Rules and regulations established in the Old Testament by God through Moses

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Was the Mosaic Covenant a covenant of “works” or “grace”?

In Exodus 20 (but all of Exodus/Leviticus/Numbers/Deuteronomy as well) we read of what many refer to as the Mosaic Covenant - enacted at Sinai, where God gives the Ten Commandments (and later the rest ...
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3answers
362 views

Does extreme use of capital punishment in ANE & Mosaic laws attest to a universal recognition of God's wrath, or God's tolerance of universal cruelty?

If you read any of the ancient near east (ANE) codes such as Hammurabi's Code of Laws there is a strikingly similiar severity in the widespread use of capital punishment. This gives a similiar feel to ...
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7answers
945 views

Do Old Testament individual, family and social laws and guidance apply to Christians or did Jesus come to discard OT laws and guidance?

If OT laws are to be ignored by Christians, does God/Jesus provide substitute laws in the New Testament texts? I.e., if God thought it important to provide laws (in addition to requiring certain ...
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9answers
874 views

How do Christians reconcile Deuteronomy 13:1-4 with their belief in the abrogation of the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or ...
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1answer
143 views

Why does Mosaic Law insist on primogenitur even when the dad despises the first born son's mother?

If a man has two wives, one of them loved and the other disliked, and if both the loved and the disliked have borne him sons, the firstborn being the son of the one who is disliked, then on the day ...
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1answer
7k views

How many laws from Old Testament are still valid in New Testament? [duplicate]

I don't know this question is within the scope or not. Its straightforward. How many of the Laws in OT can be transported to NT and usable? These are some of the OT laws which are no longer useful ...
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Keep the law OR nail to the cross? [closed]

I have seen two views about the laws of the old testament in the bible. One view is where Jesus himself says "keep the Law" while in the other Paul says that "the Law has been nailed to the cross" ...
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83 views

Is there Christian scripture or literature absolving the old Jewish laws of usury?

Most people are aware that Jewish law forbade earning interest from the lending of money to another. As Christianity gained momentum in the early first and second century, many of the Mosaic laws were ...
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1answer
98 views

In any of James's passages, does he agree to the law being cursed and abrogated?

From what I understand, early on there was a disagreement between James (who is said to be the brother of Jesus and the leader of the early Christian movement) and Paul, the latter saying that the law ...
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3answers
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What is the biblical support for the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws?

I just asked this question looking for where this view point came from and when it was made popular. Ceremonial Law: This type of law relates to Israel's worship. (Lev 1:1-13) The laws pointed ...
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180 views

How did the Brownists/Calvinists justify capital punishment for witches?

My ancestors were Brownist pilgrims, leading up to the Salem witch trials, my Great-great-great-something-aunt was hung for having a lack of the fear of God in her. The people at the time were no ...
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Did Jesus wear tefillin?

Tefillin1 are boxes containing Torah verses, worn by Jews on the head and the upper arm, in accordance with instructions in Exodus 13:9, 13:16, and Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18. There is a great deal of ...
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2answers
84 views

In the NPP, if Paul's “works of the law” are only circumcision and diet, how is Galatians 3:10 interpreted?

One of the implications of the New Perspective on Paul (NPP), as I understand it, is that Paul's teachings regarding the "works of the law" (in Galatians 2:16, for example) are meant to refer only to ...
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1answer
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Was there a sacrifice in the Old Testament for intentional sins?

When reading through the law in the Old Testament it seems that there are only sacrifices for unintentional sins. Is this true? How does the New Testament handle intentional sins such as drunkenness, ...
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What is the difference of the 10 commandments from other Biblical laws?

What distinction do The 10 Commandment have over other rules in the Bible? Is breaking any of The 10 Commandments an immortal, unforgivable sin while other sins are not? I just want to know the ...
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2answers
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Why does the Bible say that people no longer need to ‘feel guilty’ under the gospel, as compared to the Old Testament?

There is the verse from Hebrews that makes me pose the question: 10 The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming—not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the ...
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517 views

Why does the Coptic church still perform circumcisions?

Circumcision is a requirement from The Mosaic Law: Any uncircumcised male who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off from his people – he has failed to carry out ...
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78 views

Are questions that begin “Is it ok to ___” of primary theological importance?

Questions that begin "Is it ok to _" are often asked and I believe it is helpful to ask "how now shall we live?". However, from a theological standpoint are these questions of primary importance when ...
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1answer
426 views

What does it mean to be clean in the context of the Old Law?

In a large number of places, the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy mention cleanliness, saying that certain persons or things are clean or unclean. I won't mention any particular passage because I ...
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1answer
94 views

“Those excluded from the Congregation”

Deuteronomy 23:1-8 lists some people that are forbidden to "enter the assembly of the LORD". Deuteronomy 23:1-8 (NKJ) Those Excluded from the Congregation 1 “He who is emasculated by ...
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1answer
104 views

What is Deuteronomy 15 saying about the poor?

Deuteronomy 15 is giving laws and rules relating to the treatment of the poor in communities. Verse 4 says: However, there will be no poor among you, since the Lord will surely bless you in the ...
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56 views

Did Samuel act as a priest on top of being a prophet

Thinking about the life of Samuel, you can see that in some ways lived like a priest on top of being a prophet, despite being from the half-tribe of Ephraim. One, he was brought up in the temple by ...
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Biblical basis for “We are the living law”?

I found myself at a bewilderment when, yesterday during our Prayer/Bible study group, a member of the group started teaching us the concept of "We are the living law". His reasoning/support behind ...
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Are there any of the OT commandments of God that have been cancelled, but not clearly pronounced as cancelled in the NT?

Are there some of the Old Testament commandments of God that have been cancelled with the coming of Christ, but not clearly pronounced as cancelled in the New Testament? New Testament says that some ...
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382 views

Is the definition of “sin” subjective? Of whom's morals is it based on?

Whenever I try to determine what is a sin and what isn't I get very confused... I read things by Paul and sins seem to become very subjective... _____ is a sin if you make it a sin through belief ...
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Why were Aaron and his son only ones eligible for being a Priest?

In ancient times, the only people who were offered a chance to become the priest were Aaron and his sons. Would not this be unfair? There might have been people who were better suited for the ...
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1answer
112 views

What “God's law” is Matthew Henry referring to?

Part of Matthew Henry's commentary on Exodus 22 says: A man's house is his castle, and God's law, as well as man's, sets a guard upon it; he that assaults it does so at his peril. What is he ...
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250 views

Why did God instruct the Israelites to perform so many different types of sacrificial offerings? [closed]

In the Bible, there are many different sacrificial offerings (Leviticus 1-5) which were to be performed in the Tabernacle/Temple. Burnt Offering Sin Offering Meat offering or Drink Offering ...
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1answer
557 views

What are the natures of the different “priesthoods” mentioned in the old testament

In the old testament, there are three (maybe more?) references to a priesthood. Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 19 ...
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83 views

Should we accept blood transfusions? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Blood transfusions and Christianity? The Bible makes it known that blood is Holy, it is what gives us life. The Jehovah's Witnesses seem to think that a person should ...
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472 views

Is it a sin or forbidden to follow any of the parts of the Law of Moses?

In John 7:53-8:11, Jesus condemns fulfilling the Law of Moses when it requires that a crowd stone an adulteress to death. This seems to imply (if these passages are authentic, which is in question) ...
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107 views

Why is this man free from guilt?

Numbers 5:11-31 gives us an adultery test used by the Hebrew people in their early days. 11 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 12 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘If any man’s ...
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3answers
917 views

Why does the Mosaic Law demand the death of so many innocent people?

What do these Bible verses mean? Why does it demand the death of so many innocent people in the Bible? Leviticus 20:13 – demands the death of homosexuals. “If a man has sexual relations with a ...
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2answers
303 views

Why did punishment differ in Leviticus 20:13 and 1 Kings 15:11-12?

Is there any reason behind why punishment differed in Leviticus 20:13 and 1 Kings 15:11-12? What's the context? Leviticus 20:13 If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have ...
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205 views

What is the Biblical basis for claiming that Paul upholds and teaches the Torah law?

What scriptural support is there to back the idea that Paul not only supported the Torah, but also promoted it? UPDATE: For those needing clarification: "support" be actively interested in and ...
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1answer
68 views

Do Messianic Jews practice the jubliee?

There is a a range of opinion of different denominations on how far Mosaic law should be practiced. Messianic Judaism stands very much at the "one law" end of the scale. However, I am wondering how ...
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99 views

In what way was the Law of Moses “a good thing whose purpose had now been accomplished”?

I came across this quote from NT Wright: The Torah [the Law of Moses] is given for a specific period of time, and is then set aside—not because it was a bad thing now happily abolished, but ...
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319 views

How is teaching that Jews don't have to follow the Law reconciled with the Word of God and Jesus? [closed]

What do the main bodies of Christian belief (Orthodox, Catholic, 'mainline' Protestant) have to say about the following? We can see that many Christians think that Jews don't have to follow the Law. ...
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4answers
77 views

Are there one or two covenants in Exodus? Clarifying the role of the first set of laws compared to the second set

Im a little confused by some commentaries as to how they describe the laws given to Moses. We see a first set of commands listed in Exodus 20:1-17 and 20:22-23:33. These are then agreed upon by ...
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41 views

What is “jubilee(s)”?

My Mother in her 90s and in treatment for Alzheimers would frequently go into a state of trance and chant about going to jubilee. Does "jubilee" or "going to jubilee" refer to heaven or eternity in ...
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445 views

What does the Bible tell us about how people knew right from wrong before the Law of Moses? [closed]

Before "Thou shalt not kill/steal/lie" was given through the Mosaic law, how did people know what was right from wrong? How did they know what sin was? Clearly there are examples of people having ...
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1answer
2k views

Why did Jesus not stone the adulteress? [duplicate]

In John 8:1-11, a woman caught in adultery was brought before Jesus and was demanded to judge her according to the Law of Moses. Jesus told them that anyone without sin can stone her. No one dared to ...
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242 views

Why would God permit divorce because of Israel's “hardness of heart”?

When questioned about divorce, Jesus refers to the Mosaic law and explains why God allowed divorce certificates in the first place. Mark 10:2-9 ESV And Pharisees came up and in order to test him ...
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Christian pagan roots [closed]

I am searching for when the Roman calendar was mingled with the Hebrew calendar; By whom and how many? I know it had not been done yet when the new testament was written, because the days and months ...
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Levitical Law obsolete? [duplicate]

Paul says Romans 6:14-15 14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. 15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under ...
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86 views

What was the punishment for escaped slaves in the Old Testament? [closed]

It seems like at some point in the Torah there must have been some regulation regarding the treatment of escaped slaves. Unfortunately, I don't know where, exactly, to look for that regulation. Is ...
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31 views

Where did the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws come from and when was it popularized? [duplicate]

When answering this question: How many laws from Old Testament are still valid in New Testament? I was reminded that my answer is not Biblically derived in making the trinary distinction of Old ...
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21 views

What happened to the law? [duplicate]

Why is so much emphasis put on the ten commandments? What happened to ALL those other commandments throughout the five books of Moses? Or is the law completely optional?
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1answer
315 views

Does Mark 2:21-22 mean that we don't need to obey Old Testament Laws? [duplicate]

Jesus said: Mark 2:21-22 (NLT) “Besides, who would patch old clothing with new cloth? For the new patch would shrink and rip away from the old cloth, leaving an even bigger tear than before. And ...
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739 views

Why we don't stone people? [duplicate]

The bible many times specifically tell us to stone people... Yet, I have yet to meet someone that defends that practice. I've heard many times that this is because the OT is not valid anymore ...