-2
votes
1answer
60 views

Is it necessary to read Aristotle's books in order to understand St. Thomas Aquinas's «Summa Theologica»? [closed]

Is it necessary to read Aristotle's books in order to understand St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?
3
votes
2answers
130 views

What do day-age theorists do with “very good” in Genesis 1:31?

I would like to know what day-age theorists do with what God says at the end of creation - that everything was "very good" (Genesis 1:31)? That is to say, if you look at the fossil record, you see ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Did any ancient source believe in more than four gospels?

I'm listening to a lecture series by Dale Martin (Professor of Religious Studies, Yale), and he makes the passing claim that during development of the New Testament canon there were some who thought ...
2
votes
2answers
274 views

Who told Eve about the fruit?

How could Eve know not to eat from the fruit when there are no lines of verse showing she was ever told? It said "God told the man..." Eve wasn't made until later. I've checked several versions. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

When was the name of Sinai first applied to the Sinai peninsular?

When was the name of Sinai first applied to what we now know as the 'Sinai peninsular'? Some modern scholars maintain that Mt Sinai = Mt Horeb = 'the Mountain of God' which is located in northwest ...
4
votes
3answers
77 views

The order of Communion in Luke 22:17-20 versus Mark 14:22-25 and Matthew 26:26-29

In Matt. 26:26-29 and Mark 14:22-25, Jesus presents the bread before the wine in the performance of Communion. Matt. 26:26-29 26 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Does the Catholic Church teach that humans are superior to all other creations on Earth?

Does the Catholic Church teach that humans are superior to all other creations on Earth, or does it teach that each creation is equally precious and that not one type of creation is better than the ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

If there is No sin in heaven and God is all love then how could the devil ever have sinned [duplicate]

Again, it is said that there is no sin in heaven. Jesus also told Mary to not touch him because he had not yet ascended to heaven. But how could the devil had sinned if he only knew God. It would have ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Does the Old Testament anywhere imply that the Law of Moses may be abrogated?

I am wondering if there are any statements in the Old Testament which either: A) Foretell a time when the Law of Moses will be abrogated (in the way Christ does in the NT) or B) States that some ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Why wouldn't a practicing Catholic joke about the Sacraments and what would happen if they did?

Stephen Colbert is a high profile entertainer and an out-an-proud Roman Catholic. As reported by the Daily Beast, prior to taking on his new role as host of the The Late Show, he sat down in an ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Did the New Testament writers use a specific word to refer to the personhood of the Trinity? [closed]

Did the New Testament writers use a specific word to refer to the personhood of the Trinity? The following are Greek words found in the New Testament. They are commonly referred to as individual ...
7
votes
2answers
81 views

Why did the Western and Eastern churches react to their respective states so differently?

In Church History in Plain Language, Bruce Shelley points out a key distinction between Western and Eastern Christianity: how each has related to the State through history. Ambrose had hit upon ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

What was the explicit purpose of Jesus' question to James and John?

At Matthew 20:20-23, we read about the request of the mother of James and John thus: Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, and kneeling before him, she asked a favor ...
4
votes
1answer
188 views

Can a practicing Catholic be an ordained minister of the Universal Life Church Monastery?

Stephen Colbert's wikipedia bio states: Colbert is a practicing Roman Catholic and a Sunday school teacher and an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church Monastery. These two (bolded) ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What does the Catholic Church think John the Baptist was referring when making the statement on greatness of Jesus?

John 3:30 (NIV) presents John the Baptist as saying about Jesus: " He must become greater; I must become less.” My question is: What exactly is the Baptist referring to (for example, public ...
2
votes
2answers
487 views

Is there a moral goodness in In vitro fertilization?

I may have a couple of questions here but it's basically the same subject. My first question: does the Catholic Church see any moral goodness in having a baby through In vitro fertilization (IVF)? ...
6
votes
2answers
174 views

According to proponents of penal substitutionary atonement, were the Levitical sacrifices also penal substitutions?

I am not a proponent of penal substitutionary atonement. While considering this question, I considered whether my position is incorrect, and the language of Isaiah 53 necessarily implies penal ...
6
votes
2answers
165 views

How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement theory handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of the penal substitution theory of atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well: 4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, ...
9
votes
1answer
84 views

Early Church Fathers and Numerology

I came across this quote by St.Augustine: “The good Christian should beware of mathematicians. The danger already exists that mathematicians have made a covenant with the devil to darken the ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Can the devil listen to our thoughts? [duplicate]

I been thinking about that a while, and everybody I ask can't give me an straight answer. Can the devil listen to our thoughts? Because it seems illogical that if the mind is the battlefield of the ...
10
votes
3answers
133 views

What is the Biblical basis for the “penal” in penal substitutionary atonement?

I have been looking at different models of the atonement and am currently looking at penal substitutionary atonement. While I can see the substitution, I'm struggling somewhat with the idea of Jesus ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

In heaven will we love God more than everyone else, or will we love everyone as much as we love God? (Catholic)

Catholic Church teaches that God will be the principal object of our love in heaven. My interpretation of this is that by saying "God will be the principal object of our love in heaven", Church is ...
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

Why cannot I believe in other religions as a Christian? [duplicate]

My religion Hinduism allows me to follow any God I like. But based on my research so far Christianity would not allow its followers to follow other religions. Is it true? If it is true is Christianity ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Perfect relationship between Trinity and other relationships in heaven - Catholic

My question can sound like a question out of blue, but I am going to ask it anyway. We can come up with many different descriptions of so called "perfect relationship", but for Christians the best ...
-3
votes
1answer
70 views

Is Charlie Charlie game , dangerous? [closed]

I love trying new games with my friends , today I heard about this game ! Charlie charlie can we play . It became so popular and played by millions of kids , Some people say it's dangerous because it ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Original Sin as described in The Poem of the Man-God

How do the teachings of the Catholic Church regarding the nature of Original Sin conflict with the (alleged) private revelations of Maria Valtorta, as documented in her book The Poem of the Man-God? ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

How would Biblical Inerrantists resolve perceived tensions between 2 Timothy 3:16 and Hebrews 7:18?

2 Timothy 3:16 says: All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness... (NIV) From the perspective of Biblical Inerrancy, how is ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Catholic teachings on the nature of Original Sin

What I am asking What does Roman Catholic theology hold to be the nature of the original sin? If we consider the Tree of Knowledge, its fruit, and Adam and Eve partaking of it as all being metaphors,...
4
votes
1answer
493 views

In light of the list found in Isaiah 11:1-3, why are there seven gifts of Holy Spirit and not six?

The patristic authors1 enumerate the following list of gifts or emanations of the Holy Spirit among other lists of moral virtues. According these authors, these qualities are completely demonstrated ...
4
votes
2answers
67 views

Is penal substitutionary atonement most prevalent among Calvinists?

I've been looking at penal substitutionary atonement and am finding that although Calvinists and Arminians seem to affirm it, it appears to be Calvinists who affirm it most strongly. Is this accurate?...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How far was Peter from Jesus when he denied him?

In The Gospel of Luke it says: Luke 22: 61- and the Lord turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What prompted the second century writers to adopt the concept of οὐσία to refer to God's nature?

My question When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature? has been answered and the answer was actually great. However, the answer has led me to ask another question. Conceptually, ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Why did God tell David he could not build the temple [closed]

Why did God tell David he was not to build the temple?
5
votes
1answer
76 views

When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

In the NT, the Greek word οὐσία means "possession, property (substance)." To simply put, it is a thing or stuff that someone owns. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Is an adult convert to Catholicism required to accept everything in the Catechism before he/she is baptized?

Prior to being baptized, a prospective adult convert to Catholicism attends the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) wherein they are taught the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC). ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Is there consensus between Christian commentators about where Jesus stood when Satan tempted him to prove he was God's son by leaping from the temple?

After his baptism we read that Jesus went off into the wilderness fasting for 40 days and being tempted by the devil. Matthew 4:1-11 NIV: 1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
6
votes
1answer
43 views

Who first came up with the phrase “an over-realized eschatology” and in what context?

The phrase "an over-realized eschatology" seems to get a run from time to time in theological discussions (example) or blog posts (example). Who first coined this phrase* and in what context were they ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

1 Kings 18 Obadiah and Elijah

I am writing a short story based on 1 Kings 18, and I was wondering if the servant mention in verses 43 and onwards is Obadiah or not. In verse 9, Obadiah refers to himself as Elijah's servant. 9 ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Does Pope Francis recommend giving communion under both kinds to the laity?

I've heard that Pope Francis recommends giving the communion under both species (i.e. the bread and the wine) to the laity, but I can not find proof of this. Is it true and could somebody provide ...
-2
votes
2answers
67 views

How did the Emperor Constantine the Great impact christianity? [closed]

Need help for a school essay, any information you have is appreciated. His impact in the middle ages
8
votes
1answer
161 views

How were women to serve the church according to the Apostolic Fathers?

Did the Apostolic Church Fathers write about the capacity in which women were to serve in the early church, or expand the capacity in which they served the church? In other words, what were they ...
2
votes
0answers
130 views

Why did Jesus wash his disciples' feet? [closed]

What was the meaning of that? I have read about this in the bible on numerous occasions.
6
votes
3answers
114 views

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. (...
12
votes
1answer
352 views

Who first described Pentecost as a reversal of Babel?

In Spiritual Maturity, J. Oswald Sanders describes Pentecost as a reversal of Babel. An online search shows this to be a link made by others, and in a related thesis on the topic, Paul J. Pastor goes ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The sixth hour According to John's gospel [duplicate]

If John was using the Jewish time of day in John 4:4 and it is noon. 12pm. Then when John refers to Pilate in Jn 19:14 saying on the day of preparation about the sixth hour Behold your King was this ...
7
votes
1answer
752 views

How do indulgences remit temporal punishment?

"An indulgence is a remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Are blessed secular objects categorically lower than or different from traditional sacramentals like altars, priest vestments, etc.?

Every Thursday in the National Shrine of St. Jude Thaddeus Manila, students of various universities nearby go to Mass. After Mass, the priest comes out with his holy water and sprinkles it on the mass-...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Are Christians still persecuted in Afghanistan?

In the past there have been reports that Christians are persecuted in Afghanistan. Is this still true?
12
votes
3answers
779 views

If jealousy is sin, how can God be jealous?

Exodus 20:4–5 reads: for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me But jealousy is sin,...

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