The doctrine that all events have been willed by God

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What level of will-power do humans have according to Luther?

Luther wrote a very forceful book about original sin and predestination called 'On the Bondage of the will'. In it Luther opposes the idea of free-will, defined as a person's power to do good without ...
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If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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Do Calvinists Know Whether They Are Saved?

My question is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists know whether they are saved? This might seem like a strange question at first glance, so let me explain why I'm asking. From what I understand, ...
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What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

Could someone please plainly spell out the differences between the following concepts? Predestination Predeterminism Determinism Theological determinism There appears to be some debate over ...
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Can science prove Calvinism wrong? [closed]

Calvinism believe that the saving grace of God is effectually applied to those whom he has determined to save (that is, the elect) and overcomes their resistance to obeying the call of the gospel, ...
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What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

My understanding is that Lutherans have some doctrine of sovereign election/predestination, yet they also affirm unlimited atonement and that some do go on to shipwreck their faith. What are the ...
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364 views

Did God create people to be prophets, or did He choose people to be prophets based on good works?

According to Catholic Tradition, did God create people to be prophets? Or did he choose people to be prophets based on good works? For example, before Isaiah was born, did God know that he would be a ...
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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
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What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
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According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

So according to Calvinism as I understand it... ...God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation ...
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Is predestination predetermined by God, or is it a consequence of free will? [closed]

All Scripture is quoted from the King James translation, unless otherwise noted. According to A.W. Pink Predestination is based on God's foreknowledge. There are five links in the golden chain of ...
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Christ in the context of Predestination

I'm grappling with the idea of predestination at the moment. I feel it has several problems, or maybe I'm just not thinking things through. However, one of the basic questions that arises for me is ...
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Is God bound to future events? [closed]

Logically considering the doctrine that God knows the future exhaustively, especially in the versions of it that claim he has absolutist knowledge of the future, I see one major flaw, of which I want ...
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39 Articles of Religion: Article XVII (17)

The article on Predestination asserts that for the non-elect having the sentence of predestination before their eyes causes them to sin more and more. So, why did the framers of this confession ...
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Looking for source for quote from Christian author

Some years ago I read in a book about Christianity an attempt to explain the apparent paradox between predestination and free will. I have forgotten the name of the book and its author (it could be ...
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Why does God want mankind in Heaven, after they have already shown that they have the tendency to disobey? [closed]

Since Adam willfully disobeyed God's command not to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, man has consistently chosen to do the things that irritate God. Why then does God not just ...
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What does the Bible teach/say about luck?

Is there such a thing, do we have a measure of randomness and ability to shape our own destinies or ultimately are all things predestined.
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How is the LDS churches belief on a pre-mortal existence different than other Christian religions?

A document published by the church Of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints titled the proclamation to the family refers to a premortal identity and purpose or a premortal realm. How is the LDS churches ...
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How does Calvinism explain how an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent creator could NOT have a plan for universal salvation?

In the haze of discerning truth and wisdom by the hybrid application of scripture, tradition, philosophy, and experience it seems illogical that a loving creator with perfect and complete knowledge ...
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Clarifications on “Temporal Predestination”

I was just perusing the wikipedia article on predestination, and came across an interesting blip on "Temporal Predestination": Temporal predestination is the view that God only determines temporal ...
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Other than Augustine, which Church Fathers have directly influenced John Calvin's teaching of “double-predestination?”

"By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man. All are not created on equal terms, but some are ...
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Did John Calvin teach that God creates certain souls only to be destroyed?

From what I understand, Calvin not only taught, but effectively systematized the doctrine of "predestinarianism," which holds that: God for His own glorification, and without any regard to ...
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Does John 6:44 imply that there is no free will when it comes to salvation?

I was struck by reading this verse in John the other night: No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him I've heard the term 'predestination', however it is unclear to me how ...
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All my days are ordained before I was born?

Psalm 139:16 (KJV) Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. ...
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Does God shape your destiny by the genes you inherit? [closed]

From the Christian perspective: Does God allow the process of recessive genes being over-powered by dominant genes to create who you are - personality traits, interests etc. - and then see how a ...
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What does St. Augustine mean by predestination?

St. Augustine says somewhere (quoted in the old Catholic Encyclopedia): Predestination is nothing else than the foreknowledge and foreordaining of those gracious gifts which make certain the ...
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Does God predetermine all things according to His prescience?

In "An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith" (ἔκδοσις ἀκριβὴς τῆς ὀρθοδόξου πίστεως) John of Damascus wrote, Χρὴ γινώσκειν, ὡς πάντα μὲν προγινώσκει ὁ θεός, οὐ πάντα δὲ προορίζει· προγινώσκει ...
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What are the differences between hamartiology from a Nazarene to a Calvinist perspective?

Coming from a Nazarene tradition, influenced by Wesley and the Holiness Movement, my reflections upon sin are based upon the Nazarene manual's definitions (See 5.1,5.3) summarized as 5.1. Original ...
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995 views

What was John Wesley's view on Original Sin?

John Wesley was a supporter of free will and in opposition to Calvinism which taught predestination... What was his view on Original sin since by logic the baby is predestined to sin by just being ...
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Why can't cardinals over 80 vote in the conclave?

Why can't cardinals over 80 vote in the conclave? Is there a reason given anywhere?
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Is any reason given for God choosing Abraham?

Is there any reason given in the bible or in Jewish teachings as to why God chose Abram to be the father of Israel? For example, Noah seems to be chosen by God because he is Righteous. "Noah was ...
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Lutheranism, Has God ordained all things?

According to the Westminster Confession of Faith God has, in some way, ordained everything that comes to pass. I. God from all eternity did by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, ...
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What is the Biblical basis for asserting that infants can have faith in Christ under a Calvinistic framework?

Calvin argued for the election of infants, which opposed Roman Catholic faith, which believed that baptism was necessary for salvation (sacramentalists). He was even more forceful about this view than ...
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How do those who reject both predestination and purgatory justify their beliefs?

For the sake of this question: Predestination = from the foundations of the universe, God chose who will be saved. Purgatory = a place where people suffer / are purified, and afterwards, they go to ...
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Did John Bunyan Believe in Irressitible Grace?

Though I consider these two questions to be different, I'm OK with this question being merged with Does Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" state a position on predestination? This ...
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Does Bunyan's “Pilgrim's Progress” state a position on predestination?

This question is NOT: what does John Bunyan believe about predestination is predestination biblically accurate? This question is: Does "Pilgrim's Progress" take a position on predestination? And ...
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“God desires all men to be saved” from a Calvinist perspective?

If I understand correctly, Calvinists believe that God selects certain people for salvation based solely on His will... that is, the selection has nothing to do with the people themselves. My ...
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Is the following rationale for sharing the gospel consistent with reformed theology?

One can ask: if one believes in predestination, then why share the Gospel? A common response one often hears is: because God also said to share the gospel or perhaps God predestined you to be ...
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According to reformed theology, does reformed theology fall apart if one removes the doctrine of predestination?

Context: I was recently pondering on why it took me so long to discover reformed theology, and how my beliefs changed before/after reading reformed theology -- and as I traced my thoughts, it seems ...
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What is the difference between “called” and “chosen”?

Matthew 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen. (also, though I believe in pre-destination, I struggle to see how this verse deals here with irresistible grace)
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Do Jewish people go to heaven?

I believe some prophets of God, such as Moses and Elijah, are in heaven, yet they lived and died before Christ came. How is this possible? What does this mean for the other Jewish people?
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According to reformed theology, does Satan know who the elect are (during their time on earth?)

Reformed theology believes in the doctrine of election. Question: Does reformed theology say anything about whether Satan "recognizes" the Elect while they're on earth?
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When God works 'all things' for the good, is anything excluded in the word 'all'?

Assuming these verses in Romans 8 apply to the elect, is anything past, present, or future, in all of creation, circumstance, and world events excluded, or is it literally to be understood as an ...
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How do Arminians handle the case of Judas?

Unless I'm mis-reading this passage in John, it seems like Judas was predestined to be lost. John 17:12 (KJV) 12  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that ...
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Is one's predestination influenced by one's parents?

This question regards the reformed doctrine of predestination. Predestination states that God, even before the child has been born, decides whether the child is saved. Is there any biblical evidence ...
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According to Calvinism: is it possible to believe in predestination, yet reject Christ?

This question is different from: Do Calvanists believe that it is possible to be saved without believing the doctrine of predestination? one asks "Does A => B?" the other asks "Does B => A" ? Given ...
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Do Calvinists believe that it is possible to be saved without believing the doctrine of predestination?

From a Calvinist theological view, is it possible for God to predestine that XYZ be saved, but for XYZ to reject the doctrine of predestination throughout his or her life?
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Why are only some predestined?

Specifically with respect to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)... Chapter 3, paragraph 3 and 4, where it states: III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men ...
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What is the Biblical basis and support for and against the view of predestination?

Simple and easy. I am looking for Biblical support (not opinion) for and against the view of predestination. Predestination is the view that all events are willed by God. I'm looking for both sides of ...