questions asking for clarification of a theological term

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4
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1answer
88 views

In Catholicism, do the teachers more truly constitute the “church” than the hearers?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I found him claiming that Catholicism makes an important distinction between the teaching church (ecclesia docens) and the hearing church (ecclesia ...
-4
votes
0answers
43 views

Definition of “Christian” [on hold]

What is the precise definition? I've read: a person who has received Christian baptism or is a believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings. I accept Jesus Christ and his teachings, am I ...
5
votes
1answer
21k views

What is a gospel, and how many gospels are there in the Catholic Bible?

Is there a difference between 'books' and 'gospels'? I've read that there are 73 books in the Catholic Bible, but are all of these considered gospels? Or are there just four gospels in total: Matthew, ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Is there a term for a marriage between a Catholic and a Protestant?

I know that different denominations have different rules about inter-denominational marriages. Is there a specific term for this kind of marriage? I'm looking for any term from anywhere. Best case, ...
13
votes
2answers
244 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What is a Miracle and does it require Faith? [closed]

I was reading Matthew 8 today and I was pondering upon the verse (verses 8-13) interaction between Jesus and a certain centurion. To summarize, the centurion tells Jesus that his servant is paralyzed ...
9
votes
2answers
21k views

Is there a difference between prayer and petition?

Philippians 4:6 uses two words, possibly implying a difference between prayer and petition. Can someone explain what this difference is? Philippians 4:6 (NIV) 6  Do not be anxious about ...
0
votes
3answers
243 views

Can theology still be defined “the science of faith”?

According to Wikipedia, Richard Hooker (March 1554 – 3 November 1600) was an English Anglican priest and an influential theologian. He was one of the most important English theologians of the ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the Protestant belief known as “faith alone”?

"Faith Alone"? If you have heard the term "Protestant" before, chances are you have also heard the saying "faith alone." The way Protestants speak of "faith alone" might almost give one the ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

What is meant by “order” in reference to ministries within the Church, and how did its usage come about?

FMS' answer to What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? mentioned a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction. Given ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

How does C. S. Lewis define the “natural” and “supernatural” in his book Miracles?

In the second chapter of Miracles, C. S. Lewis sets out to define the terms "natural" and "supernatural" as well as the term "sub-natural". I'm interested in help drawing out what Lewis is saying in ...
1
vote
4answers
611 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as the three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." notitia ...
11
votes
5answers
245 views

What basis is there for defining sin as “rebellion”?

Many popular Protestant gospel explanations and frameworks define the essence of sin as rebellion against God. Two Ways to Live: The sad truth is that, from the very beginning, men and women ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Who uses the term “God-talk”, and what do they mean?

I've seen many books and articles that use the word God-talk. This seems, often, to be used as a friendlier alternative to theology, which comes from the Greek θεός (theos) for God, and λόγος (logos) ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Creed, Encyclical, Decretal, Canon, Bull, etc - What's the difference?

In Catholicism, what is the difference between a Creed, an Encyclical, a Decretal, a Canon and a Papal Bull? Are there any other decrees or formal or informal outlines of official church doctrine used ...
22
votes
2answers
10k views

From a Fundamentalist standpoint, what does the phrase “Inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God” mean?

Many denominations teach that the Bible is the "inspired, inerrant, infallible Word of God." Detractors of Christianity, and even some denominations within Christianity, disagree with all or some of ...
17
votes
5answers
10k views

Why does Catholicism have priests but Protestantism does not?

The Catholic Church (and apparently Anglican or Episcopalian churches) have clergy with the title of "priest", as did Old Testament Judaism. Are Protestant "preachers", "reverends", "pastors", ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the difference between commandments, testimonies, statutes, precepts, judgements, and law?

Reading Psalms 119, we see the following words: Commandments Law Way Testimonies Precepts Judgments Statutes Ordinances Word Deut 26: 16 - 19 reads 16 “This day the Lord your God commands you ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Why is Satan referred to as Beelzebub? [closed]

In one of the passages in the bible, Satan is referred to Beelzebub which means "lord of flies." But why flies? Why is this name so significant?
2
votes
2answers
398 views

Why is globalization the mark of the beast?

Was listening to a sermon on K-WAVE from Calvary Chapel on the radio. The pastor stated that "globalization" was a mark of the beast and that it signifies Jesus will be returning soon. What's the ...
25
votes
3answers
4k views

Is Xmas a secular name for Christmas?

I heard that Xmas is a secular way of "taking Christ out of Christmas". When and why did this practice originate? Is there any truth to the claim that it has a secular or "un-Christian" origin?
7
votes
1answer
189 views

Is “Worship Pastor” a new term?

From Wikipedia article "Worship pastor" A Worship Pastor usually refers to a person in some Christian churches, largely in North America, who ministers within the church via music performance, ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

What were people called who believed in the “Christ” before Jesus was born?

About 2000 years ago Jesus Christ died on a cross. A person who is a believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings is called Christian. My question is what were people called who followed the Messiah ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Where did the idiom “asking Jesus into your heart” come from?

Where did the idea of "asking Jesus into your heart" come from? That figure of speech is not explicitly from the bible or probably even early church history. Can anyone find its first use and maybe ...
13
votes
3answers
18k views

What does it mean to “Bless the LORD”?

Psalm 103:1-2 (KJV) Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits What does it mean to say "Bless ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the difference between “infallible” and “inerrant”?

As with many others I know, I believe in both the infallibility and inerrancy of the Bible. But what is the difference between these two important terms? If something has no errors (inerrant), then ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the Catholic concept of grace?

This question reminded me of a question I've had for a long time: What is the Catholic concept of grace? A look at the dictionary says: grace [greys] noun favor or goodwill. Synonyms: ...
5
votes
7answers
27k views

What is God's definition of forgiveness? [closed]

I have wrestled with this topic for years and have come to all sorts of conclusions along the way. Please, I'm searching for what others perceive is God's definition of forgiveness. If we are ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Why are church leaders called “Father”?

Could anyone explain to me why some groups of Christians call their leaders "Father"?
3
votes
2answers
154 views

What is Protestant Scholasticism?

I read a tag line advocating Lutheran Theologian Dr. Jack Kilcrease offering a class on "Protestant Scholasticism", which I had never heard of before. This seems odd to me because of Luther's ...
12
votes
3answers
19k views

What does INRI stand for?

On the crucifix there is sometimes a plate above Jesus' head that has the letters INRI. What does INRI mean or stand for? Why is it there?
17
votes
6answers
949 views

What is “faith?” [closed]

The Bible and Christians talk about faith a lot. Matthew 12:32 talks about "faith as a mustard seed" for instance. I've heard many Christians say things like "I don't have enough faith," or "I want ...
16
votes
1answer
27k views

Why do Mormons use the term “elder” for their missionaries?

Most of the Mormon missionaries I've encountered are young men doing a couple year stint. They are typically identified as "elders", but my understanding is that this designation is only temporary ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

What does the Good News refer to?

What is the Good News? Is there a different meaning when Jesus mentions it and when Paul does? Edit: I'll clarify my question. Jesus mentions the Good News (or "gospel" in some translations) in ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

What's the difference between 'Divine Providence' and 'Holy Spirit' in this statement?

In the 22nd annual meeting of the International Catholic-Jewish Liaison Committee, they released a statement that said: Jews and Christians share the heritage of the biblical testimony of God's ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Eastern Orthodoxy: What is the 'nous' and how is it distinguished from your mind and the rest of your spirit?

Basically, this question is two-fold: Give me a good explanation of what the 'nous' is and what it is not, especially compared to the mind and the other components of the spirit, from the Eastern ...
1
vote
1answer
455 views

What significance did the “heart” possess in the ancient cultures contemporary with the biblical era? [closed]

I've had as hard a time with the concept of the heart as I've had with the concept of the soul. Currently I am thinking the heart is a reference to what your goals are and what you direct your ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between Heaven and Paradise? [closed]

In this question, under Mawia's answer, Narnian made the comment: This uses an example taken from before payment for sins were made. Thus, it does not refer to heaven, but to Paradise What ...
34
votes
5answers
67k views

Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called the synoptic gospels?

The first three gospels are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels. What does this term mean, and how does it differentiate them from the gospel of John?
10
votes
3answers
309 views

What is fundamentalism?

John Piper provides a list of traits that he respects about fundamentalists, yet he does not consider himself one. In the context of Christianity (of course), what is a fundamentalist? And ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

What's “reciprocal subsidiarity”?

I heard Pope Francis use the phrase "reciprocal subsidiarity" at his address to the U.S. Congress. In recent centuries, millions of people came to this land to pursue their dream of building a ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Why do Covenant theologians use the word “dispensation,” and what do they mean by it?

The first time I read the Westminster Confession of Faith, a confession reflecting Covenant (or Reformed) theology, I was surprised to see the word dispensations used in it: There are not ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

What does 'ages of ages' mean, specifically?

I run into this phrase a lot in the Orthodox church, particularly as part of the longer phrase 'and unto ages of ages'. I understand that, generally, this means 'for a long time'. However, what does ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

When was the acronym ACTS first used to refer to components of prayer?

When was the mnemonic acronym ACTS, standing for Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, and Supplication, first used to refer to the components of prayer?
7
votes
2answers
943 views

What does R. C. Sproul mean by the 'essence' of God?

R. C. Sproul discusses and defends the Trinity in this book, What is the Trinity? He explains that God is one essence, composed of three persons, and that the existence of three persons in one essence ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Dispensation vs Dispensationalism?

I'm trying to understand the difference between these two terms. Are they the same, or are they different? (see definitions below) The Easton Bible dictionary appears to define "dispensation" as an ...
17
votes
4answers
13k views

What is the difference between Reformed and Presbyterian

I feel like this is a dumb question, but maybe, just maybe, I'm not the only one confused by this. Maybe if I'm willing to stick my neck out and look stupid, the answer will be here for those poor ...
16
votes
3answers
16k views

What is the biblical meaning of “sanctification”?

I understand that sanctification is used as a post-reformational theological term to refer to the ongoing process of Christian growth. But, biblically speaking, is this always what is meant? I know ...
7
votes
8answers
18k views

What is the difference between belief and faith, from a Protestant perspective?

I want to know what is the difference between belief and faith from a Protestant perspective. Can anyone explain this to me?