Protestantism is a broad tradition inside of Christianity having started as a break away from the then Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages that today includes a wide variety of different denominations.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

34
votes
11answers
799 views

What is the basis of my fractured understanding of “Sola Scriptura”?

As a Catholic, I'm often baffled by other Christians who base their faith purely off personal interpretation of the Bible as the be-all-end-all proof for everything under the sun (which is what I mean ...
25
votes
8answers
5k views

Sex outside of marriage is a sin. But what about “less than sex”? [closed]

Inspired by Is masturbation a sin? This is a tough subject that I've grappled with my whole life. It's clear in God's word that sex outside of marriage (adultery) is a sin. But, what is acceptable ...
22
votes
5answers
2k views

Is murder allowed if God tells you to do it?

The Bible pretty clearly says not to murder (Exodus 20:13). But if we examine Numbers 25 or 1Kings 18:40, we see God (or more accurately, his prophets) telling us to kill people. Indeed, entire ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do Protestants allow contraception?

The Catholic Church is strongly against contraception. Most Protestants nowadays accept it; I gather it was less common in the past. Of course it's possible that Protestants have just given in to ...
18
votes
6answers
6k views

What are the practical applications of “two will become one flesh”? [closed]

Mark 10:8 (NIV) and the two will become one flesh. So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What does this mean for a marriage? What are the practical applications of this? Obviously, this is ...
17
votes
3answers
733 views

Protestant arguments for perpetual virginity of Mary

It's common knowledge that Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. Less known is that Zwingli and ...
17
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the difference between Evangelical and Protestant?

Just the other day, I heard somebody talking politics and contrasted the Roman Catholic church's political influence with "the Evangelical vote". In this sense, as is often done in US media, the word ...
16
votes
5answers
14k views

Why the difference in depiction of the cross between Catholics and Protestants?

As I understand it, Roman Catholic crosses have Jesus hanging on them, but Protestant crosses do not. I understood that Protestant crosses do not because they want to focus on the Resurrection, not ...
16
votes
4answers
669 views

Are Catholics like pagans, in Evangelical vision?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
15
votes
8answers
37k views

Does the act of sex constitute marriage in God's eyes? [on hold]

I came across this verse today (bold added): 1 Corinthians 6:15-17 (NASB) 15 Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take away the members of Christ and make them ...
15
votes
8answers
470 views

How do schisms in the church fit into the plans of a monotheistic God?

Before 1054 a reasonable claim could be made that there existed "one holy catholic and apostolic Church", as the Nicene Creed puts it. Since then, the visible church has divided into at least three ...
15
votes
8answers
499 views

Was Jesus finite or infinite? (human or God?)

I've always heard it said that Jesus was "completely human" and "completely God". How could he be both human (finite by very nature) and God (infinite by very nature)?
15
votes
4answers
907 views

Is there a hierarchy in the Trinity?

It seems that there is some form of hierarchy within the Trinity. For example, these passages seem to indicate that the Holy Spirit is subservient to the Father and Jesus: John 14:26 (NIV) ...
14
votes
3answers
16k views

Does God test us?

I was working on a different question and I found that I couldn't actually find anywhere that shows that God actually tests us. Psalms 26:2 (NIV) Test me, LORD, and try me, examine my heart and ...
14
votes
5answers
1k views

When did the one-way monologue sermon first become a normal feature of church assemblies?

Of course Jesus preached a lot of monologue sermons, but I have noticed that Jesus did not usually preach sermons like nearly every church does today. He never seems to have, or at least rarely ...
13
votes
6answers
5k views

Why does Catholicism have priests but Protestantism does not?

The Catholic Church (and apparently Anglican or Episcopalian churches) have clergy with the title of "priest", as did Old Testament Judaism. Are Protestant "preachers", "reverends", "pastors", ...
13
votes
9answers
3k views

How can Jesus, born of mankind, be sinless?

Very simple question really. If the sin of Adam is passed down through the generations, so that all of us are born with a sin nature, how can it be that Jesus was born of Mary (a human being), yet ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

What do Protestants who deny transubstantiation do with the remainders of wine and bread after the Eucharist?

What do Protestants who deny transubstantiation do with the remainders of wine and bread after the Eucharist? For example, in Eastern Orthodox Church, after the liturgy the priest must consume (I ...
13
votes
5answers
344 views

Is God of Anger or of Love?

Numbers 25 shows God as a god who destroys and kills anyone who aligns him/herself with the wrong deity. However, Matthew 5:39 talks about how we should "not resist an evil person". How can we ...
13
votes
6answers
4k views

Since God provided for the forgiveness of sins in the Old Testament, why do we need Jesus?

I thought of this when I was researching this question. Leviticus 4 goes into great detail about the sacrifice that must be made in order for a sin to be forgiven. However, we see here that God ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between Augustinianism and Calvinism

Is there a difference between Augustinianism and (Five Points) Calvinism as they relate to the doctrine of salvation? If so, what is the difference?
13
votes
1answer
180 views

According to Protestant trinitarians, what is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ?

What is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ in the Trinity? Non-trinitarians believe that Christ is literally the son of God, but that doesn't quite work with the ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis for salvation by faith alone (sola fide)?

One of the key issues in the Reformation was the doctrine of Sola Fide, that is, that salvation is by faith alone, apart from works. What, then, is the biblical basis for this belief?
12
votes
2answers
738 views

What is the basis for Cessationism?

Cessationism is the belief held by some protestants that the miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit, such as prophecy, do not occur in present day. The general thinking is that these gifts "ceased" at ...
12
votes
2answers
479 views

When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who ...
12
votes
9answers
4k views

What is the Protestant argument against the doctrine of Purgatory?

The Roman Catholic Church teaches the idea of Purgatory, which is defined by Wikipedia as follows: Purgatory is, according to Catholic teaching, the state or place of purification or temporary ...
12
votes
2answers
314 views

How do Protestants interpret “baptized for the dead” in 1 Corinthians 15:29?

1 Corinthians 15:29 (KJV) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? I know that the LDS Church ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the Protestant belief known as “faith alone”?

"Faith Alone"? If you have heard the term "Protestant" before, chances are you have also heard the saying "faith alone." The way Protestants speak of "faith alone" might almost give one the ...
12
votes
1answer
409 views

Are there any Protestant beliefs which have their roots in Mormon doctrines?

Protestants often associate Mormonism with outlandish1 doctrines like innumerable Gods, people living on the sun, or special underwear that you can't take off2. But I am curious what lies at the ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Should protestants not make the sign of the Cross?

I'm not a Catholic, but I've been aware since I was little that Catholics will "Cross" themselves. Early on I felt like I shouldn't copy it as it always had been portrayed in tv/film as something ...
11
votes
4answers
572 views

What is the argument in support of personal interpretation of the Scriptures?

The Catholic church teaches that only the Church (Magisterium) has the right to interpret Scriptures whereas Protestant churches typically believe that anyone has that right. What is the argument ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

How do Protestants view “Catholic” miracles, such as those that attest to a saint?

An important part of Catholicism is the canonization of saints in the present day. One of the criteria for canonization is the confirmation of miracles associated with the would-be saint. In ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Why are wives considered the “weaker partner”? (1 Peter 3:7)

In 1 Peter, we read: 1 Peter 3:7 (NIV) Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Does the Bible make a distinction between Christian and secular love?

John makes this startling claim in his first epistle. 1 John 4:7-8 (NIV) 7  Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows ...
10
votes
4answers
179 views

Where did the ecclesiastical offices go?

In the Bible, there are three distinct titles: Episcopai — literally administrator, these were tasked with overseeing a church/region Presbyteros — a lesser title, still tasked with ...
10
votes
2answers
270 views

Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
10
votes
1answer
630 views

Do any Protestant denominations practice meditative or contemplative prayer?

Having read David's answer to How much are psalms and other prayers from Bible understood as actual prayer in Protestantism?, I wonder whether any Protestants practice meditative or contemplative ...
9
votes
3answers
872 views

Do Protestants believe Jesus and Satan are brothers?

Many, many times, I've seen or heard "Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are brothers". Technically, it's true. Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are sons of God, and by dictionary definition, people can ...
9
votes
3answers
547 views

Did Jonah fail the test of a prophet?

I came across an article on the FAIR Mormon wiki that discusses the prophetic test (Deut. 18). It applies the test on some Biblical prophets, and shows how someone could claim these prophets fail the ...
9
votes
6answers
2k views

What did God mean when He said 'lest they live forever'?

I was talking to a Jehovah's witness who did not believe in the immortality of soul and he pointed out a scripture to me. Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold ... lest he put forth his ...
9
votes
2answers
813 views

Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
9
votes
2answers
220 views

How do we reconcile the futility of Ecclesiastes with the reward of heaven?

There's no question that Christianity believes in heaven. We have a tag here heaven filled with questions about it. Having said this, there are many places in the Old Testament that speak of the ...
9
votes
1answer
671 views

When (and why) did the empty cross v.s. crucifix split happen?

Today, we have Catholic and Orthodox churches (and a few others) using the crucifix whereas most Protestant denominations have an empty cross. Did this empty-cross split happen around when Martin ...
9
votes
2answers
298 views

Is there any protestant method how to deal spiritual dryness?

In Catholic tradition, there are books on spiritual dryness (Dark Night of the Soul by st. John of the Cross is the most famous) and it is mentioned in Catechism of Catholic Church too. Eastern ...
9
votes
3answers
248 views

How does the Filioque affect Reformed Protestant theology?

In the past, extremely influential Eastern theologians (Photius the Great, Mark of Ephesus, etc.) have rejected the Filioque on important theological grounds. Likewise, the Latin Catholic church ...
8
votes
7answers
844 views

Why are Independent Baptist Fundamentalists labelled Protestants?

Something that always bothers me which I witness to Catholics: the well-meaning ones tell me I am a Protestant and say that "we protested the Catholic Church". This isn't true, the Baptist Church was ...
8
votes
4answers
982 views

Why do many protestants congregations not require attendance at services on Christmas and Easter?

It came to my attention from living, driving around and listening to Christian radio that many Protestants do not have any services on what Catholics would consider solemnities (Christmas and Easter ...
8
votes
6answers
495 views

If Protestants won't ask dead saints to intercede because there is no mediator but Jesus then why do they ask living Christians to pray for them?

Protestants reject the Catholic and Orthodox practice of asking deceased saints to pray for them, and I think there are two main reasons why they reject it: it is communicating with the dead, and it ...
8
votes
3answers
317 views

How do Protestants respond to the JW interpretation of John 14:28?

According to What does the Bible really teach?, a Watchtower publication, pp.41-42: The only-begotton Son never even considered trying to be equal to his Father. The Bible clearly teaches that the ...
8
votes
3answers
893 views

How do Protestants understand major differences in doctrine between denominations?

As a Catholic I believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus and given the authority to teach infallibly on the topics of faith and morals. My understanding is that many Protestants ...