the study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved

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How does Calvinism explain how an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent creator could NOT have a plan for universal salvation?

In the haze of discerning truth and wisdom by the hybrid application of scripture, tradition, philosophy, and experience it seems illogical that a loving creator with perfect and complete knowledge ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
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1answer
191 views

According to the wider hope/inclusive framework, why does the church still exist?

In the wider hope/inclusivist theological framework, very simply put, people who have not heard the Gospel are not necessarily lost and destined for hell. Given that understanding, why does the ...
5
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2answers
207 views

What do Protestant churches teach about the fate of deceased infants?

My question is posed to the Protestant churches that teach that man is saved by faith alone. If a person is saved by faith alone, what happens to children who die before they are able to conceive of ...
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6answers
6k views

Since Jesus death paid our sin debt in full, why do Christians still die? [duplicate]

In Genesis chapter two God places the burden of death on man's sin(disobedience of God). Genesis 2:17 KJV But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the ...
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4answers
334 views

How do evangelical universalists reconcile their position with the designation for Judas that it would be better if he had never been born?

By "evangelical" in this context I am referring to those with the common evangelical view that the Bible is the word of God and inerrant in the autographs. The idea that Judas might be ultimately ...
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2answers
129 views

What is the relationship between commandments and salvation in Roman Catholicism?

Jesus during the conversation with the zealous youth, tells him:" You know the commandments: ‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false ...
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3answers
641 views

How have major theological traditions handled “continuing to indulge in sin when saved?”

There is interest in the question of what happens to someone who continues to indulge in a specific sinful habit while (apparently, originally) saved. What happens to this person? So far, I've asked ...
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4answers
287 views

What is the biblical basis for the Athanasian Creed's statement that believing in the Trinity is necessary for salvation?

The Athanasian Creed states: Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith. Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled; without doubt he ...
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0answers
123 views

Works Rightouseness - Is there any Christian Group that focus on this

I have been reading a Protestant book on evangelism and it, as well as other books I have read from Evangelical sources, focus greatly on on how their faith practice is in direct opposition to Works-...
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1answer
29 views

Acts 17:30 What does “overlooked” mean? [closed]

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
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2answers
499 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis against baptismal regeneration?

Several different denominations teach that water baptism is a prerequisite for (or is essential for) salvation. What is the biblical basis against this teaching?
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4answers
20k views

Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
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2answers
722 views

Was Billy Sunday the first evangelist to equate the “altar call” with salvation?

According to this article from the The Society for Effective Evangelism: Up until Billy Sunday, altar calls were invitations for seekers to come to an after-meeting or inquiry room where ...
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2answers
123 views

What is the Reformed perspective on “All people are called by God to salvation in Christ”?

The quote in the title is taken from paragraph 16 of the JOINT DECLARATION ON THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION by the Lutheran World Federation and the Catholic Church. Is such a statement consistent or ...
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2answers
171 views

What are the soteriological consequences of heresy?

From the Catechism (paragraph 2089), quoting canon law 751: Heresy is the obstinate post-baptismal denial of some truth which must be believed with divine and catholic faith, or it is likewise an ...
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0answers
54 views

Is there a recognised soteriology that combines selective election for some and general election for everyone else?

Are there any Christian groups or denominations that hold a belief in selective election to salvation, in that some individuals are specifically and irresistibly called (Noah, Moses, 12 desciples, ...
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4answers
625 views

How do people become the sheep that Jesus speaks of in John 10?

In my daily Bible study, I've been working through the book of John, and have come to the point where Jesus makes several references to the sheep of His sheepfold. Today's passage, below, which marks '...
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3answers
390 views

Without Hell, from what does Jesus save?

This question is about the liberal versions of Christianity, the versions which don’t have a conception of Hell. Put simply, without Hell, just what exactly is Jesus saving me from? Even the most ...
4
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1answer
470 views

Did most of the people that Jesus heal believe he was God? If so, why does the Bible not record them asking for salvation? [closed]

1) Most of the people that Jesus healed — did they believe Jesus was God? 2) If so, why did they ask for temporary things (let me walk; let me see; get rid of my diseases; heal my son/daughter) ...
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3answers
363 views

Do Christians regard speaking in tongues as necessary? [closed]

I have heard that some Christians consider it the only sure sign of having received the Holy Spirit, which would seem quite important. If not generally, which groups hold to this belief, and in what ...
4
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1answer
26 views

In which writing(s) does Hugo Grotius set forth the “Governmental Theory of the Atonement”?

I'm trying to locate, in book form in English, the writings of Hugo Grotius in relation to the "Governmental View of the Atonement". I see very little of his writings available in book form in English ...
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9answers
721 views

What was it about the death of Jesus that allows God to forgive us?

I've heard many people state that it was the punishment inflicted by the Romans that allows God to forgive us. This just doesn't make any sense to me. How can a man suffer for a short while here on ...
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0answers
57 views

Did John Calvin believe there was no salvation outside the visible church?

What did John Calvin believe about salvation outside of the church? He writes in book IV of the Institutes: But because it is now our intention to discuss the visible church, let us learn even ...
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12answers
4k views

What happens to unborn, unbaptized babies who die? [closed]

If we accept that unborn babies are human beings and not merely a non-human organism, and further we require baptism as a prerequisite for salvation (using it as justification for infant baptism)... ...
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6answers
9k views

When is it too late to ask for salvation? [closed]

What does the Bible say about when is it too late to ask for salvation? There are many death bed conversion stories. One of the most momentous conversions in Western history was that of Constantine I,...
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0answers
46 views

Who adheres to dual-covenant theology?

Another question has asked about the Biblical basis for dual-covenant theology, but I'm interested in who holds it. Wikipedia indicates that some "liberal" Christians do, but I'm looking for more ...
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2answers
435 views

Is Catholicism a “works” denomination?

Catholicism venerates people's works as that is the only way to become a saint - you actually have to DO something. I understand that there has been a strong debate regarding faith or works (or ...
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2answers
679 views

Is Cain saved or he will go into the eternal perdition? [closed]

This question is about speculations that might have taken place in Christianity on the matter of Cain's destiny - whether he will be in the kingdom of God (which means that he is saved) or he will go ...
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0answers
143 views

Holy children, does it mean that they are saved if they die young?

For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. (1 ...
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1answer
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What does the Catholic church teach about fate of non-Catholic christians?

From what I've heard, The Roman Catholic Church claims to be the only representative authority of God on Earth. Does it indeed claim that, and if so what does it say happens to members of non-Catholic ...
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3answers
808 views

Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the point of Jesus' crucifixion? [closed]

I'd like to obtain moral, not faith explanation - In the story about Jesus' crucifixion: how can it be considered moral that God allowed or destined the unjustified murder of His own son? If the ...
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8answers
2k views

How does Jesus' death and resurrection save humanity? [closed]

Time and again we hear that Christ died for our sins, or that Christ died so that we could be saved. But I've never understood how exactly the two are connected? In what way does the death of Christ ...
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7answers
909 views

What assures Christians that they alone are saved?

Christians claim that "they are saved by the sacrifice of Jesus." But there are also members of many other faiths who claim that they are saved. For example, apart from affirming Jesus to be the ...
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2answers
191 views

Does the last judgement include a last chance to reconcile?

I was reading a Catholic Magazine a few years ago (it might have been Catholic Answers) and I remember reading an article on the last judgement that seemed to suggest that at the end of time there ...
5
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1answer
106 views

What is Church of England's doctrine on unbaptised dead infants and how was it formed?

The penultimate rubric in the Book of Common Prayer Public Baptism Service reads: "It is certain by God's Word, that children which are baptized, dying before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly ...
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5answers
543 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
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0answers
39 views

Lutheranism- how do you describe its theology in terms of Arminianism and Calvinism?

Before you think I am entirely unaware of church history, I do realize Luther lived before Calvin and Arminius. Also, it would be inappropriate to ask if its more "Calvinistic" or "Arminian" because ...
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3answers
357 views

What is the purpose of attending the mass and going to Confession?

(My curiosity is going to cost me my reputation again. Anyway, here it goes...) In Catholicism, how important is attending the mass, going to Confession and other liturgical rituals? Do these ...
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1answer
126 views

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, do infants go to heaven?

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, or the New Church, do infants who die young go to heaven? If not, do they go to hell?
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6answers
7k views

“God desires all men to be saved” from a Calvinist perspective?

If I understand correctly, Calvinists believe that God selects certain people for salvation based solely on His will... that is, the selection has nothing to do with the people themselves. My ...
3
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3answers
355 views

In Galatians 4:19, what is the meaning of “Christ formed in you”? [closed]

When Paul is speaking of Christ being in the Galatians, what is the true meaning of that phrase, "Christ formed in you"? Does it relate directly to salvation? In the context of the letter, he ...
8
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4answers
525 views

From a Lutheran perspective, does Hebrews 6 mean that some who fall away can never be restored?

Francis Pieper says that Lutheranism teaches both monergistic election and a salvation that can be lost: What Scripture teaches on final perseverance may be summarized in these two statements: 1....
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1answer
70 views

Where can I find the text of the documents produced at the Council of Quiercy (853)?

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an article about the "Councils of Quierzy", and indicates that at the 853 council, Hincmar wrote decrees about predestination, universal redemption, free will, and grace. ...
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2answers
194 views

How is the matter of why the Son of God needed to be sacrificed explained in the Roman Catholic Church?

Why did God the Father need to sacrifice His own Son for the sake of granting salvation to the fallen humanity? Couldn't He just forgive humans without making any sacrifice? Why is it so that "without ...
7
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1answer
536 views

What are typical Christian responses to The Grand Inquisitor?

Upon reading this chapter in the Brothers Karamazov I find myself confused as to why The Grand Inquisitor is considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism and against theodicy. What are ...
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4answers
855 views

Did Jesus sacrifice his soul to save ours? [closed]

I am not asking for an opinion, what I am asking is that you evaluate my interpretation of the Scriptures and show me where I have misinterpreted them. In the following scriptures; it is indicated ...
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4answers
2k views

Is faith the only thing we need to attain salvation? [duplicate]

There may be some denominations that believe faith is the only necessary thing to have to attain salvation or eternal life. However, I do not conform with this because faith is just the beginning, and ...