Jesus started on his way, a man ran up to him and fell on his knees before him. “Good teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit ...
3
votes
2answers
153 views

By what process did the miraculous conception of Jesus occur?

Is there an official position in Roman Catholic doctrine about the following: when Jesus was conceived, was it from an egg cell of Mary fertilised in a supernatural way, or did Jesus's embryo directly ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

How do (non-Catholic) proponents of an intermediate state interpret 2 Corinthians 5:4-9?

(2 Corinthians 5:4-9 KJV) For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life. Now he ...
8
votes
1answer
101 views

Earliest case of pointing to heaven as consolation and hope to loved ones

I know of a few early church writings that can be understood as saying we go to heaven when we die. But that is not what I'm asking. Rather, I'm looking for the first known case (post NT) where, in ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

What is an overview of resurrection events in the New Testament, and how are they related?

I was recently reading the account of Messiah's Passion in the Gospel of Matthew and read over this passage that I did not recall, Matthew 27:52-53 NASB The tombs were opened, and many bodies of ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Is there a scriptural support for “man are ‘half animal, half angel’”? [closed]

The Philosopher and Critic of Christianity Ludwig Feuerbach wrote: “My only wish…is to transform friends of God into friends of man, believers into thinkers, devotees of prayer into devotees of ...
8
votes
2answers
182 views

Are there any Protestant denominations or churches that reject penal substitution?

I come from a background in Protestant/Evangelical churches. The trademark salvation message in those churches is that Christ bore the wrath of God for your sins to satisfy his justice that we have ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

The Blessing of Herbs on the Feast of the Assumption?

Is there any confirmed historical evidence as to the origins to support the tradition that the Blessing of Herbs and Fruit is associated with the Feast of the Assumption?
0
votes
0answers
37 views

In heaven, will everyone be equally special to us (Catholic)? [duplicate]

It is believed that in heaven, we will have deep and intimate relationships with its every member. In heaven, will the level of spiritual connection and intimacy shared between everyone be equal ? ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How do Lutherans interpret Matthew 15:11?

"What goes into someone's mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them." Matthew 15:11. I guess one thing that Jesus wants to say here is that eating pork ...
-2
votes
3answers
63 views

Are all forms of giving equally morally 'good' according to the Catholic church?

Catholics are called to help others in need and to give up what they have for others. However, we do not all give for the same reasons or in the same manner. I've generated a list of general forms of ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Was Arianism spread using musical jingles?

I found an interesting claim in Bruce Shelley's Church History in Plain Language, regarding Arius's methods of promoting his theology, Arianism: [Arius] put ideas into jingles, which set to simple ...
8
votes
2answers
136 views

Does the divine name YHWH (יַהְוֶה) apply equally to all Persons of the Trinity?

According to the Catholic Church (and other Nicene churches), does the divine name YHWH (יַהְוֶה) apply equally to all Persons of the Trinity?
6
votes
3answers
660 views

What did Christ mean in Matthew 10:34? [closed]

In Matthew 10.34 Christ says, (KJV) Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. To me this requires some explanation, even after many years of thought....
2
votes
2answers
84 views

How do proponents of the perpetual virginity of Mary view Matthew 13:53-57? [duplicate]

Matthew 13:53-57 reads: 53 When Jesus had finished these parables, he moved on from there. 54 Coming to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they were amazed. “Where ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

Do any of the Church Fathers draw a connection between Eve and the Holy Spirit?

In Wild at Heart, author John Eldredge takes some effort to describe the language used in Genesis 2:18 to refer to Eve. While some translations and commentors translate the hebrew "עֵ֖זֶר כְּנֶגְדּֽוֹ׃...
-3
votes
1answer
63 views

Confused About - Judism - Christanity - Hebrew Bible - Old Testament - New Testament! [closed]

I was watching a movie "Exodus - Gods and Kings" yesterday and I came to know about Moses. I am a Hindu by religion but I got curious about Moses and his deeds and how he brought changes to the lives ...
0
votes
2answers
220 views

Was Jesus a Hindu saint and belong to the religion of Hinduism? [closed]

I am from India and in various newspapers and in different electronic medias, people are arguing that Jesus was a Hindu person. His religion was Hinduism. He was born in Kerala state of country India ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Was knowledge of the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton a component of the “deposit of faith” entrusted to the apostles and their successors?

According to the doctrine of apostolic succession, the Lord Jesus Christ entrusted and delivered the faith (i.e., the depositum fidei) to his apostles whom later entrusted and delivered it to their ...
8
votes
2answers
137 views

Did any of the Apostolic Fathers know Paul?

Is there any extra-biblical written evidence that any of the Apostolic Fathers knew the Apostle Paul? If so, what is the written evidence that they were taught by Paul or even heard him Preach? Are ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

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