Protestantism is a broad tradition inside of Christianity having started as a break away from the then Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century that today includes a wide variety of different denominations.

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In Protestant churches, who is the authority in interpreting the Bible?

I need a better understanding of Protestant teaching on who has the authority to interpret Sacred Scripture.
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What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

I have heard many Protestants say that "baptism is not necessary for salvation". They follow Paul I guess, who says all works including Baptism or circumcision are optional. But having read the ...
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Is 'Non-Catholic Non-Orthodox Modern Western Denomination' an ok definition of Protestant?

One meaning of the term "Protestant" is "a church drawing its roots from the Reformation and the denominations of the Reformers in particular". I have also seen the term extensively used to mean "a ...
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Do any Protestant denominations organize a canon starting from a collection of books other than the Roman Catholic Church's canon?

It is my understanding that most Protestant groups recognise a 66 book canon which is entirely a subset of the Roman Catholic canon and which was developed by removing the so-called apocrypha from the ...
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From a Lutheran perspective, how can we attain unity of mind while disagreeing with our brothers and sisters?

In 1 Peter 3:8 Peter writes, "Finally, all of you, have unity of mind" (ESV), which I believe is a clear call for unity of mind within the church. In Romans 14:5 Paul writes that, "Each one should be ...
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Why are Protestants from the Church of England allowed to divorce?

Since Paul said that divorce is forbidden, and Paul's letters are to be taken as word of God, why do some Protestant churches (Church of England for example) permit divorce?
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What's the Biblical basis for “all Christians will be together in heaven some day”?

Christians often say that "some day we will all be together in heaven." I'm wondering if this idea comes from scripture. The closest I can think of is the end of Revelation, which discusses a "new ...
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What did God mean when He said 'lest they live forever'?

I was talking to a Jehovah's witness who did not believe in the immortality of soul and he pointed out a scripture to me. Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold ... lest he put forth his ...
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When did the split in crufix/empty-cross sybolism occur and why did it happen?

Today, we have Catholic and Orthodox churches (and a few others) using the crucifix, whereas most Protestant denominations use an empty cross in their symbolism. Did this difference in symbolism arise ...
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is also ...
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Why are Independent Baptist Fundamentalists labelled Protestants?

Something that always bothers me which I witness to Catholics: the well-meaning ones tell me I am a Protestant and say that "we protested the Catholic Church". This isn't true, the Baptist Church was ...
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What do protestants who believe our old bodies will be resurrected think that will look like?

Some Protestants believe that in the "resurrection" we will receive new bodies. Other Protestants believe that in the resurrection, our old bodies will literally rise up out of the ground for us to ...
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Why does Catholicism have priests but Protestantism does not?

The Catholic Church (and apparently Anglican or Episcopalian churches) have clergy with the title of "priest", as did Old Testament Judaism. Are Protestant "preachers", "reverends", "pastors", ...
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Is there a future for ecumenism? What is the main obstacle for Christian unity? [closed]

Since the founding of World Council of Churches and the closing of Second Vatican Council to this day we've seen openness from church leaders to re-examine what divides us and what we believe in ...
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Which, if any, Protestant bodies affirm punishment in the afterlife for the unrighteous prior to the general resurrection and the Day of the Lord?

In the old testament, when people died they were said to descend to Sheol. It wasn't particularly spiritualized as much as it was just an understanding that dead people go to the grave and the grave ...
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Are we saved by Grace Alone or Faith Alone?

Two of the Five Solas are: Sola Gratia: Salvation by Grace Alone Sola Fide: Justification by Faith Alone If salvation is by "grace alone", how can "faith alone" be added as well? Only one of these ...
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What does it mean to be buried with Christ through Baptism? (Immersionist view)

Romans 6:1-4 (NIV) What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? By no means! We are those who have died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don’t ...
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What's the Protestants' view on the purpose of sacraments?

Once an orthodox priest told me that Protestants themselves don't know what they need the sacraments for. He said that since they deny the doctrine of transubstantiation and have separated themselves ...
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What core LDS doctrine(s) contradict the Protestant doctrine of salvation by grace through faith?

I am pretty unfamiliar with LDS doctrine so please keep all answers at a novice level. What doctrine(s) of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints contradict the doctrine that a person is ...
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How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13-20

The verses reads like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
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Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
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What is the Protestant biblical basis for those concluding that 'all moral works' without grace have no good in them (or have the nature of sin)?

I am trying to clarify the difference in my own mind between a traditional Catholic and traditional Protestant view of grace, specifically in terms of the 'works of unbelievers'. It seems hard to ...
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Is there a hierarchy in the Trinity?

It seems that there is some form of hierarchy within the Trinity. For example, these passages seem to indicate that the Holy Spirit is subservient to the Father and Jesus: John 14:26 (NIV) ...
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Are Mormons Protestants?

I'm sure Mormons are neither Catholic nor Orthodox. There is no doubt that they are Christians but I'm not sure they are Protestants or not. Are Mormons Protestants or they are just "Latter Day ...
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What do Protestants say was the source for the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Not counting Martin Luther, who appears to have believed in the doctrine of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary, what do other Protestants think is the source and reason for Catholic adherence to the ...
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What is the Protestant argument against the doctrine of Purgatory?

The Roman Catholic Church teaches the idea of Purgatory, which is defined by Wikipedia as follows: Purgatory is, according to Catholic teaching, the state or place of purification or temporary ...
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Why do Protestants say: “In Jesus' name. Amen.”, whereas Catholics say: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.”?

Why do Protestants oftentimes seem to say: "In Jesus' name. Amen.", whereas Catholics generally begin and end prayers saying: "In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. ...
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Do angels possess 1) a body, soul and spirit, 2) a soul and spirit or 3) just a spirit?

My personal understanding is that plants have a body, animals have both a body and a soul, and mankind has a body, a soul and a spirit. However, angels, as I understand, do not have a body that is ...
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What is the basis for Cessationism?

Cessationism is the belief held by some protestants that the miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit, such as prophecy, do not occur in present day. The general thinking is that these gifts "ceased" at ...
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According to the Bible, who is Satan? Where did he come from? What is he? And what will happen to him?

According to Protestant Literalists: Who is Satan? Where did he come from? Where is he going or what will happen to him? I'm interested in answers with citations from the Bible.
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Why do Protestants worship on Sunday? [duplicate]

If the Sabbath is Saturday and it's known that the Roman Catholic Church changed the day week to worship from Saturday to Sunday, why then would Protestants continue to worship on Sunday? I ...
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How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
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What is Protestant Scholasticism?

I read a tag line advocating Lutheran Theologian Dr. Jack Kilcrease offering a class on "Protestant Scholasticism", which I had never heard of before. This seems odd to me because of Luther's ...
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What do the words Catholic and Protestant mean? [closed]

Also, what is the history of use and what languages do they come from? Is it a fitting name today or is it outdated? How do the two relate to each other?
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Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
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Does the Bible make a distinction between Christian and secular love?

John makes this startling claim in his first epistle. 1 John 4:7-8 (NIV) 7  Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows ...
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How is “their angels always behold the Father in heaven” a warning?

Matthew 18:10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven. Jesus was ...
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Since God provided for the forgiveness of sins in the Old Testament, why do we need Jesus?

I thought of this when I was researching this question. Leviticus 4 goes into great detail about the sacrifice that must be made in order for a sin to be forgiven. However, we see here that God ...
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Do any Protestant Sects object to the existence of angels?

I'm kind of more-or-less asking this because CHRISTIANITY.SE IS GOING TO GET A REAL HAIRCUT soon, but I was thinking about Christian symbols and Jewish symbols and symbols that everyone agrees one and ...
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Why do Protestants trust what Paul and Luke wrote 100%?

This has always been a big question for me. I can understand that many Christians believe there is good evidence for the resurrection of Jesus, and that gives a basis for their faith in the teaching ...
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Why do some Protestants divide the Blood of Christ into individual cups?

A related question asks about Catholic practice (of using a common cup). In some Protestant Churches — I’ve experienced this myself in both Baptist and Free Churches — the wine at the ...
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Pride of the humble [closed]

Some Russian so called "saints" talked much about what they call "pride of the humble" (when one is proud by his own humility: "I am a great saint"). My question: Do similar ideas appear in western ...
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How do Protestants deal with pre-Reformation heresies?

Have any of the old heresies (i.e. Manichean, Arian, Nestorian, Iconoclasm) been resurrected and repackaged by main-line denominations -or- Do Protestants, in general, still accept the ...
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How do schisms in the church fit into the plans of a monotheistic God? [closed]

Before 1054 a reasonable claim could be made that there existed "one holy catholic and apostolic Church", as the Nicene Creed puts it. Since then, the visible church has divided into at least three ...
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If I have the Spirit of Jesus in me, why do I still sin? [closed]

If we, as Christians and believers, are indwelt with the Holy Spirit, the same spirit of Jesus, why do we still sin? Galatians 4:4-7 ESV But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his ...
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Why (and when) did the empty cross v.s. crucifix split happen? [duplicate]

Today, we have Catholic and Orthodox churches (and a few others) using the crucifix whereas most Protestant denominations make exclusive use of an empty cross. When and why did the Protestant ...
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What is the difference between Belief and Faith?

I want to know what is the difference between Belief and Faith from a protestant perspective. Can anyone explain this to me?
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Why do many Protestant congregations not require attendance at services on Christmas and Easter?

It came to my attention from living, driving around and listening to Christian radio that many Protestants do not have any services on what Catholics would consider solemnities (Christmas and Easter ...
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Do Protestants believe Jesus and Satan are brothers?

Many, many times, I've seen or heard "Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are brothers". Technically, it's true. Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are sons of God, and by dictionary definition, people can ...
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What are the main differences between the Catholic and Protestant definitions of Biblical inerrancy?

Given the Protestant definition in this selected answer to From a Fundamentalist standpoint, what does the phrase “Inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God” mean? | @DavidStratton, What are the ...