11
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Augustine of Hippo feel about Jerome's Latin translation of the Bible (the Vulgate)?

Augustine and Jerome wrote several epistles to one another. In these epistles, how did Augustine feel about Jerome producing the Latin Vulgate? What were his concerns?
11
votes
1answer
4k views

What is “intercession” and what kinds of “intercessory prayer” are there?

Different traditions seem to have different ideas about intercession. What are the major different types of "intercessory prayer" and which traditions employ them? If applicable to the definition, ...
11
votes
3answers
880 views

Why do Baptists believe in the autonomy of local congregations?

Why do Baptists reject the idea of a central authority and instead place authority in the local congregations? Does this have a biblical basis or is it a result of past conflict with authority figures?...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How do Christians explain commonalities between their religion, other major faiths and obscure isolated tribal belief systems?

Many belief systems share common themes; an afterlife, rebirth, bodily mutilation and sacrifice. To me this suggests a shared origin either in history or storytelling (Abrahamic faiths) or that they ...
11
votes
4answers
15k views

What is the difference between being filled by the Holy Spirit and being indwelt by the Holy Spirit? [closed]

The book of Acts talks about people "being filled" with the Holy Spirit at various times. There is also the concept of being indwelt by the Holy Spirit. From the perspective that asserts these are, ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it a sin to do “works” for the sake of “rewards” in heaven? [closed]

I was reading up on an article that was talking about rewards in heavens. Then it struck me, is it a sin to do "works" for the sake of "rewards" in heaven ? What does the Bible have to say regarding ...
10
votes
1answer
242 views

Christian response(s) to disaster survival, or Christian self-defense

Every year, "end times" and apocalyptic films, books, and articles are produced in both the wider popular culture, and in religious contexts. In almost every post-disaster scenario as typically ...
10
votes
3answers
450 views

Should Mark 16:9-20 be in the Bible? [closed]

The ending of the Gospel of Mark is a disputed passage, because different manuscripts have a different ending: Some end at Mark 16:8 Some include Mark 16:9-20, like most Bible translations Some ...
10
votes
2answers
927 views

What is the theological import behind genealogies?

So, several places in the bible are just lists of names: Genesis 5 I Chronicles 1 - 10 Matthew 1 Luke 3 all come to mind. In Matthew 1, in particular, I have pulled sermons out of the only four ...
10
votes
3answers
16k views

When did Jesus send the Holy Spirit? [closed]

I've always assumed that the Holy Spirit did not make his presence known amongst men until Pentecost. Famously, in Acts 2, the Spirit descends upon the first believers, gives them power of speech, ...
10
votes
4answers
581 views

What is the doctrinal or Scriptural basis for a central Church authority

As explained in a previous question, one Baptist Distinctive is the rejection of a central Church authority (whether an individual or a governing body). Instead, we hold fast to the autonomy of the ...
10
votes
2answers
448 views

Can I go to church on the internet? [closed]

Is it enough for me to watch a sermon online every Sunday? I have some Christian friends that I spend time with and we pray together sometimes. I study the Bible on my own and listen to my favorite ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Are there any atheists in the Bible?

Do any people in the Bible self identify as atheists? Or are they all theists, differing in which god they follow? Apparently at least some atheists existed, since David had heard of them: The ...
10
votes
2answers
313 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox Church independent from regional governments?

I have heard that interference from Moscow has been the cause of some dissent and even a schism within the Russian Orthodox Church in America. I think the very existence of the Russian Orthodox ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
9
votes
3answers
841 views

What is the scriptural basis for the idea that salvation can still be obtained after death?

What is the basis in the Scripture for the doctrine that those who haven't received salvation during their physical life, especially those who heard of Christ and yet chose not to pray to Him, will ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

If Satan fell because of sin, then was there sin in heaven at that point? [closed]

Assuming that God cast Satan out of heaven because of his sinful pride and attempt to dethrone God, then doesn't that mean that there was, at that point in time, some sin in heaven? This seems like it ...
9
votes
3answers
535 views

What's wrong with the Summa Theologica?

I've heard that there were two points of Catholic doctrine in Aquinas' Summa Theologica that were later successfully defended to the contrary. One, I think is the Immaculate Conception of Mary (...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Was the cave of Abraham in Shechem or Hebron?

Genesis 23:17-20 says: So Ephron’s field in Machpelah near Mamre—both the field and the cave in it, and all the trees within the borders of the field—was deeded to Abraham as his property in the ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the practical application of the story of the woman caught in adultery? [closed]

John 8:2-11 tells us the story of the woman caught in adultery: 2At dawn [Jesus] appeared again in the temple courts, where all the people gathered around him, and he sat down to teach them. 3The ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 'Hell', 'Sheol', 'Hades' and 'Gehenna'?

In Western imagination, Hell is a place of everlasting torment and suffering for the wicked. Brunlesschi's painting in Florence's Duomo illustrates it well: The word 'Hell' itself, however, doesn't ...
9
votes
2answers
338 views

What has the Bible said about appropriate Sabbath-day worship? [closed]

The Sabbath is important to every Christian, but everyone has varying ideas about what is appropriate. Instead of opening up the question for debate, I was wondering what the Bible has to say about ...
9
votes
2answers
431 views

Is the idea that God can erase His memory a common understanding?

While I was listening to the local Christian radio station on the way home, Jon Courson touched on Hebrews 8:12: For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more. (NIV) ...
9
votes
2answers
25k views

Is there a difference between prayer and petition?

Philippians 4:6 uses two words, possibly implying a difference between prayer and petition. Can someone explain what this difference is? Philippians 4:6 (NIV) 6  Do not be anxious about ...
9
votes
2answers
265 views

According to Catholic teaching, was Joseph and Mary's marriage a true marriage?

Well, I've read in several articles, and if not mistaken also in canon law, for a marriage to be valid, there has to be consummation (intercourse). However, since, if I'm not mistaken, by Catholic ...
9
votes
2answers
315 views

What's the basic premise behind “restorationist” movements?

To the untrained ear, the labels used in Christian circles for some groups of churches as either "reformational" or "restorationist" don't seem that different. If the label "reformed" is a direct ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22?

Inspired by an answer to one of my other questions, what is the proper meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22? KJV Abstain from all appearance of evil. NIV: reject every kind of evil. NKJV ...
9
votes
1answer
302 views

How does one reconcile the sinlessness of Mary with her sin offering in Luke 2:24?

In Luke 2:22-24, it is written, 22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; 23 (As it is ...
9
votes
2answers
196 views

How was the Bible used to reduce modern slavery?

In debates over slavery in the United States, many abolitionists used the Bible as part of their reasoning for freeing the slaves. In both the Old & New Testaments there is very clear ...
9
votes
2answers
10k views

What is “apostolic authority”?

Some Christian traditions use the term "apostolic authority". What is meant by this phrase? Does it have more than one meaning depending on which doctrinal tradition it is coming from? Are there any ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Do we answer the arguments of fools or not? How are Proverbs 26:4-5 to be understood?

Proverbs 26:4-5 (NLT) 4 Don’t answer the foolish arguments of fools,       or you will become as foolish as they are. 5 Be sure to answer the foolish arguments of ...
8
votes
3answers
906 views

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
8
votes
9answers
18k views

When were the angels created?

I was preparing a lesson for Sunday school and came across this passage in the teaching material: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding, who ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Was Jesus a poor man, in economic sense?

I saw a video of Cesar Vidal and he said, that probably, Jesus was a middle-high class in economic sense, during the period of life before public ministry. I need historical references.
8
votes
2answers
476 views

If a Catholic converts to some Protestant religion is he excommunicated or given any official rebuke by the Church?

Contemplating the question do Catholics recognize Protestants as Christian here:Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians? I am not sure what an official church policy ...
8
votes
5answers
8k views

What happens to marriage on the New Earth [closed]

I think I can safely say that humans were designed not to operate as a single solitary person but as part of a unit of two -- both as referenced by Gen 3:16-17 (see mentions of husband and wife in ...
8
votes
8answers
4k views

What's the point of the second commandment? [closed]

If the first commandment, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me" means that God, and God alone is to be worshipped, why do we have the Second Commandment? Aren't idols covered in the First ...
8
votes
3answers
396 views

The Luke 2 census - did everyone travel?

We know from Luke 2 that each person (or, certainly, adult male) was required to register to his own town. We also know that Joseph travelled (with Mary) from Nazareth to Bethlehem so that they could ...
8
votes
3answers
265 views

According to Catholics were Adam and Eve aware that they possessed immortal souls before Satan told Eve that she would not die?

Eve's comment to Satan in Eden seems to indicate that she and Adam believed that eating of the forbidden tree would result in absolute death. They likely had witnessed the death of animals and would ...
8
votes
1answer
406 views

Is Aquinas' idea of 'Beatific Vision' widely accepted today?

Thomas Aquinas defined the beatific vision as the human being's "final end" in which one attains to a perfect happiness. Aquinas reasons that one is perfectly happy only when all one's desires are ...
8
votes
3answers
496 views

Are other religions treated differently by any major branch of Christianity?

In Judaism, some religions are considered to be Avodah Zarah, and others are not. So, for example, if Christianity or certain of its denominations is Avodah Zarah, that has implications for Jews' ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

Do Fetuses have souls? Is the aquisition of a soul instantenous or continuous? [closed]

Christian fundamentalists argue against abortion on the grounds that fetuses have souls. The argument starts with two premises: that people have souls while animals do not, and that the right to life ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did Joseph Smith return the golden plates to the angel to be buried?

As I understand LDS teaching, an angel--perhaps Moroni--showed Joseph Smith the place where plates of gold had been hidden for many centuries. He retrieved these tablets of gold and translated the ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

To whom does Pope Francis confess?

So, Popes sin too. (At least, I assume they do.) Presumably, they confess their sin and do penance. Who hears his confession? Is it an office that rotates, or one individual? And, does the Pope ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Why did Protestants abandon Liturgy of the Hours?

In Divine office or Liturgy of the Hours as it is practiced in Catholic Church there's nothing bad for Protestants (or at least nothing of which I know that Protestants consider bad); prayer is good ...
7
votes
1answer
535 views

What are typical Christian responses to The Grand Inquisitor?

Upon reading this chapter in the Brothers Karamazov I find myself confused as to why The Grand Inquisitor is considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism and against theodicy. What are ...
7
votes
2answers
285 views

Which book of Scripture is most esteemed by the LDS church?

I understand that the LDS church regards the Bible, the Book of Mormon, the Pearl of Great Price, and the Doctrine and Covenants all as Scripture. In practice, which of these works is most highly ...
7
votes
1answer
785 views

Has the notion of “legitimacy” been abandoned in the Catholic Church?

This isn't a question about pastoral advice, but it is being asked on behalf of a friend who is worried that her children will become illegitimate if her marriage is annulled and all I can find to ...
7
votes
1answer
603 views

What is the biblical basis for venial and mortal sins?

My understanding of Catholicism is that they believe there are venial sins (kinda bad) and then there are mortal sins (really bad!), and that mortal sins are worse (or something). What is Catholicism'...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Does Jesus eat food in heaven? [closed]

Jesus said there will be no marriage in heaven, but after He rose He ate food. Does Jesus eat food in heaven? Is there any reason for us to suppose He does not? This is the kind of question kids ask ...

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