questions asking for clarification of a theological term

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-4
votes
0answers
43 views

Definition of “Christian” [on hold]

What is the precise definition? I've read: a person who has received Christian baptism or is a believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings. I accept Jesus Christ and his teachings, am I ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

In Catholicism, do the teachers more truly constitute the “church” than the hearers?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I found him claiming that Catholicism makes an important distinction between the teaching church (ecclesia docens) and the hearing church (ecclesia ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Is there a term for a marriage between a Catholic and a Protestant?

I know that different denominations have different rules about inter-denominational marriages. Is there a specific term for this kind of marriage? I'm looking for any term from anywhere. Best case, ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What is a Miracle and does it require Faith? [closed]

I was reading Matthew 8 today and I was pondering upon the verse (verses 8-13) interaction between Jesus and a certain centurion. To summarize, the centurion tells Jesus that his servant is paralyzed ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

How does C. S. Lewis define the “natural” and “supernatural” in his book Miracles?

In the second chapter of Miracles, C. S. Lewis sets out to define the terms "natural" and "supernatural" as well as the term "sub-natural". I'm interested in help drawing out what Lewis is saying in ...
13
votes
2answers
242 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Creed, Encyclical, Decretal, Canon, Bull, etc - What's the difference?

In Catholicism, what is the difference between a Creed, an Encyclical, a Decretal, a Canon and a Papal Bull? Are there any other decrees or formal or informal outlines of official church doctrine used ...
11
votes
5answers
243 views

What basis is there for defining sin as “rebellion”?

Many popular Protestant gospel explanations and frameworks define the essence of sin as rebellion against God. Two Ways to Live: The sad truth is that, from the very beginning, men and women ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Why is Satan referred to as Beelzebub? [closed]

In one of the passages in the bible, Satan is referred to Beelzebub which means "lord of flies." But why flies? Why is this name so significant?
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Why are church leaders called “Father”?

Could anyone explain to me why some groups of Christians call their leaders "Father"?
25
votes
3answers
4k views

Is Xmas a secular name for Christmas?

I heard that Xmas is a secular way of "taking Christ out of Christmas". When and why did this practice originate? Is there any truth to the claim that it has a secular or "un-Christian" origin?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Eastern Orthodoxy: What is the 'nous' and how is it distinguished from your mind and the rest of your spirit?

Basically, this question is two-fold: Give me a good explanation of what the 'nous' is and what it is not, especially compared to the mind and the other components of the spirit, from the Eastern ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

What's “reciprocal subsidiarity”?

I heard Pope Francis use the phrase "reciprocal subsidiarity" at his address to the U.S. Congress. In recent centuries, millions of people came to this land to pursue their dream of building a ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

What does 'ages of ages' mean, specifically?

I run into this phrase a lot in the Orthodox church, particularly as part of the longer phrase 'and unto ages of ages'. I understand that, generally, this means 'for a long time'. However, what does ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

When was the acronym ACTS first used to refer to components of prayer?

When was the mnemonic acronym ACTS, standing for Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, and Supplication, first used to refer to the components of prayer?
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Dispensation vs Dispensationalism?

I'm trying to understand the difference between these two terms. Are they the same, or are they different? (see definitions below) The Easton Bible dictionary appears to define "dispensation" as an ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Why do Covenant theologians use the word “dispensation,” and what do they mean by it?

The first time I read the Westminster Confession of Faith, a confession reflecting Covenant (or Reformed) theology, I was surprised to see the word dispensations used in it: There are not ...
-1
votes
5answers
172 views

What does believing in your heart mean? [closed]

When you say the sinners prayer, I understand confessing with your mouth, but I do not understand what believing in your heart means.
3
votes
1answer
49 views

What do you call the adherents of Covenant Theology (CT) and New Covenant Theology (NCT)?

An adherent of Dispensationalism is called a "dispensationalist" but would the proper term for an adherent of Covenant Theology and New Covenant Theology be, respectively, "Covenant Theologian" and ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

What is “jubilee(s)”?

My Mother in her 90s and in treatment for Alzheimers would frequently go into a state of trance and chant about going to jubilee. Does "jubilee" or "going to jubilee" refer to heaven or eternity in ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

What does the “reformed and recovered Christian fundamentalist” mean?

I've been reading god is not Great by Christopher Hitchens. I'm a Muslim and this book is my most extensive introduction to Christianity so far, as well as other religions including mine, to some ...
9
votes
1answer
122 views

How widespread is panentheism within Protestant schools of thought?

I'm confused about what panentheism is. The Wikipedia article and the few mentions of it here on Stack Exchange both indicate that some Christians identify as panentheists and some don't. I'm guessing ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the difference between Systematics and Dogmatics?

In what ways does systematic theology differ from dogmatic theology? From my understanding they seem to be almost identical in that they're dependent upon the particular denominations, traditions, ...
4
votes
3answers
189 views

What is a word to describe someone who is not a Protestant?

I've been wondering for a while if there is a word (or concise phrase) that can be used to mean someone who is not Protestant. Something that specifically groups Catholics, and Eastern Rite followers ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

If Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are patriarchs, then what are Adam, Abel, Enoch, and Noah?

If I understand correctly, the people in Genesis 12-50 are known as patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc...), but not the people in 1-11 (Adam, Enoch, Noah, etc...) Is there a term that refers ...
3
votes
2answers
88 views

Is there a doctrine that God grants revelation in layers?

I've heard my school religion teachers say that God didn't reveal his true intent to humans all at once. The Old Testament doesn't talk about heaven or hell. The Trinity concept is not revealed in ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

What are Christian theologeans referring to when they talk about “God's glory”?

What is God's "glory" in Christian theology? (If it differs based on which branch of the church is using the term, give me a brief summary of the Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant views.) Are we ...
5
votes
3answers
220 views

Is 'Non-Catholic Non-Orthodox Modern Western Denomination' an ok definition of Protestant?

One meaning of the term "Protestant" is "a church drawing its roots from the Reformation and the denominations of the Reformers in particular". I have also seen the term extensively used to mean "a ...
1
vote
4answers
611 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

What are the reasons for the Catholic Church's term “ecclesial community?”

It is my understanding that the Catholic Church uses the term "Church" for itself and the Orthodox Church, and "ecclesial community" for Protestants. What are the reasons the Church applies the term ...
0
votes
1answer
229 views

In Catholicism, what does “mystical” mean?

In the Loreto Litanies, Mary is referred to as Mystical Rose and the Church teaches as doctrine that the Church is the the Mystical Body of Christ1. In Catholicism, what does mystical mean? 1. Cf. ...
-3
votes
3answers
188 views

Where does “amen” come from? [closed]

Watched a video on YouTube. My first mistake. They were talking about the word "amen" coming from a Roman god Amen-Ra, I think. I thought "amen" just meant "to agree". How do people research this ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

How did the phrase “getting to know Jesus” come to be ubiquitous among Evangelicals (i.e. Campus Crusade for Christ)?

How did the phrase "getting to know Jesus" come to be ubiquitous among Evangelicals (i.e. Campus Crusade for Christ)? To them, what is it really supposed to mean? Does it refer to the act of ...
9
votes
2answers
831 views

What is the difference between 'Hell', 'Sheol', 'Hades' and 'Gehenna'?

In Western imagination, Hell is a place of everlasting torment and suffering for the wicked. Brunlesschi's painting in Florence's Duomo illustrates it well: The word 'Hell' itself, however, doesn't ...
3
votes
2answers
775 views

First Occurrence of “Sea of Forgetfulness” in Christian Literature

Apparently "Sea of Forgetfulness" is a well known example of Christian jargon. This is news to me, as I have never heard this phrase before today (perhaps because I am relatively young, and this ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

What is Protestant Scholasticism?

I read a tag line advocating Lutheran Theologian Dr. Jack Kilcrease offering a class on "Protestant Scholasticism", which I had never heard of before. This seems odd to me because of Luther's ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

In the Catholic Church's calender, what are Solemnities, Feasts, and Memorials?

In researching for this question: Anne and Joachim are the parents of Mary - is this a Catholic dogma? | @H3br3wHamm3r81, I came across Each year the Church venerates the memory of Saints Anne ...
5
votes
4answers
354 views

Does Catholicism confound the role of “elder” and “priest”?

I am somewhat interested in joining the Roman Catholic Church, but there are some things that I've had to further investigate, one of which is the role of "elder" and "priest" in the Roman Catholic ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

What is meant by “order” in reference to ministries within the Church, and how did its usage come about?

FMS' answer to What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? mentioned a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction. Given ...
5
votes
3answers
353 views

What are the main differences between the Catholic and Protestant definitions of Biblical inerrancy?

Given the Protestant definition in this selected answer to From a Fundamentalist standpoint, what does the phrase “Inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God” mean? | @DavidStratton, What are the ...
2
votes
3answers
83 views

Referred to as 'slaves'? [closed]

So I'm a little confused. While going through my daily reading, I came across this verse in 1 Peter 2:16: Live as free people, but do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as God's ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

God is eternal and everlasting; “omni” word for this?

God is omnipotent, which is all powerful, and omniscient, all knowing. He is, of course, other things too; I just gave these as examples of omni- words. Omni, in Latin, I think, means all. Is there an ...
4
votes
2answers
279 views

What is the difference between a Christian and a Messianic Jew?

I know that most Messianic Jews speak Hebrew, but besides that is there any difference between a Christian and a Messianic Jew? Do they have any significant differences in faith or hope!
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as the three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." notitia ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the “Israel Mandate”?

I've heard a little bit about this passed around from our fellowship as well as a few of my friends. They explanations were hard to follow, and trying a Google search just got me a bunch of ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Where did the idiom “asking Jesus into your heart” come from?

Where did the idea of "asking Jesus into your heart" come from? That figure of speech is not explicitly from the bible or probably even early church history. Can anyone find its first use and maybe ...
3
votes
1answer
433 views

Who are the “Non-Evangelical Protestants”?

I think this is an important question, because there is this group called "Non-Evangelical Protestants" that research articles may use in order to distinguish them from "Evangelical Protestants" and ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

When did the Catholic Letters get called the Catholic Letters

The Catholic Encyclopedia says which books are the Catholic Letters but doesn't say how long ago it was that they were called that. I was wondering, because of another post asking for the oldest ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

Is lust sometimes not sinful? [closed]

In Webster's dictionary lust is defined as: a strong feeling of sexual desire OR a strong desire for something. Is this is the same as the Greek and Hebrew definitions? If so, is lust always sin ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the difference between commandments, testimonies, statutes, precepts, judgements, and law?

Reading Psalms 119, we see the following words: Commandments Law Way Testimonies Precepts Judgments Statutes Ordinances Word Deut 26: 16 - 19 reads 16 “This day the Lord your God commands you ...