questions asking for clarification of a theological term

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0answers
14 views

What is the meaning of the phrase “men and brethren” in Acts? [migrated]

In several places in Acts, Peter, James, and Paul (and perhaps others) address groups of people by saying "men and brethren" – perhaps in the same way that we would use "ladies and gentlemen" or ...
2
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0answers
23 views

What do you call the adherents of Covenant Theology (CT) and New Covenant Theology (NCT)?

An adherent of Dispensationalism is called a "dispensationalist" but would the proper term for an adherent of Covenant Theology and New Covenant Theology be, respectively, "Covenant Theologian" and ...
1
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2answers
41 views

What is “jubilee(s)”?

My Mother in her 90s and in treatment for Alzheimers would frequently go into a state of trance and chant about going to jubilee. Does "jubilee" or "going to jubilee" refer to heaven or eternity in ...
0
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2answers
52 views

What does the “reformed and recovered Christian fundamentalist” mean?

I've been reading god is not Great by Christopher Hitchens. I'm a Muslim and this book is my most extensive introduction to Christianity so far, as well as other religions including mine, to some ...
8
votes
1answer
91 views

How widespread is panentheism within Protestant schools of thought?

I'm confused about what panentheism is. The Wikipedia article and the few mentions of it here on Stack Exchange both indicate that some Christians identify as panentheists and some don't. I'm guessing ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the difference between Systematics and Dogmatics?

In what ways does Systematic Theology differ from Dogmatic theology? If I'm understanding them correctly they seem to be almost identical in that they're dependent upon the particular denominations, ...
2
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3answers
138 views

What is a word to describe someone who is not a Protestant?

I've been wondering for a while if there is a word (or concise phrase) that can be used to mean someone who is not Protestant. Something that specifically groups Catholics, and Eastern Rite followers ...
0
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2answers
75 views

If Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are patriarchs, then what are Adam, Abel, Enoch, and Noah?

If I understand correctly, the people in Genesis 12-50 are known as patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc...), but not the people in 1-11 (Adam, Enoch, Noah, etc...) Is there a term that refers ...
3
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2answers
70 views

Is there a doctrine that God grants revelation in layers?

I've heard my school religion teachers say that God didn't reveal his true intent to humans all at once. The Old Testament doesn't talk about heaven or hell. The Trinity concept is not revealed in ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What are Christian theologeans referring to when they talk about “God's glory”?

What is God's "glory" in Christian theology? (If it differs based on which branch of the church is using the term, give me a brief summary of the Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant views.) Are we ...
5
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3answers
165 views

Is 'Non-Catholic Non-Orthodox Modern Western Denomination' an ok definition of Protestant?

One meaning of the term "Protestant" is "a church drawing its roots from the Reformation and the denominations of the Reformers in particular". I have also seen the term extensively used to mean "a ...
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3answers
354 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

What are the reasons for the Catholic Church's term “ecclesial community?”

It is my understanding that the Catholic Church uses the term "Church" for itself and the Orthodox Church, and "ecclesial community" for Protestants. What are the reasons the Church applies the term ...
0
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1answer
134 views

In Catholicism, what does “mystical” mean?

In the Loreto Litanies, Mary is referred to as Mystical Rose and the Church teaches as doctrine that the Church is the the Mystical Body of Christ1. In Catholicism, what does mystical mean? 1. Cf. ...
-3
votes
3answers
146 views

Where does “amen” come from? [closed]

Watched a video on YouTube. My first mistake. They were talking about the word "amen" coming from a Roman god Amen-Ra, I think. I thought "amen" just meant "to agree". How do people research this ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

How did the phrase “getting to know Jesus” come to be ubiquitous among Evangelicals (i.e. Campus Crusade for Christ)?

How did the phrase "getting to know Jesus" come to be ubiquitous among Evangelicals (i.e. Campus Crusade for Christ)? To them, what is it really supposed to mean? Does it refer to the act of ...
9
votes
2answers
470 views

What is the difference between 'Hell', 'Sheol', 'Hades' and 'Gehenna'?

In Western imagination, Hell is a place of everlasting torment and suffering for the wicked. Brunlesschi's painting in Florence's Duomo illustrates it well: The word 'Hell' itself, however, doesn't ...
3
votes
2answers
410 views

First Occurrence of “Sea of Forgetfulness” in Christian Literature

Apparently "Sea of Forgetfulness" is a well known example of Christian jargon. This is news to me, as I have never heard this phrase before today (perhaps because I am relatively young, and this ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

In the Catholic Church's calender, what are Solemnities, Feasts, and Memorials?

In researching for this question: Anne and Joachim are the parents of Mary - is this a Catholic dogma? | @H3br3wHamm3r81, I came across Each year the Church venerates the memory of Saints Anne ...
5
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4answers
291 views

Does Catholicism confound the role of “elder” and “priest”?

I am somewhat interested in joining the Roman Catholic Church, but there are some things that I've had to further investigate, one of which is the role of "elder" and "priest" in the Roman Catholic ...
5
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3answers
303 views

What are the main differences between the Catholic and Protestant definitions of Biblical inerrancy?

Given the Protestant definition in this selected answer to From a Fundamentalist standpoint, what does the phrase “Inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God” mean? | @DavidStratton, What are the ...
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3answers
72 views

Referred to as 'slaves'? [closed]

So I'm a little confused. While going through my daily reading, I came across this verse in 1 Peter 2:16: Live as free people, but do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as God's ...
0
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1answer
118 views

God is eternal and everlasting; “omni” word for this?

God is omnipotent, which is all powerful, and omniscient, all knowing. He is, of course, other things too; I just gave these as examples of omni- words. Omni, in Latin, I think, means all. Is there an ...
4
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2answers
179 views

What is the difference between a Christian and a Messianic Jew?

I know that most Messianic Jews speak Hebrew, but besides that is there any difference between a Christian and a Messianic Jew? Do they have any significant differences in faith or hope!
4
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1answer
1k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book, "Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview" (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as being one of three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the “Israel Mandate”?

I've heard a little bit about this passed around from our fellowship as well as a few of my friends. They explanations were hard to follow, and trying a Google search just got me a bunch of ...
4
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1answer
215 views

Who are the “Non-Evangelical Protestants”?

I think this is an important question, because there is this group called "Non-Evangelical Protestants" that research articles may use in order to distinguish them from "Evangelical Protestants" and ...
3
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1answer
103 views

When did the Catholic Letters get called the Catholic Letters

The Catholic Encyclopedia says which books are the Catholic Letters but doesn't say how long ago it was that they were called that. I was wondering, because of another post asking for the oldest ...
7
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6answers
1k views

Is lust sometimes not sinful? [closed]

In Webster's dictionary lust is defined as: a strong feeling of sexual desire OR a strong desire for something. Is this is the same as the Greek and Hebrew definitions? If so, is lust always sin ...
1
vote
1answer
344 views

Definition of “Prince” in Bible?

Quite often "prince" and "princes" are mentioned in the scriptures. Of particular interest are expressions such as these: "Prince of Persia" "Prince of Peace" And similar expressions - ...
1
vote
1answer
321 views

What does light mean to a Catholic? and how does it expose the deeds of darkness? [closed]

What is light? and how does it expose the deeds of darkness? John 3:20-21 NKJV For everyone practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. But ...
1
vote
3answers
412 views

Is there a difference between theology and apologetics?

I've heard that it all has to do with knowing the right audience. Perhaps, if the audience be Christian, it would be labelled as "theology", and if the audience is non-Christian, it would be labelled ...
3
votes
4answers
276 views

Is there a Christian equivalent to the Wiccan 'fluffy bunnies'?

It is known that Wiccan 'fluffy bunnies' are the types of people who self-identify as "Wiccans" but really don't go anywhere beyond self-identification and using stereotypical associations of Wicca. ...
4
votes
3answers
607 views

What does R.C. Sproul mean by 'essence' of God?

R.C. Sproul discusses and defends the Trinity in this book, What is the Trinity? He explains that God is one essence, composed of three persons, and that the existence of three persons in one essence ...
0
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2answers
167 views

Can theology still be defined “the science of faith”?

According to Wikipedia, Richard Hooker (March 1554 – 3 November 1600) was an English Anglican priest and an influential theologian. He was one of the most important English theologians of the ...
1
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2answers
160 views

Mormonism or LDS? [duplicate]

I know that some members of the LDS church do not like to be referred to as Mormons. Is Mormon an acceptable term to use here? If not, what alternative adjective should be used? Is Mormonism an ...
2
votes
6answers
13k views

What does the word Glory mean in the Bible? [closed]

Does it mean Might, majesty, light, happiness or power? Or all those things ( in which case, how to tell what context it's being used in?
4
votes
5answers
215 views

What is the Biblical definition of what makes one a Christian? [closed]

Many religious leaders/organizations place the "cult" label on groups of people or churches who interpret the Bible differently than them. If we claim the Bible as our only authoritative source for ...
6
votes
1answer
966 views

Other than non-Trinitarian, what terms are there for Christians who don't believe in the trinity?

Back story: I've been looking for Christian churches in my city that don't believe in the trinity. Research: I tried web searches for related words such as 'non-Trinitarian', 'Unitarian', ...
7
votes
2answers
231 views

Is there a generally accepted term for “Christians in Communion with the Bishop of Rome”?

Roman Catholic is a title given to the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church. By this definition, therefore, the term Roman Catholic explicitely excludes the Eastern Rites of the Church, even though ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

What is a mission trip?

What does it mean when a person says "I have to go on a mission trip for a week", and the mission trip destination is in the United States of America, the person's home country? I have the impression ...
8
votes
1answer
487 views

How are prayer and asking the saints to intercede distinguished?

The Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches encourage us to ask the dead saints to intercede for us. To quote from Software Monkey's answer to another question: First off, it's useful to understand ...
8
votes
2answers
851 views

What is the biblical basis for the concept of being “slain in the spirit” and what exactly is it?

Among charismatic Christians, I have occasionally heard the phrase "to be slain in the spirit." I have not found any biblical reference to this phrase, so what is it to which this is referring and ...
7
votes
1answer
104 views

What exactly is hermeneutics and exegesis?

Two terms that get thrown around on this site a lot are 'hermeneutics' and 'exegesis.' To the layman, what exactly do these terms mean?
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3answers
89 views

Was Jesus command to watch in Matthew 26 just for that night or was it a general caution for the Church?

Jesus charged his disciples to watch and pray in Matthew Chapter 26, and in earlier reading it seemed to me that he was probably referring to the events of that night. In my more recent studies the ...
4
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3answers
2k views

What is the definition of 'free will' as explained in the Bible?

Reading a question on this site I suddenly realized that I do not know what 'free will' means. I cannot find a definition in other questions asked and my philosophy books clouded the whole issue. ...
1
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2answers
125 views

What is a “child of God” from a scholarly perspective? [closed]

What is a "child of God" from a scholarly perspective? According to Dr. Donald Fairbairn's book Grace and Christology in the Early Church, it describes "To be a child of God is to remain a finite, ...
5
votes
1answer
17k views

What is a gospel, and how many gospels are there in the Catholic Bible?

Is there a difference between 'books' and 'gospels'? I've read that there are 73 books in the Catholic Bible, but are all of these considered gospels? Or are there just four gospels in total: Matthew, ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Who uses the term “God-talk”, and what do they mean?

I've seen many books and articles that use the word God-talk. This seems, often, to be used as a friendlier alternative to theology, which comes from the Greek θεός (theos) for God, and λόγος (logos) ...
15
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4answers
10k views

What is the difference between Reformed and Presbyterian

I feel like this is a dumb question, but maybe, just maybe, I'm not the only one confused by this. Maybe if I'm willing to stick my neck out and look stupid, the answer will be here for those poor ...