the academic study of God and religion

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Does intelligence or rationality belong to other animals by participation?

In the Summa Theologica, Question 108(5), St Thomas Aquinas writes: Therefore, if anything is to be called by a name designating its property, it ought not to be named from what it participates ...
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288 views

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus?

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus? How and why has Christianity fused together the idea of a Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, or messiah, with the concept of something ...
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803 views

What is the scriptural basis for liberation theology?

Gustavo Gutierrez is the theologian most associated with the concept of Liberation Theology, a theology that is highly popular amongst liberals and South Americans. Some of its main points include: ...
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73 views

What movement was Chesterson writing about in “Orthodoxy”

I just started reading G.K. Chesterson's Orthodoxy and came across this quote: In this remarkable situation it is plainly not now possible (with any hope of a universal appeal) to start, as our ...
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215 views

How does Christianity work with all the biblical covenants?

One major theme of the Bible is the number of covenants between God and humanity. How do Christians manage to work them out? Are the covenants prioritized from highest priority to lowest priority, or ...
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104 views

What sort of Christians are proponents of just war?

Which sects of Christianity are support the idea of "Just War"? What are the arguments that they give that support this view? How do they see their views on this issue being related to the Bible?
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121 views

What theolological distinctives are exhibited in 'The True Furqan'?

The book The True Furqan, a work first published in Arabic a little over a decade ago, has come up recently in several contexts from being a suspect in anti government plots1 to being proof that ...
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482 views

What is the role and significance of Zion in Christianity?

The meaning of Zion is uncertain. There is a hymn related to Zion. The refrain part says, We’re marching to Zion, Beautiful, beautiful Zion; We’re marching upward to Zion, The ...
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226 views

Christian denominations that view Jesus as a human moral teacher?

Are there any current Christian denominations that view Jesus as a human moral teacher, rather than as the supernatural Son of God? I am looking for specific examples of denominations that state this ...
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830 views

Is the existence of God self-evident?

Please support any answer primarily with biblical support and also, if you wish, the writing of a reputed theologian or philosopher.
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4k views

What does the Bible say about giving your life away for Jesus?

On a Christian radio station I constantly hear the phrase "to give your life away for Jesus" but they never say what that means. I am very confused about this concept. Any clarification is helpful, ...
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382 views

What is so appealing about Christianity? [closed]

Early Christianity soon after Jesus’ death, in spite of the whole powerful world being against the first believers, kept spreading rapidly in that region. More so because up to the point of Jesus' ...
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389 views

Is the beast of Revelation 13 the same as the beast of Daniel 7?

There are several similarities between the Beast described in Revelation chapter 13 and the one described in Daniel chapter 7. Rev 13:1 and 2 KJV And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw ...
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242 views

If Adam and Eve didn't know good from evil, how can we say they sinned (according to Roman Catholicism)?

When God made Adam and Eve he said they could eat anything except from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. It sounds like that tree grants that knowledge, so before they ate they didn't know good ...
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185 views

What is the 70 weeks prophesied in Daniel chapter nine?

In Daniel chapter nine, He prophesies: Daniel 9:24 KJV Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make ...
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163 views

Who says, “If you are going to Heaven, you will know it”?

I heard from some preachers(not prominent) that assurance of going to Heaven is a self-consciousness. You yourself will have the evident, proof or confident that you are indeed going to heaven. If you ...
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360 views

Does God require us to have faith because Adam and Eve sinned? [closed]

I remember when I first sought God, I felt like I was going out into the dark. I simply followed people at the church without really believing, but willing myself to believe. In other words, I didn't ...
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91 views

What theological statement would be made if the Creeds preceded the homily?

In both the Anglican and Catholic Mass, the Liturgy of the Word (aka reading the lessons), begins with Scripture, includes a Homily, and then concludes with the recitation of one of the Creeds. ...
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117 views

Catholic Theology and Transubstantiation

I'm a bit rusty on my Catholic theology, but I don't every recall any specific set of rules or parameters that govern which substances can and cannot be subject to transubstantiation. Basically, the ...
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638 views

What are the main differences between Reformed Protestant Biblical Theology and Covenant Theology?

I have mostly studied theology by people who have their views labeled as Covenant Theology, by the label makers. Recently, I have studied views of some who prefer the label, Biblical Theology. I have ...
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2k views

What is the Christian perspective on the description of God?

My pastor (Calvary Chapel) referred to God as His father, then once said that God is everywhere and in everything (i.e. - inside each person) and then that God is Love. So now I am confused as to ...
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644 views

Why do Jehovah's Witnesses have a problem with my relationship with one of their members?

Hi I am new here but there is this question that bothers me. It concerns the marriage between JW and another congregation. I am currently dating a JW member who is also of that background. Everything ...
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127 views

What about the “beforelife”?

It is a common concern in all humans to know about the afterlife, but what do religions say about the beforelife? Some religions say reincarnation, and I think the vast majority of the rest just takes ...
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61 views

Does the outward and differing external practice of bible heroes express the meaning of their internal and peculiar messages?

I was just noticing that many bible characters had widely different styles. For example Moses was unique in being the messenger of so many miraculous curses and deaths. John the baptist almost ...
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343 views

According to reformed theology, how does the fall glorify God?

What this question is not about: This question is NOT about: Is God omniscient (all knowing?), omnipotent (all powerful?) and benevolent? Then if God foresaw the first sin, and had the power to stop ...
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Is Jesus the reincarnation of Adam?

Somewhere in my travels, I read that Jesus can be considered as Adam reincarnated. Is that a possibility? "First Adam flops, second Adam triumphs" - is that an idea some of you know?
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Transcendence and Revelation

Since God transcends all humans and all their artefacts; and almost all revelation occurs within human languages, which are in a definite sense human artefacts; isn't it the case that Divine ...
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113 views

Is android a kind of mankind? [closed]

In St.Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica, it said But to know distinctly what is contained in the universal whole is to know the less common, as to "animal" indistinctly is to know it as "animal"; ...
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213 views

Was the Scapegoat of Leviticus an allusion to Barabbas at the crucifixion?

There are several similarities between the selection of the Scapegoat, and the selection of Jesus as our sacrifice. Leviticus 16:7 KJV And he shall take the two goats, and present them before ...
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101 views

Is it a good guess that Heaven's joy surpasses even the keenest felt here? [duplicate]

Jonathan Edwards said terms like 'joy' and 'ecstasy' were too meager to describe the greatness of the happiness in Heaven. Was Edwards right in saying our strongest words come nowhere near the ...
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1answer
123 views

Does Calvary Chapel assume everything is wrong in this world?

(I ask this question because my only exposure to Jesus has been through Calvary Chapels for many years.) If you attend Calvary Chapel (or ever listened to the radio station K-WVE broadcasted ...
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135 views

How can we defend our faith against the “Argument from Evil” or “Problem of Evil”? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
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28 views

Two Editions of Pelikan's “Whose Bible Is It?”

Yaroslav Pelikan's final book "Whose Bible Is It?" has two editions. The first edition came out in 2005 and was sub-titled "A History of the Scriptures Through the Ages." The second edition came out ...
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Catholic's view on artificial self-enhancement

I am writing a story wherein a pill to increase empathy and awareness of your fellow human being is invented. I was wondering what the view of the Catholic church is on self-enhancement. I went to a ...
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1answer
78 views

Can you refer to the Trinity as “Others” [closed]

Is it theologically correct to refer to the Trinity as "Others" when speaking about them in a particular sentence. ie You cannnot change yourself without the help of the Others
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90 views

What's the justification for believing that God interacts with us today the same way He did thousands of years ago?

Most Christians I have come across believe that because 8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Hebrews 13:8 God must interact with people today the same way He did back then. ...
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157 views

What is the basis for the argument that Jesus DID have the ability to give in to temptation?

I understand that some people believe that Jesus actually had the capacity to sin, that is, to give in to the temptations that He suffered. This seems to suggest that God has the power tos in. In a ...
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90 views

Can theology be defined “the science of faith” nowadays?

According to Wikipedia, Richard Hooker (March 1554 – 3 November 1600) was an English Anglican priest and an influential theologian. He was one of the most important English theologians of the ...
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444 views

How to compare Christian pastor credentials?

Requirements for ordination vary across denominations. Baptists and Pentecostals, for example, will ordain people without even a high school diploma, whereas many of the more liturgical denominations ...
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97 views

Is there a difference between theology and apologetics?

I've heard that it all has to do with knowing the right audience. Perhaps, if the audience be Christian, it would be labelled as "theology", and if the audience is non-Christian, it would be labelled ...
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93 views

Which denomination(s) believe(s) there are many heavens?

Which denomination(s) believe(s) there are many heavens?
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199 views

What is so special about a fig tree. Is it the tree of life?

The fig tree is used many times in the Bible from Genesis to Revelation. Why? What is so special about them that the Bible is not or is telling me? Is there any other kind of tree that is more used? ...
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123 views

What is the mental representation of God during prayer?

In the Bible, we find an internal representation of God, who is within us. For example: “Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.” (Luke ...
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1k views

How Does the Big Bang theory compare to Biblical Creation? [closed]

As Christian and an inquisitive nature the comparison of Scientific discovery with Biblical writings has always intrigued me, and as Science and Especially the deep space telescopes such as Hubble ...
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40 views

What did Charles Hodge teach about theology as science?

John Owen says in the second chapter of his Biblical Theology (page 8 as published in English by SDG), As the subject matter of theology is largely God Himself, it is as infinitely far removed ...
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162 views

Do non-christians of other religions have salvation or not beacuse they don't believe Christ is Lord? [closed]

i mean in this question that many people don't believe he died and don't believe he is the true lord :Do other people of other religions have salvation if they do not believe in salvation by Jesus?
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83 views

What is the basis for the argument that Jesus DID NOT have the ability to sin or give in to temptation?

While some people people that Jesus could have given in to the temptations He suffered and sinned, others do not. They believe that Jesus could suffer temptation, but did not have the capacity to ...
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66 views

Know any Bible verses on 'faith,' 'knowledge' or what it means to 'believe'? [duplicate]

I was assigned to present a paper on epistemology, which is the philosophy of truth, knowledge and belief, and to convey it on the terms of my judgment. I am blessed to have a professor who encourages ...
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123 views

In which Christian group is “prosperity theology” derogatory?

What Christian denomination(s) believe(s) that "prosperity theology" is derogatory, and why? What are the justifications against prosperity theology? I know that some neo-Pentecostal churches preach ...
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79 views

What does this quote mean? [closed]

This was in the context of surrendering our will to God. The quote goes "An over-weaning consideration for ourselves is the thing that keeps us from that decision (of surrendering our will), though we ...