the study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved

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What is the relationship between commandments and salvation in Roman Catholicism?

Jesus during the conversation with the zealous youth, tells him:" You know the commandments: ‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false ...
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2answers
180 views

Does the last judgement include a last chance to reconcile?

I was reading a Catholic Magazine a few years ago (it might have been Catholic Answers) and I remember reading an article on the last judgement that seemed to suggest that at the end of time there ...
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understanding the message of grace [closed]

If jesus died in my place,took away all my sins,declared me "NOT GUILTY"see also Romans 8:1-2,the word condenmation(or rather judgement)has lost its place in my life.my question is;what kind of ...
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1answer
87 views

What is Church of England's doctrine on unbaptised dead infants and how was it formed?

The penultimate rubric in the Book of Common Prayer Public Baptism Service reads: "It is certain by God's Word, that children which are baptized, dying before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly ...
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5answers
488 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
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0answers
23 views

Lutheranism- how do you describe its theology in terms of Arminianism and Calvinism?

Before you think I am entirely unaware of church history, I do realize Luther lived before Calvin and Arminius. Also, it would be inappropriate to ask if its more "Calvinistic" or "Arminian" because ...
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3answers
336 views

What is the purpose of attending the mass and going to Confession?

(My curiosity is going to cost me my reputation again. Anyway, here it goes...) In Catholicism, how important is attending the mass, going to Confession and other liturgical rituals? Do these ...
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1answer
124 views

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, do infants go to heaven?

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, or the New Church, do infants who die young go to heaven? If not, do they go to hell?
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2answers
242 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
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6answers
7k views

“God desires all men to be saved” from a Calvinist perspective?

If I understand correctly, Calvinists believe that God selects certain people for salvation based solely on His will... that is, the selection has nothing to do with the people themselves. My ...
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3answers
213 views

In Galatians 4:19, what is the meaning of “Christ formed in you”? [closed]

When Paul is speaking of Christ being in the Galatians, what is the true meaning of that phrase, "Christ formed in you"? Does it relate directly to salvation? In the context of the letter, he ...
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4answers
473 views

From a Lutheran perspective, does Hebrews 6 mean that some who fall away can never be restored?

Francis Pieper says that Lutheranism teaches both monergistic election and a salvation that can be lost: What Scripture teaches on final perseverance may be summarized in these two statements: ...
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Where can I find the text of the documents produced at the Council of Quiercy (853)?

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an article about the "Councils of Quierzy", and indicates that at the 853 council, Hincmar wrote decrees about predestination, universal redemption, free will, and grace. ...
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2answers
174 views

How is the matter of why the Son of God needed to be sacrificed explained in the Roman Catholic Church?

Why did God the Father need to sacrifice His own Son for the sake of granting salvation to the fallen humanity? Couldn't He just forgive humans without making any sacrifice? Why is it so that "without ...
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1answer
505 views

What are typical Christian responses to The Grand Inquisitor?

Upon reading this chapter in the Brothers Karamazov I find myself confused as to why The Grand Inquisitor is considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism and against theodicy. What are ...
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4answers
764 views

Did Jesus sacrifice his soul to save ours? [closed]

I am not asking for an opinion, what I am asking is that you evaluate my interpretation of the Scriptures and show me where I have misinterpreted them. In the following scriptures; it is indicated ...
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4answers
2k views

Is faith the only thing we need to attain salvation? [duplicate]

There may be some denominations that believe faith is the only necessary thing to have to attain salvation or eternal life. However, I do not conform with this because faith is just the beginning, and ...
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6answers
2k views

In Romans 7 is Paul talking about before or after he was saved?

In Romans 7:15 Paul said "For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I." and in Romans 7:11 Paul said "For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, ...
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3answers
733 views

Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
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2answers
233 views

How do evangelical universalists reconcile their position with the designation for Judas that it would be better if he had never been born?

By "evangelical" in this context I am referring to those with the common evangelical view that the Bible is the word of God and inerrant in the autographs. The idea that Judas might be ultimately ...
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1answer
82 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Soteriology in the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6?

Catholics interpret the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6 in light of transubstantiation (= the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' literal flesh and wine changing into Jesus' literal blood ...
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2answers
193 views

Do any trinitarian Protestant traditions teach that anyone who denies the Trinity is necessarily unsaved?

The traditional understanding of the Trinity, "one God in three Persons," is a widespread belief within Christianity, but there are nonetheless many nontrinitarians who associate themselves with ...
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2answers
101 views

In Roman Catholicism, what is the right way of praying for the salvation of departed souls?

In Roman Catholicism, I understand that as per traditions, while praying for the salvation of departed souls, we usually have to recite “Our father and hail Mary”. Are there any Church guidelines ...
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3answers
274 views

Do Catholics subscribe to the “once saved, always saved” doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

Many evangelical Christians say that once a person has accepted Jesus as their Savior and repented of their sins they have formed a bond between their soul and the Lord that is unbreakable. Do ...
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0answers
147 views

According to the wider hope/inclusive framework, why does the church still exist?

In the wider hope/inclusivist theological framework, very simply put, people who have not heard the Gospel are not necessarily lost and destined for hell. Given that understanding, why does the ...
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4answers
336 views

Does infant baptism determine the child's afterlife, according to practitioners?

Among those denominations who practice infant baptism, does baptizing the baby have anything to do with the destination of the infant's soul? Which denominations, if any, believe that Infant Baptism ...
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3answers
130 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to the doctrine of baptism as a necessity for salvation?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptism being or not being necessary for salvation? Related: What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach ...
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3answers
2k views

According to the Catholic Church, are Jews saved without faith in Jesus?

According to recent news stories, the Vatican has issued a report saying that Jews can be saved without faith in Jesus (see for example here). This sounds very strange, so my questions are: Does ...
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What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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3answers
93 views

What are the main biblical interpretations used to defend the point of view that Nicodemus had inferior faith?

I was reading a post by John Piper here where he said this: But it is not saving faith. Nicodemus was not born again The same week my Pastor made a derogatory reference to the faith of ...
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57 views

What is the logic of salvation? AND or OR? [closed]

There are many Bible verses talking about when someone "will surely not enter heaven" or "will surely enter heaven". Now, let's say I fullfil 99% of requirements to go to heaven, but 1% that I don't. ...
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691 views

Do people of different denominations think that the others are going to go to hell for holding false views? [closed]

Obviously, there are people who are on both sides of this issue, within and without the various denominations, and some denominations which might be more exclusive than others. But when it comes down ...
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4answers
410 views

Is the Thief on the Cross the exception or the norm for quick salvation? [closed]

It seems that often we find answers to "What must I do to be saved?" that haul out a long laundry list of things to be done that could take hours-- weeks if the word "daily" is part of your answer. ...
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1answer
553 views

How do opponents of Decision Theology distinguish themselves from Universal Salvation?

There is a tradition, perhaps strongest in Lutheranism, that opposes what it calls "Decision Theology". Biblical support for opposing Decision Theology would come in passages like, "No one can say ...
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2answers
703 views

Is Luther really the originator of “We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone”?

The quote "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone" is commonly attributed to Martin Luther, but is this actually so? If so, in what context did he say or write this? If ...
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1answer
226 views

If God cannot change, then why does His wrath need to be appeased?

More or less I am asking for a defense of the propitiatory view of atonement in which God changes from being angry to being happy with us rather than sinners being the ones who need to change. Perhaps ...
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8answers
5k views

Are our sins of the future forgiven? (John 20:23)

Catholics say that our future sins are not forgiven (unless we confess them in the future) and say that John 20:23 (and maybe other verses which I can't remember), uses the past, i.e. "forgiven", so ...
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1answer
44 views

Gal 5:18 vs John 3:16 [closed]

Galations 5:18-21 states But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, idolatry, sorcery, ...
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1answer
166 views

Which theory of the atonement did C. S. Lewis hold?

In C. S. Lewis's The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (spoiler alert), the White Witch, the personification of the devil, says some interesting things: You at least know the Magic which the ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the “veil” that covers the heart when the Old Testament is read?

2 Corinthians 3:13-18 (NIV) We are not like Moses, who would put a veil over his face to prevent the Israelites from seeing the end of what was passing away. But their minds were made ...
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4answers
1k views

Is repentance required for salvation? [closed]

I know that through faith alone I am saved. But is repentance a requirement for that salvation as a part of my faith? Is repentance a single act, or should it be continuous?
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2answers
315 views

How do sola fide adherents explain The Parable of the Ten Virgins?

In Matthew 25:1-12 we read about ten young ladies (a bridal party) eagerly awaiting the arrival of the groom. Five of them run out of oil and have to go buy more, missing the groom's arrival and thus ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the Biblical basis against the Calvinist doctrine of Irresistible Grace?

The question of what the Biblical basis is in favor of Irresistible Grace has been asked here. However, the question regarding the Biblical argument against it does not seem to have been addressed ...
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1answer
85 views

Does forgiveness require repentence? [closed]

When Jesus was on the cross in Luke 23:34, "Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots." The people crucifying Him had not ...
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4answers
672 views

Did Pontius Pilate follow God's Plan?

I am confused. Since I know salvation must be attained through the sacrifice of God's only son, Jesus Christ, what were the consequences of the actions taken by Pontius Pilate, for Pilate himself. Did ...
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2answers
17k views

Do Catholics officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
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8answers
4k views

If we are “Saved” by grace, then why are we getting "Judged? [closed]

Ephesians 2:8 (NLT) God saved you by his grace when you believed. And you can’t take credit for this; it is a gift from God. 2 Corithians 5:10 (NLT) For we must all stand before Christ to be ...
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2answers
213 views

Can a Mormon reach salvation if they do not pay tithes?

This is actually a question that stems from some information that I found when reading this article. The article claims that Mormon Mission Presidents receive each a lot of tax free benefits, and it ...
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1answer
65 views

Is God one but multi-instantiated? [closed]

I am stalled at the notion that there is but a single way 'up the mountain'. "No one gets there but by me." However, it seems as though 'me' could be 'any of me.' In the sense that Jesus was (a ...
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1answer
62 views

Ananias and Saphira were struck dead. Is that an indication of their spiritual judgment as well? [closed]

In Acts 5 we are presented with the account of Ananias and Saphira. Ananias and Saphira were struck dead. Is that an indication of their spiritual judgment as well?