the study of the mechanisms by which an individual is saved

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understanding the message of grace [on hold]

If jesus died in my place,took away all my sins,declared me "NOT GUILTY"see also Romans 8:1-2,the word condenmation(or rather judgement)has lost its place in my life.my question is;what kind of ...
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What is Church of England's doctrine on unbaptised dead infants and how was it formed?

The penultimate rubric in the Book of Common Prayer Public Baptism Service reads: "It is certain by God's Word, that children which are baptized, dying before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly ...
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23 views

Lutheranism- how do you describe its theology in terms of Arminianism and Calvinism?

Before you think I am entirely unaware of church history, I do realize Luther lived before Calvin and Arminius. Also, it would be inappropriate to ask if its more "Calvinistic" or "Arminian" because ...
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58 views

Where can I find the text of the documents produced at the Council of Quiercy (853)?

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an article about the "Councils of Quierzy", and indicates that at the 853 council, Hincmar wrote decrees about predestination, universal redemption, free will, and grace. ...
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173 views

How is the matter of why the Son of God needed to be sacrificed explained in the Roman Catholic Church?

Why did God the Father need to sacrifice His own Son for the sake of granting salvation to the fallen humanity? Couldn't He just forgive humans without making any sacrifice? Why is it so that "without ...
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238 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
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2k views

According to the Catholic Church, are Jews saved without faith in Jesus?

According to recent news stories, the Vatican has issued a report saying that Jews can be saved without faith in Jesus (see for example here). This sounds very strange, so my questions are: Does ...
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55 views

What is the logic of salvation? AND or OR? [closed]

There are many Bible verses talking about when someone "will surely not enter heaven" or "will surely enter heaven". Now, let's say I fullfil 99% of requirements to go to heaven, but 1% that I don't. ...
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What are the main biblical interpretations used to defend the point of view that Nicodemus had inferior faith?

I was reading a post by John Piper here where he said this: But it is not saving faith. Nicodemus was not born again The same week my Pastor made a derogatory reference to the faith of ...
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129 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to the doctrine of baptism as a necessity for salvation?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptism being or not being necessary for salvation? Related: What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach ...
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44 views

Gal 5:18 vs John 3:16 [closed]

Galations 5:18-21 states But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, idolatry, sorcery, ...
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146 views

According to the wider hope/inclusive framework, why does the church still exist?

In the wider hope/inclusivist theological framework, very simply put, people who have not heard the Gospel are not necessarily lost and destined for hell. Given that understanding, why does the ...
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166 views

Which theory of the atonement did C. S. Lewis hold?

In C. S. Lewis's The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (spoiler alert), the White Witch, the personification of the devil, says some interesting things: You at least know the Magic which the ...
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84 views

Does forgiveness require repentence? [closed]

When Jesus was on the cross in Luke 23:34, "Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots." The people crucifying Him had not ...
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62 views

Ananias and Saphira were struck dead. Is that an indication of their spiritual judgment as well? [closed]

In Acts 5 we are presented with the account of Ananias and Saphira. Ananias and Saphira were struck dead. Is that an indication of their spiritual judgment as well?
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211 views

Can a Mormon reach salvation if they do not pay tithes?

This is actually a question that stems from some information that I found when reading this article. The article claims that Mormon Mission Presidents receive each a lot of tax free benefits, and it ...
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272 views

Do Catholics subscribe to the “once saved, always saved” doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

Many evangelical Christians say that once a person has accepted Jesus as their Savior and repented of their sins they have formed a bond between their soul and the Lord that is unbreakable. Do ...
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313 views

How do sola fide adherents explain The Parable of the Ten Virgins?

In Matthew 25:1-12 we read about ten young ladies (a bridal party) eagerly awaiting the arrival of the groom. Five of them run out of oil and have to go buy more, missing the groom's arrival and thus ...
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84 views

Denominational views on the age of accountability [closed]

I am curious as to which denominations believe in an age of accountability. By age of accountability, I mean is there an age when God begins to hold us accountable for our sins? If so, God would ...
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54 views

What does Colossians 2:11 mean in light of Evangelical Protestant Soteriology?

And in Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; Colossians 2:11 (NASB) When you ...
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46 views

Are God's promises to Israel in Jeremiah a type of the promises God gives humanity today? [closed]

When I read Jeremiah, it seems to me that an overwhelming theme is that Jeremiah tells the people of the Southern Kingdom of Israel to allow themselves to be taken into captivity into Babylon. Indeed ...
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233 views

How do evangelical universalists reconcile their position with the designation for Judas that it would be better if he had never been born?

By "evangelical" in this context I am referring to those with the common evangelical view that the Bible is the word of God and inerrant in the autographs. The idea that Judas might be ultimately ...
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137 views

Does the last judgement include a last chance to reconcile?

I was reading a Catholic Magazine a few years ago (it might have been Catholic Answers) and I remember reading an article on the last judgement that seemed to suggest that at the end of time there ...
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156 views

Where does the Scripture say that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace in order to go to Heaven?

If I am correct, the Catholic Church teaches that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace at the moment of your death if you wish to go to Heaven. If you are not, then you are automatically ...
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94 views

What soteriological doctrines are most prevalent within Protestantism throughout the world?

As we all know, there are many Protestant denominations: Anglican, Lutheran, Baptist, Presbyterian, Reformed, Methodist, Adventist, Congregationalist, etc. In India, we have AG, IPC (Indian ...
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73 views

Does water baptism or a subconscious intention to be baptized with water by a human being necessarily and logically follows one's spiritual salvation? [closed]

Some say that water baptism is “an outward expression of an inward reality”; that it is “obedience to a command by God”. Regarding these statements, I have the following questions: Does all inward ...
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84 views

What is the relationship between commandments and salvation in Roman Catholicism?

Jesus during the conversation with the zealous youth, tells him:" You know the commandments: ‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false ...
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77 views

Parable of weeds - where did the enemy get seeds from? [closed]

In the Parable of Weeds, the enemy is narrated as sowing the seeds of weed once the farmer had sown good seeds (Mt 13:25). But, Matthew 13:30 suggests that the tares along with their ripe seeds ...
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81 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Soteriology in the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6?

Catholics interpret the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6 in light of transubstantiation (= the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' literal flesh and wine changing into Jesus' literal blood ...
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206 views

In Galatians 4:19, what is the meaning of “Christ formed in you”? [closed]

When Paul is speaking of Christ being in the Galatians, what is the true meaning of that phrase, "Christ formed in you"? Does it relate directly to salvation? In the context of the letter, he ...
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128 views

What is Thomas Aquinas' perspective on salvation for baptized heretics who believe in the Trinity?

St. Thomas Aquinas is praised globally for his intellect, and such has gained him the merit of being a 'Doctor of the Church'. I am curious about several things though: What are Aquinas's views on ...
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104 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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193 views

Do any trinitarian Protestant traditions teach that anyone who denies the Trinity is necessarily unsaved?

The traditional understanding of the Trinity, "one God in three Persons," is a widespread belief within Christianity, but there are nonetheless many nontrinitarians who associate themselves with ...
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144 views

What is the biblical basis for dual-covenant theology?

Dual-covenant theology, or two-covenant theology, holds that there are two covenants in effect—one, the Old Covenant (with the Mosaic Law) applying to Jews, and the second, the New Covenant (through ...
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Do proponents of Federal Vision believe that there is no hope of salvation without baptism?

According to my reading of this article written by an opponent of Federal Vision, physical water baptism is required for salvation according to those who advocate the framework: Some would insist ...
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210 views

How do opponents of Penal Substitution explain God's declaration that He “will not leave the guilty unpunished”?

In referring to opponents of Penal Substitution theory, I'm referring specifically to those who view it as a false view of the Atonement, not merely that it is incomplete (eg those who hold to ...
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681 views

Is Luther really the originator of “We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone”?

The quote "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone" is commonly attributed to Martin Luther, but is this actually so? If so, in what context did he say or write this? If ...
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159 views

According to Charismatic Christians, do those who never hear the gospel of Christ go to hell?

I'd like an overview of what Charismatic Christians believe regarding the unreached. Are people who have never heard the gospel of Christ going to hell? For example: infants, fetuses, mentally ...
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74 views

Catholic Church's History Reflects The life of Christ?

Background: A while back I had a very devout friend of mine explain to me that the life (or as I understood, the History) of the Catholic Church sort of paralleled the life of Jesus. That, like Jesus, ...
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146 views

According to LDS, what principles of the gospel were corrupted in the Great Apostasy

In the LDS.org article on Apostasy, the Great Apostasy is described in the following terms: After the deaths of the Savior and His Apostles, men corrupted the principles of the gospel and made ...
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320 views

Without Hell, from what does Jesus save?

This question is about the liberal versions of Christianity, the versions which don’t have a conception of Hell. Put simply, without Hell, just what exactly is Jesus saving me from? Even the most ...
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116 views

What is the basis for missions in a wider hope/inclusive framework?

I read No Other Name: An Investigation into the Destiny of the Unevangelized by John Sanders. I am persuaded about a wider hope for salvation other than exlusivism provides. I grew up in plain ole ...
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60 views

What are some examples of the restoration theme, in the OT, that Christ makes all things new? [closed]

Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. The Old Testament, at surface-level reading, presents a different God, a harsh and just God. Yet David and others speak of God's great ...
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202 views

A promise in Acts 16:31?

In the book of Acts, chapter 16, verse 31, reads as follows: They replied, "Believe in the Lord Jesus and you will be saved, you and your household." (NET) They replied, "Believe in the Lord ...
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When and where does the statement, “Christ paid the penalty for our sins” first appear?

The statement, "Christ paid the penalty for our sins" does not appear in the Bible. When in the history of Christian theology did this specific statement first appear? Who said it? Please provide ...
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271 views

What did salvation mean to the Israelite people of the OT?

Modern Christians have various ideas of salvation since Jesus came (going to heaven when you die; free from the curse of the law; set free from the flesh, the devil and the world; adopted into God's ...
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Is baptism by water necessary for salvation? [duplicate]

John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. If the Kingdom of God is inside you (Luke 17:21), ...
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233 views

In Catholicism is salvation by grace alone or by following the ten commandments and confession? [duplicate]

I have many catholic friends, and lately I have been engaging them as to whether or not they believe that salvation is by grace alone. My one catholic friend, (who would label themselves as an ...
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182 views

If salvation is possible from all religions, then is proselytizing required?

There are some Christian groups who believe that all religions are inherently good and that a good person who rejects Jesus Christ will still go to Heaven. According to them, if good people can go to ...
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324 views

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, will a good person who rejects Jesus go to heaven?

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, or the New Church, can a good person go to heaven if he or she rejects Jesus? If all religions are inherently good, it would mean the a good person who believes only ...