The second part of the Christian Biblical canon, dealing with the life of Jesus and the teachings and history of the early church. Could also refer to the new covenant.

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Do any church fathers directly connect “speaking in tongues” with anything other than existing human languages?

One of the arguments made by those who believe that the gift of speaking in tongues has ceased (cessationists) is that the "tongues" spoken of in both Acts and 1 Corinthians 12–14 are "real" human ...
11
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1answer
348 views

Besides Paul, were there any other enemies of the early church who converted to Christianity?

As I was listening to a debate between Drs. William Lane Craig and Richard Carrier on the historicity of Jesus' resurrection, something Dr. Carrier said caught my attention. He claimed that "[Paul] is ...
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0answers
35 views

How are the various sections of the Bible named? [closed]

I know this is a very basic question, but I notice some sections of the Bible (Matthew, Luke, John) are named after apostles, and others (eg. Corinthians, Thessalonians, etc...) I don't know what they ...
8
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3answers
9k views

Was there a sacrifice in the Old Testament for intentional sins?

When reading through the law in the Old Testament it seems that there are only sacrifices for unintentional sins. Is this true? How does the New Testament handle intentional sins such as drunkenness, ...
2
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3answers
4k views

Why is it said that the Gospel of Luke presents Jesus as “the Son of Man”?

It is said that the Gospel of Luke presents Jesus as "the Son of Man"--not the Christ or King or God Incarnate, but distinctively the Son of Man. What is it in the Gospel of Luke that gives rise to ...
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0answers
50 views

Did any ancient source believe in more than four gospels?

I'm listening to a lecture series by Dale Martin (Professor of Religious Studies, Yale), and he makes the passing claim that during development of the New Testament canon there were some who thought ...
19
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5answers
7k views

What does “scripture” mean in NT writing?

This is slightly a take-off from: What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed? The Bible as we know it today wasn't canonized and compiled into a single volume until much later. In ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What is the Holy place Jesus spoke of in Matthew 24:15?

In Matthew Chapter 24 Jesus warned of the end time scenario, and said that when we saw the Abomination of Desolation standing in the Holy Place, that was when things were really going to get bad: ...
3
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0answers
139 views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that destroying a grave or body is an act of desecration?

I was reading an old article published in Christian Today on July 17, 2014, in which Brownie Marie reported that ISIS desecrated the tomb of Jonah, and were burning churches. The only thing I could ...
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6answers
3k views

Does the New Testament mention Christians worshipping the Holy Spirit?

The New Testament often mentions Christians worshipping God the Father, as well as His only-begotten Son, the Lord Jesus Christ (John 5:23). However, does the New Testament mention Christians ...
19
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3answers
7k views

What is the Biblical basis against inter-faith marriages?

Setting aside marriages of couples from two different Christian denominations, what passages in the New Testament prohibit a Christian from marrying a non-Christian? I believe that the Old Testament ...
7
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2answers
4k views

Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark was the first gospel ever written. Why then is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the New Testament? What are the reasons that ...
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4answers
4k views

What were the early Christians officially persecuted for?

I wonder what the early Christians were officially persecuted for by the high priests? In the book of Acts we see that Saul, before his conversion, received some letters from the high priest that ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Baptism in the New Testament

Why was Jesus baptized in the New Testament? Moreover, why does baptism even exist in the New Testament? After reading the old it seems it is not present anywhere.
5
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3answers
7k views

Why is it said that the Gospel of Matthew presents Jesus as the King of the Jews?

I have heard it stated that the Gospel of Matthew presents Jesus as, specifically, the King of the Jews, rather than the Messiah, the Incarnate Word, or anything else. What is the basis for this ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Is the New Covenant a unilateral or a bilateral covenant? [closed]

The Old Covenant was a bilateral covenant of which Yahveh and the nation of Israel were parties. The Israelites had to agree to the terms of the covenant, which they did (Exo. 24:7). Is the New ...
2
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2answers
861 views

What is the meaning of the bronze serpent used to save the Israelites? [closed]

In Numbers 21: 8,9, Why is a bronze serpent used to save the Israelites, and what does this mean for Christians today? 8Then the LORD said to Moses, "Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a standard;...
8
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3answers
2k views

Which NT books were written after the destruction of the temple?

The temple was destroyed sometime around AD 70. Which New Testament books were written after that catastrophe? Do these books comment at all on the destruction of the temple?
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Was defining the New Testament originally condemned as heresy?

This BBC documentary describes how during the first two centuries, scriptures about Jesus circulated without any author mentioned in them. It then goes on to suggest that actually writing down a New ...
8
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1answer
335 views

How many people were killed by the Sanhedrin around the time of Paul?

In the Bible, the Sanhedrin condemned: Jesus James the Just Stephen The death penalty was supposed to be rare, as Mishnah Makkot 1:10 states: A Sanhedrin that puts a man to death once in seven ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

NT arguments against Feng-Shui

There is a very good-hearted aunt, she is a Chinese and also a Christian, who is constantly persuading me to start following Feng-Shui (a Chinese system of geomancy). The time has come for my family ...
10
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3answers
244 views

What explanations have scholars proposed for the rejection of the Didache from the Canon?

The Didache (full text) is an early Christian document giving advice on various "practical matters" such as how to baptize, when to fast, how to celebrate the Lord's Supper, etc. It's hard to date, ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Were the 12 apostles all Jewish?

I'm talking about the 12 listed in Matthew 10: 1-4. So, what I expect as an answer would be any scriptures that provide evidence that any or all of the 12 were Jewish. Also any other good sources ...
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2answers
116 views

Sermon on the mount by Jesus Christ [closed]

How many days Jesus gave sermon on the mount? The last verse of Matthew 4 says, people gathered from various distance places in and around Jerusalem, Galilee etc. How did people have their food ...
6
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2answers
125 views

Why is the Bible seemingly silent on the love which the God the Son has for God the Father? [closed]

I assume that each member of the Godhead loves each other member of the Godhead. God is, after all, love (1 John 4:8 and 16). The Gospels are quite explicit regarding the love which God the Father ...
4
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2answers
379 views

What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified?

What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified? A good answer will cite published commentary and/or provide in depth analysis of specific passages.
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2answers
2k views

What did Paul mean when he called Jesus the “firstborn from the dead”?

note: All Scripture quoted is from the King James translation. I have noticed that Paul referred to Jesus as the firstborn numerous times: Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the ...
4
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6answers
504 views

New Testament Poetry

In the Old Testament, there are lengthy poetic passages or entire books of poetry (e.g. Song of Songs). What poetry, if any is there in the New Testament? John 1:1-18 and Luke 1:46-55 seem like ...
14
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5answers
9k views

What crime was committed by the “thieves” crucified with Jesus?

During yesterday's sermon, the pastor mentioned the theory that the thieves crucified next to Jesus likely weren't simple thieves to warrant such a sentence, but were probably "thieves with a cause." ...
4
votes
4answers
567 views

Did the importance of the resurrection increase as the New Testament was written?

I've often heard that if you lay out the books of the New Testament by the chronological order of their composition, the story of Jesus' resurrection becomes more important in the later books. Some ...
-1
votes
1answer
171 views

Summary of the The Epistles in the New Testament [closed]

I'm really not sure if this is an appropriate question, but I've looked all over for a short simple summary of what the Epistles in The New Testament are with very little luck. I've made my own ...
6
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2answers
125 views

Have there been such an attempt made to make the comprehensive list of all New Testament scrolls ever found?

Have there been any attempts made to make a comprehensive list of all scrolls or pieces of scrolls of the New Testament (in original languages) that have ever been discovered by archeologists?
10
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1answer
220 views

Why is Ephesians after Galatians?

It's pretty well-known that the Pauline epistles in modern copies of the New Testament are generally ordered according to length.1 Of the epistles written to churches, Romans is longest and first, ...
8
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2answers
112 views

What was the New Testament in the ancient Church of the East?

Which books functioned as the New Testament in the ancient Church of the East? For example, what would they have been in Mongolia in the days of Genghis Khan? The books of the Catholic and Protestant ...
13
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3answers
16k views

Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
10
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4answers
3k views

Are there any atheists in the Bible?

Do any people in the Bible self identify as atheists? Or are they all theists, differing in which god they follow? Apparently at least some atheists existed, since David had heard of them: The ...
14
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7answers
59k views

Does the New Testament override the Old Testament? [closed]

Throughout the Old Testament there have been many laws laid down by the Lord, that are perhaps more harsh then we, as Christians, follow today. Many times in the New Testament it has been found to ...
6
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1answer
123 views

When did the Church begin?

According to Reformed Baptist theology, when did the Church begin? In the Old Testament or in the New Testament?
2
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2answers
157 views

What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Does the word 'testament' in the titles OT and NT imply the death of the testator in both covenants?

A will or testament is a legal declaration by which a person, the testator, names one or more persons to manage his estate and provides for the transfer of his property at death. This property an ...
7
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3answers
12k views

How to receive the gift of tongues according to the New Testament? [closed]

1 Corinthians 14:39 (NIV) Therefore, my brothers and sisters, be eager to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. In the early church, the gift of tongues was a common gift which ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

What are the 19 gifts of the Spirit, as listed by Leslie Flynn?

I recently heard a preacher say there are 19 gifts of the Spirit. That specific number seems to derive from this book by Leslie Flynn. Most lists, including even those that reference this book, tend ...
4
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2answers
347 views

Sources on Historical Reliability of the New Testament [closed]

Unlike many of the other great religions of the world - Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, even Judaism to some extent - Christianity is founded not on a philosophy or a metaphysical idea, but on an ...
8
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1answer
299 views

Why (and when) did the Apostles stop requiring exactly twelve apostles? Why was James not replaced?

In Acts 1:12-26 we read the story of how Matthias was chosen to replace Judas. This kept the number of apostles at Twelve. Sometime later, James, the brother of John was murdered (Acts 12:2). James ...
2
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3answers
2k views

How does the Catholic church deal with the differences between the God described in the old and new Testaments?

The God described in the Old Testament can be violent and vindictive and seems to hold to a different set of moral rules than the God we see in the New Testament. How does the Catholic church explain ...
13
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3answers
8k views

Why is the word 'Lord' in all caps in the OT but not in the NT?

My friend asked me the other day, why is the word 'Lord' in all capital letters in the Old Testament but not the New Testament? I tend to lean towards the fact that the OT was written in Hebrew and ...
2
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3answers
435 views

Where does the Bible say that nature will speak the word if men don't? [closed]

I am trying to remember a verse I've heard, and almost positive I've read, before. I do not remember the exact phrasing. It was similar to: 'If no one is there to witness, even the rocks of the ...
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6answers
3k views

Does Paul ever actually quote Jesus anywhere?

Is it true that Paul did not quote Jesus a single time in the entire New Testament (of which he wrote 50%)?
4
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2answers
917 views

Is calling the church the “body of Christ” merely a metaphor or is there a deeper significance? [closed]

In numerous places in the New Testament the church is called the "body of Christ." Is this merely a metaphor for the church's role or is it related to the doctrine of the incarnation? I suspect it is ...
7
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4answers
2k views

Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...