Reformed Theology (or Calvinism) is a branch of Christianity which emphasises the sovereignty of God

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Why are only some predestined?

Specifically with respect to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)... Chapter 3, paragraph 3 and 4, where it states: III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men ...
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3answers
1k views

How should Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How should the church deal ...
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4answers
7k views

What is the difference between Reformed and Presbyterian

I feel like this is a dumb question, but maybe, just maybe, I'm not the only one confused by this. Maybe if I'm willing to stick my neck out and look stupid, the answer will be here for those poor ...
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278 views

According to reformed theology, why are certain important doctrines not “obvious”? [i.e. why does the Westminister Confession even exist?]

Consider the important doctrines of: divinity of Christ doctrine of Trinity doctrine of predestination Consider in general, that the Westminister Confession is shorter than most books of the ...
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2answers
8k views

What is the difference between a covenant and a contract?

Specifically as used by the Reformed theological tradition, what is meant by the term "covenant"? How is this different than other forms of agreements under assorted names in English like contract, ...
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165 views

How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
10
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1answer
146 views

How do non-sacramental denominations identify and ordain pastors and other leaders?

I'm aware that not all Christian denominations call the leaders/pastors of local congregations "priests" (as Catholics, Orthodox, some Anglicans, and apparently some Lutherans do, perhaps among ...
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372 views

Did the church fathers or OT talk about the visible and invisible church?

In the Reformation, the doctrine of the distinction between the visible and invisible church was important in the Reformers' claim not to have started a rogue church. I am wondering... Given that it ...
9
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1answer
76 views

How do Reformed Churches justify applying the 4th commandment to the Lord's Day?

It is understood why Sunday is the Christian celebration every week, but it is not clear how the classically reformed justify applying the fourth commandment concerning the Sabbath, which was given to ...
9
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341 views

According to Two Kingdom theology, could a man hold both secular and spiritual office?

The so called Two Kingdom view of the separate institutes of secular state vs the church identifies a fairly clear boundary between the authority of each: one demanding some compliance with a nominal ...
9
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195 views

What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the ...
8
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3answers
674 views

What is the Calvinist perspective on regeneration?

When do Calvinists consider an elect person to be regenerate? If it is at birth, then is it odd that someone who is "regenerate" is living in sin, up until the point of faith in Christ? And if it is ...
8
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287 views

According to reformed theology: Is loving God a choice? If not, do the elect differ from robots?

According to reformed theology: God, before the foundations of the universe, chose to elect some humans God ensures that the elect will come to believe and follow Christ Thus, the question: For ...
8
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360 views

Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
7
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3answers
268 views

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
7
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1answer
460 views

How do Reformed Baptists view Dispensationalism?

What is the "official" stances of Reformed Baptists on Dispensationalism? What biblical base do they claim for such views? If, as a group, they would generally not teach Dispensationalism, are there ...
7
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1answer
396 views

Reformed perspective on “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us” (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
7
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1answer
137 views

How are the different covenants related to or different from each other?

In church traditions that subscribe to Reformed theology it is common to refer to God's relationship to men in terms of covenants -- agreements between God and His people in which God makes specific ...
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Why is it rare to combine Reformed/Calvinist doctrine and Dispensationalism?

I've been told that it's rare to find someone who combines Dispensationalism and Reformed/Calvinistic doctrine (such as John MacArthur). Why is this? What ideas don't mesh well?
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1answer
217 views

What role does the New Covenant play in Reformed Theology?

After looking at @Affable Geek's answer to an overview question on different understandings of why Jesus had to die, and in particular after his comment on Catholicism in this respect, I went to look ...
6
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2answers
260 views

In Reformed Theology, what are seen as the implications of Traducianism versus Creationism (of the soul)?

Traducianism says that one's soul is derived from one's parents' souls, but creationism says that God creates a soul for each body. The Wikipedia articles are a start, but I'm especially interested ...
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415 views

Is the following rationale for sharing the gospel consistent with reformed theology?

One can ask: if one believes in predestination, then why share the Gospel? A common response one often hears is: because God also said to share the gospel or perhaps God predestined you to be ...
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How is the teachings in the Book of James consistent with Salvation by Grace alone?

I was reading through James today and I understand his point was to convey to the Jews that only having faith - but not showing your gratitude for the grace they've received - is not good. He does get ...
5
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3answers
985 views

How does leaving a 'gift at the altar' reconcile with reformed views of the need to 'approach the throne of grace' in everything?

Jesus said: “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go ...
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223 views

According to reformed theology, does reformed theology fall apart if one removes the doctrine of predestination?

Context: I was recently pondering on why it took me so long to discover reformed theology, and how my beliefs changed before/after reading reformed theology -- and as I traced my thoughts, it seems ...
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Reformed Theology, Pentecostalism, and Charismatic Movement on The Holy Spirit

To a first degree approximation, is the following correct? Reformed Theology: Spiritual gifts ceased after the apostolic age. The gifts were important to setup the initial church, but after the ...
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273 views

Self-Examination in Reformed Practical Theology

I have the sense that the doctrine of self-examination figures large in the writings of the Puritans (and perhaps other old-school Reformed theologians); however, I do not know nearly as much about it ...
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1answer
157 views

What does Karl Barth imply by God entrusting us with a “nobile officium”?

In Evangelical Theology: An Introduction, chapter 8, Karl Barth writes: It is splendid and beautiful to be assigned a duty by the God of the Gospel who is the object of evangelical theology, but ...
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1k views

How did Reformed Theologians view works-based “Heavenly Rewards”?

I am currently reading Erwin Lutzer's "Your Eternal Reward". I also watched MacArthus's "Eternal Rewards and Motivation". Now, I know that Reformed theologians believe: salvation by grace, not works ...
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2answers
184 views

What is the biblical basis for the Covenant of Redemption?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Redemption is an eternal agreement made between the members of the Trinity in which the Son of God agrees to become incarnate and die for the the sins of God's ...
4
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1answer
360 views

How would a Reformed world view see the “Left Behind” series?

Are the teachings of Tim Lahaye as found in the Left Behind series consistent with the teachings of either Reformed theology or Calvanism? More generally, is the notion of "Biblical Fiction" ...
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1answer
147 views

Does a literal reading of Romans 4:25 conflict with Reformed theology?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it ...
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How do Calvinists go from “X is Sinful” to “X is unable to accept Christ on his own?”

I was recently reviewing Piper's TULIP notes. I'm also aware of What is the Biblical Basis for Total Depravity Here, however, is something that I no longer understand. How do Calvinists jump from: ...
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1answer
43 views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later had him ...
4
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1answer
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What is the difference between Presbyterianism and Evangelicalism?

I understand the main differences with Evangelicals vs. protestants are the strong beliefs in being "born again" and Biblical fundamentalism. However, what are some of the main differences in ...
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2answers
364 views

Does 1 Corinthians 9:27 contradict the doctrine of “The Perseverance of the Saints?”

At First Corinthians 9:24-27, the Apostle Paul writes: Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. Every athlete exercises ...
3
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1answer
104 views

How can God judge us if we are born sinful?

This question was asked by my Atheist friend who was raised Jewish. His point was basically that if we are all inherently sinners (Rom.3:23) than how can God hold us accountable for something we ...
3
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2answers
89 views

Do reformed theologists call “God the Father” Jehovah

"God the Son" is generally agreed to be Jesus. Do reformed theologists agree that "God the Father" is Jehovah (or is this only something claimed by the denomination calling themselves Jehovah's ...
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What are the main differences between Reformed Protestant Biblical Theology and Covenant Theology?

I have mostly studied theology by people who have their views labeled as Covenant Theology, by the label makers. Recently, I have studied views of some who prefer the label, Biblical Theology. I have ...
3
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1answer
53 views

What is the traditional view of Divine Command Theory in accordance to the Reformed tradition?

Wikipedia gives the following definition: Divine command theory is a meta-ethical theory which proposes that an action's status as morally good is equivalent to whether it is commanded by God. ...
3
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1answer
68 views

What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

My understanding is that Lutherans have some doctrine of sovereign election/predestination, yet they also affirm unlimited atonement and that some do go on to shipwreck their faith. What are the ...
3
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1answer
153 views

How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) If a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by ...
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3answers
486 views

According to reformed theology, are _all_ wealthy Christians required to give their wealth to the poor?

In Mark 10:17-31, we see Jesus talk to the rich young ruler, and tell him to sell his possessions and give it to the poor. According to reformed theologians, is this required of all wealthy followers ...
2
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1answer
74 views

What is the Reformed perspective on “All people are called by God to salvation in Christ.”?

The quote in the title is taken from paragraph 16 of the JOINT DECLARATION ON THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION by the Lutheran World Federation and the Catholic Church - linked here. Is such a statement ...
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1answer
187 views

According to reformed theology, is there any valid reason to desire to be saved besides it glorifies God?

Question: According to reformed theology, is there any valid reason to desire to be saved besides it glorifies God? As a result: According to reformed theology, is it valid to desire to be saved ...
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1answer
2k views

Are there disagreements between Reformed Theology and the teachings of A.W. Tozer?

Are there any known conflicts between the teachings of A.W. Tozer and those of Reformed Theology? My concern is sparked by his relation to the Christian "mystics", which sound potentially heretical. ...
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1answer
225 views

Was the account of eating forbidden fruit a metaphor?

What is the established church's (Church of England's) view on the theology of the eating of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil as being a metaphor for the act of questioning God's ...
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1answer
114 views

How do non-reformed theologists argue against “God alone matters”? [closed]

Edit For anyone that might stumble across this by accident: This is not a position that reformed theologists hold. (I.e. my assumption is incorrect.) Original Question If I understand reformed ...
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Are the Local Churches (associated with Watchman Nee) Calvinist? [duplicate]

Are the Local Churches, based on the teachings of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee, Calvinist (Reformed Theology)?
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Is hypocrisy a sin?

People don't like hypocrites, and they get a pretty bad rap in the Bible (especially from Jesus), but is hypocrisy itself a sin? In reformed theology at least, every one is fallen and cannot avoid ...