The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

60
votes
14answers
5k views

Who saved people before ~33AD?

The exact date isn't important but at some point about 2000 years ago Christ died on a cross. Since that point Christians everywhere have put their faith in Him. He claimed to be the Way, the Truth ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts: http://maelandcindy.blogspot.com/2008/06/is-mosaic-law-tripartite.html ...
5
votes
1answer
8k views

How many laws from Old Testament are still valid in New Testament? [duplicate]

I don't know this question is within the scope or not. Its straightforward. How many of the Laws in OT can be transported to NT and usable? These are some of the OT laws which are no longer useful ...
6
votes
3answers
11k views

What is the biblical support for the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws?

I just asked this question looking for where this view point came from and when it was made popular. Ceremonial Law: This type of law relates to Israel's worship. (Lev 1:1-13) The laws pointed ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Is the Talmud compatible with Christianity?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
14
votes
2answers
650 views

When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How was the Old Testament compiled?

While this question is similar to this question, I'm certain the answer will be very different, and far more complex.... How was the Old Testament compiled?
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Where did the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws come from and when was it popularized? [duplicate]

When answering this question: How many laws from Old Testament are still valid in New Testament? I was reminded that my answer is not Biblically derived in making the trinary distinction of Old ...
0
votes
3answers
12k views

How old is the Old Testament?

How old is the Old Testament and, like the New Testament, are there multiple versions (i.e. - according to Matthew, Mark, Luke & John)?
8
votes
6answers
6k views

Why did God create a new covenant?

Why did God create a new covenant? It seems as if he had a covenant set in place in the Old Testament and provided a means for Israel to follow the covenant and offer sacrifices to atone for their ...
6
votes
2answers
281 views

Can the God of the Old Testament be seen as a consistent moral law giver?

There seems to be instances when God tolerates sin, since it is an improvement over the cultural conditions of the time. For instance, the laws regarding the treatment of slaves some have argued were ...
6
votes
1answer
628 views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
5
votes
2answers
486 views

Why Jesus taught differently on “sin and treating sinners” as compared to Old Testament?

In the book of Joshua, just before attack on Jericho, Joshua told his men not to take any riches for themselves which was meant for God. Joshua 6:18 . In spite of this Achan hides some of the riches ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Are there any atheists in the Bible?

Do any people in the Bible self identify as atheists? Or are they all theists, differing in which god they follow? Apparently at least some atheists existed, since David had heard of them: The ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How was the earth divided? (Gen. 10:25)

Gen. 10:25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. Through some simple math, we know that Peleg ...
5
votes
1answer
281 views

Did the ancient Hebrews believe that blood had unique spiritual properties?

I seem to recall learning at some point during an Old Testament study that they did, and that the belief explained things like the significance of the blood that was part of the animal offerings ...
4
votes
1answer
702 views

What are the natures of the different “priesthoods” mentioned in the old testament [closed]

In the old testament, there are three (maybe more?) references to a priesthood. Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 19 ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the Old Testament basis for the position that God is a God of love, compassion, and mercy?

Love, compassion and mercy are typically associated with the God of the New Testament, while the God of the Old Testament is typically associated with judgment and vengeance. However, the Bible also ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Who, and what, are the “chosen people”?

According to Deuteronomy 7:6, the Israelites are called the "chosen people". Who in fact are the chosen people, and does this include Christians? What sets the chosen people apart, are there special ...
14
votes
7answers
52k views

Does the New Testament override the Old Testament?

Throughout the Old Testament there have been many laws laid down by the Lord, that are perhaps more harsh then we, as Christians, follow today. Many times in the New Testament it has been found to ...
4
votes
1answer
280 views

Different Bibles and Religions [closed]

First of all I would like to state that this is not an attempt to disprove religion, or the existence of God. There is just a lot of confusion, due to many contradictions. According to some people, ...
14
votes
3answers
217 views

What is the “fear” of God? [closed]

The book of Proverbs, and several other places in the Bible, mention the "fear of the Lord". Proverbs 9:10 (ESV) The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy ...
11
votes
5answers
16k views

How does the Snake in the Desert foreshadow the coming of Jesus?

In His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus referenced the story of the snake in the desert and indicated that it foreshadowed Himself. How exactly does this story foreshadow Jesus? And as Moses ...
6
votes
1answer
372 views

Who is Ba'al from the Old Testament?

Judges 6:31 NIV But Joash replied to the hostile crowd around him, “Are you going to plead Baal’s cause? Are you trying to save him? Whoever fights for him shall be put to death by morning! If ...
21
votes
3answers
554 views

How much variation is in the Hebrew language of the Old Testament?

Is there a difference in the Hebrew between the earliest Old Testament books and the relatively newer books? In other words: are there linguistic differences (syntax, grammar, word usage) in older ...
18
votes
5answers
13k views

Are there Old Testament Scriptures that mention salvation for the Gentiles? [closed]

I'm wondering if there are any passages/prophecies about salvation for the Gentile world in the Old Testament. If you know any, please share.
11
votes
4answers
190 views

What person(s) of the Trinity were the people of the Old Testament interacting with?

When a someone or groups of people were interacting with God, as recorded in the Old Testament, in general were they simply interacting with person of 'God the Father' within the Trinity? Or were they ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

To what are the scriptures referring when they speak of the books of the “chronicles of the kings”?

In the books of 1 and 2 Kings, there are quite a few places where the author refers to "the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah" or "the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel". ...
7
votes
2answers
272 views

What did salvation mean to the Israelite people of the OT?

Modern Christians have various ideas of salvation since Jesus came (going to heaven when you die; free from the curse of the law; set free from the flesh, the devil and the world; adopted into God's ...
7
votes
3answers
202 views

According the infallibility of scripture, do ancient near east laws (ANE laws) really explain the derivation of the laws of Moses?

In the last 100 years, archaeology has discovered many ancient bodies of law including Sumerian, Babylonian, Hittite, Assyrian and Canaanite ancient laws. This has caused a lot of significant hoopla ...
7
votes
1answer
534 views

Were there provisions for salvation for non-Hebrews in the OT?

One of the significant points of Jesus ministry and the evangelism done by the early apostles seems to be their going to "gentile" nations and preaching that they too were recipients of God's plan of ...
4
votes
3answers
439 views

Is it wrong to say Jesus is the God of the Old Testament?

Is it wrong to say that Jesus is the God of the Old Testament? Jesus is God, the Father is God, and the Holy spirit is God. With this is mind, is it wrong to say Jesus is the God of the Old ...
4
votes
3answers
306 views

Do the people God sends to challenge His people (for His Glory) have salvation?

Romans 9:17 17 In the Scriptures God says to Pharaoh: “I made you king so that you could do this for me. I wanted to show my power through you. I wanted my name to be announced throughout ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Does the garden of Eden still exist? [closed]

In Genesis 3:22 through 24 KJV man is ejected from the Garden of Eden and Cherubims are stationed on the East side of the garden to prevent man going back and eating from the tree of life. 22 ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How does the Catholic church deal with the differences between the God described in the old and new Testaments?

The God described in the Old Testament can be violent and vindictive and seems to hold to a different set of moral rules than the God we see in the New Testament. How does the Catholic church explain ...
13
votes
4answers
13k views

Why did God become angry with Balaam?

Numbers 22:20-22 NIV That night God came to Balaam and said, "Since these men have come to summon you, go with them, but do only what I tell you." Balaam got up in the morning, saddled his ...
12
votes
4answers
10k views

Why did Abraham lie to Pharaoh about Sarah being his sister in Gen 12?

It says that Abraham feared for his life (Gen 12:12). Does this mean Abraham didn't trust God in spite of the NT view that Abraham was a man of faith (Heb 11:8-12, Gal 3:9)? Why is the repeated ...
10
votes
1answer
127 views

How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

This was prompted by an answer to another question of mine which quoted a source that noted alternative vocalization of the Masoretic text as an example of liberal tendencies in the NRSV. This ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
7
votes
5answers
15k views

Where does the Old Testament mention “the devil”?

Yesterday, New York Magazine published an interview with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, in which is he quoted as saying that he believes "the Devil" has given up taking possession of ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Commandment about idols and idolatry in OT

God continually tells people throughout the Hebrew Bible to not turn to idolatry. Exodus 20:4: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
6
votes
2answers
343 views

What criteria do Catholics use to determine if an old testament character prefigures Mary?

I was at a Catechetical training seminar in my parish and the presenter on topic of the creed when touching on the Blessed Virgin Mary said that lots and lots of characters prefigure Mary in the old ...
5
votes
7answers
2k views

Where was Jesus before the events of the New Testament?

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son.. I only thought about this when recently explaining the difference between Old and New Testament to somebody. Did the Son of God appear in ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

What is the evidence that the Angel of the Lord in the old Testament is probably Jesus?

In Judges 6:11-12 we read: The angel of the Lord came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Did Jesus consider OT events to be literal history?

Did Jesus consider the historic references in the OT to be literal in the sense that people and events where historical as recorded or did he view them as symbolic/figurative or did he pick and ...
3
votes
4answers
291 views

Old Testament and Christiantiy

I've seen different pastors use the Old Testament to fill gaps and sometimes to override information in the New Testament. However, the New Testament is supposed to be part of the new deal which is ...
2
votes
2answers
24k views

God commanded people to kill in the Old testament, does he still command people to kill today? [duplicate]

As the title states. God commanded people to kill in the Old testament, does he still command people to kill today? There are people who claim God commanded them to Kill. Is this legit? Or is there ...
2
votes
6answers
533 views

Is it a sin or forbidden to follow any of the parts of the Law of Moses?

In John 7:53-8:11, Jesus condemns fulfilling the Law of Moses when it requires that a crowd stone an adulteress to death. This seems to imply (if these passages are authentic, which is in question) ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Did the Jews use icons and images to help them worship as Catholics or Orthodox worshipper do?

I understand that some worshippers use icons to 'lift up their minds from earthly things to the heavenly things'? I am not interested about those using them as stage-props for a play (in comparison), ...