Protestantism is a broad tradition referring to the churches which broke from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century and those that descended from them.

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Do any Protestant groups teach that Paul founded the Church and not Peter?

I have always been told that Peter was the head of the entire Church at the time of Christ. However, James was apparently leader of the Church in Jerusalem, and Paul started a number of churches ...
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278 views

How is Jesus God's final word? (Protestant Perspective)

The Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church states plainly (emphasis added): In Jesus Christ, God himself came to earth. He is God's last Word. Indeed, some modern English translations of the New ...
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3k views

Did Protestants get “Thine is the Kingdom etc…” from the Didache?

So, I was writing an answer to a question a few minutes ago, and I was going to smugly tell all you Protestants that your "thine is the Kingdom" doxology is so non-Biblical, it's apocryphal. Well, ...
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336 views

Is modern Evangelical Protestant soteriology consistent with the early Christian idea of “theosis”?

Early Christians used the term theosis, which puts forth a "exaltation", "divinization" deification concept which the Eastern orthodox church still holds today. [T]he Word of God became man, that ...
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320 views

According to the Protestant faith, was God grieved when He cast Satan out of Heaven?

Ezekiel 28 and Isaiah 14 both describe Satan's rebellion and being "cast out" of heaven. This question here on this site has plenty of references about the actual "events": When did Satan get cast ...
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84 views

Why didn't the universe fall apart when Jesus died? [closed]

In Colossians 1:16-17, it talks about how the world was made by Jesus and for Jesus. But it also says that "He is before all things, and in him all things hold together", so why didn't we all die and ...
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168 views

Do any Protestant denominations recognize Latter Day Saints as Christians?

Correct me if I'm wrong but I think the Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox churches do not so that leaves the Protestants. By Protestant, I mean the 'mainstream' Protestant denominations, with minimal ...
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239 views

Do any Protestant denominations organize a canon starting from a collection of books other than the Roman Catholic Church's canon?

It is my understanding that most Protestant groups recognise a 66 book canon which is entirely a subset of the Roman Catholic canon and which was developed by removing the so-called apocrypha from the ...
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358 views

What are the essential components of a Protestant evangelical church?

What are the essential attributes of a church, according to the Bible as interpreted by Protestant evangelical traditions? I've started a list but feel that it is incomplete: Ministries Missions ...
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57 views

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father?

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father? By "denomination" in this context I am excluding any sects, Unitarians, ...
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206 views

Why do Protestants hold “prayer services”? [closed]

Why do Protestants hold "prayer services"? Since "prayer service" is an English term, are there equivalents in other languages? When did this service start? How did it get started? How are "prayer ...
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81 views

Why is dividing 'event' versus 'process' driven views of justification important to separate Catholic and Protestant theology?

In studying Roman Catholic theology it took me so so long before it dawned on me that justification is not viewed as an event as it is in Protestant theology. Why is this single concept so critical in ...
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1k views

What is the difference between AME and AME Zion Churches

From (limited) personal experience, A.M.E. and A.M.E. Zion churches hold very similar structure, theology, and culture. What are the principle differences? Are there subtle separations in these ...
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128 views

What is “New Creation” according to Protestants?

2 Corinthians 5:17 (ESV) Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. It is undeniable that no one can live a perfect sinless ...
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168 views

Were a lot of 'Christians' in the past not Christians at all? [closed]

The intent of this question is not to define 'what is a true Christian?', but to ask: Given that each tradition has it's own well-defined understanding of what being a Christian means, how do they ...
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376 views

How do Protestants interpret Malachi 1:11 and Isaiah 66:20-21?

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name shall be great among the Gentiles; And in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: ...
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148 views

What is the basis for “Church Shopping”?

"Church shopping" is when church goers move about from church to church to find one they like, sometimes willing to travel great distances or spend many months visiting dozens of churches. It ...
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3answers
549 views

What are the differences between Apostles, Prophets, Peter and Jesus Christ in being the “foundation” whereon the church is built? [closed]

1 Corinthians 3:11 Jesus Christ is the foundation whereon the church is built. Ephesians 2:20 Both the Prophets and the Apostles are the foundation whereon the church is built. Matthew 16:18 Simon ...
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1answer
247 views

What is the history of Irish Catholic resentment toward Protestantism?

In the Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Angela's Ashes, the author depicts several instances of Irish Catholic animosity toward Protestants, especially those from America. What is the background of this ...
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600 views

Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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2answers
464 views

What is the basis for faith not being an emotion or feeling? [closed]

What does Protestantism say? I have heard don't make your bible decisions on your feelings, use your brain, have faith. Am I to understand faith is not a feeling nor an emotion? I looked here and ...
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180 views

What arguments are used by Protestants who object to the use of marijuana, even where it is legal?

With the legalization of recreational marijuana in a few states this summer, no longer can the argument against marijuana be that people are supposed to obey those in authority over them (in this ...
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528 views

What is an overview of Protestants' answers to why I still sin when I have the Spirit of God in me? [closed]

If we, as Christians and believers, are indwelt with the perfect and true Holy Spirit, the same spirit of Jesus, which is also the fullness of God, why do we still sin? Galatians 4:4-7 ESV But ...
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631 views

What is the biblical basis for the claim that abortion is morally acceptable (when there are no complicating factors)?

Several Protestant denominations take an official position on abortion that it can be acceptable under certain circumstances, and that in those circumstances the choice can be made by the woman. ...
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55 views

Does any church believe in Sola Scriptura, but without allowing private interpretation?

Is there a protestant church which adheres to Sola Scriptura, but considers rightful interpretation to be made by the church only (or elders, synod, etc.)?
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86 views

How do different Protestant denominations view the relationship between Israel and the Church?

I know there is some complicated theology, which I am not an expert in, regarding what I am about to ask. I honestly don't even know the technical terms for what I am trying to describe. I would ...
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1answer
64 views

Which, if any, Protestant bodies affirm punishment in the afterlife for the unrighteous prior to the general resurrection and the Day of the Lord?

In the old testament, when people died they were said to descend to Sheol. It wasn't particularly spiritualized as much as it was just an understanding that dead people go to the grave and the grave ...
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1answer
394 views

What is the historical and theological basis for Protestant anti-Catholicism? [closed]

I am under the impression that Scripture teaches tolerance, not resentment. However it seems there has been some tension between Catholics and Protestants over the centuries – to the point of war in ...
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3answers
112 views

What are full-time protestant proselyting missions like? [closed]

I'm a Mormon, and everyone knows Mormons are famous for missionary work, as pretty much every faithful young man will serve a 2 year full-time mission right out of high school, and many women will ...
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1answer
47 views

When were Gentiles under Law? [closed]

In "Protestant" Christian sermons, I very often notice that preachers say "we are no longer under the law but under the grace now". I don't understand the logic of these statements since the Mosaic ...
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342 views

Do Christians receive the same inheritance as Messianic Jews?

I know that in Christ there is complete redemption for both Jew and Gentile but it seems as though God has made specific promises to the house of Israel and that God throughout the bible shows special ...
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345 views

Have there been any high-profile converts from Catholicism back to high-church traditions? [closed]

There are several high-profile "defectors" (tongue-in-cheek!) or converts from high-church traditions (such as Anglicanism) to Roman Catholicism. I am thinking in particular of G. K. Chesterton and ...
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48 views

Is Jesus seen as both the Passover Lamb and Goat(s) of the Atonement in any Protestant Theology? [on hold]

It is often said that Jesus fulfilled the Jewish spring feasts when he first came and the expectation is that he will fulfill the fall feasts when we returns. Also, that Jesus died at the time of ...
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57 views

Is there a concept of Ministerial Priesthood existing in Protestantism?

Catholicism teaches ministerial priesthood (source). Is there a concept of Ministerial Priesthood existing in Protestantism? I'm referring to the hierarchy as well as to those who perform the ...
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59 views

How do Protestants harmonize the creeds and confessions on anthropomorphism?

In the 39 Articles of the Anglican/Episcopalian church, the first article says: I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body, parts, or ...
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331 views

Did Protestants consider transubstantiation to be idol worship?

During the sacrament of the Eucharist in the Catholic denomination, it is taught that the wine becomes the actual blood of Christ. The term is called Transubstantiation. As far as I know, only ...
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72 views

Why for most protestant these verses aren't sufficient to recognize the Peter supremacy on the other apostles (and so the Pope authority)? [on hold]

I quotes these verses and I would an analysis of these verses and why are not enough to assert Peter supremacy. Mt 16,18-20 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my ...
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105 views

Works Rightouseness - Is there any Christian Group that focus on this

I have been reading a Protestant book on evangelism and it, as well as other books I have read from Evangelical sources, focus greatly on on how their faith practice is in direct opposition to ...
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36 views

Christian Flag symbol [duplicate]

I have seen a symbol on my way to work and am wondering what it means. It is a flag with a Red Cross on a black background and there is a red upside down triangle in the upper right corner that ...
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113 views

New Perspective on Paul? [duplicate]

What is the New Perspective on Paul? It's promoted by numerous New Testament scholars such as N.T Wright, James D. G. Dunn and E.P Sanders. I have read a lot of their articles and books on it. I ...
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134 views

Why didn't Protestants argue for traditional marriage by natural reason? [closed]

The US Supreme Court recently ruled that Homosexual couples can get married in all US States and that these marriages are legally equal to the Traditional model of marriage, one man and one woman. ...
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228 views

What core LDS doctrine(s) contradict the Protestant doctrine of salvation by grace through faith?

I am pretty unfamiliar with LDS doctrine so please keep all answers at a novice level. What doctrine(s) of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints contradict the doctrine that a person is ...
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1answer
360 views

Do Protestants believe that the Holy Spirit stopped leading the church? [closed]

What do Protestants believe in the matter of the Holy Spirit leading the church? Especially the Catholic church. The first mention of the catholic church was about the 1st. century. Did the Holy ...
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642 views

Sexual intimacy for widows and widowérs [closed]

The scripture is vague about what a widow or widower sexual life should be, please enlighten me.
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196 views

How can you serve God when you can't see him? [closed]

Philippians 1:1 says, "Paul and Timothy, servants of Jesus Christ" Since Jesus is not here but seated above in heaven, how do his people get a sense or assurance of really serving him?
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236 views

Is there a future for ecumenism? What is the main obstacle for Christian unity? [closed]

Since the founding of World Council of Churches and the closing of Second Vatican Council to this day we've seen openness from church leaders to re-examine what divides us and what we believe in ...
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96 views

Relativism and salvation [closed]

Suppose there is a man that subscribes to a traditional, Protestant worldview as described by the Apostle's Creed (i.e. Lutherans, Anglicans, Presbyterians, etc). Suppose this man has an ...
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From a Lutheran perspective, how can we attain unity of mind while disagreeing with our brothers and sisters?

In 1 Peter 3:8 Peter writes, "Finally, all of you, have unity of mind" (ESV), which I believe is a clear call for unity of mind within the church. In Romans 14:5 Paul writes that, "Each one should be ...
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196 views

On what scriptural basis do some Protestants end their prayers “in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost”?

The question is being asked because Jesus teaches us to pray to the Father (Matthew 6:9) in his name (John 14:13-14). It makes sense on an intuitive level that one would supplicate one Person (the ...
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100 views

Ark of the Covenent

Why the Christian churches are not concerned with finding the Ark of the Covenant? Nothing about this question is in the Bible. Too many opinions on the internet as to where the Ark could be. It would ...