The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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What is “manna” in the Old Testament? [duplicate]

What is the manna of the Old Testament, which was food for the Israelites while in the desert? What kind of food was it?
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Does the word 'testament' in the titles OT and NT imply the death of the testator in both covenants?

A will or testament is a legal declaration by which a person, the testator, names one or more persons to manage his estate and provides for the transfer of his property at death. This property an ...
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Were any prophets sent to the Canaanites before Jewish immigration?

Were any prophets sent to the Canaanites before Jewish immigration? I seem to recall there was a verse stating there were not, but I wasn't able to find it. Are there any verses in support of or ...
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Existence of Jesus Christ in old testament [closed]

I have few doubts to clear my mind about who Jesus is. Please help me to understand him in better way. There are few instance where Holy Spirit is mentioned in old testament. As we know Father, Son ...
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Why was David disqualified from building the temple?

In 2 Samuel 7, King David seems to have a heart to build a temple for God. However, he seems to be disqualified for some reason, but his son is identified as the one who will build it instead. What ...
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Is the Talmud compatible with Christianity?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
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Chronologically, when was the concept of Hell first mentioned in the Bible?

Chronologically, when was the concept of Hell first mentioned in the Bible? Is it mentioned in the Old Testament, or is it only in the New? Assuming a standard consensus view of when each book of ...
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Did Samuel act as a priest on top of being a prophet

Thinking about the life of Samuel, you can see that in some ways lived like a priest on top of being a prophet, despite being from the half-tribe of Ephraim. One, he was brought up in the temple by ...
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How does Christianity deal with biblical criticism related to the Old Testament?

As an orthodox Jew I have seen quite a stir lately regarding the topic of biblical criticism, specifically towards the Old Testament (Torah). I have perused several questions in this stack which ...
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Jesus' quotation of Septuagint - Greek or Aramaic?

Having read this and this, I am convinced now that Jesus spoke Aramaic. However, I also know that many times He was quoting Septuagint, which is a translation of the Old Testament into Koine Greek. I ...
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Why were Aaron and his son only ones eligible for being a Priest?

In ancient times, the only people who were offered a chance to become the priest were Aaron and his sons. Would not this be unfair? There might have been people who were better suited for the ...
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Is the Christian Old Testament the Jewish Bible?

Is the Christian old testament comprised of exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (I think labelled Tanakh)? Are there any differences between the Christian old testament and the Jewish ...
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How does the Catholic church deal with the differences between the God described in the old and new Testaments?

The God described in the Old Testament can be violent and vindictive and seems to hold to a different set of moral rules than the God we see in the New Testament. How does the Catholic church explain ...
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Why is the word 'Lord' in all caps in the OT but not in the NT?

My friend asked me the other day, why is the word 'Lord' in all capital letters in the Old Testament but not the New Testament? I tend to lean towards the fact that the OT was written in Hebrew and ...
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What is the evidence that the Angel of the Lord in the old Testament is probably Jesus?

In Judges 6:11-12 we read: The angel of the Lord came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it ...
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Why did Abraham lie to Pharaoh about Sarah being his sister in Gen 12?

It says that Abraham feared for his life (Gen 12:12). Does this mean Abraham didn't trust God in spite of the NT view that Abraham was a man of faith (Heb 11:8-12, Gal 3:9)? Why is the repeated ...
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Why did God change Jacob's name to Israel?

I am reading the book of Genesis, and I have noticed that God changes certain people's names, such as Abram to Abraham and Jacob to Israel. Why does he change their names? What does it symbolize? ...
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Are there any reports or stories that the pope has seen God face to face in the last 200 years?

In the Old Testament, there are accounts of people (prophets) who saw God face to face. Specifically in Genesis 32:30, it says And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God ...
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Was it just Daniel who prayed toward Jerusalem or did all exiles do so?

While studying the book of Daniel I came across: Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he ...
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What O.T passages do premillenialists believe to be about the Millennial Kingdom?

What passages do premilleialists, that is, those who believe the "1000 year reign of Christ to be a literal event to occur only after the second coming of Christ, find in the Old testament that they ...
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What are some examples of the restoration theme, in the OT, that Christ makes all things new? [closed]

Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. The Old Testament, at surface-level reading, presents a different God, a harsh and just God. Yet David and others speak of God's great ...
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Are there Old Testament Scriptures that mention salvation for the Gentiles? [closed]

I'm wondering if there are any passages/prophecies about salvation for the Gentile world in the Old Testament. If you know any, please share.
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Commandment about idols and idolatry in OT

God continually tells people throughout the Hebrew Bible to not turn to idolatry. Exodus 20:4: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
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What is the biblical support for the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws?

I just asked this question looking for where this view point came from and when it was made popular. Ceremonial Law: This type of law relates to Israel's worship. (Lev 1:1-13) The laws pointed ...
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How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

This was prompted by an answer to another question of mine which quoted a source that noted alternative vocalization of the Masoretic text as an example of liberal tendencies in the NRSV. This ...
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What did salvation mean to the Israelite people of the OT?

Modern Christians have various ideas of salvation since Jesus came (going to heaven when you die; free from the curse of the law; set free from the flesh, the devil and the world; adopted into God's ...
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What is the Christian definition of “The Messiah”?

Christianity is the religion of people who consider Jesus to be "The Messiah". But what is the Christian definition of "The Messiah"? Since Christian theology is based on the notion of "The ...
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Where was Jesus before the events of the New Testament?

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son.. I only thought about this when recently explaining the difference between Old and New Testament to somebody. Did the Son of God appear in ...
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Is the Old Testament a Jewish book? [closed]

Is the Old Testament a Jewish religous book and should it be discarded by Christians today? If not what does it add to Christians today?
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What is the religion of the Midian people?

In Exodus, Moses leaves Egypt and lives with the people in Midian for a few years (Exodus 2:15). I'm wondering what Moses' religious environment was like while he was living there. I know his ...
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If God is omnipotent, why did God plant the tree of knowledge in the Garden of Eden? [closed]

It perplexes me and I cannot seem to find an answer. If God is omnipotent, why did God, knowing the outcome, plant the tree of knowledge and instruct for Adam and Eve not to eat from it? This same ...
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Phonetic sound of Uzziah [closed]

I am searching for a bible character whose name starts with the short u or /ʌ/ sound for my project. Can I use the name Uzziah? Or is there any other bible character whose name has the short u or /ʌ/ ...
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Genesis 1:3; 1:5 and 1:16 [duplicate]

This is a simple question but it's making me confused. In Genesis 1:3 God created light. In Genesis 1:5 "And the evening and the morning were the first day." In 1:16 "Genesis 1:16: And God made two ...
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Do any prominent theologians point to Old Testament prophecies of there being two comings of the Messiah?

Christians believe there will be a second coming of Christ. They believe he will then fulfill many prophecies of the New Testament, as well as all the Old Testament messianic prophecies he left ...
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Why was Jeremiah treated well by the Babylonians?

Jeremiah was persecuted, and all but killed by his countrymen, the Israelites. But when they were conquered by the Babylonians, he was rescued and treated well by the conquerors.1 Why is that? Was it ...
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Does the Bible explain why God chose Israel?

There are several nations in the world. And surely, there were several in the time of Abraham and Moses. Does the Bible tell us why God choose only to lead the Israelites and not the rest?
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Is it wrong to say Jesus is the God of the Old Testament?

Is it wrong to say that Jesus is the God of the Old Testament? Jesus is God, the Father is God, and the Holy spirit is God. With this is mind, is it wrong to say Jesus is the God of the Old ...
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Was the Scapegoat of Leviticus an allusion to Barabbas at the crucifixion?

There are several similarities between the selection of the Scapegoat, and the selection of Jesus as our sacrifice. Leviticus 16:7 KJV And he shall take the two goats, and present them before ...
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What is the “Leviathan” mentioned in Job?

I'm trying to brush up on my apologetics skills, but this is one question I haven't found a clear answer to. I've seen a few explanations for this — a dinosaur, crocodile, whale etc., but none ...
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Why was Aaron not allowed into the promised land?

God judged Moses and Aaron separately at another event, why wasn't Aaron allowed into the promised land?
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How old is the Old Testament?

How old is the Old Testament and, like the New Testament, are there multiple versions (i.e. - according to Matthew, Mark, Luke & John)?
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Was there a sacrifice in the Old Testament for intentional sins?

When reading through the law in the Old Testament it seems that there are only sacrifices for unintentional sins. Is this true? How does the New Testament handle intentional sins such as drunkenness, ...
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Did Adam and Eve have children in paradise? [closed]

I was just reading the account of Adam and Eve in the NIV 84 and it doesn't really say they didn't. The Bible does mention when Sarah had her first boy. When Mary had her first son. But not really ...
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What is the 70 weeks prophesied in Daniel chapter nine?

In Daniel chapter nine, He prophesies: Daniel 9:24 KJV Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make ...
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What person(s) of the Trinity were the people of the Old Testament interacting with?

When a someone or groups of people were interacting with God, as recorded in the Old Testament, in general were they simply interacting with person of 'God the Father' within the Trinity? Or were they ...
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Why is the Old Testament included in the bible if we are no longer under those old laws? [closed]

If we are no longer under old laws, why is it necessary to read the Old Testament?
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What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts: http://maelandcindy.blogspot.com/2008/06/is-mosaic-law-tripartite.html ...
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Why did God speak Hebrew?

God wrote the Ten Commandments with His own finger, on tablets of Stone, in Hebrew. When He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets ...
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Why is Jesus the Son called the Father in Isaiah 9:6?

In providing this answer with respect to recognizing the Trinity in the Old Testament, I noticed that Jesus is called the Father which could be confusing when trying to understand the Trinity. In what ...
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What is the historical significance of Shiloh in the Bible? [closed]

Shiloh is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. I believe it is mentioned in a prophecy in Genesis 49:10. The allotment of land for Israel was decided there. It's mentioned a few times in ...