2
votes
1answer
78 views

Catholic teachings on the nature of Original Sin

What I am asking What does Roman Catholic theology hold to be the nature of the original sin? If we consider the Tree of Knowledge, its fruit, and Adam and Eve partaking of it as all being metaphors,...
-2
votes
2answers
82 views

Is it possible for both Intelligent design and Evolution to be true? [closed]

Is it possible that both Intelligent-design/creationism and Evolution are true? For example, God created everything, but set out a plan for his creations to 'evolve'? My apologies if this type of ...
4
votes
1answer
491 views

In light of the list found in Isaiah 11:1-3, why are there seven gifts of Holy Spirit and not six?

The patristic authors1 enumerate the following list of gifts or emanations of the Holy Spirit among other lists of moral virtues. According these authors, these qualities are completely demonstrated ...
4
votes
2answers
63 views

Is penal substitutionary atonement most prevalent among Calvinists?

I've been looking at penal substitutionary atonement and am finding that although Calvinists and Arminians seem to affirm it, it appears to be Calvinists who affirm it most strongly. Is this accurate?...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

How far was Peter from Jesus when he denied him?

In The Gospel of Luke it says: Luke 22: 61- and the Lord turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

What prompted the second century writers to adopt the concept of οὐσία to refer to God's nature?

My question When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature? has been answered and the answer was actually great. However, the answer has led me to ask another question. Conceptually, ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

Why did God tell David he could not build the temple [closed]

Why did God tell David he was not to build the temple?
5
votes
1answer
71 views

When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

In the NT, the Greek word οὐσία means "possession, property (substance)." To simply put, it is a thing or stuff that someone owns. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Is an adult convert to Catholicism required to accept everything in the Catechism before he/she is baptized?

Prior to being baptized, a prospective adult convert to Catholicism attends the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) wherein they are taught the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC). ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Is there consensus between Christian commentators about where Jesus stood when Satan tempted him to prove he was God's son by leaping from the temple?

After his baptism we read that Jesus went off into the wilderness fasting for 40 days and being tempted by the devil. Matthew 4:1-11 NIV: 1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
5
votes
0answers
31 views

Who first came up with the phrase “an over-realized eschatology” and in what context?

The phrase "an over-realized eschatology" seems to get a run from time to time in theological discussions (example) or blog posts (example). Who first coined this phrase* and in what context were they ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

1 Kings 18 Obadiah and Elijah

I am writing a short story based on 1 Kings 18, and I was wondering if the servant mention in verses 43 and onwards is Obadiah or not. In verse 9, Obadiah refers to himself as Elijah's servant. 9 ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Does Pope Francis recommend giving communion under both kinds to the laity?

I've heard that Pope Francis recommends giving the communion under both species (i.e. the bread and the wine) to the laity, but I can not find proof of this. Is it true and could somebody provide ...
-2
votes
2answers
65 views

How did the Emperor Constantine the Great impact christianity? [closed]

Need help for a school essay, any information you have is appreciated. His impact in the middle ages
8
votes
1answer
155 views

How were women to serve the church according to the Apostolic Fathers?

Did the Apostolic Church Fathers write about the capacity in which women were to serve in the early church, or expand the capacity in which they served the church? In other words, what were they ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Why did Jesus wash his disciples' feet? [closed]

What was the meaning of that? I have read about this in the bible on numerous occasions.
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. (...
10
votes
1answer
319 views

Who first described Pentecost as a reversal of Babel?

In Spiritual Maturity, J. Oswald Sanders describes Pentecost as a reversal of Babel. An online search shows this to be a link made by others, and in a related thesis on the topic, Paul J. Pastor goes ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The sixth hour According to John's gospel [duplicate]

If John was using the Jewish time of day in John 4:4 and it is noon. 12pm. Then when John refers to Pilate in Jn 19:14 saying on the day of preparation about the sixth hour Behold your King was this ...
7
votes
1answer
749 views

How do indulgences remit temporal punishment?

"An indulgence is a remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Are blessed secular objects categorically lower than or different from traditional sacramentals like altars, priest vestments, etc.?

Every Thursday in the National Shrine of St. Jude Thaddeus Manila, students of various universities nearby go to Mass. After Mass, the priest comes out with his holy water and sprinkles it on the mass-...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Are Christians still persecuted in Afghanistan?

In the past there have been reports that Christians are persecuted in Afghanistan. Is this still true?
12
votes
3answers
764 views

If jealousy is sin, how can God be jealous?

Exodus 20:4–5 reads: for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me But jealousy is sin,...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Can all Catholic sacramentals be re-consecrated after being desecrated?

When a sacramental, for example, a chalice, an altar, or a church has been desecrated, can it be reconsecrated? If yes, does the desecrated item have to undergo a normal consecration process, or does ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

How should/must Catholics handle, transport, and use holy water?

Some shrines, like the Shrine of Padre Pio Chapel in Quezon City, distribute holy water in bottles for Catholics who want some. So far the only guideline I saw in getting holy water from a basin is ...
-2
votes
2answers
38 views

Is praying Rosary by listening as effective as reciting? [closed]

Is praying rosary just by listening to a recorded audio track as effective as praying by reciting? Does the Catholic Church urge to pray by reciting and prefer this method over just by listening or ...
-4
votes
1answer
47 views

Is the Rapture soon to come? [closed]

As a Millennial, I find those in the pulpit are informing people less about the rapture. Who will make it?
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Is the receipt of the Sacrament of Confirmation a requirement before receiving the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony?

I'm contemplating of getting married. However, I haven't been confirmed yet. I need to know if it's actual Catholic law or if it's simply tradition to receive Confirmation before getting married. ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

What is an overview of arguments given by churches that allow women to plait their hair to support that practice? (1 Peter 3:1-6)

Consider this passage from 1 Peter 3, 1 Peter 3:1-6 KJV Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the ...
5
votes
2answers
70 views

Are monks allowed by Church law to set up a religious order for clergymen with a particular profession (ex. developers)?

Imagine that there is a Catholic monk, who is also a full-stack developer, who, after much thinking wants to set up a religious order for clergymen who code. We have heard of clergymen (monks, priests)...
9
votes
1answer
52 views

Did Pelagius believe in “faith alone”?

The doctrine of "faith alone," or sola fide, teaches that people are justified only by their faith in Christ, not by any works they do. It was emphasized during the Protestant Reformation, where it ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Does current Church doctrine/law allow the veneration of a saint's social media accounts?

Imagine a hypothetical scenario of a holy Catholic in our century. This person owns a Facebook account, a blog, and an Instagram account. After death and much deliberation by the Vatican, this person ...
10
votes
1answer
658 views

Are Catholic priests allowed by church law to provide professional counseling and referrals to penitents who come to them to confess?

Let us say we have a priest, who is a licensed psychiatrist as well. A devout Catholic confesses their sins to said priest. The Catholic person chats with the priest, and priest asks follow-up ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Can I say Jesus' arrival was through conception of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

I am writing an essay. I wrote an sentence like this, Jesus' arrival was prophesied and, moreover, was through the conception of the Holy Spirit. I am not sure whether it makes sense doctrinal sense ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Looking for a website with the 1984 NIV Bible version

All the Bible websites that I know of have updated their NIV Bibles to the 2011 version. I used to use biblestudytools.com to access the 1984 version, but it now looks like it also has been updated to ...
5
votes
3answers
103 views

How can Saint Thomas Christians who are Catholic have confidence that St. Thomas sailed to Muziris?

This question is addressed to Saint Thomas Christians that are Catholic. Since the Catholic church rejects the authenticity of both the Gospel of Thomas and the Acts of Thomas, how can anyone in the ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

What is the difference between an Apostle and an Evangelist according to Charismatic Christianity?

Consider the following passage from the letter to the Ephesians that lists a number of offices of ministry. Ephesians 4:11-14 And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

What is difference between God and Jesus Christ in Mark 10:17-19? [duplicate]

I have a question about some verses in Bible Mark 10:17-19 As Jesus started on his way, a man ran up to him and fell on his knees before him. “Good teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

By what process did the miraculous conception of Jesus occur?

Is there an official position in Roman Catholic doctrine about the following: when Jesus was conceived, was it from an egg cell of Mary fertilised in a supernatural way, or did Jesus's embryo directly ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

How do (non-Catholic) proponents of an intermediate state interpret 2 Corinthians 5:4-9?

(2 Corinthians 5:4-9 KJV) For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life. Now he ...
8
votes
1answer
99 views

Earliest case of pointing to heaven as consolation and hope to loved ones

I know of a few early church writings that can be understood as saying we go to heaven when we die. But that is not what I'm asking. Rather, I'm looking for the first known case (post NT) where, in ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

What is an overview of resurrection events in the New Testament, and how are they related?

I was recently reading the account of Messiah's Passion in the Gospel of Matthew and read over this passage that I did not recall, Matthew 27:52-53 NASB The tombs were opened, and many bodies of ...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

Is there a scriptural support for “man are ‘half animal, half angel’”? [closed]

The Philosopher and Critic of Christianity Ludwig Feuerbach wrote: “My only wish…is to transform friends of God into friends of man, believers into thinkers, devotees of prayer into devotees of ...
8
votes
2answers
153 views

Are there any Protestant denominations or churches that reject penal substitution?

I come from a background in Protestant/Evangelical churches. The trademark salvation message in those churches is that Christ bore the wrath of God for your sins to satisfy his justice that we have ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

The Blessing of Herbs on the Feast of the Assumption?

Is there any confirmed historical evidence as to the origins to support the tradition that the Blessing of Herbs and Fruit is associated with the Feast of the Assumption?
0
votes
0answers
37 views

In heaven, will everyone be equally special to us (Catholic)? [duplicate]

It is believed that in heaven, we will have deep and intimate relationships with its every member. In heaven, will the level of spiritual connection and intimacy shared between everyone be equal ? ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How do Lutherans interpret Matthew 15:11?

"What goes into someone's mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them." Matthew 15:11. I guess one thing that Jesus wants to say here is that eating pork ...
-2
votes
3answers
59 views

Are all forms of giving equally morally 'good' according to the Catholic church?

Catholics are called to help others in need and to give up what they have for others. However, we do not all give for the same reasons or in the same manner. I've generated a list of general forms of ...

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