Protestantism is a broad tradition inside of Christianity having started as a break away from the then Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century that today includes a wide variety of different denominations.

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932 views

What is the basis of my fractured understanding of “Sola Scriptura”?

As a Catholic, I'm often baffled by other Christians who base their faith purely off personal interpretation of the Bible as the be-all-end-all proof for everything under the sun (which is what I mean ...
26
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8answers
9k views

Sex outside of marriage is a sin. But what about “less than sex”? [closed]

Inspired by Is masturbation a sin? This is a tough subject that I've grappled with my whole life. It's clear in God's word that sex outside of marriage (adultery) is a sin. But, what is acceptable ...
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5answers
2k views

Is murder allowed if God tells you to do it?

The Bible pretty clearly says not to murder (Exodus 20:13). But if we examine Numbers 25 or 1Kings 18:40, we see God (or more accurately, his prophets) telling us to kill people. Indeed, entire ...
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3answers
4k views

Why do Protestants allow contraception?

The Catholic Church is strongly against contraception. Most Protestants nowadays accept it; I gather it was less common in the past. Of course it's possible that Protestants have just given in to ...
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6answers
7k views

What are the practical applications of “two will become one flesh”? [closed]

Mark 10:8 (NIV) and the two will become one flesh. So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What does this mean for a marriage? What are the practical applications of this? Obviously, this is ...
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3answers
10k views

What is the difference between Evangelical and Protestant?

Just the other day, I heard somebody talking politics and contrasted the Roman Catholic church's political influence with "the Evangelical vote". In this sense, as is often done in US media, the word ...
17
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3answers
905 views

Protestant arguments for perpetual virginity of Mary

It's common knowledge that Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. Less known is that Zwingli and ...
16
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8answers
47k views

Does the act of sex constitute marriage in God's eyes? [closed]

I came across this verse today (bold added): 1 Corinthians 6:15-17 (NASB) 15 Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take away the members of Christ and make them ...
16
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5answers
24k views

Why the difference in depiction of the cross between Catholics and Protestants?

As I understand it, Roman Catholic crosses have Jesus hanging on them, but Protestant crosses do not. I understood that Protestant crosses do not because they want to focus on the Resurrection, not ...
16
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4answers
816 views

Are Catholics like pagans, in Evangelical vision?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
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3answers
3k views

How do Protestants view “Catholic” miracles, such as those that attest to a saint?

An important part of Catholicism is the canonization of saints in the present day. One of the criteria for canonization is the confirmation of miracles associated with the would-be saint. In ...
15
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6answers
2k views

How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13-20

The verses reads like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
15
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6answers
8k views

Why does Catholicism have priests but Protestantism does not?

The Catholic Church (and apparently Anglican or Episcopalian churches) have clergy with the title of "priest", as did Old Testament Judaism. Are Protestant "preachers", "reverends", "pastors", ...
15
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3answers
937 views

What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

I have heard many Protestants say that "baptism is not necessary for salvation". They follow Paul I guess, who says all works including Baptism or circumcision are optional. But having read the ...
15
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9answers
554 views

How do schisms in the church fit into the plans of a monotheistic God? [closed]

Before 1054 a reasonable claim could be made that there existed "one holy catholic and apostolic Church", as the Nicene Creed puts it. Since then, the visible church has divided into at least three ...
15
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10answers
6k views

Since God provided for the forgiveness of sins in the Old Testament, why do we need Jesus?

I thought of this when I was researching this question. Leviticus 4 goes into great detail about the sacrifice that must be made in order for a sin to be forgiven. However, we see here that God ...
15
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8answers
689 views

Was Jesus finite or infinite? (human or God?)

I've always heard it said that Jesus was "completely human" and "completely God". How could he be both human (finite by very nature) and God (infinite by very nature)?
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5answers
2k views

When did the one-way monologue sermon first become a normal feature of church assemblies?

Of course Jesus preached a lot of monologue sermons, but I have noticed that Jesus did not usually preach sermons like nearly every church does today. He never seems to have, or at least rarely ...
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3answers
2k views

Difference between Augustinianism and Calvinism

Is there a difference between Augustinianism and (Five Points) Calvinism as they relate to the doctrine of salvation? If so, what is the difference?
15
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4answers
1k views

Is there a hierarchy in the Trinity?

It seems that there is some form of hierarchy within the Trinity. For example, these passages seem to indicate that the Holy Spirit is subservient to the Father and Jesus: John 14:26 (NIV) ...
14
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5answers
2k views

Do Protestants believe Jesus and Satan are brothers?

Many, many times, I've seen or heard "Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are brothers". Technically, it's true. Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are sons of God, and by dictionary definition, people can ...
14
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7answers
4k views

What do Protestants who deny transubstantiation do with the remainders of wine and bread after the Eucharist?

What do Protestants who deny transubstantiation do with the remainders of wine and bread after the Eucharist? For example, in Eastern Orthodox Church, after the liturgy the priest must consume (I ...
14
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5answers
23k views

Does God test us?

I was working on a different question and I found that I couldn't actually find anywhere that shows that God actually tests us. Psalms 26:2 (NIV) Test me, LORD, and try me, examine my heart and ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the basis for Cessationism?

Cessationism is the belief held by some protestants that the miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit, such as prophecy, do not occur in present day. The general thinking is that these gifts "ceased" at ...
14
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9answers
8k views

What is the Protestant argument against the doctrine of Purgatory?

The Roman Catholic Church teaches the idea of Purgatory, which is defined by Wikipedia as follows: Purgatory is, according to Catholic teaching, the state or place of purification or temporary ...
14
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3answers
552 views

Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
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5answers
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Why are wives considered the “weaker partner”? (1 Peter 3:7)

In 1 Peter, we read: 1 Peter 3:7 (NIV) Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the ...
13
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9answers
5k views

Why do Protestants say: “In Jesus' name. Amen.”, whereas Catholics say: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.”?

Why do Protestants oftentimes seem to say: "In Jesus' name. Amen.", whereas Catholics generally begin and end prayers saying: "In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. ...
13
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5answers
371 views

Is God of Anger or of Love? [closed]

Numbers 25 shows God as a god who destroys and kills anyone who aligns him/herself with the wrong deity. However, Matthew 5:39 talks about how we should "not resist an evil person". How can we ...
13
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2answers
582 views

When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who ...
13
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1answer
491 views

Are there any Protestant beliefs which have their roots in Mormon doctrines?

Protestants often associate Mormonism with outlandish1 doctrines like innumerable Gods, people living on the sun, or special underwear that you can't take off2. But I am curious what lies at the ...
13
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1answer
232 views

According to Protestant trinitarians, what is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ?

What is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ in the Trinity? Non-trinitarians believe that Christ is literally the son of God, but that doesn't quite work with the ...
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9answers
7k views

How have Protestants explained how Jesus could be born of mankind and be sinless?

Very simple question really. If the sin of Adam is passed down through the generations, so that all of us are born with a sin nature, how can it be that Jesus was born of Mary (a human being), yet ...
12
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12answers
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What did Jesus mean when he said ‘Go and sin no more’ if sinlessness is impossible?

I came across these two instances in the New Testament when Jesus told someone to "sin no more." John 13:15 Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, as ...
12
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5answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis for salvation by faith alone (sola fide)?

One of the key issues in the Reformation was the doctrine of Sola Fide, that is, that salvation is by faith alone, apart from works. What, then, is the biblical basis for this belief?
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3answers
188 views

Why don't Protestants engage in monasticism?

One distinction between the vast majority of Protestant denominations and those of the Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox Church is the lack of monasteries and a monastic class. What is an overview of ...
12
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2answers
395 views

How do Protestants interpret “baptized for the dead” in 1 Corinthians 15:29?

1 Corinthians 15:29 (KJV) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? I know that the LDS Church ...
12
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6answers
2k views

Does the Bible make a distinction between Christian and secular love?

John makes this startling claim in his first epistle. 1 John 4:7-8 (NIV) 7  Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the Protestant belief known as “faith alone”?

"Faith Alone"? If you have heard the term "Protestant" before, chances are you have also heard the saying "faith alone." The way Protestants speak of "faith alone" might almost give one the ...
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6answers
2k views

If Protestants won't ask dead saints to intercede because there is no mediator but Jesus then why do they ask living Christians to pray for them?

Protestants reject the Catholic and Orthodox practice of asking deceased saints to pray for them, and I think there are two main reasons why they reject it: it is communicating with the dead, and it ...
11
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4answers
7k views

Should protestants not make the sign of the Cross? [closed]

I'm not a Catholic, but I've been aware since I was little that Catholics will "Cross" themselves. Early on I felt like I shouldn't copy it as it always had been portrayed in tv/film as something ...
11
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3answers
833 views

How do Protestants respond to the JW interpretation of John 14:28?

According to What does the Bible really teach?, a Watchtower publication, pp.41-42: The only-begotton Son never even considered trying to be equal to his Father. The Bible clearly teaches that the ...
11
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4answers
813 views

What is the argument in support of personal interpretation of the Scriptures?

The Catholic church teaches that only the Church (Magisterium) has the right to interpret Scriptures whereas Protestant churches typically believe that anyone has that right. What is the argument ...
11
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1answer
414 views

How does the Filioque affect Reformed Protestant theology?

In the past, extremely influential Eastern theologians (Photius the Great, Mark of Ephesus, etc.) have rejected the Filioque on important theological grounds. Likewise, the Latin Catholic church ...
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6answers
1k views

Are Mormons Protestants?

I'm sure Mormons are neither Catholic nor Orthodox. There is no doubt that they are Christians but I'm not sure they are Protestants or not. Are Mormons Protestants or they are just "Latter Day ...
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6answers
2k views

Why do many Protestant congregations not require attendance at services on Christmas and Easter?

It came to my attention from living, driving around and listening to Christian radio that many Protestants do not have any services on what Catholics would consider solemnities (Christmas and Easter ...
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6answers
3k views

In Protestant churches, who is the authority in interpreting the Bible?

I need a better understanding of Protestant teaching on who has the authority to interpret Sacred Scripture.
10
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4answers
196 views

Where did the ecclesiastical offices go?

In the Bible, there are three distinct titles: Episcopai — literally administrator, these were tasked with overseeing a church/region Presbyteros — a lesser title, still tasked with ...
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2answers
938 views

Do any Protestant denominations practice meditative or contemplative prayer?

Having read David's answer to How much are psalms and other prayers from Bible understood as actual prayer in Protestantism?, I wonder whether any Protestants practice meditative or contemplative ...
10
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2answers
924 views

When did the split in crufix/empty-cross sybolism occur and why did it happen?

Today, we have Catholic and Orthodox churches (and a few others) using the crucifix, whereas most Protestant denominations use an empty cross in their symbolism. Did this difference in symbolism arise ...