Reformed Theology (or Calvinism) is a branch of Christianity which emphasises the sovereignty of God

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What is the Biblical basis for Limited Atonement?

Calvin, among his other points, includes the point that Atonement is Limited; i.e., that Christ's death was sufficient for all but only effective for the elect. What is the Biblical basis for this ...
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5answers
947 views

Why are only some predestined?

Specifically with respect to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)... Chapter 3, paragraph 3 and 4, where it states: III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men ...
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3answers
1k views

How should Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How should the church deal ...
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4answers
13k views

What is the difference between Reformed and Presbyterian

I feel like this is a dumb question, but maybe, just maybe, I'm not the only one confused by this. Maybe if I'm willing to stick my neck out and look stupid, the answer will be here for those poor ...
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3answers
441 views

According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

So according to Calvinism as I understand it... ...God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation ...
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359 views

How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
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2answers
11k views

What is the difference between a covenant and a contract?

Specifically as used by the Reformed theological tradition, what is meant by the term "covenant"? How is this different than other forms of agreements under assorted names in English like contract, ...
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318 views

According to reformed theology, why are certain important doctrines not “obvious”? [i.e. why does the Westminister Confession even exist?]

Consider the important doctrines of: divinity of Christ doctrine of Trinity doctrine of predestination Consider in general, that the Westminister Confession is shorter than most books of the ...
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What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the ...
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2answers
466 views

Did the church fathers or OT talk about the visible and invisible church?

In the Reformation, the doctrine of the distinction between the visible and invisible church was important in the Reformers' claim not to have started a rogue church. I am wondering... Given that it ...
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1answer
215 views

How do non-sacramental denominations identify and ordain pastors and other leaders?

I'm aware that not all Christian denominations call the leaders/pastors of local congregations "priests" (as Catholics, Orthodox, some Anglicans, and apparently some Lutherans do, perhaps among ...
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179 views

How do Reformed Churches justify applying the 4th commandment to the Lord's Day?

It is understood why Sunday is the Christian celebration every week, but it is not clear how the classically reformed justify applying the fourth commandment concerning the Sabbath, which was given to ...
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How do “once saved, always saved” advocates explain the Parable of the Sower?

How do advocates of a strict perseverance of the saints doctrine explain the Parable of the Sower? That is, how does someone explain it who believes that once someone is saved they cannot lose that ...
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2answers
290 views

If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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1answer
466 views

In Reformed Theology, what are seen as the implications of Traducianism versus Creationism (of the soul)?

Traducianism says that one's soul is derived from one's parents' souls, but creationism says that God creates a soul for each body. The Wikipedia articles are a start, but I'm especially interested ...
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433 views

According to Two Kingdom theology, could a man hold both secular and spiritual office?

The so called Two Kingdom view of the separate institutes of secular state vs the church identifies a fairly clear boundary between the authority of each: one demanding some compliance with a nominal ...
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168 views

From a Reformed perspective, does retroactive prayer makes sense?

From a reformed perspective, that God is outside of time, does it make sense to pray for something that already happened? Or, can a prayer cause God to impact time in a retroactive way? An example ...
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2answers
897 views

What is the Calvinist perspective on regeneration?

When do Calvinists consider an elect person to be regenerate? If it is at birth, then is it odd that someone who is "regenerate" is living in sin, up until the point of faith in Christ? And if it is ...
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1k views

What is the Biblical argument against Limited Atonement?

The "L" in the TULIP acronym of Reformed Theology stands for Limited Atonement, which the Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms defines as: Sometimes called 'particular redemption,' the view that ...
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Why is it rare to combine Reformed/Calvinist doctrine and Dispensationalism?

I've been told that it's rare to find someone who combines Dispensationalism and Reformed/Calvinistic doctrine (such as John MacArthur). Why is this? What ideas don't mesh well?
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1answer
637 views

How do Reformed Baptists view Dispensationalism?

What is the "official" stances of Reformed Baptists on Dispensationalism? What biblical base do they claim for such views? If, as a group, they would generally not teach Dispensationalism, are there ...
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140 views

What impact did Karl Barth have on Roman Catholic theology?

I ran across a book on Amazon called Karl Barth, Catholic Renewal and Vatican II. It seems strange to me that Karl Barth, a neo-orthodox Protestant, would have an impact like what the book's blurb ...
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According to reformed theology: Is loving God a choice? If not, do the elect differ from robots?

According to reformed theology: God, before the foundations of the universe, chose to elect some humans God ensures that the elect will come to believe and follow Christ Thus, the question: For ...
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Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
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Did Karl Barth confess an orthodox doctrine of the Trinity?

Karl Barth heavily emphasized the doctrine of the Trinity in his writings. Was his view consistent with the ecumenical creeds of the early church?
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680 views

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
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27 views

Who first said, “We are all born Pelagians?”

In What Is Reformed Theology? R. C. Sproul attributes the following quote to Roger Nicole, a 20th century Reformed theologian: We are all born Pelagians. (source) By this, Sproul means to say ...
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2answers
751 views

According to reformed theology, how does the fall glorify God?

What this question is not about: This question is NOT about: Is God omniscient (all knowing?), omnipotent (all powerful?) and benevolent? Then if God foresaw the first sin, and had the power to stop ...
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1answer
616 views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later put him on trial ...
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1answer
534 views

Reformed perspective on “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us” (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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2answers
319 views

What is the biblical basis for the Covenant of Redemption?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Redemption is an eternal agreement made between the members of the Trinity in which the Son of God agrees to become incarnate and die for the the sins of God's ...
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259 views

What role does the New Covenant play in Reformed Theology?

After looking at @Affable Geek's answer to an overview question on different understandings of why Jesus had to die, and in particular after his comment on Catholicism in this respect, I went to look ...
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How are the different covenants related to or different from each other?

In church traditions that subscribe to Reformed theology it is common to refer to God's relationship to men in terms of covenants -- agreements between God and His people in which God makes specific ...
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3answers
225 views

Do Calvinists believe that it is possible to be saved without believing the doctrine of predestination?

From a Calvinist theological view, is it possible for God to predestine that XYZ be saved, but for XYZ to reject the doctrine of predestination throughout his or her life?
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How are the teachings in the Book of James consistent with Salvation by Grace alone?

I was reading through James today and I understand his point was to convey to the Jews that only having faith - but not showing your gratitude for the grace they've received - is not good. He does get ...
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330 views

Calvinist Regeneration, Interpreting Colossians 2:12

I am convinced that the scriptures teach of a God who is completely sovereign in salvation. I am a monergist. I can cite several passages that make me think this way. I think if you look at some of my ...
6
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1answer
93 views

What is the Calvinist and Hyper-Calvinist understanding of the “whosoever will” from Rev. 22:17?

And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely. (Rev. 22:17 KJV) I've heard ...
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2answers
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Reformed Theology, Pentecostalism, and Charismatic Movement on The Holy Spirit

To a first degree approximation, is the following correct? Reformed Theology: Spiritual gifts ceased after the apostolic age. The gifts were important to setup the initial church, but after the ...
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106 views

When did the Church begin?

According to Reformed Baptist theology, when did the Church begin? In the Old Testament or in the New Testament?
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83 views

Why do Covenant theologians use the word “dispensation,” and what do they mean by it?

The first time I read the Westminster Confession of Faith, a confession reflecting Covenant (or Reformed) theology, I was surprised to see the word dispensations used in it: There are not ...
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1answer
200 views

What does Karl Barth imply by God entrusting us with a “nobile officium”?

In Evangelical Theology: An Introduction, chapter 8, Karl Barth writes: It is splendid and beautiful to be assigned a duty by the God of the Gospel who is the object of evangelical theology, but ...
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1k views

How did Reformed Theologians view works-based “Heavenly Rewards”?

I am currently reading Erwin Lutzer's "Your Eternal Reward". I also watched MacArthus's "Eternal Rewards and Motivation". Now, I know that Reformed theologians believe: salvation by grace, not works ...
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86 views

Do Reformed paedobaptists call for the baptism of household servants, just as Abraham's servants were circumcised?

In Genesis 17:9–13 we read: 9 And God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. 10 This is my covenant, which you ...
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3answers
484 views

Is the following rationale for sharing the gospel consistent with reformed theology?

One can ask: if one believes in predestination, then why share the Gospel? A common response one often hears is: because God also said to share the gospel or perhaps God predestined you to be ...
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4answers
286 views

Is one's predestination influenced by one's parents?

This question regards the reformed doctrine of predestination. Predestination states that God, even before the child has been born, decides whether the child is saved. Is there any biblical evidence ...
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How does leaving a 'gift at the altar' reconcile with reformed views of the need to 'approach the throne of grace' in everything?

Jesus said: “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go ...
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142 views

Do reformed theologians call “God the Father” Jehovah?

"God the Son" is generally agreed to be Jesus. Do reformed theologians agree that "God the Father" is Jehovah, or is this only something claimed by the denomination calling themselves Jehovah's ...
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2answers
238 views

According to reformed theology, does reformed theology fall apart if one removes the doctrine of predestination?

Context: I was recently pondering on why it took me so long to discover reformed theology, and how my beliefs changed before/after reading reformed theology -- and as I traced my thoughts, it seems ...
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118 views

How can Pharisees turn someone from God if His grace is irresistible?

How does Calvinism reconcile these words from Jesus along with its doctrine of irresistible grace (IG)? Matthew 23:13,15 ESV But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the ...
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How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) if a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by ...