Martin Luther, the 16th-century reformer of the Roman Catholic Church

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Martin Luther's take on Roman Catholic clergy individuals living (immediately) before him

Is there any evidence that Martin Luther considered any of the Roman Catholic clergymen who lived in the centuries preceding his own lifetime (evidence related to those living in the centuries ...
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Any Roman Catholic Church martyrs from 10 - 15th centuries?

Do we know of any martyrs from among the Roman Catholic Church that lived during the 5 centuries before Martin Luther (i.e. 10 - 15th centuries). I am especially interested in those who have been ...
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When did Martin Luther lose his Apostolic succession according to Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churchеs?

As far as I understand Martin Luther according to the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox Churches possessed the Apostolic succession while he was in the Roman Catholic Church (he was a priest, after ...
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Martin Luther: “Therefore it is not a Christian Church either”?

Martin Luther, The Large Catechism, The Apostles' Creed, Article III, paragraphs 43-45: 43] For where He does not cause it to be preached and made alive in the heart, so that it is understood, ...
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Protestant arguments for perpetual virginity of Mary

It's common knowledge that Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. Less known is that Zwingli and ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther used some bad language in his own writings?

Is it true that Martin Luther cursed a lot and even used some bad language in his own writings?
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Is it true that Luther didn't consider anyone of the Catholic clergy to be a member of the true Church of God?

Someone told me that Luther had a teaching about the true invisible Church that was a far cry from what could be seen as the Church at his time. Is it true that Luther didn't consider anyone of the ...
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Distributing the bread before consecrating the wine

Martin Luther's Deutsche Messe was first celebrated on October 29, 1525, and the text was published the following year. I was surprised to see that for the consecration and distribution of the ...
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Luther's “Two Kingdoms” Theology

Can anyone give me a concise summary of Martin Luther's "Two Kingdoms" theology, and also provide some references back to his original works on the subject?
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What is the meaning of the question Luther's companions shouted on his deathbed?

In Martin Luther's Biography, In his final hour, Justus Jonas and Michael Coelius who were his companions shouted loudly and asked this question: "Reverend father, are you ready to die trusting ...