the study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved

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Can someone show me where the doctrine of “Invincibility of Non-belief” came from? Is it a Christian doctrine at all? [on hold]

..basically the notion that human beings have a supernatural, all encompassing power to resist the salvation of God. Would like some Biblical perspective, but extra-biblical sources would be nice too. ...
5
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1answer
86 views

Are there any Christian sects that say salvation is based, in whole or in part, on your response to Jesus on Judgment Day?

I recently had a conversation with a Christian who believes that our choices during this life are not the only factors affecting salvation. Rather, God will be very lenient about our Earthly behavior, ...
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1answer
70 views

Those who enjoy pain: where do they go [according to Catholicism] [closed]

Hypothetically, if someone who did not sin, but enjoy receiving pain as they got used to it or other reasons, would they still not deserve Hell? I know next to nothing about Catholicism/Christianity, ...
5
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1answer
174 views

According to Catholicism, does God want everyone to be Catholic?

According to Catholicism, does God want all humans to be Catholic? And if everyone became Catholic, would Satan be abolished? Is this acknowledged in the Bible or elsewhere?
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2answers
218 views

What do Protestant churches teach about the fate of deceased infants?

My question is posed to the Protestant churches that teach that man is saved by faith alone. If a person is saved by faith alone, what happens to children who die before they are able to conceive of ...
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1answer
31 views

Acts 17:30 What does “overlooked” mean? [closed]

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
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4answers
304 views

What is the biblical basis for the Athanasian Creed's statement that believing in the Trinity is necessary for salvation?

The Athanasian Creed states: Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith. Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled; without doubt he ...
5
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1answer
94 views

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
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60 views

Is there a recognised soteriology that combines selective election for some and general election for everyone else?

Are there any Christian groups or denominations that hold a belief in selective election to salvation, in that some individuals are specifically and irresistibly called (Noah, Moses, 12 desciples, ...
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124 views

Works Rightouseness - Is there any Christian Group that focus on this

I have been reading a Protestant book on evangelism and it, as well as other books I have read from Evangelical sources, focus greatly on on how their faith practice is in direct opposition to Works-...
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26 views

In which writing(s) does Hugo Grotius set forth the “Governmental Theory of the Atonement”?

I'm trying to locate, in book form in English, the writings of Hugo Grotius in relation to the "Governmental View of the Atonement". I see very little of his writings available in book form in English ...
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57 views

Did John Calvin believe there was no salvation outside the visible church?

What did John Calvin believe about salvation outside of the church? He writes in book IV of the Institutes: But because it is now our intention to discuss the visible church, let us learn even ...
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47 views

Who adheres to dual-covenant theology?

Another question has asked about the Biblical basis for dual-covenant theology, but I'm interested in who holds it. Wikipedia indicates that some "liberal" Christians do, but I'm looking for more ...
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145 views

Holy children, does it mean that they are saved if they die young?

For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. (1 ...
5
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1answer
114 views

What is Church of England's doctrine on unbaptised dead infants and how was it formed?

The penultimate rubric in the Book of Common Prayer Public Baptism Service reads: "It is certain by God's Word, that children which are baptized, dying before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly ...
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39 views

Lutheranism- how do you describe its theology in terms of Arminianism and Calvinism?

Before you think I am entirely unaware of church history, I do realize Luther lived before Calvin and Arminius. Also, it would be inappropriate to ask if its more "Calvinistic" or "Arminian" because ...
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73 views

Where can I find the text of the documents produced at the Council of Quiercy (853)?

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an article about the "Councils of Quierzy", and indicates that at the 853 council, Hincmar wrote decrees about predestination, universal redemption, free will, and grace. ...
5
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2answers
198 views

How is the matter of why the Son of God needed to be sacrificed explained in the Roman Catholic Church?

Why did God the Father need to sacrifice His own Son for the sake of granting salvation to the fallen humanity? Couldn't He just forgive humans without making any sacrifice? Why is it so that "without ...
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3answers
548 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
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3answers
3k views

According to the Catholic Church, are Jews saved without faith in Jesus?

According to recent news stories, the Vatican has issued a report saying that Jews can be saved without faith in Jesus (see for example here). This sounds very strange, so my questions are: Does ...
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4answers
124 views

What are the main biblical interpretations used to defend the point of view that Nicodemus had inferior faith?

I was reading a post by John Piper here where he said this: But it is not saving faith. Nicodemus was not born again The same week my Pastor made a derogatory reference to the faith of Nicodemus,...
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3answers
154 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to the doctrine of baptism as a necessity for salvation?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptism being or not being necessary for salvation? Related: What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach ...
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1answer
53 views

Gal 5:18 vs John 3:16 [closed]

Galations 5:18-21 states But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, idolatry, sorcery, hostilities,...
8
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1answer
192 views

According to the wider hope/inclusive framework, why does the church still exist?

In the wider hope/inclusivist theological framework, very simply put, people who have not heard the Gospel are not necessarily lost and destined for hell. Given that understanding, why does the ...
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1answer
326 views

Which theory of the atonement did C. S. Lewis hold?

In C. S. Lewis's The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (spoiler alert), the White Witch, the personification of the devil, says some interesting things: You at least know the Magic which the ...
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2answers
265 views

Can a Mormon reach salvation if they do not pay tithes?

This is actually a question that stems from some information that I found when reading this article. The article claims that Mormon Mission Presidents receive each a lot of tax free benefits, and it ...
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3answers
341 views

Do Catholics subscribe to the “once saved, always saved” doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

Many evangelical Christians say that once a person has accepted Jesus as their Savior and repented of their sins they have formed a bond between their soul and the Lord that is unbreakable. Do ...
8
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2answers
332 views

How do sola fide adherents explain The Parable of the Ten Virgins?

In Matthew 25:1-12 we read about ten young ladies (a bridal party) eagerly awaiting the arrival of the groom. Five of them run out of oil and have to go buy more, missing the groom's arrival and thus ...
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1answer
73 views

What does Colossians 2:11 mean in light of Evangelical Protestant Soteriology?

And in Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; Colossians 2:11 (NASB) When you came ...
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4answers
340 views

How do evangelical universalists reconcile their position with the designation for Judas that it would be better if he had never been born?

By "evangelical" in this context I am referring to those with the common evangelical view that the Bible is the word of God and inerrant in the autographs. The idea that Judas might be ultimately ...
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2answers
196 views

Does the last judgement include a last chance to reconcile?

I was reading a Catholic Magazine a few years ago (it might have been Catholic Answers) and I remember reading an article on the last judgement that seemed to suggest that at the end of time there ...
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209 views

Where does the Scripture say that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace in order to go to Heaven?

If I am correct, the Catholic Church teaches that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace at the moment of your death if you wish to go to Heaven. If you are not, then you are automatically ...
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1answer
111 views

What soteriological doctrines are most prevalent within Protestantism throughout the world?

As we all know, there are many Protestant denominations: Anglican, Lutheran, Baptist, Presbyterian, Reformed, Methodist, Adventist, Congregationalist, etc. In India, we have AG, IPC (Indian ...
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1answer
84 views

Does water baptism or a subconscious intention to be baptized with water by a human being necessarily and logically follows one's spiritual salvation? [closed]

Some say that water baptism is “an outward expression of an inward reality”; that it is “obedience to a command by God”. Regarding these statements, I have the following questions: Does all inward ...
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2answers
130 views

What is the relationship between commandments and salvation in Roman Catholicism?

Jesus during the conversation with the zealous youth, tells him:" You know the commandments: ‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false ...
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1answer
84 views

Parable of weeds - where did the enemy get seeds from? [closed]

In the Parable of Weeds, the enemy is narrated as sowing the seeds of weed once the farmer had sown good seeds (Mt 13:25). But, Matthew 13:30 suggests that the tares along with their ripe seeds ...
4
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1answer
88 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Soteriology in the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6?

Catholics interpret the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6 in light of transubstantiation (= the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' literal flesh and wine changing into Jesus' literal blood ...
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3answers
400 views

In Galatians 4:19, what is the meaning of “Christ formed in you”? [closed]

When Paul is speaking of Christ being in the Galatians, what is the true meaning of that phrase, "Christ formed in you"? Does it relate directly to salvation? In the context of the letter, he ...
5
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1answer
168 views

What is Thomas Aquinas' perspective on salvation for baptized heretics who believe in the Trinity?

St. Thomas Aquinas is praised globally for his intellect, and such has gained him the merit of being a 'Doctor of the Church'. I am curious about several things though: What are Aquinas's views on ...
5
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1answer
163 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
8
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2answers
229 views

Do any trinitarian Protestant traditions teach that anyone who denies the Trinity is necessarily unsaved?

The traditional understanding of the Trinity, "one God in three Persons," is a widespread belief within Christianity, but there are nonetheless many nontrinitarians who associate themselves with ...
7
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1answer
209 views

What is the biblical basis for dual-covenant theology?

Dual-covenant theology, or two-covenant theology, holds that there are two covenants in effect—one, the Old Covenant (with the Mosaic Law) applying to Jews, and the second, the New Covenant (through ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Do proponents of Federal Vision believe that there is no hope of salvation without baptism?

According to my reading of this article written by an opponent of Federal Vision, physical water baptism is required for salvation according to those who advocate the framework: Some would insist ...
9
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2answers
250 views

How do opponents of Penal Substitution explain God's declaration that He “will not leave the guilty unpunished”?

In referring to opponents of Penal Substitution theory, I'm referring specifically to those who view it as a false view of the Atonement, not merely that it is incomplete (eg those who hold to ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Is Luther really the originator of “We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone”?

The quote "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone" is commonly attributed to Martin Luther, but is this actually so? If so, in what context did he say or write this? If ...
4
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2answers
166 views

According to Charismatic Christians, do those who never hear the gospel of Christ go to hell?

I'd like an overview of what Charismatic Christians believe regarding the unreached. Are people who have never heard the gospel of Christ going to hell? For example: infants, fetuses, mentally ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Catholic Church's History Reflects The life of Christ?

Background: A while back I had a very devout friend of mine explain to me that the life (or as I understood, the History) of the Catholic Church sort of paralleled the life of Jesus. That, like Jesus, ...
7
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3answers
164 views

According to LDS, what principles of the gospel were corrupted in the Great Apostasy

In the LDS.org article on Apostasy, the Great Apostasy is described in the following terms: After the deaths of the Savior and His Apostles, men corrupted the principles of the gospel and made ...
4
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3answers
394 views

Without Hell, from what does Jesus save?

This question is about the liberal versions of Christianity, the versions which don’t have a conception of Hell. Put simply, without Hell, just what exactly is Jesus saving me from? Even the most ...
5
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2answers
131 views

What is the basis for missions in a wider hope/inclusive framework?

I read No Other Name: An Investigation into the Destiny of the Unevangelized by John Sanders. I am persuaded about a wider hope for salvation other than exlusivism provides. I grew up in plain ole ...