The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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Who saved people before ~33AD?

The exact date isn't important but at some point about 2000 years ago Christ died on a cross. Since that point Christians everywhere have put their faith in Him. He claimed to be the Way, the Truth ...
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How much variation is in the Hebrew language of the Old Testament?

Is there a difference in the Hebrew between the earliest Old Testament books and the relatively newer books? In other words: are there linguistic differences (syntax, grammar, word usage) in older ...
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What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts: http://maelandcindy.blogspot.com/2008/06/is-mosaic-law-tripartite.html ...
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Are there Old Testament Scriptures that mention salvation for the Gentiles? [closed]

I'm wondering if there are any passages/prophecies about salvation for the Gentile world in the Old Testament. If you know any, please share.
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7answers
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Does the New Testament override the Old Testament? [closed]

Throughout the Old Testament there have been many laws laid down by the Lord, that are perhaps more harsh then we, as Christians, follow today. Many times in the New Testament it has been found to ...
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2answers
667 views

When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who ...
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Why did God become angry with Balaam?

Numbers 22:20-22 NIV That night God came to Balaam and said, "Since these men have come to summon you, go with them, but do only what I tell you." Balaam got up in the morning, saddled his ...
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3answers
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Why is Jesus the Son called the Father in Isaiah 9:6?

In providing this answer with respect to recognizing the Trinity in the Old Testament, I noticed that Jesus is called the Father which could be confusing when trying to understand the Trinity. In what ...
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1answer
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What is the religion of the Midian people?

In Exodus, Moses leaves Egypt and lives with the people in Midian for a few years (Exodus 2:15). I'm wondering what Moses' religious environment was like while he was living there. I know his ...
14
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1answer
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Who, and what, are the “chosen people”?

According to Deuteronomy 7:6, the Israelites are called the "chosen people". Who in fact are the chosen people, and does this include Christians? What sets the chosen people apart, are there special ...
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3answers
222 views

What is the “fear” of God? [closed]

The book of Proverbs, and several other places in the Bible, mention the "fear of the Lord". Proverbs 9:10 (ESV) The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy ...
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3answers
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Why is the word 'Lord' in all caps in the OT but not in the NT?

My friend asked me the other day, why is the word 'Lord' in all capital letters in the Old Testament but not the New Testament? I tend to lean towards the fact that the OT was written in Hebrew and ...
13
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Why did God change Jacob's name to Israel?

I am reading the book of Genesis, and I have noticed that God changes certain people's names, such as Abram to Abraham and Jacob to Israel. Why does he change their names? What does it symbolize? ...
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4answers
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Why did Abraham lie to Pharaoh about Sarah being his sister in Gen 12?

It says that Abraham feared for his life (Gen 12:12). Does this mean Abraham didn't trust God in spite of the NT view that Abraham was a man of faith (Heb 11:8-12, Gal 3:9)? Why is the repeated ...
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5answers
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How does the Snake in the Desert foreshadow the coming of Jesus?

In His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus referenced the story of the snake in the desert and indicated that it foreshadowed Himself. How exactly does this story foreshadow Jesus? And as Moses ...
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5answers
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What is the significance of the burning bush? [closed]

In Exodus 3, God reveals himself to Moses through the sign of a burning bush, which miraculously is not consumed by the flames. Here is Exodus 3:1-6 in the NRSV: Moses was keeping the flock of his ...
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4answers
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Why don't Christians celebrate the feast of tabernacles?

Although there are some who celebrate the feast of Tabernacles they are definitely in a minority. A prophecy in Zechariah speaks of a time when all nations will have to keep the feast: Zech 14:16 ...
11
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1answer
566 views

In which one of the four Gospels is the Old Testament quoted the most?

In which one of the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) is the Old Testament quoted the most?
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4answers
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What person(s) of the Trinity were the people of the Old Testament interacting with?

When a someone or groups of people were interacting with God, as recorded in the Old Testament, in general were they simply interacting with person of 'God the Father' within the Trinity? Or were they ...
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4answers
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Are there any atheists in the Bible?

Do any people in the Bible self identify as atheists? Or are they all theists, differing in which god they follow? Apparently at least some atheists existed, since David had heard of them: The ...
10
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1answer
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How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

This was prompted by an answer to another question of mine which quoted a source that noted alternative vocalization of the Masoretic text as an example of liberal tendencies in the NRSV. This ...
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3answers
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How could the Egyptian magicians do what God did through Moses?

In Exodus when God performed miracles through Moses and Aaron, the Egyptian magicians did the same things that God did, How is that possible ? The first time: Exodus 7:10-13 So Moses and ...
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2answers
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Why was David disqualified from building the temple?

In 2 Samuel 7, King David seems to have a heart to build a temple for God. However, he seems to be disqualified for some reason, but his son is identified as the one who will build it instead. What ...
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1answer
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To what are the scriptures referring when they speak of the books of the “chronicles of the kings”?

In the books of 1 and 2 Kings, there are quite a few places where the author refers to "the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah" or "the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel". ...
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2answers
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How do we reconcile the futility of Ecclesiastes with the reward of heaven?

There's no question that Christianity believes in heaven. We have a tag here heaven filled with questions about it. Having said this, there are many places in the Old Testament that speak of the ...
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According the infallibility of scripture, do ancient near east laws (ANE laws) really explain the derivation of the laws of Moses?

In the last 100 years, archaeology has discovered many ancient bodies of law including Sumerian, Babylonian, Hittite, Assyrian and Canaanite ancient laws. This has caused a lot of significant hoopla ...
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Why are the first five books of the old testament named differently in some translations?

In my (norwegian) Bible, the first five books are titled the first through fifth books of Moses, instead of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, etc., which appear to be the common English names. The names of ...
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Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
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Why do the Jews in the OT in Joshua, Kings, Chronicles always list their war spoils after each battle?

I have my doubts of the motivations, as we only ever hear of how great it was to fight enemy X and take their women, sheep and gold. Is this a fair statement? Why don't the Hebrews ever attack ...
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Why did God create a new covenant?

Why did God create a new covenant? It seems as if he had a covenant set in place in the Old Testament and provided a means for Israel to follow the covenant and offer sacrifices to atone for their ...
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What is the justification for applying God's promises to Israel to modern day Christians?

One of the favourite verse, used as encouragement, is this from Jeremiah 29:11 "For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give ...
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Old testament: where is Eternal Life and Judgement discussed?

When Jesus was teaching of eternal life (Rich man and Lazarus, also Martha and Mary's brother Lazarus being raised from death) the people listening didn't think it was a new and novel idea: your soul ...
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Where does the Old Testament mention “the devil”?

Yesterday, New York Magazine published an interview with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, in which is he quoted as saying that he believes "the Devil" has given up taking possession of ...
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Commandment about idols and idolatry in OT

God continually tells people throughout the Hebrew Bible to not turn to idolatry. Exodus 20:4: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
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Does the Old Testament foretell the time in history in which the Messiah would come (the first time)?

I understand that the Old Testament prophecies many different things about the Messiah who was to come, including the virgin birth, His suffering, His resurrection, etc. However, is there anything ...
7
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Was “eye for an eye” law in the O.T. imperative or only permissive?

Was "eye for an eye" law in the O.T. permissive or imperative in its nature? What I mean here is that if somebody took my eye in that time and I were one of the Israelites, then I could have taken ...
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How does Christianity deal with biblical criticism related to the Old Testament?

As an orthodox Jew I have seen quite a stir lately regarding the topic of biblical criticism, specifically towards the Old Testament (Torah). I have perused several questions in this stack which ...
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How was the Old Testament compiled?

While this question is similar to this question, I'm certain the answer will be very different, and far more complex.... How was the Old Testament compiled?
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How was the earth divided? (Gen. 10:25)

Gen. 10:25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. Through some simple math, we know that Peleg ...
7
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1answer
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Do any prominent theologians point to Old Testament prophecies of there being two comings of the Messiah?

Christians believe there will be a second coming of Christ. They believe he will then fulfill many prophecies of the New Testament, as well as all the Old Testament messianic prophecies he left ...
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Was removing one's shoes a special sign of respect?

In Exodus 3:5 KJV God tells Moses to remove his shoes: And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. There is no ...
7
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2answers
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Why was Jeremiah treated well by the Babylonians?

Jeremiah was persecuted, and all but killed by his countrymen, the Israelites. But when they were conquered by the Babylonians, he was rescued and treated well by the conquerors.1 Why is that? Was it ...
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Are there Old Testament references to the length of Jesus earthly ministry?

The Old Testament references Jesus death and resurrection. I've always wondered why did Jesus have only 3 years of time (or 3 1/2 ) as a preacher and teacher. I suppose you could say the time was ...
7
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1answer
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Were there provisions for salvation for non-Hebrews in the OT?

One of the significant points of Jesus ministry and the evangelism done by the early apostles seems to be their going to "gentile" nations and preaching that they too were recipients of God's plan of ...
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What did salvation mean to the Israelite people of the OT?

Modern Christians have various ideas of salvation since Jesus came (going to heaven when you die; free from the curse of the law; set free from the flesh, the devil and the world; adopted into God's ...
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Psalm 14 and psalm 53 are similar?

Psalm 14 and Psalm 53 are almost identical with little differences. Is there any reason why the same psalm is repeated? Are these psalms composed by the same author?
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What is the biblical support for the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws?

I just asked this question looking for where this view point came from and when it was made popular. Ceremonial Law: This type of law relates to Israel's worship. (Lev 1:1-13) The laws pointed ...
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Why is the Old Testament included in the bible if we are no longer under those old laws? [closed]

If we are no longer under old laws, why is it necessary to read the Old Testament?
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Why is the Ark always depicted as a ship?

All the depictions of Noah's Ark picture it in the shape of a ship. However, the Ark had no need for navigation. And the first known ship shaped vessels were those of the Vikings, who had harnessed ...
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What criteria do Catholics use to determine if an old testament character prefigures Mary?

I was at a Catechetical training seminar in my parish and the presenter on topic of the creed when touching on the Blessed Virgin Mary said that lots and lots of characters prefigure Mary in the old ...