Questions concerning the office and the role of the pope.

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In Catholic understanding when there is more than one Pope, who decides which Pope is real and by what criteria?

I know at various periods of history cardinals were split submitting to multiple competing popes. However as they die, eventually only one Pope is considered the 'real' infallible Pope, and the others ...
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1answer
64 views

When a Pope, like Honorius I has heretical beliefs, who determines that those beliefs were not communicated to his church 'ex-cathedra'?

I know even Catholics understand that some Popes held personal heresies. For example Honorius I believed that Jesus had two natures 'but only one will' ( Monothelitism). I understand that a Pope may ...
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1answer
35 views

Is there such a thing as a 'concordat' today in the Catholic church?

Background to question raised: I have been reading old histories where as a background stage, there were various antipopes (sometimes even 3 competing popes at the same time). The complex ...
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3answers
528 views

What is the Catholic theological basis for the Munificentissimus Deus?

If you are looking for direct scriptural proof of this dogma, you will not find any. Mary’s Assumption was not explicitly recorded in Scripture. However, Pope Pius XII formally defined the dogma of ...
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1answer
33 views

Did a pre-schism Roman Bishop say he is not special? [duplicate]

I heard recently that one of the pre-schism Bishops of Rome went out of his way to say that the Bishop of Rome does not possess any special authority, power, etc over any other bishop and is merely ...
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1answer
668 views

Why did John Wycliffe oppose papal authority in the 14th century?

He's been called the "Eosphoros of the Reformation", but how did he come to believe that the Bible opposes the idea that papal authority is above government authority?
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2answers
16k views

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power and authority?

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power/authority, during and after the Crusades? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called ...
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2answers
6k views

Did Martin Luther believe the Church needed to be reformed before the Great Schism of 1054AD, or after?

I think its safe to say that Martin Luther, being one of the fathers of Protestantism, was primarily at odds with the Roman Church. He posted his 95 theses to confront what he thought to be ...
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2answers
4k views

Why did Pope Clement V leave Rome and relocate to Avignon, France?

What were some reasons why Pope Clement V left Rome and relocated to Avignon, France?
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1answer
39 views

What is the significance of the phrase “Sic Transit Gloria Mundi”?

The phrase is used during the ceremony of assigning a new pope, and can be interpreted in many ways. A translation would be: "So pass the worldly glories." How would you interpret its meaning, think ...
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1answer
2k views

Did all Popes use the inverted cross?

The above image shows Pope John Paul II sitting on a chair with an inverted cross on it. According to tradition, the inverted cross symbolizes Saint Peter. Was Pope John Paul II the only pope who ...
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1answer
159 views

Can priests (or popes) administer sacraments in a liturgy other than their own?

As I understand it, the Roman Catholic Church consists of a number of "particular churches" with separate liturgical traditions. For example, the Ruthenian and Hungarian Greek Catholic Churches use ...
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1answer
125 views

How does the Catholic Church interpret Galatians 2:7?

From my understanding, the Catholic belief of ordained church leadership comes from the interpretation of Jesus' words to Peter: And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my ...
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4answers
301 views

Did Pope Francis overstep any official Catholic boundary when he criticized Trump?

Pope Francis implicitly criticized Donald Trump as not a Christian when he said, regarding Trump's proposed policy to build a wall between the USA and Mexico and immediately deport all illegal ...
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1answer
727 views

Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
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2answers
680 views

Does the Lutheran view of pope as AntiChrist stem from doctrine of justification?

I've heard popular retellings of the Lutheran view of pope as Antichrist that range from: a delusion that Pope Leo X was the incarnate figure of prophecy, to a slur (like calling George Washington a ...
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2answers
211 views

Is the Pope allowed to publish books after resignation?

I've heard that after popes die (at least after Bl. John Paul II died) all their unpublished works and letters are burnt and I heard on the radio this morning that Pope Benedict XVI is pretty much ...
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1answer
74 views

Is there a list of popes by autonomous particular church?

The Roman Catholic Church consists of a couple dozen autonomous particular churches in full communion with the Holy See. Is there a list that indicates the particular church affiliation of each of ...
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3answers
126 views

Why are there only male popes?

I didn't found sources of female popes (I don't count "Pope Joan", as it wasn't respected from the society). Does give the Bible or Theology give a reason/explanation for that? I'm of course aware of ...
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11answers
4k views

What are the biblical arguments against the papacy and papal succession?

The Catholic Church teaches that Peter was the first pope and that papal succession continued down through history to the present day. However, neither the Orthodox nor the Protestant churches ...
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2answers
418 views

What is the status of St Malachy's prophecy within Catholicism?

As might be well-known to some, and perhaps especially to Catholics, the name of Saint Malachy, a former Archbishop of Armagh, is often associated with the Prophecy of the Popes. Much of the recent ...
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2answers
486 views

Are there any reports or stories that the pope has seen God face to face in the last 200 years?

In the Old Testament, there are accounts of people (prophets) who saw God face to face. Specifically in Genesis 32:30, it says And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God ...
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3answers
281 views

Does the Popes Prophecy of St. Malachy indicate that the end times are imminent? [closed]

I am a young Christian and at times I fall into traps that I read one thing that isn't written in the Bible then I believe it. I read the Prophecy of St. Malachy and now I am convincing myself that ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the “city of seven hills” in St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy?

Reading through St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy, I couldn't understand a particular phrase: Peter the Roman, who will nourish the sheep in many tribulations; when they are finished, the city of ...
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2answers
182 views

Why would popes choose the name Pelagius in light of the Pelagian heresy?

I was checking out the list of pope names by frequency on Wikipedia in search of minutia to defend my assertion that Pope Francis was the first new Pope name a long time and noticed that there were ...
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2answers
171 views

What happens if the Cardinals who voted against the Pope get stuck with a Pope they don't like?

What happens if the Cardinals get stuck with a Pope they don't like? Do they still have to obey him?
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3answers
243 views

If a Pope does something wrong, or less than ideal, who is he representing?

If/when a Pope does something wrong, who is he representing? is he a man who sins, just like the rest of us, or is he supposed to be sort of like the face of God, thereby showing that if he did ...
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1answer
230 views

Vatican approved miracles

Does Vatican (or Holy See) publish the miracles it has approved? I'm seeking a list of currently approved miracles (any kind, really, including apparitions, eucharistic miracles and so on). I was, ...
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1answer
53 views

Famous theologians or saints who held that there were no valid Popes during the Great Western Schism?

St. Catherine of Siena and St. Vincent Ferrer, for example, disagreed about who the valid Pope was during the Great Western Schism. Are there famous theologians or even saints who lived during the ...
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5answers
6k views

Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology?

I have been discussing Matthew 16:18 for years now with both Catholics and non-Catholics. This verse is obviously a very important verse concerning the doctrine of the Bishop of Rome being Supreme ...
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6answers
10k views

When does the Pope speak ex cathedra?

The Catholic Church considers the Pope infallible, but only in limited circumstances. The Pope is a human being like the rest of us, and capable of sinning. However, when the Pope speaks ex cathedra, ...
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1answer
153 views

Were any popes or patriarchs converts to Christianity?

The Biblical Peter was an adult when Jesus began his ministry, and thus ranks among the earliest converts to Christianity. Roman Catholics hold that Peter was also the first pope. Are any subsequent ...
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1answer
3k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone of contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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3answers
92 views

Catholic Encyclicals/Bulls in Which Jews and Freemasons are Mentioned?

I need a list of papal encyclicals/bulls in which both Jews and Freemasons are mentioned in the same document.
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4answers
523 views

Was Adam anatomically God's image? [closed]

Under patronage and control of Pope Julius circa 1512, Michelangelo painted the fresco on the Sistine Chapel that shows the creation of Adam. The complementary poses of the two figures emphasize ...
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2answers
3k views

Does Catholicism teach that the Pope is God?

I am non-denominational. I have a couple Catholic friends and one of them told me that the Pope IS God. Remembering what I heard about the Catholic religion I corrected him and said that he was at ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between an Apostolic Exhortation and an Encyclical Letter?

Pope Francis has just released an Apostolic Exhortation called Evangelii Gaudium (The Joy of the Gospel). He also released an Encyclical Letter in the summer called Lumen Fidei (The Light of Faith). ...
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3answers
1k views

How does Pope Benedict XVI reconcile conscience and authority?

A recent talk by Father Bob Pierson 1 quoted Joseph Ratzinger (as he then was, now Pope Benedict XVI) as saying that the individual conscience must overrule ecclesiastical authority. I was intrigued ...
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2answers
4k views

Can a married person be elected as the Pope?

What is The Roman Catholic law for electing the Pope in regards to a married person? If a married person is elected, what will happen to his wife after becoming the Pope?
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1answer
2k views

What does “Habemus Papam” mean?

I'm seeing this phrase being displayed on all the news channels, in conjunction with a lot of cheering people under umbrellas who have been waiting for the new pope to be elected. Is there some sort ...
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3answers
233 views

What happens to the Vicar of Christ when Christ returns?

The Pope is the Vicar of Christ according to the Catholic church. A vicar (/ˈvɪkər/; Latin: vicarius) is a representative, deputy or substitute; anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a ...
6
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1answer
106 views

Why did the popes begin issuing encyclicals?

It appears as if heavy duty instructions to the world at large began with Pope Leo XIII in the late 19th century. How did it come about that he issued so many encyclicals? Did he set a precedent ...
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2answers
534 views

Is *infallibilitas in credendo* a new or established doctrine within the Roman Catholic Church?

In Pope Francis' recent interview, he says: Thinking with the church, therefore, is my way of being a part of this people. And all the faithful, considered as a whole, are infallible in matters of ...
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2answers
110 views

Have any popes explicitly expressed disapproval of the inclusion of homosexual priests, including the nonpracticing, into the priesthood?

A 2002 Los Angeles Times poll of 1,854 priests in the US found that 9% of the priests surveyed marked themselves as homosexual with 6% identifying as 'somewhere in between but more on the homosexual ...
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1answer
1k views

To whom does Pope Francis confess?

So, Popes sin too. (At least, I assume they do.) Presumably, they confess their sin and do penance. Who hears his confession? Is it an office that rotates, or one individual? And, does the Pope ...
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2answers
194 views

Why does the Roman Catholic church consider beatification of the pope?

If the pope is infallible, than what significance does beatifying and canonising him have? They did both to John Paul II, but it seems odd that the church wants to make him a saint, unless I am ...
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1answer
316 views

What happens to retired Popes like Pope Benedict?

Does the pope get paid for being the pope? The above question is answered very well and shows that the Pope genuinely has no personal assets. He is well cared for by the Vatican. But what about the ...
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1answer
607 views

What personal possessions did Pope John Paul II have at the time of death?

The pope recieves no salary, but from what I understand, popes do have some personal possessions. A personal possesion is something that you own. For example, Pope Benedict XVI, I believe, had a ...
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1answer
865 views

What does the Church say about the statements that the Pope Benedict XVI made in the book “God and the World”?

In response to my earlier question, apocalypse_info_click_here answered: While that article in particular is a hoax... Each point in particular has been made and is old news. Benedict ...
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1answer
258 views

Did Pope Benedict XVI grant permission for heterosexual couples to use artificial birth control methods?

In a book of interviews by Peter Seewald, Light of the World, Pope Benedict is quoted as saying something to the effect that homosexual prostitutes would be better off if they used condoms than if ...