The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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What are the natures of the different “priesthoods” mentioned in the old testament [closed]

In the old testament, there are three (maybe more?) references to a priesthood. Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 19 ...
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2answers
172 views

Did Samuel act as a priest on top of being a prophet

Thinking about the life of Samuel, you can see that in some ways lived like a priest on top of being a prophet, despite being from the half-tribe of Ephraim. One, he was brought up in the temple by ...
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1answer
54 views

Why were animals killed in the OT? [duplicate]

For many reasons Jews had to offer an animal for healing their relations with God. But why needed those animals to be killed?
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Does the Bible explain why God chose Israel?

There are several nations in the world. And surely, there were several in the time of Abraham and Moses. Does the Bible tell us why God choose only to lead the Israelites and not the rest?
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106 views

Looking for a passage in the Old Testament

There's this person who prays and begs God to kill him but instead an angel comes and gives him water or something like that. I think it's in one of the first readings from April to July 2015, but I ...
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3answers
216 views

What is the “fear” of God? [closed]

The book of Proverbs, and several other places in the Bible, mention the "fear of the Lord". Proverbs 9:10 (ESV) The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy ...
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1answer
539 views

In which one of the four Gospels is the Old Testament quoted the most?

In which one of the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) is the Old Testament quoted the most?
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Chronologically, when was the concept of Hell first mentioned in the Bible? [closed]

Chronologically, when was the concept of Hell first mentioned in the Bible? Is it mentioned in the Old Testament, or is it only in the New? Assuming a standard consensus view of when each book of ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between commandments, testimonies, statutes, precepts, judgements, and law?

Reading Psalms 119, we see the following words: Commandments Law Way Testimonies Precepts Judgments Statutes Ordinances Word Deut 26: 16 - 19 reads 16 “This day the Lord your God commands you ...
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2answers
471 views

Psalm 14 and psalm 53 are similar?

Psalm 14 and Psalm 53 are almost identical with little differences. Is there any reason why the same psalm is repeated? Are these psalms composed by the same author?
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3answers
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How old is the Old Testament?

How old is the Old Testament and, like the New Testament, are there multiple versions (i.e. - according to Matthew, Mark, Luke & John)?
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100 views

What is the difference between the names of “Jehovah God” and “The Lord”?

I noticed that the American Standard Version of the Bible describes God in a couple different ways. For example, Genesis 3:8: And they heard the voice of Jehovah God walking in the garden in the ...
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2answers
255 views

Was it just Daniel who prayed toward Jerusalem or did all exiles do so?

While studying the book of Daniel I came across: Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he ...
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3answers
695 views

What is the 70 weeks prophesied in Daniel chapter nine? [closed]

In Daniel chapter nine, He prophesies: Daniel 9:24 KJV Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make ...
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3answers
552 views

How much variation is in the Hebrew language of the Old Testament?

Is there a difference in the Hebrew between the earliest Old Testament books and the relatively newer books? In other words: are there linguistic differences (syntax, grammar, word usage) in older ...
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1answer
122 views

How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

This was prompted by an answer to another question of mine which quoted a source that noted alternative vocalization of the Masoretic text as an example of liberal tendencies in the NRSV. This ...
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6answers
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Commandment about idols and idolatry in OT

God continually tells people throughout the Hebrew Bible to not turn to idolatry. Exodus 20:4: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
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3answers
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Why did God speak Hebrew?

God wrote the Ten Commandments with His own finger, on tablets of Stone, in Hebrew. When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets ...
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0answers
46 views

Are there any written or oral OT guidelines on who the 'poor' are? [closed]

We had a discussion about giving to the poor as many Christians tend to do. Our small group had a big argument on who qualifies as "the poor". Some said it is anyone in need, others said is only ...
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2answers
806 views

Are there Old Testament references to the length of Jesus earthly ministry?

The Old Testament references Jesus death and resurrection. I've always wondered why did Jesus have only 3 years of time (or 3 1/2 ) as a preacher and teacher. I suppose you could say the time was ...
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4answers
2k views

Are there any atheists in the Bible?

Do any people in the Bible self identify as atheists? Or are they all theists, differing in which god they follow? Apparently at least some atheists existed, since David had heard of them: The ...
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3answers
69 views

Were any prophets sent to the Canaanites before Jewish immigration?

Were any prophets sent to the Canaanites before Jewish immigration? I seem to recall there was a verse stating there were not, but I wasn't able to find it. Are there any verses in support of or ...
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7answers
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Does the New Testament override the Old Testament?

Throughout the Old Testament there have been many laws laid down by the Lord, that are perhaps more harsh then we, as Christians, follow today. Many times in the New Testament it has been found to ...
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1answer
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When did the Church begin?

According to Reformed Baptist theology, when did the Church begin? In the Old Testament or in the New Testament?
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Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
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1answer
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What is “manna” in the Old Testament? [duplicate]

What is the manna of the Old Testament, which was food for the Israelites while in the desert? What kind of food was it?
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Does the word 'testament' in the titles OT and NT imply the death of the testator in both covenants?

A will or testament is a legal declaration by which a person, the testator, names one or more persons to manage his estate and provides for the transfer of his property at death. This property an ...
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Why was David disqualified from building the temple?

In 2 Samuel 7, King David seems to have a heart to build a temple for God. However, he seems to be disqualified for some reason, but his son is identified as the one who will build it instead. What ...
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5answers
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Is the Talmud compatible with Christianity?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
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4answers
405 views

How does Christianity deal with biblical criticism related to the Old Testament?

As an orthodox Jew I have seen quite a stir lately regarding the topic of biblical criticism, specifically towards the Old Testament (Torah). I have perused several questions in this stack which ...
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3answers
322 views

Jesus' quotation of Septuagint - Greek or Aramaic?

Having read this and this, I am convinced now that Jesus spoke Aramaic. However, I also know that many times He was quoting Septuagint, which is a translation of the Old Testament into Koine Greek. I ...
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3answers
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Why were Aaron and his son only ones eligible for being a Priest?

In ancient times, the only people who were offered a chance to become the priest were Aaron and his sons. Would not this be unfair? There might have been people who were better suited for the ...
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3answers
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How does the Catholic church deal with the differences between the God described in the old and new Testaments?

The God described in the Old Testament can be violent and vindictive and seems to hold to a different set of moral rules than the God we see in the New Testament. How does the Catholic church explain ...
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3answers
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Why is the word 'Lord' in all caps in the OT but not in the NT?

My friend asked me the other day, why is the word 'Lord' in all capital letters in the Old Testament but not the New Testament? I tend to lean towards the fact that the OT was written in Hebrew and ...
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What is the evidence that the Angel of the Lord in the old Testament is probably Jesus?

In Judges 6:11-12 we read: The angel of the Lord came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it ...
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4answers
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Why did Abraham lie to Pharaoh about Sarah being his sister in Gen 12?

It says that Abraham feared for his life (Gen 12:12). Does this mean Abraham didn't trust God in spite of the NT view that Abraham was a man of faith (Heb 11:8-12, Gal 3:9)? Why is the repeated ...
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4answers
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Why did God change Jacob's name to Israel?

I am reading the book of Genesis, and I have noticed that God changes certain people's names, such as Abram to Abraham and Jacob to Israel. Why does he change their names? What does it symbolize? ...
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1answer
112 views

What O.T passages do premillenialists believe to be about the Millennial Kingdom?

What passages do premilleialists, that is, those who believe the "1000 year reign of Christ to be a literal event to occur only after the second coming of Christ, find in the Old testament that they ...
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60 views

What are some examples of the restoration theme, in the OT, that Christ makes all things new? [closed]

Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. The Old Testament, at surface-level reading, presents a different God, a harsh and just God. Yet David and others speak of God's great ...
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Are there Old Testament Scriptures that mention salvation for the Gentiles? [closed]

I'm wondering if there are any passages/prophecies about salvation for the Gentile world in the Old Testament. If you know any, please share.
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What is the biblical support for the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws?

I just asked this question looking for where this view point came from and when it was made popular. Ceremonial Law: This type of law relates to Israel's worship. (Lev 1:1-13) The laws pointed ...
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2answers
271 views

What did salvation mean to the Israelite people of the OT?

Modern Christians have various ideas of salvation since Jesus came (going to heaven when you die; free from the curse of the law; set free from the flesh, the devil and the world; adopted into God's ...
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3answers
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What is the Christian definition of “The Messiah”?

Christianity is the religion of people who consider Jesus to be "The Messiah". But what is the Christian definition of "The Messiah"? Since Christian theology is based on the notion of "The ...
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7answers
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Where was Jesus before the events of the New Testament?

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son.. I only thought about this when recently explaining the difference between Old and New Testament to somebody. Did the Son of God appear in ...
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7answers
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Is the Old Testament a Jewish book? [closed]

Is the Old Testament a Jewish religous book and should it be discarded by Christians today? If not what does it add to Christians today?
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1answer
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What is the religion of the Midian people?

In Exodus, Moses leaves Egypt and lives with the people in Midian for a few years (Exodus 2:15). I'm wondering what Moses' religious environment was like while he was living there. I know his ...
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1answer
192 views

If God is omnipotent, why did God plant the tree of knowledge in the Garden of Eden? [closed]

It perplexes me and I cannot seem to find an answer. If God is omnipotent, why did God, knowing the outcome, plant the tree of knowledge and instruct for Adam and Eve not to eat from it? This same ...
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1answer
84 views

Phonetic sound of Uzziah [closed]

I am searching for a bible character whose name starts with the short u or /ʌ/ sound for my project. Can I use the name Uzziah? Or is there any other bible character whose name has the short u or /ʌ/ ...
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2answers
82 views

Genesis 1:3; 1:5 and 1:16 [duplicate]

This is a simple question but it's making me confused. In Genesis 1:3 God created light. In Genesis 1:5 "And the evening and the morning were the first day." In 1:16 "Genesis 1:16: And God made two ...
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Do any prominent theologians point to Old Testament prophecies of there being two comings of the Messiah?

Christians believe there will be a second coming of Christ. They believe he will then fulfill many prophecies of the New Testament, as well as all the Old Testament messianic prophecies he left ...