7
votes
3answers
88 views

What is the Biblical basis for the “penal” in penal substitutionary atonement?

I have been looking at different models of the atonement and am currently looking at penal substitutionary atonement. While I can see the substitution, I'm struggling somewhat with the idea of Jesus ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Clean and Unclean food in Mark 7:19 [closed]

In Mark 7:19, Jesus says that defilement comes from the heart and not from outside foods: "because it does not enter his heart but his stomach, and is eliminated, thus purifying all foods?" ...
-4
votes
0answers
56 views

A question concerning belief [closed]

I will start with what may be the worst introduction of all time on this site... I am atheist. Despite this, and partially due to it, I have always been interested in the will to believe. Please don't ...
-1
votes
1answer
76 views

In heaven will we love God more than everyone else, or will we love everyone as much as we love God? (Catholic)

Catholic Church teaches that God will be the principal object of our love in heaven. My interpretation of this is that by saying "God will be the principal object of our love in heaven", Church is ...
-1
votes
1answer
116 views

Why cannot I believe in other religions as a Christian? [duplicate]

My religion Hinduism allows me to follow any God I like. But based on my research so far Christianity would not allow its followers to follow other religions. Is it true? If it is true is Christianity ...
3
votes
2answers
88 views

Perfect relationship between Trinity and other relationships in heaven - Catholic

My question can sound like a question out of blue, but I am going to ask it anyway. We can come up with many different descriptions of so called "perfect relationship", but for Christians the best ...
-3
votes
1answer
65 views

Is Charlie Charlie game , dangerous? [closed]

I love trying new games with my friends , today I heard about this game ! Charlie charlie can we play . It became so popular and played by millions of kids , Some people say it's dangerous because it ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

What are the steps to overcoming in Revelation 12:11? [migrated]

Revelation 12:11 (ESV) And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death. The Greek uses kai dia for the ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Original Sin as described in The Poem of the Man-God

How do the teachings of the Catholic Church regarding the nature of Original Sin conflict with the (alleged) private revelations of Maria Valtorta, as documented in her book The Poem of the Man-God? ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

How would Biblical Inerrantists resolve perceived tensions between 2 Timothy 3:16 and Hebrews 7:18?

2 Timothy 3:16 says: All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness... (NIV) From the perspective of Biblical Inerrancy, how is ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Catholic teachings on the nature of Original Sin

What I am asking What does Roman Catholic theology hold to be the nature of the original sin? If we consider the Tree of Knowledge, its fruit, and Adam and Eve partaking of it as all being ...
-2
votes
2answers
74 views

Is it possible for both Intelligent design and Evolution to be true? [closed]

Is it possible that both Intelligent-design/creationism and Evolution are true? For example, God created everything, but set out a plan for his creations to 'evolve'? My apologies if this type of ...
4
votes
1answer
482 views

In light of the list found in Isaiah 11:1-3, why are there seven gifts of Holy Spirit and not six?

The patristic authors1 enumerate the following list of gifts or emanations of the Holy Spirit among other lists of moral virtues. According these authors, these qualities are completely demonstrated ...
4
votes
2answers
59 views

Is penal substitutionary atonement most prevalent among Calvinists?

I've been looking at penal substitutionary atonement and am finding that although Calvinists and Arminians seem to affirm it, it appears to be Calvinists who affirm it most strongly. Is this ...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

Question about the parable of the Prodigal son [closed]

I was just wondering if anyone knew when the parable of the prodigal son was written ie. what time did it come from.
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How far was Peter from Jesus when he denied him?

In The Gospel of Luke it says: Luke 22: 61- and the Lord turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

What prompted the second century writers to adopt the concept of οὐσία to refer to God's nature?

My question When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature? has been answered and the answer was actually great. However, the answer has led me to ask another question. Conceptually, ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Why did God tell David he could not build the temple [closed]

Why did God tell David he was not to build the temple?
5
votes
1answer
67 views

When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

In the NT, the Greek word οὐσία means "possession, property (substance)." To simply put, it is a thing or stuff that someone owns. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Is an adult convert to Catholicism required to accept everything in the Catechism before he/she is baptized?

Prior to being baptized, a prospective adult convert to Catholicism attends the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) wherein they are taught the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC). ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Is there consensus between Christian commentators about where Jesus stood when Satan tempted him to prove he was God's son by leaping from the temple?

After his baptism we read that Jesus went off into the wilderness fasting for 40 days and being tempted by the devil. Matthew 4:1-11 NIV: 1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

Who first came up with the phrase “an over-realized eschatology” and in what context?

The phrase "an over-realized eschatology" seems to get a run from time to time in theological discussions (example) or blog posts (example). Who first coined this phrase* and in what context were they ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

1 Kings 18 Obadiah and Elijah

I am writing a short story based on 1 Kings 18, and I was wondering if the servant mention in verses 43 and onwards is Obadiah or not. In verse 9, Obadiah refers to himself as Elijah's servant. 9 ...
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

Peter as the Rock [duplicate]

In Matthew chapter 16 when Jesus refers to Peter as the Rock, is Peter the Rock He will build His church on? In the Greek there are two, a masculine and a feminine usage of the word "rock" but no ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Does Pope Francis recommend giving communion under both kinds to the laity?

I've heard that Pope Francis recommends giving the communion under both species (i.e. the bread and the wine) to the laity, but I can not find proof of this. Is it true and could somebody provide ...
-2
votes
2answers
64 views

How did the Emperor Constantine the Great impact christianity? [closed]

Need help for a school essay, any information you have is appreciated. His impact in the middle ages
6
votes
0answers
106 views

How were women to serve the church according to the Apostolic Fathers?

Did the Apostolic Church Fathers write about the capacity in which women were to serve in the early church, or expand the capacity in which they served the church? In other words, what were they ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

Why did Jesus wash his disciples' feet? [closed]

What was the meaning of that? I have read about this in the bible on numerous occasions.
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. ...
10
votes
1answer
308 views

Who first described Pentecost as a reversal of Babel?

In Spiritual Maturity, J. Oswald Sanders describes Pentecost as a reversal of Babel. An online search shows this to be a link made by others, and in a related thesis on the topic, Paul J. Pastor goes ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The sixth hour According to John's gospel [duplicate]

If John was using the Jewish time of day in John 4:4 and it is noon. 12pm. Then when John refers to Pilate in Jn 19:14 saying on the day of preparation about the sixth hour Behold your King was this ...
7
votes
1answer
732 views

How do indulgences remit temporal punishment?

"An indulgence is a remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven, which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Are blessed secular objects categorically lower than or different from traditional sacramentals like altars, priest vestments, etc.?

Every Thursday in the National Shrine of St. Jude Thaddeus Manila, students of various universities nearby go to Mass. After Mass, the priest comes out with his holy water and sprinkles it on the ...
6
votes
1answer
61 views

Are Christians still persecuted in Afghanistan?

In the past there have been reports that Christians are persecuted in Afghanistan. Is this still true?
12
votes
3answers
722 views

If jealousy is sin, how can God be jealous?

Exodus 20:4–5 reads: for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me But jealousy is ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Can all Catholic sacramentals be re-consecrated after being desecrated?

When a sacramental, for example, a chalice, an altar, or a church has been desecrated, can it be reconsecrated? If yes, does the desecrated item have to undergo a normal consecration process, or does ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

How should/must Catholics handle, transport, and use holy water?

Some shrines, like the Shrine of Padre Pio Chapel in Quezon City, distribute holy water in bottles for Catholics who want some. So far the only guideline I saw in getting holy water from a basin is ...
-2
votes
2answers
37 views

Is praying Rosary by listening as effective as reciting? [closed]

Is praying rosary just by listening to a recorded audio track as effective as praying by reciting? Does the Catholic Church urge to pray by reciting and prefer this method over just by listening or ...
-4
votes
1answer
43 views

Is the Rapture soon to come? [closed]

As a Millennial, I find those in the pulpit are informing people less about the rapture. Who will make it?
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Is the receipt of the Sacrament of Confirmation a requirement before receiving the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony?

I'm contemplating of getting married. However, I haven't been confirmed yet. I need to know if it's actual Catholic law or if it's simply tradition to receive Confirmation before getting married. ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

What is an overview of arguments given by churches that allow women to plait their hair to support that practice? (1 Peter 3:1-6)

Consider this passage from 1 Peter 3, 1 Peter 3:1-6 KJV Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the ...
5
votes
2answers
69 views

Are monks allowed by Church law to set up a religious order for clergymen with a particular profession (ex. developers)?

Imagine that there is a Catholic monk, who is also a full-stack developer, who, after much thinking wants to set up a religious order for clergymen who code. We have heard of clergymen (monks, ...
9
votes
1answer
48 views

Did Pelagius believe in “faith alone”?

The doctrine of "faith alone," or sola fide, teaches that people are justified only by their faith in Christ, not by any works they do. It was emphasized during the Protestant Reformation, where it ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Does current Church doctrine/law allow the veneration of a saint's social media accounts?

Imagine a hypothetical scenario of a holy Catholic in our century. This person owns a Facebook account, a blog, and an Instagram account. After death and much deliberation by the Vatican, this person ...
10
votes
1answer
645 views

Are Catholic priests allowed by church law to provide professional counseling and referrals to penitents who come to them to confess?

Let us say we have a priest, who is a licensed psychiatrist as well. A devout Catholic confesses their sins to said priest. The Catholic person chats with the priest, and priest asks follow-up ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Can I say Jesus' arrival was through conception of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

I am writing an essay. I wrote an sentence like this, Jesus' arrival was prophesied and, moreover, was through the conception of the Holy Spirit. I am not sure whether it makes sense doctrinal sense ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Looking for a website with the 1984 NIV Bible version

All the Bible websites that I know of have updated their NIV Bibles to the 2011 version. I used to use biblestudytools.com to access the 1984 version, but it now looks like it also has been updated to ...
5
votes
3answers
98 views

How can Saint Thomas Christians who are Catholic have confidence that St. Thomas sailed to Muziris?

This question is addressed to Saint Thomas Christians that are Catholic. Since the Catholic church rejects the authenticity of both the Gospel of Thomas and the Acts of Thomas, how can anyone in the ...

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