Protestantism is a broad tradition referring to the churches which broke from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century and those that descended from them.

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Why do many Protestant congregations not require attendance at services on Christmas and Easter?

It came to my attention from living, driving around and listening to Christian radio that many Protestants do not have any services on what Catholics would consider solemnities (Christmas and Easter ...
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In Protestant churches, who is the authority in interpreting the Bible?

I need a better understanding of Protestant teaching on who has the authority to interpret Sacred Scripture.
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What did God mean when He said 'lest they live forever'?

I was talking to a Jehovah's witness who did not believe in the immortality of soul and he pointed out a scripture to me. Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold ... lest he put forth his ...
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What is the argument in support of personal interpretation of the Scriptures?

The Catholic church teaches that only the Church (Magisterium) has the right to interpret Scriptures whereas Protestant churches typically believe that anyone has that right. What is the argument ...
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Counterarguments to “KJV-only”?

Some people believe the King James Version of the Bible is the only version English-speakers should be using, as it is the only inspired translation. (This is referred to as "KJV-onlyism.") ...
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Who is Wisdom in Proverbs?

In general, Wisdom can be (and is, and was) identified as Jesus. However, there is this verse: Proverbs 8:22 (NLT) 22 "The Lord formed me from the beginning, ...
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What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There ...
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How does the Filioque affect Reformed Protestant theology?

In the past, extremely influential Eastern theologians (Photius the Great, Mark of Ephesus, etc.) have rejected the Filioque on important theological grounds. Likewise, the Latin Catholic church ...
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Why (and when) did the empty cross v.s. crucifix split happen? [duplicate]

Today, we have Catholic and Orthodox churches (and a few others) using the crucifix whereas most Protestant denominations make exclusive use of an empty cross. When and why did the Protestant ...
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Where did the ecclesiastical offices go?

In the Bible, there are three distinct titles: Episcopai — literally administrator, these were tasked with overseeing a church/region Presbyteros — a lesser title, still tasked with ...
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Did Jonah fail the test of a prophet?

I came across an article on the FAIR Mormon wiki that discusses the prophetic test (Deut. 18). It applies the test on some Biblical prophets, and shows how someone could claim these prophets fail the ...
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Should protestants not make the sign of the Cross? [closed]

I'm not a Catholic, but I've been aware since I was little that Catholics will "Cross" themselves. Early on I felt like I shouldn't copy it as it always had been portrayed in tv/film as something ...
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If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures?

If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures? Particularly if someone is looking for a "clear, unambiguous, direct statement in ...
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What did Jesus mean when He said we must “eat His flesh and drink His blood”?

In John 6, Jesus states that unless we eat His flesh and drink His blood, we have no life in us: Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink ...
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Do any Protestant denominations practice meditative or contemplative prayer?

Having read David's answer to How much are psalms and other prayers from Bible understood as actual prayer in Protestantism?, I wonder whether any Protestants practice meditative or contemplative ...
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What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed?

In 2 Tim 3:16, Paul writes All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness (NIV) All Scripture is breathed out by God and ...
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How do protestants understand Jesus' statement that unless we eat the flesh of the Son of Man we will have no life? [duplicate]

Catholics teach that they literally eat the body of Jesus during communion, a belief called Transubstantiation. Protestant churches mostly do not share this belief and there is no obligation to ...
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Paul's suggestion to not marry vs Great Protestant Theologians

Paul states: 1 Cor: 27 Are you pledged to a woman? Do not seek to be released. Are you free from such a commitment? Do not look for a wife. Yet, if we look at the great Protestant theologians: ...
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Can Grace be irresistible and still be a gift?

According to TULIP Calvinism grace is "irresistible". If grace is irresistible then what role does faith play in salvation and can it still be considered a gift?
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Why can't there be another fall?

Some disagree on whether a Christian in this life may fall utterly and lose or forfeit eternal life. However, most Christians do agree that after death, the Christian is eternally secure in heaven ...
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What is the difference between “Elder led” and “Elder ruled”?

In the church government and polity documents (as well as the myriad of meta discussion on the internet) for various Protestant traditions it is common to find either the term "Elder led" or "Elder ...
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Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
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What is the biblical basis for baptism by immersion?

There are two modes of water baptism of which I am familiar--immersion and sprinkling. As far as I know Catholics practice sprinkling along with many Protestant traditions, although many other ...
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How do we reconcile the futility of Ecclesiastes with the reward of heaven?

There's no question that Christianity believes in heaven. We have a tag here heaven filled with questions about it. Having said this, there are many places in the Old Testament that speak of the ...
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How do Protestants keep the Sabbath?

Exodus 20:9–11 (ESV) Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your ...
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How widespread is panentheism within Protestant schools of thought?

I'm confused about what panentheism is. The Wikipedia article and the few mentions of it here on Stack Exchange both indicate that some Christians identify as panentheists and some don't. I'm guessing ...
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Is there any protestant method how to deal spiritual dryness?

In Catholic tradition, there are books on spiritual dryness (Dark Night of the Soul by st. John of the Cross is the most famous) and it is mentioned in Catechism of Catholic Church too. Eastern ...
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Is the Wesleyan Quadrilateral present in Luther or in any other pre-Wesley theologians, Protestant or Catholic?

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral, also known as the Methodist Quadrilateral, is a method of theological reflection and of arriving at theological conclusions based on scripture, tradition, reason, and ...
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How widely held among Protestants is the belief that the authors of the books of James and Jude were half brothers of Jesus?

The following Scriptures have been touted as indicating that Joseph and Mary had children of their own, after the birth of Jesus: (all Scripture is quoted from the King James translation) Matthew ...
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Why are Independent Baptist Fundamentalists labelled Protestants?

Something that always bothers me which I witness to Catholics: the well-meaning ones tell me I am a Protestant and say that "we protested the Catholic Church". This isn't true, the Baptist Church was ...
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Is “Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing” preaching heresy?

I love the song "Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing." It's beautiful, and the backstory is pretty amazing. My problem is that I always shudder every time I sing this line in the third verse: O to ...
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How do Protestants deal with pre-Reformation heresies?

Have any of the old heresies (i.e. Manichean, Arian, Nestorian, Iconoclasm) been resurrected and repackaged by main-line denominations -or- Do Protestants, in general, still accept the ...
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How do Protestants understand the “unforgivable” sin?

Scripture refers to an unpardonable sin in Matthew 12:31–32, Mark 3:29–30, and Luke 12:10, as well as Hebrews 6:4–6. There's also "sin that leads to death" (1 John 5:16–17). Given the Protestant ...
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How do Protestants understand major differences in doctrine between denominations?

As a Catholic I believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus and given the authority to teach infallibly on the topics of faith and morals. My understanding is that many Protestants ...
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If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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Why do Protestants not refer to Mary by the title “Mother of God”?

I have heard the title "Mother of God" in connection with the so-called "Hail Mary" prayer that is recited by Catholics. However, I have never heard this term used in any Protestant setting. (I'm ...
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What's the Biblical basis for “all Christians will be together in heaven some day”?

Christians often say that "some day we will all be together in heaven." I'm wondering if this idea comes from scripture. The closest I can think of is the end of Revelation, which discusses a "new ...
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What is the difference between Protestantism and Evangelicalism? [duplicate]

What is the difference between Protestantism and Evangelicalism? Are all Protestants also Evangelicals? Are all Evangelicals also Protestants?
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Protestant numbering of the 10 Commandments

With the exception of Lutherans (who apparently use the same numbering system for the Decalogue as Catholics) Do other Protestants have a consistent method for numbering the 10 commandments? ...
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What do protestants who believe our old bodies will be resurrected think that will look like?

Some Protestants believe that in the "resurrection" we will receive new bodies. Other Protestants believe that in the resurrection, our old bodies will literally rise up out of the ground for us to ...
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Why did Protestants abandon Liturgy of the Hours?

In Divine office or Liturgy of the Hours as it is practiced in Catholic Church there's nothing bad for Protestants (or at least nothing of which I know that Protestants consider bad); prayer is good ...
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How do married clergy (preachers) in Protestant denominations support their family?

In Roman Catholicism the clergy is predominantly celibate and hence there is no pressure of sustaining a family. What exactly is the system in a Protestant clergy? Are they employed in a gainful ...
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How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
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What is the difference between belief and faith, from a Protestant perspective?

I want to know what is the difference between belief and faith from a Protestant perspective. Can anyone explain this to me?
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Why is Infant Baptism considered to be invalid by so many Protestant denominations?

Catholics and several Protestant denominations (and maybe even Orthodox churches) practice Infant Baptism, while many other Protestant denominations do not. This question addressed the argument for ...
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What is an overview of Protestant critiques of Swedenborgianism?

Swedenborgianism, or the New Church, is a religious movement based on the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688–1772). My understanding is that he saw a series of visions, and based on what he learned ...
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What do the words Catholic and Protestant mean? [closed]

Also, what is the history of use and what languages do they come from? Is it a fitting name today or is it outdated? How do the two relate to each other?
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What is considered to be free choice in the context of “choosing to go to hell”?

Let me preface this by stating that I received a Christian education and have seen the idea that individuals choose to go to hell (rather than God sending them there), mostly from a vaguely ...
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What are the protestant arguments against a sacramental economy?

Given that all the 7 sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Marriage, Holy Orders Anointing of the Sick and Reconciliation) are each explicitly mentioned in the Bible as commands put forth ...
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How is “their angels always behold the Father in heaven” a warning?

Matthew 18:10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven. Jesus was ...