Protestantism is a broad tradition inside of Christianity having started as a break away from the then Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages that today includes a wide variety of different denominations.

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What is the basis of my fractured understanding of “Sola Scriptura”?

As a Catholic, I'm often baffled by other Christians who base their faith purely off personal interpretation of the Bible as the be-all-end-all proof for everything under the sun (which is what I mean ...
22
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5answers
1k views

Is murder allowed if God tells you to do it?

The Bible pretty clearly says not to murder (Exodus 20:13). But if we examine Numbers 25 or 1Kings 18:40, we see God (or more accurately, his prophets) telling us to kill people. Indeed, entire ...
17
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3answers
697 views

Protestant arguments for perpetual virginity of Mary

It's common knowledge that Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. Less known is that Zwingli and ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis for salvation by faith alone (sola fide)?

One of the key issues in the Reformation was the doctrine of Sola Fide, that is, that salvation is by faith alone, apart from works. What, then, is the biblical basis for this belief?
12
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2answers
689 views

What is the basis for Cessationism?

Cessationism is the belief held by some protestants that the miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit, such as prophecy, do not occur in present day. The general thinking is that these gifts "ceased" at ...
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4answers
800 views

Is there a hierarchy in the Trinity?

It seems that there is some form of hierarchy within the Trinity. For example, these passages seem to indicate that the Holy Spirit is subservient to the Father and Jesus: John 14:26 (NIV) ...
6
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3answers
453 views

How do Protestants deal with pre-Reformation heresies?

Have any of the old heresies (i.e. Manichean, Arian, Nestorian, Iconoclasm) been resurrected and repackaged by main-line denominations -or- Do Protestants, in general, still accept the ...
17
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3answers
4k views

What is the difference between Evangelical and Protestant?

Just the other day, I heard somebody talking politics and contrasted the Roman Catholic church's political influence with "the Evangelical vote". In this sense, as is often done in US media, the word ...
7
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3answers
4k views

What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed?

In 2 Tim 3:16, Paul writes All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness (NIV) All Scripture is breathed out by God and ...
16
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4answers
635 views

Are Catholics like pagans, in Evangelical vision?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
25
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8answers
5k views

Sex outside of marriage is a sin. But what about “less than sex”? [closed]

Inspired by Is masturbation a sin? This is a tough subject that I've grappled with my whole life. It's clear in God's word that sex outside of marriage (adultery) is a sin. But, what is acceptable ...
8
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2answers
637 views

Counterarguments to “KJV-only”?

Some people believe the King James Version of the Bible is the only version English-speakers should be using, as it is the only inspired translation. (This is referred to as "KJV-onlyism.") ...
13
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5answers
1k views

When did the one-way monologue sermon first become a normal feature of church assemblies?

Of course Jesus preached a lot of monologue sermons, but I have noticed that Jesus did not usually preach sermons like nearly every church does today. He never seems to have, or at least rarely ...
4
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4answers
455 views

What do Protestants say was the source for the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Not counting Martin Luther, who appears to have believed in the doctrine of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary, what do other Protestants think is the source and reason for Catholic adherence to the ...
0
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1answer
268 views

What is the historical and theological basis for Protestant anti-Catholicism? [closed]

I am under the impression that Scripture teaches tolerance, not resentment. However it seems there has been some tension between Catholics and Protestants over the centuries – to the point of war in ...
14
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3answers
15k views

Does God test us?

I was working on a different question and I found that I couldn't actually find anywhere that shows that God actually tests us. Psalms 26:2 (NIV) Test me, LORD, and try me, examine my heart and ...
14
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8answers
455 views

How do schisms in the church fit into the plans of a monotheistic God?

Before 1054 a reasonable claim could be made that there existed "one holy catholic and apostolic Church", as the Nicene Creed puts it. Since then, the visible church has divided into at least three ...
8
votes
7answers
805 views

Why are Independent Baptist Fundamentalists labelled Protestants?

Something that always bothers me which I witness to Catholics: the well-meaning ones tell me I am a Protestant and say that "we protested the Catholic Church". This isn't true, the Baptist Church was ...
6
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3answers
3k views

What do the words Catholic and Protestant mean?

Also, what is the history of use and what languages do they come from? Is it a fitting name today or is it outdated? How do the two relate to each other?
13
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5answers
344 views

Is God of Anger or of Love?

Numbers 25 shows God as a god who destroys and kills anyone who aligns him/herself with the wrong deity. However, Matthew 5:39 talks about how we should "not resist an evil person". How can we ...
10
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2answers
217 views

Do the Catholic Church ex cathedra pronouncements about necessity of Catholicism to be saved still apply?

I think the following was spoken Ex Cathedra: “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but ...
7
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1answer
3k views

What is the difference between Protestantism and Evangelicalism?

What is the difference between Protestantism and Evangelicalism? Are all Protestants also Evangelicals? Are all Evangelicals also Protestants?
5
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1answer
234 views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
13
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9answers
3k views

How can Jesus, born of mankind, be sinless?

Very simple question really. If the sin of Adam is passed down through the generations, so that all of us are born with a sin nature, how can it be that Jesus was born of Mary (a human being), yet ...
12
votes
2answers
437 views

When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who ...
8
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4answers
911 views

Why do many protestants congregations not require attendance at services on Christmas and Easter?

It came to my attention from living, driving around and listening to Christian radio that many Protestants do not have any services on what Catholics would consider solemnities (Christmas and Easter ...
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4answers
1k views

How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13-20

The verses reads like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
6
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4answers
221 views

Why can't there be another fall?

Some disagree on whether a Christian in this life may fall utterly and lose or forfeit eternal life. However, most Christians do agree that after death, the Christian is eternally secure in heaven ...
6
votes
1answer
435 views

Protestant numbering of the 10 Commandments

With the exception of Lutherans (who apparently use the same numbering system for the Decalogue as Catholics) Do other Protestants have a consistent method for numbering the 10 commandments? ...
5
votes
3answers
500 views

Who do mainline Protestants believe an “archangel” (such as Michael) to be?

Some sects including Jehovah's Witnesses believe the archangel Michael to be one in the same with Christ. The basic premise of this claim seems to stem from the unique usage of the role archangel ...
3
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2answers
383 views

What happens when a Protestant doesn't tithe?

I heard in another question that some Protestants have to tithe. That is, they must give one-tenth of their salary, or more broadly, a specific amount or percentage. That seems a bit strange to me, ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

How much are psalms and other prayers from Bible understood as actual prayer in Protestantism?

I know psalms and other Biblical songs are often sung as hymns, read and cited, but I wonder to which extent is this understood as a prayer by Protestants. To be more concrete, is the use of psalms ...
18
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6answers
5k views

What are the practical applications of “two will become one flesh”? [closed]

Mark 10:8 (NIV) and the two will become one flesh. So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What does this mean for a marriage? What are the practical applications of this? Obviously, this is ...
12
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1answer
391 views

Are there any Protestant beliefs which have their roots in Mormon doctrines?

Protestants often associate Mormonism with outlandish1 doctrines like innumerable Gods, people living on the sun, or special underwear that you can't take off2. But I am curious what lies at the ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

What is the Catholic biblical or canon basis saying some moral works without grace (transient or permanent) are good (or not have the nature of sin)?

I am trying to clarify the difference in my own mind between a traditional Catholic and traditional Protestant view of grace, specifically in terms of the 'works of unbelievers'. It seems hard to ...
3
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3answers
495 views

How do Protestants in general respond to these points concerning them?

I haven't had much experience interacting with Catholics, but I have had a lot of interactions with the Orthodox and have been exposed to many of their writings and teachings. Whenever I would talk to ...
21
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3answers
2k views

Why do Protestants allow contraception?

The Catholic Church is strongly against contraception. Most Protestants nowadays accept it; I gather it was less common in the past. Of course it's possible that Protestants have just given in to ...
16
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5answers
12k views

Why the difference in depiction of the cross between Catholics and Protestants?

As I understand it, Roman Catholic crosses have Jesus hanging on them, but Protestant crosses do not. I understood that Protestant crosses do not because they want to focus on the Resurrection, not ...
11
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4answers
516 views

What is the argument in support of personal interpretation of the Scriptures?

The Catholic church teaches that only the Church (Magisterium) has the right to interpret Scriptures whereas Protestant churches typically believe that anyone has that right. What is the argument ...
6
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3answers
186 views

If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures?

If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures? Particularly if someone is looking for a "clear, unambiguous, direct statement in ...
13
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1answer
177 views

According to Protestant trinitarians, what is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ?

What is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ in the Trinity? Non-trinitarians believe that Christ is literally the son of God, but that doesn't quite work with the ...
11
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1answer
284 views

How do Protestants interpret “baptized for the dead” in 1 Corinthians 15:29?

1 Corinthians 15:29 (KJV) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? I know that the LDS Church ...
9
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3answers
507 views

Did Jonah fail the test of a prophet?

I came across an article on the FAIR Mormon wiki that discusses the prophetic test (Deut. 18). It applies the test on some Biblical prophets, and shows how someone could claim these prophets fail the ...
9
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1answer
613 views

When (and why) did the empty cross v.s. crucifix split happen?

Today, we have Catholic and Orthodox churches (and a few others) using the crucifix whereas most Protestant denominations have an empty cross. Did this empty-cross split happen around when Martin ...
8
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2answers
802 views

How do Protestants understand major differences in doctrine between denominations?

As a Catholic I believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus and given the authority to teach infallibly on the topics of faith and morals. My understanding is that many Protestants ...
8
votes
2answers
525 views

What is the biblical basis for baptism by immersion?

There are two modes of water baptism of which I am familiar--immersion and sprinkling. As far as I know Catholics practice sprinkling along with many Protestant traditions, although many other ...
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3answers
557 views

Are Mormons Protestants?

I'm sure Mormons are neither Catholic nor Orthodox. There is no doubt that they are Christians but I'm not sure they are Protestants or not. Are Mormons Protestants or they are just "Latter Day ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the protestant arguments against a sacramental economy?

Given that all the 7 sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Marriage, Holy Orders Anointing of the Sick and Reconciliation) are each explicitly mentioned in the Bible as commands put forth ...
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5answers
703 views
+50

Why did Protestants abandon Liturgy of the Hours?

In Divine office or Liturgy of the Hours as it is practiced in Catholic Church there's nothing bad for Protestants (or at least nothing of which I know that Protestants consider bad); prayer is good ...
5
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1answer
981 views

Why do Protestants not refer to Mary by the title “Mother of God”?

I have heard the title "Mother of God" in connection with the so-called "Hail Mary" prayer that is recited by Catholics. However, I have never heard this term used in any Protestant setting. (I'm ...